Cherokee (Other Keyword)

1-15 (15 Records)

Brother Bear: The Role of Ursus americanus in Cherokee Society (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heidi Altman. Tanya Peres.

Archaeological sites in the Southeastern United States often contain remains of the black bear (Ursus americanus), which, upon excavation, are placed into one of two general categories for further analysis: food or modified. The confines of these categories precondition interpretations of the bear remains, and limit possible crucial understanding of the roles of bears in the social life of the people who interacted with them. While the category of "food" can be further divided into quotidian or...


Cherokee Community Coalescence in East Tennessee (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Frederick.

This paper focuses on ceramics from 40GN9, a Cherokee site in East Tennessee occupied from the 1400s to 1600s, to investigate the issue of coalescence during the Late Mississippian (A.D. 1350-1600) and protohistoric (A.D. 1500-1700) periods, characterized by disease, widespread demographic and environments shifts, and changes in slaving, warfare, and politics. Through quantification of the attributes of wares, forms, and decorations among 40GN9’s ceramics and examination of the spatial...


Cherokee Participation in the Southern Slave Society (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lance Greene.

On the eve of the Removal during the Early Republic era, most Cherokees still practiced traditional modes of subsistence farming and participated in local economies. At the same time, a small but influential segment of the Cherokee Nation was completely entrenched in the capitalist economy, operating largescale plantations, businesses, and other ventures. These Cherokees were participants in the slave society of the southeastern United States in two ways; they owned African-American slaves, and...


Cherokee-Spanish Interactions in the Middle Nolichucky Valley, Tennessee, Revealed by Geophysics and Targeted Excavations (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eileen Ernenwein. Jay Franklin. Nathan Shreve.

The Middle Nolichucky River in northeast Tennessee has been largely overlooked in Mississippian prehistoric narratives, but recent geophysical surveys and archaeological excavations at the Cane Notch site document a mid- to late- 16th century Cherokee Town with evidence of Spanish contact. Our multimethod approach includes sitewide magnetometry and a large portion covered with ground penetrating radar (GPR). Excavation of a house floor unearthed a rich assemblage of glass trade beads and...


Cultural Resources Survey, McGraw Ford Substation Tract, and Phase II Evaluation of Site 9CK1062, Cherokee County, Georgia (1999)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William R. Jordan.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


A Flow of People: Household and Community at the Cane Notch Site, a Protohistoric Cherokee Town on the Nolichucky, Upper East Tennessee (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nathan Shreve. Eileen G. Ernenwein. Jay D. Franklin. S.D. Dean.

Radiometric dates from the protohistoric Cane Notch Site on the Nolichucky River in upper East Tennessee indicate contemporaneous ceramic assemblages characterized by multiple traditions. Our work produced wares referable to the Qualla and Overhill series, wares directly associated with 18th century Cherokee villages elsewhere. Burke wares, from the eastern side of the Appalachians, also occur in large numbers. These “different” wares at Cane Notch share common attributes, however, that also...


Historic Cherokee Settlements in the Arkansas River Valley (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only C. Andrew Buchner.

After the American Revolutionary War disrupted Native American groups were pushed westward, and among these were Cherokee who settled in the Arkansas River Valley beginning in the 1790s.  Their population peaked during 1818-1828, after which they resettled farther west in Indian Territory.  Archaeological evidence for the Arkansas Cherokee sites has been slow to come to light, because the sites were so briefly occupied and exhibit low artifact densities.  Additionally, because the Arkansas...


Issues in Interpretation and Presentation of Cherokee Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Johi D. Griffin. Kathryn E Sampeck.

A crucial challenge in the public interpretation of Cherokee archaeology and cultural heritage is for Native community members to be able to inform the interpretation and presentation in every step of the process, from formulating research design, carrying out investigations, and the dissemination of the results. The emphasis in both formulating and interpreting cultural heritage work conducted by the authors is to use frameworks and approaches that start from Cherokee perspectives and goals....


Luminescence Dates, Archaeological Survey, and Ancestral Overhill Cherokee Towns in Upper East Tennessee (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Bolte. Jay D. Franklin. Nathan K. Shreve. S.D. Dean.

We have conducted shoreline surveys of archaeological sites on major streams in upper East Tennessee for several years. In 2011, we added luminescence dating to this work. We discuss how luminescence dating has added robust chronological resolution to our work and how it has informed our hypothesis-building efforts. We address the protohistory of the region and the identification of early Cherokee towns here. Before adding luminescence dating as an integral facet of our work, we believed these...


The Measure of Meaning: Identity and Change among Two Contact-Period Cherokee Site Bead Assemblages (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Frederick.

Archaeologists have studied bone, shell, and glass beads for several decades, in search of their meaning among Native American cultures. The significance of these small artifacts among the Cherokee is evident in their mythology, personal adornment, and rituals. Thus, they represent an integral part of Cherokee cultural identity. Previous archaeological research at 40GN9, linked to the sixteenth-century Cherokee town of Canasoga located in Tennessee, demonstrated the predominantly shell beads...


Mississippian Occupations at the Ravensford and Iotla Sites (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tasha Benyshek. Paul Webb.

Recent large-scale excavations at the Ravensford and Iotla sites, and elsewhere in western North Carolina’s Cherokee "heartland", have documented Mississippian components that include architectural remains as well as artifact assemblages. But while Late Mississippian occupations have been found on many sites, Early and Middle Mississippian households and settlements have been difficult to isolate. Increased numbers of systematic surveys and excavations in recent years have uncovered evidence of...


New Echota - Capital of the Cherokee Nation in Georgia and a TCP (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only JW Joseph. Julie Coco.

This is an abstract from the ""We Especially Love the Land We Live On": Documenting Native American Traditional Cultural Properties of the Historic Period" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. New Echota was the Capital of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 until their forced removal known as the Trail of Tears. Newly established as capital while the Cherokee interfaced with Georgia’s Euro-American citizens and explorers, New Echota was relatively...


Non-Reservation Reservation Era Post-Contact Archeology (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric T. Oosahwee-Voss.

What happens to the identity of indigenous people when they are raised in a tribal community but not within the boundaries of a reservation? The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians in Oklahoma (UKB) are one of three federally recognized Cherokee tribes and are also known as the "Old Settlers" or "Western Cherokee." The UKB established a reservation in Indian Territory via treaty in 1828. Although the tribe never relinquished this treaty claim, today the United States government does not...


Principles of Cherokee Regionalization and Material Practices of the Pisgah Phase in the Trans-Appalachian Area (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tyler Howe. Kathryn Sampeck.

This paper presents ethnohistoric accounts, ethnographic commentary, early colonial cartography, and archaeological evidence to investigate factors affecting processes of regionalization in the southeastern Appalachians. Returning to ethnohistorical theoretical and methodological roots of multi-sourced data and community co-construction to understand ethnolandscapes, we explore how central tenets of the Kituwah Way, the ethical and cultural principles guiding Cherokee practices, have observable...


US Army National Guard Cultural Resources Planning Level Survey - Texas (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lara S. Anderson.

In April 1998, St. Louis District personnel visited the Adjutant General’s Department of Texas (AGTX) at Camp Mabry, the Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory, and the Texas Historical Commission in Austin to research archaeological and historic buildings survey work conducted on Army National Guard facilities in the state. This document reports the history of cultural investigations on federally owned or supported Texas Army National Guard (TXARNG) facilities, lists archaeological sites and...