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Aztec West Ruin: Perishable Artifacts and Pottery from Excavations by the American Museum of Natural History

PROJECT Lori Reed. Laurie Webster.

Digital images of pottery and perishable items recovered from Earl Morris' excavations of Aztec West Ruin between 1916 and 1922. Although Morris' excavations at Aztec were extensive, his analysis and descriptions of the artifact assemblage were cursory. In 2003, Laurie Webster and Lori Stephens Reed began systematic analysis, documentation, and digital imaging of pottery and perishables from Morris' Aztec West Ruin collections housed at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY and...


Ceramic: Aztec Black, bowl, AZRU1-851 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Aztec Black, bowl, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #851. Morris FS 5477. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper is granular igneous rock suggesting manufacture at Aztec Ruin. Vessel is 98% complete with about 2 percent filled in with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 19.5 cm orifice diameter, 10.5 cm height. Image AZRU1-851 A: side view showing bowl shape and exterior band of corrugations. Image AZRU1-851 B: side view showing bowl shape. Image AZRU1-851 C: side view showing bowl shape. Image...


Ceramic: Gallup Black-on-white with pseudo cloisonne design, shouldered jar, AZRU-00008/5020 (2006)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Gallup Black-on-white, shouldered jar (fragmentary), with pseudo cloisonne polychrome design painted over original black-on-white design, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #5020, Morris FS 5553. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2006. Medium multi-lithic sand and minor trachyte temper suggests the bowl was manufactured in the Chaco Cibola region. The two fragments represent less than 10% of vessel. Measurements: 23 cm orifice diameter (estimate); height unknown. Image AZRU8-5020 A: 2 fragments of a Gallup...


Ceramic: Mancos Black-on-white, datura pot, AZRU1-1022 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mancos Black-on-white, datura pot, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1022, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper is sherd and granular igneous rock suggesting manufacture at Aztec. Vessel is 100% complete with about 60% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 3 cm orifice diameter, 15.5 cm height. Image AZRU1-1022 A: side view. Image AZRU1-1022 B: side view. Image AZRU1-1022 C: view showing orifice and handles. Image AZRU1-1022 D: view showing orifice and handles....


Ceramic: McElmo Black-on-white votive plate AZRU1-1021 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

McElmo Black-on-white, votive plate, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1021, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Vessel form is a shallow plate with single handle attached; offset painted zoomorphic figure suggests use as a votive container. The head, neck, and right arm of the zoomorphic figure is a restoration of the plate using tinted plaster or other material and commercial paint. Original shape of head is unknown. Measurements: 20.1 cm diameter, 3.8 cm height. Image AZRU1-1021 A:...


Ceramic: McElmo Black-on-white, necked jar, AZRU8-1500 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

McElmo Black-on-white, necked jar, Accession AZRU-00008 Catalog #1500, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper not examined; not visible on surface. Vessel is 100% complete with about 40% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 9 cm orifice diameter, 19 cm height. Image AZRU8-1500 A: side view showing painted design and handles. Image AZRU8-1500 B: view showing painted design and horizontal strap handle. Image AZRU8-1500 C: view of base. Image AZRU8-1500 D: view...


Ceramic: McElmo Style B/W, sharp shoulder pitcher, AZRU1-1023 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

McElmo style black-on-white, sharp shoulder pitcher, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1023, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper is unknown; provenance is unknown. Vessel is 100% complete with about 25% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 6.8 cm orifice diameter, 15.5 cm height. Image AZRU1-1023 A: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU1-1023 B: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU1-1023 C: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU1-1023 D:...


Ceramic: Mesa Verde Black-on-white, bowl, AZRU1-840 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mesa Verde Black-on-white, bowl, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #840. Morris FS 5473. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Vessel is 100% complete with about 20% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 28 cm orifice diameter, 12.4 cm height. Granular igneous rock temper suggests local production at Aztec Ruin. Image AZRU1-840 A: exterior view showing painted design. Image AZRU1-840 B: view of exterior showing design. Image AZRU1-840 C: view of interior showing design. Image AZRU1-840...


Ceramic: Mesa Verde Black-on-white, canteen, AZRU8-1502 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mesa Verde Black-on-white, canteen fish effigy, Accession AZRU-00008 Catalog #1502. Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper not analyzed; not visible. Vessel is 100% complete with about 40% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 2.6 cm orifice diameter, 15.5 cm height. Image AZRU8-1502 A: side view showing fish shape and painted design. Image AZRU8-1502 B: side view showing fish shape and painted design. Image AZRU8-1502 C: side view showing design. Image...


Ceramic: Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, AZRU1-1009 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1009, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Granular igneous rock temper indicates local production probably at Aztec. Vessel is 100% complete with about 40% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 7.2 cm orifice diameter, 17.7 cm height. Image AZRU1-1009 A: side view showing painted design and handle. Image AZRU1-1009 B: side view showing design and both handles. Image AZRU1-1009 C: side view showing...


Ceramic: Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, AZRU1-1010 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1010, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper was not visible for examination. Vessel is 100% complete with about 40% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 6.4 cm orifice diameter, 17.8 cm height. Image AZRU1-1010 A: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU1-1010 B: side view showing painted design and horizontal strap handle. Image AZRU1-1010 C: view showing exterior painted design. Image...


Ceramic: Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, AZRU8-1501 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Mesa Verde Black-on-white, necked jar, Accession AZRU-00008 Catalog #1501. Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Temper not examined; not visible on surface. Vessel is 100% complete with about 40% reconstruction with unknown plaster material. Measurements: 4.4 cm orifice diameter, 18 cm height. Image AZRU8-1501 A: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU8-1501 B: side view showing handle and painted design. Image AZRU8-1501 C: side view showing painted design. Image AZRU8-1501 D: top...


