landscapes (Other Keyword)

1-25 (48 Records)

The Aura of Things: Locating Authenticity and the Power of Objects (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Skolnik.

This paper is about authenticity and the aura, the authority and power of the physical object, historicity and the persistence of the past, and alternatives to scientific archaeology.  It is about science fiction, 20th century theorists, 21st century technology, and contemporary landscapes.  This paper examines concepts of authenticity and reproduction and how material culture is used in Philip K. Dick’s Hugo award-winning 1962 novel "The Man in the High Castle" as well as in Walter Benjamin’s...


Bridges and Booze: Understanding the Development of the "Saloon Row" Along the Red River (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Betsinger.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Roads, Rivers, Rails and Trails (and more): The Archaeology of Linear Historic Properties" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The lives of the people in Moorhead, Minnesota were changed when in 1890 the neighboring state of North Dakota became dry. Saloons expanded greatly in Moorhead, reaching 47 to serve the combined city populations of Fargo and Moorhead. These saloons were positioned nearest to the Red...


Caribbean landscapes during the late-precolonial and early-colonial periods (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Neil Duncan. Peter Siegel. John Jones. Nicholas Dunning. Deborah Pearsall.

People in the Caribbean have been interacting with their landscapes for at least 8,000 years (Trinidad), sometimes in ways that leave only subtle traces of actions and in others the evidence is dramatic. Over this span we see variable trajectories of landscape engagements, ranging from early relatively intense activities followed by abandonment to continuous occupations throughout prehistory to places occupied late in the historical sequence. First colonizers to the Caribbean modified and...


Castles and their Landscapes: A Gravity Model Experiment (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kate Buchanan.

Castle studies in recent years has developed two major themes in developing technology: landscape studies and spatial analysis. Studies of castle landscapes have shown that external spaces were intensively used and a significant part of the space actively portrayed as noble environment. Spatial analysis has been key in identifying spaces of control, privacy, and household interaction within the castle structure. One of the limitations of spatial analysis in castle studies is the failure to...


Challenging Landscapes: Alternate Perspectives of Chesapeake Plantation Gardens (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Pruitt. Benjamin Skolnik.

Much has been written about 18th and 19th century American and European formal plantation landscapes and gardens.  Traditional interpretations of these spaces have relied on notions of power, hierarchy, and surveillance—which come from the ideals of the plantation owners. Mark Leone illustrates this with his work at the Paca House in Annapolis, Maryland.  However, as Dell Upton argues, those of European and African descent would have approached these landscapes in vastly different ways and...


City of the Centipede, Part 1: Context, Boundaries, Community Organization, and Land-Use at El Peru-Waka', Peten, Guatemala (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Damien Marken. Keith Eppich. Olivia Navarro-Farr. Juan Carlos Perez.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Part I of II. The Waka’ Archaeological Project (PAW) has conducted over a decade of archaeological investigations documenting the modification, layout, use, and chronology of monumental and residential landscapes of the Classic lowland city of El Perú-Waka’. These papers will evaluate current theoretical and methodological perspectives of ancient Classic Maya...


Consumerism, Market Access, and Mobility at St. Barbara's Freehold, St. Mary's City, Maryland (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren K. McMillan. Julia King.

The St. Barbara's Freehold Tract in St. Mary’s City served as the center of a large plantation owned by the Hicks and Mackall families from the mid 18th century to the end of the Civil War. At the plantation’s height in the early 19th century, 40 people were held in bondage, living in log quarters scattered across several hundred acres. In 2016, archaeologists from St. Mary's College of Maryland identified and tested a complex of quarters dating to ca. 1750-1815. Archaeological and historical...


Consuming the French New World (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth M Scott.

All of France’s New World colonies were based on relationships with particular geographies, according to the products and resources wanted by the Crown, which may be thought of as the ultimate "consumer" of French colonial landscapes.  Colonists and French descendant communities engaged with these different landscapes for both commercial and family subsistence purposes.  Obtaining, producing, and moving such resources as furs, wheat and flour, hams, bear oil, salt, and sugar required a variety...


