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Residue Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-18 (18 Records)

AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 14OT5-H2, OTTAWA COUNTY, KANSAS (2013)

DOCUMENT

A possible bison bone fragment was recovered from House 2 of the Minneapolis site, 14OT5, situated in Ottawa County, Kansas. An AMS radiocarbon date of 1070 ± 15 RCYBP had been obtained on ceramic residue from this site, but was not a credible age for this context. Therefore, a fragment from the long bone shaft was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating to obtain a context date to corroborate or refute the residue date; however, no collagen was present. As a result, charred residue from a ceramic...


Archaic and Late Prehistoric Human Ecology in the Middle Onion Creek Valley, Hays County Texas, Volume 2: Topical Studies (1994)

Citation DOCUMENT

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


A Bloody Mystery: Proteomic Residue Analysis of Funerary Ceramics from the Early Iron Age Heuneburg (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

This paper presents the results of a proteomic analysis (protein-based mass spectrometry) of the contents of six ceramic vessels excavated from a burial mound near the Heuneburg, an early Iron Age (640-400 BC) hillfort in southwest Germany. One hundred and sixty eight proteins from human, animal, and microbial sources were identified with high confidence and low false discovery rate, demonstrating the suitability of proteomics for discovery-based residue analysis in untreated prehistoric...


Changing Foodways in Culture Contact Contexts on the Northern Great Plains: Lipid Residue Analysis at the Double Ditch Site, North Dakota (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Disentangling drivers of technological change and continuity in culture contact situations is complex. In the northern Great Plains, earthlodge village groups are reported to have abandoned traditional ceramic containers for certain tasks by the early 19th century. The veracity of these observations is confounded by other contact situation processes, such as epidemics, which also impacted ceramic production and use. Ethnoarchaeology has documented the use of particular vessel types exclusively...


Evaluating and Re-evaluating the Importance of Cacao, Nicotine, and Macrobotanicals at Alkali Ridge Site 13, an Early Pueblo I Site in Southeast Utah (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Alkali Ridge Site 13 is one of the largest and earliest Pueblo I sites ever found in the American Southwest. Located in southeast Utah, the site was originally excavated by J.O. Brew in the early 1930s. Brew’s final site report includes brief descriptions of most major artifact types found at the site, but largely ignores the abundant botanical remains discovered there. Even though little research has been conducted on the macrobotanical remains, recent residue studies on pottery have shown...


Inhaling Prehistory: Exploring the Smoking Culture of the Eastern Woodlands (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Pipes, pipe-smoked plants, and the tradition of smoking in the Eastern Woodlands of North America have long interested anthropologists and archaeologists because these artifacts and activities are viewed as material correlates of ritual, ceremonial, and religious activities. While pipes are regularly recovered from archaeological sites, the remains of plants materials that were smoked are far more difficult to recover. Traditionally, the identification of pipe-smoked plants, such as tobacco,...


Liangchengzhen Consumption Patterns: Moving from Integrative to Competitive (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Patterns of food consumption are intimately linked to economy, social organization, culture, and identity. This study investigated patterns of food consumption across space and time at Liangchengzhen, a Longshan (ca. 2600-1900 B.C.) site located in Shandong Province, China. It was hypothesized that evidence of increasing social inequality with respect to food consumption would be found from early to late phases. Rice and meat from mammals, especially pigs, were hypothesized as the most likely...


Maritime Adaptations and Arctic Ceramic Technology: Results of Residue Analysis (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Archaeologists have put forth various hypotheses to explain the adoption of pottery technology by hunter-gatherer groups. These include the efficiency of ceramics over other container technology, rising population pressure and related increased need for storage, and a change in food processing practices. Food processing shifts could include diet breadth expansion, particularly increased use of aquatic resources. The late adoption of pottery technology in the North American Arctic between 2500...


Non-Destructive, In Situ Lithic Residue Analysis via FTIR Microspectroscopy: First Results (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Lithic residue analysis is undergoing a methodological shift as analysts introduce new methods designed to improve the objectivity of residue identifications. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy has been shown to have tremendous potential in this regard. This method is nondestructive, can provide precise identifications of molecular compounds and minerals, and can be carried out in situ – directly on the residues - without removing them from the stone tools. However, the optical...


