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landscapes (Other Keyword)

1-25 (41 Records)

The Aura of Things: Locating Authenticity and the Power of Objects (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Benjamin Skolnik.

This paper is about authenticity and the aura, the authority and power of the physical object, historicity and the persistence of the past, and alternatives to scientific archaeology.  It is about science fiction, 20th century theorists, 21st century technology, and contemporary landscapes.  This paper examines concepts of authenticity and reproduction and how material culture is used in Philip K. Dick’s Hugo award-winning 1962 novel "The Man in the High Castle" as well as in Walter Benjamin’s...


Caribbean landscapes during the late-precolonial and early-colonial periods (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Neil Duncan. Peter Siegel. John Jones. Nicholas Dunning. Deborah Pearsall.

People in the Caribbean have been interacting with their landscapes for at least 8,000 years (Trinidad), sometimes in ways that leave only subtle traces of actions and in others the evidence is dramatic. Over this span we see variable trajectories of landscape engagements, ranging from early relatively intense activities followed by abandonment to continuous occupations throughout prehistory to places occupied late in the historical sequence. First colonizers to the Caribbean modified and...


Castles and their Landscapes: A Gravity Model Experiment (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Kate Buchanan.

Castle studies in recent years has developed two major themes in developing technology: landscape studies and spatial analysis. Studies of castle landscapes have shown that external spaces were intensively used and a significant part of the space actively portrayed as noble environment. Spatial analysis has been key in identifying spaces of control, privacy, and household interaction within the castle structure. One of the limitations of spatial analysis in castle studies is the failure to...


Challenging Landscapes: Alternate Perspectives of Chesapeake Plantation Gardens (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Elizabeth Pruitt. Benjamin Skolnik.

Much has been written about 18th and 19th century American and European formal plantation landscapes and gardens.  Traditional interpretations of these spaces have relied on notions of power, hierarchy, and surveillance—which come from the ideals of the plantation owners. Mark Leone illustrates this with his work at the Paca House in Annapolis, Maryland.  However, as Dell Upton argues, those of European and African descent would have approached these landscapes in vastly different ways and...


Consumerism, Market Access, and Mobility at St. Barbara's Freehold, St. Mary's City, Maryland (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Lauren K. McMillan. Julia King.

The St. Barbara's Freehold Tract in St. Mary’s City served as the center of a large plantation owned by the Hicks and Mackall families from the mid 18th century to the end of the Civil War. At the plantation’s height in the early 19th century, 40 people were held in bondage, living in log quarters scattered across several hundred acres. In 2016, archaeologists from St. Mary's College of Maryland identified and tested a complex of quarters dating to ca. 1750-1815. Archaeological and historical...


Consuming the French New World (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Elizabeth M Scott.

All of France’s New World colonies were based on relationships with particular geographies, according to the products and resources wanted by the Crown, which may be thought of as the ultimate "consumer" of French colonial landscapes.  Colonists and French descendant communities engaged with these different landscapes for both commercial and family subsistence purposes.  Obtaining, producing, and moving such resources as furs, wheat and flour, hams, bear oil, salt, and sugar required a variety...


Does the Site-Size Hierarchy Concept Mask the Complexity of Urban-Hinterland Relations? (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Monica Smith. Rabindra Kumar Mohanty.

The site-size hierarchy concept was born of a marriage between a long-standing interest in the emergence of the state and the mid-twentieth-century development of systematic regional survey projects. The assumption of equivalence between sites and territorial complexity facilitated an intellectual investment in survey data beyond a mere tally of sites towards an analysis of the way in which political administrations functioned at the landscape scale. The resultant easy equivalence of four-tiered...


Exploring the Layers and Elements at the Center of Jefferson’s Retreat Landscape (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Eric Proebsting. Howard Cyr.

Over the past seven years, archaeologists have examined three landscape elements that are central to the design of Jefferson’s Poplar Forest retreat. These include the rows of paper mulberries that flanked the house; the clumps of ornamental trees and oval-shaped flower beds located on the northern side of the structure; and the paved circular road that brought carriages to the steps of Jefferson’s octagonal retreat. This paper will discuss how soil studies have provided significant insight into...


