Coastal (Other Keyword)

1-24 (24 Records)

Accessing and Assessing Coastal Shell Middens on Private Property in the Pacific Northwest (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Jolivette. Amanda Taylor. Sarah Van Galder.

The majority of coastal property in the Pacific Northwest is in private hands. Although laws in Washington State protect archaeological sites on private property, such sites are traditionally only assessed on a case by case basis when the landowner seeks a permit. Landscape scale assessments of coastal resources in the Puget Sound region are rare. Here we compare the results of two such projects along Puget Sound; an academic project in the San Juan Islands conducted by researchers at the...


Coastal Settlement Patterns in BC at the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Mackie. Nicole Smith. Colton Vogelaar. Quentin Mackie. Joanne McSporran.

In this presentation we explore how early Holocene shoreline settlement patterns in Haida Gwaii can be used to inform the search for late Pleistocene sites on Quadra Island in the northern Salish Sea. The 11K to 14.5K cal BP shorelines on Quadra Island are located at elevations up to 180 m above modern. Low visibility necessitates focused investigations on these raised landforms in order to find early sites. We are applying our knowledge of the distribution of archaeological sites in Gwaii...


Eat local, Think Global? The Intersections of Knowledge, Culture, and Subsistence at Woodland Coastal Sites in the Southeastern USA. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meggan Blessing. Michelle LeFebvre. Neill Wallis.

Along the northern parts of the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida and southern Georgia, coastal sites of the Deptford and Swift Creek archaeological cultures (circa A.D. 1 to 600) map onto the distinctive estuarine and salt marsh ecological zones of the region. Beyond their similar environments, inhabitants within this region seem to have been united by a cultural milieu characterized by commonalities in village life, material culture, ritual practices, and ostensibly, patterns of subsistence....


Environmental Assessment / Initial Study for Dredging at Nimitz Marine Facility Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California San Diego (1995)
DOCUMENT Citation Only US Navy UCSD. JNE Associates. RECON.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Episodic Habitation in an Eolian Environment, 1350 B.C. - A.D. 900, Useppa Island, Coastal Southwest Florida (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Walker. William Marquardt. Arianne Boileau. Ann Cordell. Donna Ruhl.

Excavations (2012) on southwest Florida’s subtropical Useppa Island revealed a stratigraphic sequence of alternating eolian-sand and shell-midden layers, mostly dating from 1350 to 1000 B.C., with the highest midden dating to A.D. 900. Predictably, the Late Archaic artifact assemblages (pottery, shell artifacts, etc.) differ greatly from the younger Caloosahatchee IIB one. However, surprisingly the invertebrate faunal assemblages also differ. And there is a general dearth of fish remains in the...


Evolutions: Reflections of Cultural and Social Change at a Lighthouse Community. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only B Scott Rose.

The story of the life of the Currituck Beach Light Station. This story is based on a sequence of events uncovered by historic and archaeological research. This project gathered historic and archaeological data in order to illuminate potential relationships between economic and social investment in lighthouse complexes, and enhance our understanding of the multitude of factors that drive the establishment and development of lighthouse communities. The community surrounding the Currituck Beach...


Fishers and Farmers in northern Kerala: Preliminary Results from the Northern Kerala Archaeological Project (NorKAP) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Neha Gupta. Rajesh SV. Abhyan GS.

Conventional narratives of Indian history tend to focus on agricultural communities and have typically underestimated the role of fishing and fishers. With over 7500 km of coastline along present day India, there is great potential for examining how fishing traditions changed and continued through time, and how they might have facilitated social complexification typically associated with agricultural communities. This paper will present preliminary survey results from the Northern Kerala...


Identifying Enslaved Movement on the South End Plantation (1849-1861), Ossabaw Island, Georgia. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda D. Roberts Thompson.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Enslavement" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The South End Plantation located on Ossabaw Island, Georgia was operated as a cotton plantation by George Jones Kollock from 1849-1861. During this time, the land was continually modified for Kollock’s agricultural pursuits, all of which occurred through assigned tasks to enslaved individuals. Modifying and moving through the landscape allowed enslaved...


Isotopes of Coastal Ecuador (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Van Voorhis. Valentina Martinez. Nicole Jastremski. John Krigbaum.

