Craft Production (Other Keyword)

1-25 (205 Records)

Adapting to Changing Resources: A Petrographic Analysis of Iron I Pottery from Tel Miqne-Ekron (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Mazow. Heidi Luchsinger. Kristen Rozier.

The arrival of foreigners to the southern Levant at the beginning of the Iron Age (1200-1000 BCE) has been recognized in the material culture, as have changes in this material culture over time. These developments, resulting from interaction with the local population, have been interpreted as assimilation, acculturation, creolization, and most recently entanglement. In this poster, we examine these transformations through the lens of technological, i.e. those aspects of pottery manufacture that...


An Analysis of Bark Beaters from the Postclassic Site of Mayapán (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nathan Parrott. Carlos Peraza Lope.

This project examines an assemblage of 37 bark beaters from Northwest Yucatán, principally from the Postclassic Maya site of Mayapán. Bark beaters are stone tools used in the production of bark paper. In Mesoamerica, these tools were important in several specialized craft industries, including the manufacture of codices and clothing for religious and political ceremonies. There is still much that is unknown about pre-Columbian bark paper production, as bark paper rarely survives in the...


An Analysis of Biscuit Ware Ceramic Standardization in the Lower Chama Watershed, New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Stewart.

The Classic period (AD 1350-1598) in the Lower Chama Watershed of New Mexico was a time of rapid population growth and coalescence. Despite these dynamic population shifts, this time remains largely understudied. In this research, I examine the social dynamics of coalescence in the Lower Chama Watershed by analyzing changes in biscuit ware production at Sapa’uinge (LA 306), the largest Classic period pueblo in the region. Biscuit ware is a locally produced whiteware common at Sapa’uinge which...


Analysis of Surface Treatments on Weeden Island Red Vessels via LA-ICP-MS (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Bloch. Neill Wallis. George Kamenov.

One of hallmarks of Late Woodland period Weeden Island in Florida is the proliferation of ornate ceramics associated with ceremonial contexts. Recent elemental and petrographic analyses of Weeden Island ceramic pastes have established that despite visible standardization, these wares were traveling significant distances from large production centers, but also being made locally. This widespread movement of people and pots across the landscape provides a valuable context for exploring the spread...


The Ancient Lingling-O: Understanding Jade Stone Manufacture through Experimental Drilling and Scanning Electron Microscope Analysis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Nicolas.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The aim of this project is to understand the processes of jade stone manufacture of the Lingling-o, an ancient jade ornamental artifact found in Southeast Asia. As a favored body decoration in prehistoric societies, its distribution through a sea-based trade network in South China Sea, and the manufacture of jade stone materials influence the development of...


Animal, Human, and Crafted Bone from the S-Sector of Piedras Negras (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Schnell. Sarah Newman. Andrew Scherer.

Excavations within the S-Sector at Piedras Negras in 2016 yielded an assemblage of lithic and bone artifacts consistent with evidence of craft production. The Proyecto Paisaje Piedras Negras – Yaxchilan returned to the S-Sector during the 2017 field season to conduct more extensive excavations in an attempt to understand production and exchange at this Maya polity capital. Between the 2016 and 2017 seasons, over 4,300 fragments of worked and unworked bone, both human and animal, were excavated...


Applications of Behavioral Economics: Understanding the Effects of Roman Conquest on Late Iron Age Castro Culture Ceramic Production (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth De Marigny.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Through a comparative analysis of ceramic materials from three archaeological sites, including Bracara Augusta, the Citânia de Briteiros, and the Cividade de Bagunte, this research explores the effects of Romanization on the production and use of ceramic materials from the Castro Culture of northwest Portugal. This research applies several principles from...


Archaeobotany of Food & Craft near Bono Manso, Ghana, during the Transition from Trans-Saharan to Atlantic Trade (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel Harris. Amanda L. Logan. Anne M. Compton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Kranka Dada is a village site on the periphery of Bono Manso, a complex polity occupied between the 14th – 17th centuries AD, at the height of the trans-Saharan trade and the shift to early Atlantic trade. Questions remain about the degree and nature of the involvement of sites like Kranka Dada in these different trade networks. In this paper, we offer...