Forgotten World War II Landscapes: Data Gaps in the Documentation of Fort J.H. Smith and Fort Tidball, Kodiak Island, Alaska (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Dawn Ramsey Ford.

Coastal Alaska played an important role in U.S. defenses for the Pacific Theater during World War II. Many resources on Kodiak Island have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include the Kodiak Naval Operations Base, Fort Greely, and Fort Abercrombie which are listed together as a National Historic Landmark. Two other installations within the military command structure on Kodiak Island include Fort Tidball and Fort J.H. Smith. These two installations and the batteries...


From Mining to Mercury: Preservation of the Historic Industrial Landscape of Jackson, California (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Owen Ford.

Nestled in the foothills of the western Sierra, the city of Jackson in Amador County, California was the location of some the richest gold deposits mined in the Gold Rush era Mother Lode. Over the last few years, several projects have been initiated on this historic industrial landscape. The City of Jackson began raising funds to help preserve the uniquely stunning tailing wheels that have dominated the skyline for more than a century. Conversely, well beyond locally available funds is the...


From River to Sea: A Comparative Analysis of Three Rice Plantation Landscapes on the Santee River in South Carolina (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kendy Altizer.

A comparative analysis of three plantations along the Santee River, including The Marsh at its delta, Peachtree near mid-river, and Waterhorn in the back river, will be conducted to serve as a case study for understanding how domestic architecture, as well as designed rice culture landscapes, developed within the unique context of the Santee River system. Analyzing architectural and landscape details of these plantations, including the placement of outbuildings and housing for the enslaved in...


Ground Stone Landscapes of the Ancestral Pueblo World (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Alison Damick. Severin Fowles.

The lives of pre-Columbian communities in New Mexico were anchored and shaped by stone features in the landscape. Stones were pecked, ground, and piled into cairns or circles; ethnographic evidence from descendant communities suggest certain stones received offerings of corn pollen, antlers, or prayer sticks; in other cases, parts of stones were removed as potent medicine, either as stone powder or flakes; elsewhere, it was the abrasive contact between fixed bedrock and tools that appears to...


Gullah-Geechee Landscapes on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Nicholas Honerkamp. Meredith Gilligan. Taylor Maxie.

The North End Plantation on Ossabaw Island, Georgia (9CH1062) has been almost continually occupied since the 1760s. Although a large number of enslaved Africans (later Gullah-Geechee) resided there, the remains of three tabby duplexes are the only substantial remains associated with them. This paper summarizes the results of two field seasons of landscape reconstruction that were aimed at identifying the locations of additional non-tabby cabins, historic plantation roadways, and adjacent yard...


Historical Ecology: Archaeology for a Sustainable Future (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Denise Schaan.

Historical Ecology is a research program that seeks to integrate diverse perspectives from human and natural sciences to improve our understanding on the relations between societies and their changing landscapes. Investigations in historical ecology draw from different corpus of data, including the participation of the public, not only to solve scientific problems, but also to provide answers to social and political situations. Archaeology has a major role in the production of knowledge on the...


Human-Environment Interaction in Colonial Queensland: Establishment, Use and Abandonment of the Port of St Lawrence and Implications for the Archaeological Record (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Aleisha R Buckler.

This paper explores the recursive relationships between people and the environment in a colonial port setting on the coast of Queensland, Australia. Established in c.1860, the St Lawrence port settlement and the lives of its inhabitants were mediated by the dynamic coastal environment which characterises the surrounding region. Transformations of the physical environment prompted by settlers to allow for port development changed the geomorphology of the creek environment and led to accelerated...


Identifying "Missing" Slave Cabins On Low Country Georgia Plantations (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Nicholas Honerkamp.

Historical archaeologists are familiar with the tensions that exist between documentary, oral history, and archaeological data. On many coastal Georgia plantations, a clear expression of such tension is seen in the documented presence of large slave populations that lived and worked on plantations and the typically miniscule  number of cabins in which the slaves presumably resided, as indicated by historic maps or from in situ structural remains. Typically this dramatic discrepancy is simply...


Identifying the South Yard: Interrogating Landscapes of Home and Work Yards Enslaved African Americans at Montpelier (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Terry Brock.

