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California (Other Keyword)

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Ancient Human DNA Analysis from Central California: Interpreting the Penutian Migration through Genetics. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430366] Cara Monroe. Fernando Villanea. Eric Lenci Jr.. Alan Leventhal. Rosemary Cambra.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data was collected from over 300 individuals to further understand the hypothesized spread of Penutian populations from the Columbian Plateau into Central California around 5,000 BP. While living and ethnographic Ohlone groups- specifically in the San Francisco Bay area- speak Penutian languages, it is unclear what effect immigrating Penutians speakers had on existing Hokan populations between 2500-3000 BP. Distinct maternal lineages that belong to either immigrating...


The antecedents to the specialized microdrill industry on Santa Cruz Island, CA (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397812] Scott Sunell. Jeanne Arnold.

I analyze more than 400 lithic artifacts associated with the development of intensive Chumash shell-drilling activities from four sites on Santa Cruz Island (SCRI), CA. By the second millennium CE, the Chumash of the northern Channel Islands had developed a specialized bead-making industry and a parallel industry of formal microdrills to perforate those beads (as documented by Arnold [1987]). During the latter part of the Middle Period (AD 900-1150), trapezoidal microdrills dominated; in the...


Archaeobotanical Evidence and Diachronic Changes in Foodways of Indigenous Groups in the Central Coast and San Francisco Bay Regions, California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395525] Rob Cuthrell.

The Central Coast and San Francisco Bay regions of California are areas of high climatic, ecological, and indigenous cultural heterogeneity. During the last two decades, archaeobotanical research in these regions has begun to document the contributions of botanical resources in indigenous foodways systems through time. In the San Francisco Bay Area, a large number of anthropogenic shell mounds were population aggregation sites used for thousands of years, and, for the period after ca. 1050 CE,...


Archaeology Field Survey Reports Contributed by BLM, Arcata, CA Field Office

PROJECT [ID: 366506] Uploaded by: Melinda Salisbury

This project includes Archaeology Field Survey Reports contributed by the Bureau of Land Management's, Arcata, California field office.This initial contribution will establish a regional digital archive project whose goal is to accumulate heritage documents, greatly enhancing our ability to preserve historic resources within the North Coast Region.


The Archaeology of Cowboy Island: The Santa Rosa Historic Archaeology Project (SRHAP) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434779] Courtney H. Buchanan. Amber M Madrid. Brittany N Lucero. Michael McGurk. Jennifer E Perry.

This paper presents the findings from the first year of a new historic archaeology research project on Santa Rosa Island, one of the five islands of Channel Islands National Park off the coast of southern California. A new, multi-year project dedicated to recording the extant historic structures and sites related to the 19th- and 20th-century ranching complex was started in 2014, instigated by the recent opening of the Santa Rosa Island Research Station. Since May 2014, four CSU Channel Islands...


Beyond Missions: Documenting Mexican and Mexican-American Adobes in California (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404873] Albert Gonzalez. Heather Atherton. Javier Hernandez.

In the foreword to their 1931 review of nineteenth-century adobe houses in California, historical architects Donald Hannaford and Revel Edwards express despair at the state of such research in their time, noting that "printed material on the subject" could only be generated via discovery in the field. Eighty-five years later, research is still lacking. California’s famed colonial missions tend to draw the bulk of archaeological attention while research associated with Mexican- and Gold Rush-era...


Big Picture History in North America: Integrating Narratives of Our Continent’s Past (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429405] Mikael Fauvelle. Erin M. Smith.

No society exists in isolation. In order to understand the history of North America it is therefore critical to see the continent as a landscape of mutually known and interacting places and peoples. One of the goals of this panel is to bring together specialists from different corners of the continent to share narratives of regional interaction in their areas. This paper will introduce the thematic and theoretical groundings for the session, suggesting that both systemic and historical models...


California Public Education and the Mexican Ranchos - Looking Beyond 4th Grade (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435692] Melinda M. Berge. Alyssa N. Cheli.

The Mexican Ranchos of the 18th and 19th centuries represent a niche in California history which is not often well understood by students of any age. From elementary school education to popular media, the focus in California tends to be on either the precontact Native Americans or the Spanish Missions. The Ranchos are host to a pluralistic community, including laborers, visitors, traders, owners, and overseers. Fairly representing these multiple voices can be difficult, but by presenting diverse...


Charcoal Identification as Means of Central California Landscape Reconstruction (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397943] GeorgeAnn DeAntoni. Peter Nelson. Rob Cuthrell.