The Archaeology of Indigo Production in Morazán, El Salvador (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian McKee.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The production of indigo dye dominated the economy of El Salvador for over 250 years, from the late sixteenth century decline of the cacao and balsam industries to the mid-nineteenth-century rise of coffee production. The Proyecto del Inventario de los Sitios Arqueológicos del Departamento de Morazán documented five indigo works (obrajes de añil) in 2015 and...


Archaeometric Characterization of the Lapidary Objects from Teopancazco and Xalla, Teotihuacan (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Reyna Solis. Emiliano Melgar.

This is an abstract from the "From Materials to Materiality: Analysis and Interpretation of Archaeological and Historical Artifacts Using Non-destructive and Micro/Nano-sampling Scientific Methods" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. One of the main goals of the archaeological researches in Teotihuacan is the analysis and classification of the material culture in order to distinguish local and foreign goods among this multiethnic settlement. In this...


Arrangement of the Handicraft Industry at the Site of Taijiasi in the Shang Dynasty (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only He Xiaolin.

This is an abstract from the "Craft and Technology: Knowledge of the Ancient Chinese Artisans" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Shang Dynasty-era site of Taijiasi was excavated from 2014 to 2017. Excavations revealed many remains of bronze casting and bone-tool manufacture. This paper focuses on the arrangement of the two different kinds of handicraft. Along with analysis of other house and sacrificial remains, archaeologists can investigate the...


Arrggghhh Braaaaiiiins: The Zooarchaeology of a Mid-19th Century Privy in New Orleans’ Historic French Quarter (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Helen V. Bouzon. J. Ryan Kennedy.

In this paper we present analysis of faunal remains recovered from a mid-19th century privy at 936 St. Peter Street, an archaeological site in New Orleans’ historic French Quarter. Although the faunal assemblage includes domestic trash related to meals eaten by the site occupants, it is dominated by a tremendous number of caprine cranial elements. These cranial bones show a consistent butchery pattern indicating that site occupants were harvesting caprine brains in large numbers, presumably for...


Assessing the Effectiveness of Various Scanning Technologies in Digitally Capturing Fingerprints on Corrugated Wares (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Shepard.

Methodological advances in the study of fingerprints by criminologists have revived an interest in using dermatoglyphic evidence to conduct archaeological research. The analysis of fingerprint impressions left in ceramics is being used to investigate topics such as craft specialization and social organization. While most impressions left in ceramics lack the completeness needed to identify individual potters, fragmentary prints can be used to analyze things such as ridge density. Given a large...


Bark Beaters and Cloth Production in the Classic Maya Area (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Traci Ardren.

This is an abstract from the "Textile Tools and Technologies as Evidence for the Fiber Arts in Precolumbian Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. While bark cloth and paper are well known in the ethnographic and artistic records of Pacific and African cultures, due to preservation concerns these important plant based products have been challenging to investigate in the precolumbian cultures of the New World. Often our only proxy for bark...


Basin Enterprise: the Next Generations (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Fournier. Cynthia Otis Charlton.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of The Basin of Mexico: The Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization, Part 1" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Basin of Mexico book elucidated for a broader audience the work and philosophy of William Sanders and his first generation of collaborators and students and has influenced many generations of Mesoamerican scholars since. We draw on the broad studies of long-term work carried out...


Beading a Nation, Beading a People: The Role of Métis Women’s Beadwork in Crafting Culture (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawn Wambold. Eric Tebby. Kisha Supernant.

This is an abstract from the "Crafting Culture: Thingselves, Contexts, Meanings" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The embodied act of crafting can bring into being a physical representation of relations and ways of being in the world. In 1945, ethnologist John C. Ewers reported that the Sioux word for the Métis in Canada translates as "the flower beadwork people". With influences from their First Nations and settler ancestors, Métis beadwork has...


Beneath the Surface: Steps toward Resolving Gallinazo-Mochica Debates in Peru’s Northern North Coast (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kayeleigh Sharp.

Understanding the role of the widespread yet under-recognized art style known as Gallinazo, its persistence alongside the more conspicuous Mochica art style, and the social factors that facilitated their long-term coexistence on Peru’s North Coast during the first millennium, are primary concerns of this work. Investigation of the Songoy-Cojal site in the mid-Zaña Valley shows that Gallinazo-Mochica coexistence persisted at least until the 8th century CE (based on new C-14 dates). Many...


