Early Holocene (Other Keyword)

1-10 (10 Records)

At the Continent’s Edge: A View of Flaked-Stone Crescents from Sonoma County, California (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Evan Elliott. Thomas Origer. Katherine Dowdall.

One of the most unique, enigmatic, and intriguing artifacts of the Western United states is the flaked-stone crescent. Crescents are tools that have been bifacially reduced into a crescent shape, although in some, referred to as "eccentrics," this form is extensively modified with multiple notches or extensions to their inner and outer margins. These lithics capture the imagination of both professionals and the public, reflected in the 1991 designation of a "bear-shaped" eccentric crescent as...


Early coastal occupations in Taltal, Southern Atacama Desert, Chile (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carola Flores-Fernandez. Diego Salazar. Laura Olguín. Gabriel Vargas. Camila Arenas.

In this presentation we will discuss recent results on the historical trajectory of hunter-gatherer-fishers from the coast of Taltal, Southern Atacama Desert, Chile. We will focus on the Early Holocene period (around ca. 11.500 – 10.000 cal BP) which includes several logistical occupations in rock-shelters and an open-air pigment mine. Our research aims to understand geographical and climatic conditions during the early human occupation of the area and its relation to human mobility and...


Kilgii Gwaay: an Early Holocene Archaeological Wet Site in the Modern Intertidal Zone of Haida Gwaii, British Columbia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenny Cohen. Quentin Mackie. Daryl Fedje.

The Kilgii Gwaay site in southernmost Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, is an early maritime-focused archaeological site dating to a brief interval about 10,700 cal. B.P. The site was occupied at a time when relative sea levels were a few meters below modern and rising rapidly, ultimately drowning the site by up to 18 m of ocean waters for almost ten millennia. Tectonic uplift over the past 5000 years has gradually raised the site, which is now exposed in the intertidal zone. The overall assemblage...


Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene Adaptations in the Lower Mid-South, United States (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only D. Shane Miller. Jesse Tune. Ryan Parrish.

The Lower Mid-South has a rich history of archaeological research and provides a valuable dataset for exploring the relationships between climate and culture. Here, we provide an overview of the available paleo-environmental and archaeological data in this area, and argue that there were significant changes in diet, landscape use, and technological organization. The possibility that localized territories are established in the Southeast prior to the onset of the Holocene is critically evaluated....


Macrophysical Climate Model and Comparisons with the Proxy-Based Paleoclimate Reconstruction in Central Anatolian Plain between 14000 and 7000 cal. BP (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bulent Arikan.

Central Anatolian Plain, which was once covered with a Pleistocene lake, witnessed major environmental transformations from the Epipaleolithic to the end of the early Holocene. As the paleolake dried up it exposed valuable resources such as soil and created marshlands where the earliest Neolithic settlements, such as Aşıklıhöyük (10th millennium BP) and Çatalhöyük (9th millennium BP) emerged. These sites represent the first locales of human experimentation with domestication and they represent...


Multi-Tiered Proveniencing Analysis of Early Holocene Radiolarite Artifacts from Northern Spain (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Rissetto. Giancarlo Pepponi. Igor Gutiérrez-Zugasti. Rossana Dell’Anna. David Cuenca-Solana.

Radiolarite is a fossil-rich derivative of biogenic chert found in isolated geologic formations across northern Spain. This inconsistent presence on the landscape has often led archaeologists to misidentify it with other siliceous rock types. However, as the proveniencing of lithic raw materials increase in Spain, archaeologists are becoming more aware of radiolarite and its possible unique technological, typological, and social significance in prehistoric cultures. This paper will present the...


Phase II Investigation of Sites 18HO203 and 18HO206 for the Proposed Maryland Route 100 Wetland Mitigation Project, Howard County, Maryland (Contract No. AW 890-233-070) (1994)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher R. Polglase. Jeffrey H. Maymon. Thomas W. Davis. Michael A. Simons. Kathleen M. Child. S. Justine Woodard. Frank Vento.

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Raised Marine Predictive Model Advances Knowledge of Early Holocene Site Assemblages in Southern Southeast Alaska (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Risa Carlson.

In 2009, Carlson & Baichtal used the age and elevation of raised marine deposits left during the highest marine transgression to create a hypothetical early Holocene shoreline in the Alexander Archipelago of southern Southeast Alaska. Over the past seven years, archaeological surveys that employed this predictive model revealed over twenty new early Holocene sites. Our understanding of the Holocene island landscape has increased dramatically with the discovery of these sites in new geographical...


Re-assessing island colonization and exploitation in the Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene Mediterranean (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John F. Cherry. Thomas Leppard.

In 1981 one of us (Cherry) first attempted to tease out spatial and temporal patterning in the colonization of the Mediterranean islands by human communities. Since the 1980s, slowly accumulating evidence has suggested that the Mediterranean islands were sporadically exploited by hunter-gatherer-fishers (HGF) during the Epipalaeolithic and Mesolithic. Here, adapting principles from island biogeography, we seek to establish whether or not these patchy data exhibit patterning. We suggest that the...


Updates and New Discoveries of Early Holocene Predictive Model sites in the southern Alexander Archipelago of Southeast Alaska (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Risa Carlson. James Baichtal.

New Early Holocene sites were discovered during the 2014 field season using a predictive model based on the age and elevation of Saxidomus giganteus shells in relic raised marine deposits in the Alexander Archipelago of Southeast Alaska. Additionally, three new higher elevation sites were found inadvertently during road construction activities which fit the criteria of the predictive model. This paper presents the preliminary findings of latest discoveries and updates on the first Early Holocene...