The purpose of my paper is to present a paleoethnobotanical study of a late prehistoric Central California site (located in Sonoma County) that reconstructs the pre-contact landscape via the identification of wood charcoal remains. The analysis of charcoal and the low-impact paleoethnobotancial methodologies utilized in this study provide the basis for generating hypotheses about how Native peoples interacted with the local environment while also considering how the landscape may have changed...


Childhood Diet and Foraging in Prehistoric Central California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 394851] Alexandra Greenwald. Jelmer Eerkens. Eric Bartelink.

Ethnographic evidence demonstrates that hunter-gatherer children may forage effectively, where ecology, subsistence strategies, and social organization are conducive to juvenile participation. We hypothesize that, in easily navigated environments with food items accessible to children, juveniles will engage in assistive or independent foraging after a period of exclusive post-weaning parental provisioning, and that differences in male and female diets will reflect the sexual division of labor...


Climate change risk assessment of coastal archaeological resources in San Diego County (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430034] Lauren Downs. Sandra Pentney. Marla Mealey. Nicole Turner. Natalie Brodie.

Climate change poses threats to both inland and coastal archaeological resources alike. Sites along the coast of San Diego County are under various threats such as inundation and erosion due to sea level rise. For over two years, the Society for California Archaeology (SCA) and the San Diego County Archaeological Society (SDCAS) have been directing the Climate Change Project to assess the effects of climate change on San Diego County resources. This study utilizes GIS analysis to examine coastal...


Cruising Along the Coastline: Exploring the Possibilities of using LiDAR Data to predict Climate Change Affects Along the Southern Monterey Coast (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395207] Annamarie Leon Guerrero. Whitney Kirkendall.

This paper presents the collaborative efforts of the Society for California Archaeology, the US Forest Service and the Cabrillo College Archaeological field school to document sites along the southern Monterey coastline. During the 2012 field season, a new generation of archaeologists documented sites along a 2-mile stretch of coastline in order to study how coastal erosion is affecting these sites. Part of the purpose of this presentation is to highlight the importance of these types of...


Diving into the Past: The Corsair at Crystal Cove State Marine Conservation Area (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434733] Tricia Dodds.

Crystal Cove State Park is home to many unique cultural resources that tell the story of California’s fascinating past. Its marine conservation area is no less extraordinary. In 1949, a Navy F4U Corsair airplane met its watery grave off the coast of Crystal Cove. Since its rediscovery, this underwater site has been studied and recorded by California State Parks with the assistance of other institutions. In 2014, the California State Parks Dive Team revisited the Corsair to evaluate its current...


Evocative Stones: Variable Obsidian Source Use in Northern California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 394991] Carolyn Dillian.

Northern California contains multiple, geochemically distinct, high-quality obsidian sources that were quarried in prehistory. However, not all were exploited equally. Instead, selection patterns suggest that some obsidian sources were reserved for manufacture of specific types of objects, while others could be used for more routine tools. The geologic and cultural context of the obsidian source may offer explanations for why differential quarrying and use occurred. Glass Mountain in Siskiyou...


Global Networks of Trade, Migration and Consumption: Evidence from the Gold Rush-Era Fauna at Thompson’s Cove (CA-SFR-186H), San Francisco, California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 433929] Cyler N. Conrad. Allen G. Pastron.

San Francisco, originally known as Yerba Buena, became a confluence of international trade, human migration and commercial activity during the California Gold Rush (1848-1855). How did the massive influx of argonauts to the San Francisco Bay area affect domestic, native and exotic fauna in this region? A recently excavated site, Thompson’s Cove (CA-SFR-186H), located on the original shoreline of Yerba Buena Cove in present day downtown San Francisco, provides new evidence into this global...


High-Precision Chronology Building at Coastal Sites on California’s Channel Islands (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428366] Chistopher S. Jazwa. Douglas J. Kennett. Lynn Gamble.

Using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) techniques and chronology building calibration software that incorporates Bayesian statistics, it is possible to establish high-precision chronologies for complex sites. This includes shell midden sites, which are common along coastlines in the United States and often contain multiple distinct strata. We present the example of SCRI-333, on the western end of Santa Cruz Island, California. At this site, we selected carbonized twig and marine shell...


Historic Resources Assessment Naval Facility Centerville Beach Ferndale, Humboldt County, California (BLM) (1994)

DOCUMENT [ID: 366545] William Self. Carrie Wills. Ann Samuelson.

Naval Facility (NAVFAC) Centerville Beach has been disestablished by the Navy and is proposed for disposal as surplus property by the General Services Administration. Uribe and Associates, under contract to the Western Division, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, was directed to conduct a Historic Resources Assessment of the facility as pan of environmental analyses being performed prior to declaring the property surplus. The focus of this cultural resource assessment is to document each...