Bit by bit: Olivella bead production during the Middle Period on Santa Cruz Island (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Barbier.

Beads made from the Olivella biplicata shell were used as both decoration and a form of currency by the Chumash living in the Santa Barbara Channel region, and large quantities have been recovered from many prehistoric sites throughout Western North America. Many of the bead types were made from different portions of the shell and conform to standardized shapes and sizes. A number of these types have distinctive spatial and temporal distributions in the archaeological record, and based on...


Bone Craft Product and Economies in the Late Shang Period at Anyang, China (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only YI-LING LIN.

This paper will discuss recent analysis of worked animal bone discovered at the late Shang Xinanzhuang site, and the manufacture strategies and raw materials manipulations within different locations in Anyang, Henan. Xinanzhuang is considered to be associated with the industrial-scale boneworkshop at Tiesanlu site because of the close proximity between the two sites. Previous studies on bone artifacts from Tiesanlu provide some understanding of craft production systems during the late Shang...


Broken Edges: Investigating Jewelry Damage by Violence and Fatigue (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nancy Wicker.

This is an abstract from the "The State of the Art in Medieval European Archaeology: New Discoveries, Future Directions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Many Scandinavian Migration Period gold bracteate pendants of the 5th and 6th centuries show evidence of pre- or post-depositional damage. Impressions of broken edges of the jewelry were made with polyvinyl siloxane (PVS), and the impressions were then analyzed as part of a larger project to...


Bronze Age Crucibles in China: A Unique Technological Tradition and its Cultural Implications (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Siran Liu.

This is an abstract from the "Craft and Technology: Knowledge of the Ancient Chinese Artisans" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Most studies of early metallurgy in China have focused on style, manufacturing techniques and alloy compositions of bronze artefacts. In rare circumstances, other sections of the bronze production Chaîne opératoire such mining, smelting and metal processing are considered. This research concentrates on early bronze...


Building a Statistical Model to Evaluate the Sexes of Ancient Greek Fingerprints (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julie Hruby.

While fingerprint impressions have been used archaeologically to approach a range of cultural questions, the methodologies developed to date tend to be labor intensive, statistically unsophisticated, or require large numbers of complete prints. Recently, numerous quantitative print attributes that correlate with sex in modern populations have been discovered, almost always from two-dimensional data. It is probable that there are additional, yet-unrecognized features that correlate with producer...


Casting Technology and Craft Production of Bronze Wares in the Central Plains of China in Late Shang Dynasty (13thBC-11th BC) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yu Liu. Zhanwei Yue.

Casting technology played a more significant role in the formation of Chinese ancient civilization than any other early civilizations. Accompanying with the appearance of bronze vessels in Erlitou period (1800B.C.-1500B.C.), the piece-mold casting technology was first established and then became a prolonging thousand-year traditional method after Shang Dynasty. The formation of piece-mold casting technology tradition, which is very different from mainly using the forging method and lost-wax...


Ceramic Technological and Stylistic Boundaries on the Indus Frontier of Gujarat (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sneh Patel.

Rita Wright’s pioneering work on the ceramic stylistic and technological traditions of the Indo-Iranian borderlands highlighted the potential of new theoretical approaches to our understanding of cultural boundaries within South Asia. This work highlighted the complex nature of technology and style boundaries within specific contexts of cultural interaction. This paper takes inspiration from Dr. Wright’s work and applies this framework to another frontier of the Indus: the northwestern state of...


Ceramics, Ground Stone and Miscellanea at the Zaragoza-Oyameles Obsidian Quarry in Puebla, Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Knight.

One result of the intensive, 5-m interval surface survey of the Zaragoza-Oyameles obsidian source area in Puebla, Mexico was the recovery of several artifact classes suggestive of prolonged habitation. Ceramic and ground stone artifacts recovered indicate that domestic activities were an important component of the obsidian procurement and production economy. Ceramics tended to concentrate in areas that also contained higher quantities of ground stone, but did not correlate with any one stage of...