A preliminary report is presented on research into the diet, health, and mobility patterns for prehistoric coastal Ecuador, based on an analysis of both modern data and archaeological data from Site 035 Salango. An assessment of dietary habits provides insight into a broad range of societal developments, such as the implementation and timing of maize agriculture. Additional insights are provided by an osteological evaluation of human remains, with a particular focus on evidence of pathologies...


Izapa and Highland El Salvador: Terminal Formative and Classic Period Ties (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebecca Mendelsohn.

This paper explores coastal and highland interaction in southern Mesoamerica between coastal Chiapas and highland El Salvador. Published accounts of Salvadoran excavations have reported that ties between highland Salvadoran sites and Mesoamerica declined at the close of the Formative period with the eruption of the Ilopango volcano. The dating of the Ilopango eruption has since been updated, and an renewed look at interaction between these zones is necessary. This paper reviews archaeological...


Midden Muddle (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only S. Andrew Wise.

Archaeologists occasionally find inconstant artifact assemblages between sites that appear similar. These variations in artifact frequency and diversity can hinder efforts to establish a one-to-one correlation between artifacts and cultural behaviors. However, coastal shell middens can provide important information regarding past habitation and social organization. By using shell and artifact distribution data, this research examines how Woodland cultures utilized coastal sites between 1000 B.C....


Montezuma’s Revenge: Re-examining Archeological and Historical Interpretations of a 19th-century shipwreck at Boca Chica Beach, Texas (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy A Borgens.

On the beach near the Mexican border, the ghostly remains of a shipwreck known as Boca Chica No. 2 periodically emerge after major storm events. This 72-ft. wooden vessel first came to the attention of the Texas Historical Commission in 1999 and has been monitored by the agency since that time. Local folklore has long associated this shipwreck with the Mexican warship Bravo (Montezuma), incidentally the most famous wreck in the area, but archeological evidence from the hull itself suggests...


The P5 project archaeological reconnaissance along the Pondoland Coast, South Africa (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erich Fisher. Hayley Cawthra. Justin Pargeter. Jan Venter.

South African sea caves preserve evidence for early modern humans’ longstanding interest in coastal resources. However, changes in coastlines location throughout the Pleistocene prevented the development of long-term and continuous records of coastal foraging and there are still many outstanding questions about when, where, and how coastal foraging developed. Pondoland (Eastern Cape Province) is one of the few places where we may be able to fill in these gaps. An exceptionally narrow...


Preliminary Faunal Analysis at the Coastal Site of Rio Chico, Ecuador (OMJPLP-170) (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Klemmer.

The Rio Chico site is situated on the central coast of Ecuador, a region that is heavily influenced by climatic events such as El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Rio Chico was occupied almost continuously for 5000 years (ca. 3500 B.C.E. to 1532 C.E.), and therefore provides an opportunity to study coastal resource usage over a long temporal span. This poster presents a preliminary zooarchaeological analysis of the relative abundance of fish and other classes of fauna at the site. A sample of...


Reevaluation of the Placencia Salt Works in the Classic Maya Economy (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only E. Cory Sills. J. Jefferson MacKinnon.

The Placencia Salt Works in southern Belize are re-evaluated based on 2015 field work, building on previous research by J. Jefferson MacKinnon. Comparisons are made with the Paynes Creek Salt Works based on a similar salt-water lagoon environment, salt-production artifacts (briquetage), the presence of earthen mounds, and the absence of preserved wooden architecture at the Placencia Salt Works. Study of the briquetage indicates a similar process of evaporating brine in pots over fires to make...


Resource Exploitation Patterns in the Velondriake Marine Protected Area, Southwest Madagascar, ca. AD 800-1900 (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristina Douglass.

This paper discusses resource exploitation patterns at coastal archaeological sites located in the Velondriake Marine Protected Area in southwest Madagascar. In particular, it assesses the selective reliance of coastal communities on a variety of local habitats and taxa. The data are derived from regional survey and the excavation of five archaeological sites, including small rock shelters and open-air sites, ranging in date from ca. AD 800 to 1900. The data describe multiple narratives of...


Responding to Regional Collapse: A Late Mississippian Community on the Georgia Coast (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brandon Ritchison.