IDENTIFICATION OF CHARCOAL FROM CAL CITY CAVE, CA-KER-517, CALIFORNIA (2002)

DOCUMENT [ID: 378802] Kathryn Puseman.

Charcoal recovered from a small, but well-developed midden with a high concentration of rock and charcoal in the Cal City Cave, CA-KER-517, was submitted for identification. This site is located within the corporate boundaries of California City in southeastern Kern County, California. It consists of a small rock shelter that is believed to have functioned as a work station for the processing of faunal material in the historic/protohistoric time period. Charcoal was identified to provide...


Impact of Rising Sea Levels on Native American Cultural Sites in Southern California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395206] Jeannine Pedersen. Jere H. Lipps.

Humans arrived in Southern California about 13,000 years ago, shortly after sea level began rising following the last glaciation. Most of their sites along the shoreline of the time have been inundated and are unknown. Now hundreds of remaining sites on-shore are threatened, or will be threatened, in the foreseeable future by rising sea levels. A survey of prehistoric and historic human site elevations in Southern California reveals the 1.4 m rise in sea level expected in 2100 due only to the...


Importation of deer bone to the Channel Islands, California, during the Middle Holocene (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395121] Michael Glassow. Jennifer Perry.

Although California mule deer never inhabited the Channel Islands during prehistoric times, deer limb bone fragments commonly occur at Channel Islands sites dated to the Middle Holocene, and fragments of worked deer bone also occur. In addition, mortuary collections obtained in the 1920s dating to the Middle Holocene contain artifacts of deer bone, including ornaments and hair pins. We summarize the evidence of deer bone importation to the Channel Islands and argue that the abundance of deer...


The Incised Stones of CA-ORA-662, Pelican Hill in Orange County, CA (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404607] Jeannine Pedersen-Guzman.

A large scale data recovery investigation took place in the early 1990s at CA-ORA-662, Pelican Hill in Orange County, CA. The excavation revealed an array of Late Prehistoric artifact types including 124 incised stones, grooved stones and tablets. Among these are 41 stones incised with distinctive patterns, the majority of which have a simple cross hatch or diamond pattern. Three of the stones have more complex designs suggesting a non-utilitarian use. The collection of artifacts recovered...


Intensive Use of Wild Chenopodium by Central California Hunter Gatherers (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429813] Eric Wohlgemuth. Maria C. Bruno.

Three decades of California paleoethnobotany have shown that Chenopodium is the most common small seed found in central California archaeological sites. Chenopodium is concentrated in sedentary residential communities in lowland areas, where historical population densities rivaled or exceeded those found elsewhere in the world. The most intensive use known for Chenopodium is from wetland areas of the Sacramento and Santa Clara valleys. Despite thousands of years as the pre-eminent small-seeded...


Interactions and Social Change in California: A Perspective from the Far West (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429407] Erin M. Smith. Mikael Fauvelle.

People in California have interacted with groups near and far for thousands of years. Here we take a big picture approach by looking at how interactions between people across time and space affect the histories of adjunct regions. In this paper, we first establish connections between people in California to the Northwest, Southwest, Mexico, and afar to demonstrate the scale of meaningful interactions. Second, by considering wide-ranging and long-term interactions, we better explain the agency...


Legacies of Movement and Land Use in the Mojave Desert: An Intensive Study of Two Multi-Component Sites at Fort Irwin, San Bernardino County, California (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398406] Katherine Burnett. Armando Abeyta. Amber Fankhauser.

Fort Irwin is a United States Army installation located approximately 37 miles northeast of Barstow in San Bernardino County, California. Covering an area of 1,193 square miles, Fort Irwin is roughly the size of Rhode Island. This large installation has a wide variety of archaeological resources, including two large, multi-component sites that were re-recorded by the Fort Irwin Cultural Resources Program in 2014. Bitter Spring (CA-SBR-2659/H) is a National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE CA-SBA-990, NORTH VANDENBURG AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA (2005)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379136] Kathryn Puseman. Peter J. Gleichman.

Six soil samples from undifferentiated midden deposits at site CA-SBA-990 on North Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, were floated to recover macrofloral remains. This site is a lithic and shell deposit containing chert debitage, flaked stone tools, marine shell, fish and terrestrial animal bone, shell beads, fire-altered rock, and ground stone tools. Radiocarbon dates from shell at the site suggest occupation from the Late Prehistoric into the Protohistoric, approximately A.D....

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America