Putting Archaeobotany Under the Microscope: A Case Study for Increased Use of Starch-Grain and Residue Analyses on the North Coast of Peru

PROJECT

Due to the arid environment and subsequent excellent preservation on the north coast of Peru, evidence obtained from macrobotanical remains here has been the primary sources of information on plant use. However, despite the richness of the macrobotanical record, the combination of arid conditions and the nature of many plants, such as potatoes and beans – which are consumed in their entirety – macrobotanical remains can only tell us so much. In this paper, we discuss some methodological issues...


Putting Archaeobotany Under the Microscope: A Case Study for Increased Use of Starch-Grain and Residue Analyses on the North Coast of Peru (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Due to the arid environment and subsequent excellent preservation on the north coast of Peru, evidence obtained from macrobotanical remains here has been the primary sources of information on plant use. However, despite the richness of the macrobotanical record, the combination of arid conditions and the nature of many plants, such as potatoes and beans – which are consumed in their entirety – macrobotanical remains can only tell us so much. In this paper, we discuss some methodological issues...


Recent Research in Residue Analysis in Old World and New World Contexts (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Analysis of organic residues continues to be a productive method of extracting information from prehistoric material culture. This paper presents current results of several ongoing research projects, involving several teams of researchers. Two projects present recent research into the origins of tobacco smoking through the analysis of tobacco pipes, including a sample of pipes associated with the Southeastern Late Archaic Poverty Point culture, and a second sample of pipes associated with Early...


Residue Analysis for Cacao in Southeastern Utah Ancestral Puebloan Ceramics, Montezuma Canyon, Utah (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

In 2009, theobromine, a biomarker for Theobroma cacao, was found and reported in an analysis of cylindrical vessels from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (Crown and Hurst 2009). Washburn's positive results from ceramics recovered from Brew's excavations at Alkali Ridge, Utah (Washburn et al. 2013) dating to the Pueblo I period, pushed the time depth of cacao use centuries earlier than the findings from Chaco Canyon. They suggest cacao was brought from the south as a journey food and later used as a food...


Residue Analysis in Chinese Paleolithic Studies: Perspectives and Case Studies (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Archaeological plant residue analysis has developed considerably in China during the last ten years. In terms of the Paleolithic, state of the art technology has been broadly and successfully applied by archaeologists at various sites. Issues about stone tool function, plant use, the origin of agriculture and the like can now be deeply discussed with the direct evidence of residues from stone artifacts. This is the case for either chipped stone or ground stone tools. However, this technology...


Residue analysis of ceramic vessels from the Copan sub-stelae cache offerings (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Developing new ways to study collections of archaeological materials housed in storage facilities and museums is a key challenge for the future of archaeological research. Following the contextual re-identification of ceramic objects housed in Copan’s Centro Regional de Investigaciones Arqueológicas in 2013-2014, our team performed residue analysis on several objects that were excavated from sub-stela and altar caches at Copan during the 1930s. With their contexts re-established, these vessels...


Southeastern Container Labelling: Does Iconography correlate to contents? (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Focusing on research previously done with residue analysis of containers in the Southeast that had found Ilex or cacao, this study was conducted on imagery and residue results. Residue analysis in the Southeast has been either focused on container form, or only on the residues to be tested. Taking a new look at containers already tested for residues from 3 main sites (Cahokia, Etowah and Spiro and surrounding area), a data base of imagery was created by cataloging motifs and themes of images on...


Starch and Ceramics: Dietary Transition and Technology in the Sigatoka Valley, Fiji (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

Food production and manipulation, as well as associated technologies during Fijian prehistory are understudied archaeologically. Human colonization of Fiji occurred circa 2640 BP. Colonists subsisted on a diet composed of marine resources (fish, shellfish), and terrestrial fauna (bats, birds, tortoises). In contrast, 1,000 years later, most Fijians had transitioned to a fully agricultural diet. The contemporary Fijian diet centers on cultivated starches, imported originally by Fiji's colonists,...


Storage, Cooking, and Transport. A Preliminary Residue Analysis of Ceramics from Mai Adrasha (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

This paper outlines the preliminary investigation of a collection of diagnostic and undiagnostic ceramics recovered from the site of Mai Adrasha, located in the Shire region of Ethiopia. Mai Adrasha is one of the largest and arguably most significant early town sites west of Aksum dating to the pre-Aksumite to Early Aksumite periods (12th century BCE-2nd century CE) located in the Western Tigray. The site consists of a cemetery and a domestic area characterized by a collection of stone walls and...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America