Ceramic: Unpainted white ware oval bowl AZRU1-1020 (2011)

IMAGE Lori Reed.

Cibola, unpainted white ware, oval bowl, Accession AZRU-00001 Catalog #1020, Morris FS 5478. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2011. Bright white washy slip and sand/sherd temper indicates nonlocal production in the Chaco-Cibola area. Approximately 50% of trencher is a restoration using some type of plaster material. Measurements: 26 x 10.7 cm length/width, 6.2 cm height. Image AZRU1-1020 A: side view showing vessel shape. Image AZRU1-1020 B: top view showing interior. AZRU1-1020 C: top view showing...


Perishable: Cedar Bark Coil AZRU8-2891 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cedar Bark Coil, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2891. Morris FS 5514. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Medium coil of juniper bark wrapped crosswise with narrowleaf yucca strips tied in square knots. Measurements: D 17.0 (ext), 7.0 (int), TH 4.0 CM. Image: AZRU8-2891 A: coil of cedar bark wrapped crosswise with strips of narrowleaf yucca tied in square knots. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and...


Perishable: Coiled Basket AZRU8-1792 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Coiled Basket, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #1792. Morris FS 5536. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Miniature coiled basket with residue inside. Measurements: D 6.0, H 2.3 CM. Images: AZRU8-1792 A: miniature basket. AZRU8-1792 B: lower face. AZRU8-1792 C: side view. AZRU8-1792 D: miniature basket, upper face. Note residue. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited...


Perishable: Cornhusk Basket AZRU8-2778 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Basket, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2778. Morris FS 5523. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Remains of an openwork cornhusk basket with intact base and lower sides. Gridded network of yucca strips spans an oval willow base and extends up the sides. Three cornhusks present. Measurements: L 26.0, W 20.0 CM (collapsed). Images: AZRU8-2778 A: remains of cornhusk basket. AZRU8-2778 B: detail of base. AZRU8-2778 C: detail of wrapping and square knots. AZRU8-2778 D: underside showing...


Perishable: Cornhusk Bundle AZRU8-2919 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Bundle, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2919. Morris FS 4023. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Container consisting of multiple layers of cornhusks folded and wrapped twice with a yucca-leaf strip tied in a square knot. Measurements: L 15.0, W 8.5, TH 8.0 CM. Images: AZRU8-2919 A: bundle of cornhusks tied with yucca leaf. AZRU8-2919 B: other face. AZRU8-2919 C: other side. AZRU8-2919 D: side view showing layers of husks. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West...


Perishable: Cornhusk Coil AZRU8-2887 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Coil, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2887. Morris FS 5515. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Coil of cornhusks closely wrapped crosswise with strips of same and yucca leaf ties. One square knot. Measurements: D 15.5 (ext), 7.5 (int) CM. Images: AZRU8-2887 A: coil of cornhusks wrapped crosswise with same and yucca strips. AZRU8-2887 B: other face. Note square knot at top. AZRU8-2887 C: detail of inner coil and outer cross wrapping. AZRU8-2887 D: detail of square knot. Recovered from...


Perishable: Cornhusk Package AZRU8-2784 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Package, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2784. Morris FS 5505. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Cornhusk package, probably once bound with a crosstie, now missing. Contains a granular substance. Measurements: L 7.2, W 6.0, TH 1.8 CM. Image: AZRU8-2784 A: cornhusk package. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including fragments of a...


Perishable: Cornhusk Quids AZRU8-2789 and 2790 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Quids, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2789 (L), and #2790 (R). Morris FS 5510= #2789, and Morris FS 5509= #2790. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Two cornhusk quids. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2789 A: two cornhusk quids from Room 193 (#2789 = (L), #2790 (R)) . Both quids recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including...


Perishable: Cotton Cloth AZRU8-2718 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cotton Cloth, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2718. Morris FS 5529. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Two fragments of cotton plain-weave cloth tied together. Larger fragment has faint red coloration that appears to have been applied to the surface. Measurements: L 17.5, W 14.0 both pieces CM. Images: AZRU8-2718 A: fragment of cotton plain-weave cloth with red coloration. AZRU8-2718 B: detail of red coloration 1. AZRU8-2718 C: detail of red coloration 2. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation...


Perishable: Cotton Fabric AZRU8-2724 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cotton Fabric, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2724. Morris FS 5530. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Small fragment of red, white, and brown striped twill fabric. Intact side selvage. Measurements: L 23.0, W 4.5 CM. Images: AZRU8-2724 A: cotton striped-twill fabric 1. AZRU8-2724 B: cotton striped-twill fabric 2. AZRU8-2724 C: cotton striped-twill fabric 3. AZRU8-2724 D: side selvage detail showing inner row of twining 1. AZRU8-2724 E: side selvage showing inner row of twining 2. Recovered...


Perishable: Hide Piece AZRU8-2927 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Piece, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2927. Morris FS 5503. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Thick piece of hide with red cutting lines. Hide strip inserted through edge and tied with an overhand knot. Measurements: Not measured. Images: AZRU8-2927 A: thick piece of hide with red cutting lines, thong tied through one edge. AZRU8-2927 B: close-up of red cutting lines. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural...


Perishable: Hide Scrap AZRU8-2740 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scrap, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2740. Morris FS 5501. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Scrap of hide. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2740 A: scrap of hide. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including fragments of a considerable number of very fine medium-sized water jars and mugs that were shattered, possibly...


Perishable: Hide Scrap AZRU8-2741 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scrap, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2741. Morris FS 5502. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Scrap of hide. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2741 A: scrap of hide. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including fragments of a considerable number of very fine medium-sized water jars and mugs that were shattered, possibly...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America