Landscape analysis of slave plantations typically approaches the plantation scale, analyzing the distribution of the built environment across the plantation itself. This paper will focus on the analysis of the domestic slave quarter of James Madison's Montpelier, and how the yards, structures, and features were organized and used by the Madisons and enslaved community. Over the course of multiple field seasons , archaeologists have conducted extensive field excavations uncovering three...


If the Dead Could Return: The Politics of World War II Era Human Remains in Eastern Europe (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Katharine Kolpan.

Although World War II (WWII) hostilities ended in 1945, still today the graves and remains of both combatants and civilians continue to be unearthed, especially in Eastern Europe. These discoveries of graves become entwined with the dynamic physical and geopolitical landscapes, whereby the post-human remains take on new, contested identities. Their unique identifications to name or nationality are sublimated, as their collective national or ethnic identities become prioritized. Combatants...


Interacting with the Past: Assassin's Creed, Landscapes, and Other Talking Points (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Coy J. Idol.

Assassin’s Creed is a multivolume series, developed by Ubisoft, with 17 games across a variety of platforms. One of the most successful aspects of this franchise is its ability to recreate historical settings. In recreating these settings, the developers and writers draw from all available sources, including sponsoring their own archaeological investigations. Through the use of these sources, developers and writers are able to not only create largely historically accurate plots, but interactive...


Landscape Importance In Northern Arizona: An Application of Ethnographic Voices and Quantitative Viewshed Analysis (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Cody Dalpra.

The importance of landscapes has long been discussed in archaeology, yet this is an often overlooked line of evidence. Landscapes often have a primary role in Native American oral histories and stories. Humans in general have a tendency to attach strong social meanings to visually prominent landforms. Such meanings are embedded within cultural landscapes as networks of natural and constructed places are perceived and made meaningful by communities. The Colorado Plateau of Northern Arizona...


Landscapes of Industry and Ancestry, Voyageurs National Park in 1927 (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Andrew E. LaBounty.

In the summer of 1927, the International Joint Commission acquired a series of aerial photographs to survey the waters separating the U.S. and Canada. These photographs were purchased over several years by Voyageurs National Park, and stereo pairs were selected for 3D analysis and digitization to a GIS. In combination with known archeological site locations, more than 600 associated features have been recorded from 1927. These features range from ephemeral Ojibwe structures to sprawling lumber...


Landscapes of Labor in the 17th Century Potomac Valley (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Barbara Heath.

Laboring people, especially the enslaved, are often considered to be archaeologically invisible during the first century of settlement in the colonial Chesapeake. In this paper I focus on key aspects of landscapes—fields, forests, and rivers—to consider how a landscape approach can illuminate the daily practice of enslaved Africans and indentured servants in the 17th century. While the focus on productive labor was tobacco cultivation that underpinned the economy, alternate economies dependent...


Lasting Legacies of the Hermitage Archaeology Program (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kevin E. Smith.

With nearly 30 years of hindsight now available, my brief three years as archaeological field assistant at the Hermitage from 1988-1990 not only started what would become lifelong friendships with Larry McKee and Sam Smith, but also had significant and lasting impacts on how I approached the Middle Tennessee landscape, fieldwork, labwork, archival research, and archaeology in general over my career. Here, I will reflect on my personal "take away" from the distinctive methodological and...


Local or Non-local: Reassessing Material Exchange in Southern California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Jairo Avila.

Previous studies on material exchange have provided valuable insights about the complexity of long-distance networks once established by prehistoric cultures. Fueled by the presence of middlemen throughout the region, these elaborate and intricate networks of interaction and trade allowed easier acquisition and exchange of materials (local and non-local) over the years. Given the extensiveness of materials (i.e. lithics, beads, ochre) repeatedly entering and exiting Southern California by land...


Mapping Lines and Lives at the Sajama Lines, Bolivia: A Model for Ritualized Landscapes (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Adam Birge.

Ritual trails and geoglyphs in the Andes date back as far as 400 BC and are perhaps best represented in the Nasca lines and the ceques of Cusco. In western Bolivia, the Sajama lines are a network of ritual trails that cover an estimated 22,000 square kilometers and connect pucaras, chullpas, villages, and chapels. Although this ritualized landscape was heavily modified during the Colonial (1532-1820) and Republican (1821-1952) eras, these pathways had prehistoric use by the local Carangas. These...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America