Communities are social fulcrums, situated within multiple scales of interactivity. Understanding the discursive relationship between regions and households through the lens of the community can allow for a better understanding of social transformations. In the decades preceding 1400 C.E., chiefdoms in the Savannah River Valley collapsed and the region became depopulated. Settlement evidence suggests large scale population movements from the valley to the Georgia Coast, with significant social...


Sailortown, Belfast, Northern Ireland. Exploring An Urban/maritime Community. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Liz Anne Thomas.

‘Sailortown’ is the unofficial name given to a tiny enclave of streets, located on Clarendon Docks, Belfast, Northern Ireland. Throughout the 19th century and up to the middle of the 20th century Sailortown was a diverse community with manufacturing and maritime industries. In1969, following the downturn of Belfast’s industrial economy, plans for redevelopment of the Docklands commenced. In 2015 archaeological investigations, first of its kind in this area, focused on investigating household...


Shifting Sands: Evolving Educational Programming to Support Maritime Archaeological Research in Massachusetts (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Calvin Mires. Victor T Mastone. Laurel Seaborn. Jennifer E. Jones. Leland Crawford.

  In 2015, the first accredited maritime archaeological field school took place under a partnership between Salem State University, NPS, NAS, the PAST Foundation, SEAMAHP, and the Massachusetts Board of Underwater Resources. Examining a 19th-century schooner on the North Shore of Massachusetts, this field school launched two successive years of educational programs that spring boarded deeper research into historical, environmental, and methodological questions, for collaborating scholars. This...


Shifting Tides along the North Coast of Quintana Roo: Recent Research at Conil and Vista Alegre (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dominique Rissolo. Jeffrey B. Glover.

In the northern lowlands, there is strong evidence for a coastal Maya presence since at least the Middle Preclassic, and scholars have long discussed how inland-coastal connections served as a catalyst for the development of social complexity. The scope and scale, however, of maritime commerce and interaction was closely linked to the ever-changing political and economic landscape. The work of the Proyecto Costa Escondida at the neighboring port sites of Conil and Vista Alegre highlight the...


Stemmed Points and ‘Expedient Stone Tools’: early post-glacial archaeology on the BC coast. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Daryl Fedje. Duncan McLaren. Quentin Mackie.

Over 35 years ago Al Bryan and Ruth Gruhn were promoting the concept of a very early ‘Stemmed Point Tradition’ associated with ‘simple’ flake and core tools. They saw this ‘Far West’ area construct as being of similar age to Clovis and possibly even older. Al and Ruth were keenly interested in the assemblages of stemmed points and ‘expedient stone tools’ recovered by Fedje and others from a series of sites in the Eastern Slopes region of the Canadian Rocky Mountains in the 1980s, an interest...


Subarctic Coastal Pioneers: Evidence and Implications of a New Maritime Archaic Site in Eastern Newfoundland (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Wolff. Donald H. Holly, Jr..

The earliest colonization of the island of Newfoundland was by a coastal and marine oriented people belonging to the Maritime Archaic tradition (ca. 8,000-3,200 B.P.). The exact timing and nature of that colonization and subsequent ‘settling in’ process remains largely unknown. Part of the reason for this is the dearth of well-dated, systematically excavated habitation sites on the island during the Archaic period. In the summer of 2016, our excavations at the Stock Cove site on the coast of...


Understanding Pleistocene and Early Holocene faunal exploitation at Barrow Island, North-west Australia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tiina Manne. Peter Veth. Fiona Hook. Kane Ditchfield. Ingrid Ward.

Barrow Island, located 50km off the modern Pilbara coast, contains the longest and richest archaeological record of Pleistocene coastal settlement in northern Australia. During lowered sea levels of the Pleistocene, the island was part of the greater Australian continent. Archaeological survey has revealed an array of sites in cave, rockshelter and open air-settings. The most diverse record has been recovered from a large limestone cave, where repeated visits began at c. 50 ka BP and continued...


What are the Potential Effects of an Oil Spill on Coastal Archaeological Sites? (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott R Sorset. Mark A Rees.

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and the University of Louisiana at Lafayette (ULL) have collaborated to determine the immediate and long-term impacts of an oil spill on cultural resources and archaeological sites in the coastal zone. Nearly five years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the immediate and long-term impacts of oil and dispersants on cultural resources and archaeological sites remain unknown. Concerns include effects that might diminish or destroy the site’s future...