Dividing Lines: Understanding the Social Spaces of Boundaries at James Madison’s Montpelier (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Myles Sullivan.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Enslavement" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In the 18th and 19th century, landscape features like fencelines served both utilitarian and socially-charged functions in dividing up spaces on large plantations like James Madison’s Montpelier. In interpreting such boundaries, archaeologists are challenged to understand both the original intent of their construction by planters as well as how these...


Does the Site-Size Hierarchy Concept Mask the Complexity of Urban-Hinterland Relations? (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Monica Smith. Rabindra Kumar Mohanty.

The site-size hierarchy concept was born of a marriage between a long-standing interest in the emergence of the state and the mid-twentieth-century development of systematic regional survey projects. The assumption of equivalence between sites and territorial complexity facilitated an intellectual investment in survey data beyond a mere tally of sites towards an analysis of the way in which political administrations functioned at the landscape scale. The resultant easy equivalence of four-tiered...


Exploring the Layers and Elements at the Center of Jefferson’s Retreat Landscape (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Proebsting. Howard Cyr.

Over the past seven years, archaeologists have examined three landscape elements that are central to the design of Jefferson’s Poplar Forest retreat. These include the rows of paper mulberries that flanked the house; the clumps of ornamental trees and oval-shaped flower beds located on the northern side of the structure; and the paved circular road that brought carriages to the steps of Jefferson’s octagonal retreat. This paper will discuss how soil studies have provided significant insight into...


Forgotten World War II Landscapes: Data Gaps in the Documentation of Fort J.H. Smith and Fort Tidball, Kodiak Island, Alaska (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Ramsey Ford.

Coastal Alaska played an important role in U.S. defenses for the Pacific Theater during World War II. Many resources on Kodiak Island have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include the Kodiak Naval Operations Base, Fort Greely, and Fort Abercrombie which are listed together as a National Historic Landmark. Two other installations within the military command structure on Kodiak Island include Fort Tidball and Fort J.H. Smith. These two installations and the batteries...


From Mining to Mercury: Preservation of the Historic Industrial Landscape of Jackson, California (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Owen Ford.

Nestled in the foothills of the western Sierra, the city of Jackson in Amador County, California was the location of some the richest gold deposits mined in the Gold Rush era Mother Lode. Over the last few years, several projects have been initiated on this historic industrial landscape. The City of Jackson began raising funds to help preserve the uniquely stunning tailing wheels that have dominated the skyline for more than a century. Conversely, well beyond locally available funds is the...


From River to Sea: A Comparative Analysis of Three Rice Plantation Landscapes on the Santee River in South Carolina (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kendy Altizer.

A comparative analysis of three plantations along the Santee River, including The Marsh at its delta, Peachtree near mid-river, and Waterhorn in the back river, will be conducted to serve as a case study for understanding how domestic architecture, as well as designed rice culture landscapes, developed within the unique context of the Santee River system. Analyzing architectural and landscape details of these plantations, including the placement of outbuildings and housing for the enslaved in...


Ground Stone Landscapes of the Ancestral Pueblo World (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alison Damick. Severin Fowles.

The lives of pre-Columbian communities in New Mexico were anchored and shaped by stone features in the landscape. Stones were pecked, ground, and piled into cairns or circles; ethnographic evidence from descendant communities suggest certain stones received offerings of corn pollen, antlers, or prayer sticks; in other cases, parts of stones were removed as potent medicine, either as stone powder or flakes; elsewhere, it was the abrasive contact between fixed bedrock and tools that appears to...


Gullah-Geechee Landscapes on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Honerkamp. Meredith Gilligan. Taylor Maxie.

The North End Plantation on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (9CH1062) has been almost continually occupied since the 1760s. Although a large number of enslaved Africans (later Gullah-Geechee) resided there, the remains of three tabby duplexes are the only substantial remains associated with them. This paper summarizes the results of two field seasons of landscape reconstruction that were aimed at identifying the locations of additional non-tabby cabins, historic plantation roadways, and adjacent yard...


Historical Ecology: Archaeology for a Sustainable Future (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Denise Schaan.

