Peopling Of The Americas (Other Keyword)

1-11 (11 Records)

Assessing the Population History of the Atacama Desert using 3D Geometric Morphometric Methods (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Kuzminsky. Mark Hubbe.

Many scholarly debates in South American archaeology have centered on the discovery and cranial morphology of the earliest inhabitants known as Paleoamericans that predate 8,000 years BP. Although it was initially hypothesized that cranial differences between Paleoamericans and later populations may reflect distinct biological populations or migration patterns that occurred after the initial colonization of South America, recent genetic data show biological continuity throughout the Holocene in...

Beringia is not the sole source of people in the New World (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Faught.

I challenge the belief of biological and archaeological anthropologists that Beringia is the only place people have come into the Americas, even if along the coast. I show how researchers affirm their consequent, don't show direct historical continuity in areas where gene samples are modern, can't find any other than Dyuktai/Denali/Dene cultures archaeologically, nor have evidence of north to south, or west to east propagation after intrusion. In its place, I propose South America as the locus...

Cranial morphological variation among Paleoamerican skeletons: a test of the coastal migration hypothesis (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Kuzminsky.

Although the origin of the first Americans has been resolved through genetics, the routes that early humans traveled from Asia into North and South America are still the subject of intense scholarly debate. Recent genetic and archaeological data suggest an early migration may have occurred along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Based on these lines of evidence, it is hypothesized that Paleoamericans may show morphological affinities to prehistoric skeletons from coastal sites if an early...

The Early Settlement of North America: the Clovis Era (2002)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gary Haynes.

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An Examination of Ancestry: Exploring the Peopling of the Americas Through Paleoindian Cranial Indices in Comparison with the Howells Collection (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Matulek. P. Nick Kardulias.

The original peopling of the Americas has puzzled researchers for decades. While some evidence points to a single wave of migration, still other data suggest two or more waves. Their reasonable estimated arrival dates range from 14,500 to over 20,000y.b.p., although some scholars push back their arrival even farther. Drawing from archaeology, genetics, historical linguistics, and physical anthropology, the peopling of the Americas debate encompasses research from a wide range of experts. In this...

Haskett and its Clovis Parallels (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daron Duke. Daniel Stueber.

This is an abstract from the "Current Perspectives on the Western Stemmed Tradition-Clovis Debate in the Far West" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Haskett represents an initiating point style in some parts of western North America. Radiocarbon dates suggest the earliest Haskett occupations were within the Clovis era, and Haskett shares several technological and geographic attributes that are more in kind with Clovis than with later stemmed styles....

Investigating the Population History of Western North America: Implications for the Peopling of the New World (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan Kuzminsky.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Western North America has emerged as a key region of focus in studies addressing the migration routes and demographic processes involved in the peopling of the Americas. Archaeological investigations in this region have resulted in the discovery of several of the earliest human skeletons and archaeological sites on the North American continent. Given that this...

A reappraisal of cranial shape among prehistoric South Americans and its implications for the peopling of the New World (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nina Coonerty. Susan Kuzminsky. Lars Fehren-Schmitz.

Recent studies of South American populations have played an integral role in elucidating the timing, origin and migration routes of the first Americans. Much attention has centered on the cranial shape of these prehistoric populations, which some researchers have described as having two distinct head forms. The cranial shape of early Holocene Paleoamericans has been categorized as dolichocephalic (long-headed), while later populations have been generally described as brachycephalic...

The Role of the Rocky Mountains in the Peopling of North America (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bonnie Pitblado.

Discussion of the prehistoric peopling of the New World is as old as North American archaeology, and peopling-related debate has only intensified through the decades. Starting with the Great Plains in the 1920s, the major physiographic regions of North America have each experienced “moments in the sun,” as archaeologists have researched Clovis and sometimes pre-Clovis sites in their midst. For reasons that make little sense in retrospect, the Rocky Mountains are the last major North American...

Technological Complexities of the Peopling of Eastern Beringia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Wygal.

Alaska archaeologists continue to disagree on a unified culture history. The primary point of contention surrounds the presence or absence of microblade technology in central Alaska and the meaning of the Nenana and Denali complexes. While some interpret the former as a unique manifestation representing a separate migratory population, others disagree; and, the Denali complex has become a catchall category for a variety of artifact types leading to questions over its conceptual validity. This...

Three Phases of Initial Human Colonization in Southern Alaska (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Wygal.

Once heavily glaciated during the Late Pleistocene, southern Alaska became ice-free just as the First Americans were entering the Bering Land Bridge. This makes the Susitna River in Southcentral Alaska a perfect laboratory for understanding how and why small-scale foraging societies spread throughout Beringia and ultimately the New World. While first explorers undoubtedly made decisions based on previous experience, initial occupants probably had different cultural expectations of their...