Historical Ecology is a research program that seeks to integrate diverse perspectives from human and natural sciences to improve our understanding on the relations between societies and their changing landscapes. Investigations in historical ecology draw from different corpus of data, including the participation of the public, not only to solve scientific problems, but also to provide answers to social and political situations. Archaeology has a major role in the production of knowledge on the...


Human-Environment Interaction in Colonial Queensland: Establishment, Use and Abandonment of the Port of St Lawrence and Implications for the Archaeological Record (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aleisha R Buckler.

This paper explores the recursive relationships between people and the environment in a colonial port setting on the coast of Queensland, Australia. Established in c.1860, the St Lawrence port settlement and the lives of its inhabitants were mediated by the dynamic coastal environment which characterises the surrounding region. Transformations of the physical environment prompted by settlers to allow for port development changed the geomorphology of the creek environment and led to accelerated...


Identifying "Missing" Slave Cabins On Low Country Georgia Plantations (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Honerkamp.

Historical archaeologists are familiar with the tensions that exist between documentary, oral history, and archaeological data. On many coastal Georgia plantations, a clear expression of such tension is seen in the documented presence of large slave populations that lived and worked on plantations and the typically miniscule  number of cabins in which the slaves presumably resided, as indicated by historic maps or from in situ structural remains. Typically this dramatic discrepancy is simply...


Identifying the South Yard: Interrogating Landscapes of Home and Work Yards Enslaved African Americans at Montpelier (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Brock.

Landscape analysis of slave plantations typically approaches the plantation scale, analyzing the distribution of the built environment across the plantation itself. This paper will focus on the analysis of the domestic slave quarter of James Madison's Montpelier, and how the yards, structures, and features were organized and used by the Madisons and enslaved community. Over the course of multiple field seasons , archaeologists have conducted extensive field excavations uncovering three...


If the Dead Could Return: The Politics of World War II Era Human Remains in Eastern Europe (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Kolpan.

Although World War II (WWII) hostilities ended in 1945, still today the graves and remains of both combatants and civilians continue to be unearthed, especially in Eastern Europe. These discoveries of graves become entwined with the dynamic physical and geopolitical landscapes, whereby the post-human remains take on new, contested identities. Their unique identifications to name or nationality are sublimated, as their collective national or ethnic identities become prioritized. Combatants...


Interacting with the Past: Assassin's Creed, Landscapes, and Other Talking Points (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Coy J. Idol.

Assassin’s Creed is a multivolume series, developed by Ubisoft, with 17 games across a variety of platforms. One of the most successful aspects of this franchise is its ability to recreate historical settings. In recreating these settings, the developers and writers draw from all available sources, including sponsoring their own archaeological investigations. Through the use of these sources, developers and writers are able to not only create largely historically accurate plots, but interactive...


Landscape Importance In Northern Arizona: An Application of Ethnographic Voices and Quantitative Viewshed Analysis (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cody Dalpra.

The importance of landscapes has long been discussed in archaeology, yet this is an often overlooked line of evidence. Landscapes often have a primary role in Native American oral histories and stories. Humans in general have a tendency to attach strong social meanings to visually prominent landforms. Such meanings are embedded within cultural landscapes as networks of natural and constructed places are perceived and made meaningful by communities. The Colorado Plateau of Northern Arizona...


The Landscape is a Machine: Transnational and Labor Heritage Landscapes of the Anthracite Coal Region (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael P Roller.

This is an abstract from the "Communicating Working Class Heritage in the 21st Century: Values, Lessons, Methods, and Meanings" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In the nineteenth century, migrants from Eastern and Southern Europe settled in Northeast Pennsylvania to work in Anthracite coal mines. In places such as the margins of the company town of Lattimer, they created intimate landscapes with a spatial logic defined both by ethnic values, but...


Landscapes of Industry and Ancestry, Voyageurs National Park in 1927 (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew E. LaBounty.

In the summer of 1927, the International Joint Commission acquired a series of aerial photographs to survey the waters separating the U.S. and Canada. These photographs were purchased over several years by Voyageurs National Park, and stereo pairs were selected for 3D analysis and digitization to a GIS. In combination with known archeological site locations, more than 600 associated features have been recorded from 1927. These features range from ephemeral Ojibwe structures to sprawling lumber...