Violence (Other Keyword)

1-25 (27 Records)

Appendix 7.1: Skeletal Material from Hasanlu IVB Showing Interpersonal Violence (2011)
DATASET Colleen McCarthy.

Skeletal material showing interpersonal violence from Hasanlu Special Studies IV Peoples and Crafts in Period IVB at Hasanlu, Iran. Appendix 7.1 includes data for 245 skeletons recovered from excavations at the Iron Age mounded settlement of Hasanlu, Iran. The attached Excel file includes the following data categories: ID Number, Age Category, Gender, Total Fractures, Fracture 1-5.


Beyond Broken Bones: The Value of Creating an Osteobiography when Analyzing Violence in the Past (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Harrod.

Population level analyses of violence that are focused on quantifying and comparing traumatic injuries on human skeletal remains recovered from an archaeological context are crucial for understanding violent interactions through time and across regions. However, these types of studies are also limited because, by design, they place less emphasis on individuals and their lived experience. In contrast, when researchers create what Frank and Julie Saul called an osteobiography for each set of...


The Bioarchaeology of Social Order: Cooperation and Conflict among the Mimbres (AD 550-1300) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Baustian.

A comprehensive bioarchaeological assessment of Mimbres health, activity, and interpersonal violence was completed using data from a sample of 248 human burials from 17 Late Pithouse (AD 550-1000) and Pueblo (AD 1000-1300) sites in the Mimbres region. The findings presented here demonstrate broader patterns for interpretation of community experiences that have not been as well described in previous case studies from individual site samples. This larger sample of all available adult burials...


Borderlands, Continuances and Violence: A Social Nexus at Black Star Canyon, San Juan Capistrano California (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nathan Acebo.

Post European contact the historicity of the Santa Ana Mountain landscape of Orange County, California has been popularly constructed around the narratives of bucolic mission and ranch life, and that of the "wild frontier". The interplay between both histories has contributed to a memorialization of the Santa Ana Mountains as a borderland space during the Spanish, Mexican and American colonial eras that deemphasizes indigenous social life. This paper seeks to complicate the historical concept of...


Communities in Conflict: Racialized Violence During Gradual Emancipation on Long Island (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meg Gorsline.

From New Amsterdam to Seneca Village, Diana diZerega Wall has examined the often-conflicting interactions of communities living in close relation.  In the early nineteenth century, the nearly 30-year process of Gradual Emancipation slowly dismantled the system of slavery in New York State, but it also created the conditions for the perpetuation of inequality among closely intertwined peoples: the black and white inhabitants of eastern Long Island. Inspired by Wall’s ability to uncover the...


Comparative Approaches to Casas Grandes Taphonomy and Violence (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Osterholtz. Kyle Waller.

Recent bioarchaeological analyses of human skeletal remains from the Medio Period Casas Grandes region (AD 1200-1450) have demonstrated taphonomic indicators variously interpreted as massacre, violent persecution of witches, or anthropophagy. In this presentation, we re-examine taphonomic data from Paquime and within a larger southwestern perspective. We combine new approaches to demography and individual well-being with taphonomic and mortuary datasets from Paquime to evaluate the causes,...


Cooperation and Violence in Prehistoric California: A Brief Inter-Regional Evaluation (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Jones. Al Schwitalla.

Inter-group cooperation in prehistoric California has traditionally been evaluated via the relative intensity of exchange--tracked archaeologically with shell beads and obsidian. Transported great distances (most commonly via down-the-line exchange) trade items in abundance imply amiable inter-group relations, if not actual cooperation. Violence, on the other hand, as represented in the ethnographic and bio-archaeological records, is generally assumed to represent hostile interactions between...


Depopulation and Massacres: Bioarchaeological Evidence of Violence within the Ancestral Pueblo of the Southwest Region of North America (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Casey Hegel.

This paper investigates forensic data within the Southwest region of the United States for indicators of violence, conflict, and warfare related events. The main focus is the Mesa Verde region of the Southwest and other sites inhabited by the Ancestral Pueblo. In this area, I examine forensic evidence supportive of trophy-killing and cannibalism; both have documented evidence at other sites in the Southwest area. Different types of trauma, such as, cut marks and blunt force trauma are also...


An Exercise in Raw Power: A Bioarchaeological Perspective on American Violence & Westward Expansion (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Crandall.

Bioarchaeologists have rarely marshalled data from historic American burial assemblages to explore the dynamics of violence in the borderlands West. This paper considers the social dynamics of American violence under Manifest Destiny through an exploration of ballistic trauma patterns documented in extant historical bioarchaeology literature. This study examines the lives of 42 individuals whose remains exhibit fatal gunshot wounds from across the mid-17th and early 20th century America. Trauma...


Fears, Frontiers, and Third Spaces: Rethinking Colonial Encounters in the Early Modern British Atlantic (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Audrey Horning.

The concept of the frontier is often understood to be by definition one sided- one group’s frontier is of course another’s homeland. The idea of the frontier is thus the sign of a failed imagination; a mote in the eye blocking perspective. But the notion of a frontier can also convey liminality and lawlessness, a place apart from rules and regulations, laws and orders. If there is any truth in this construction, then frontiers might also be understood as third spaces. In this paper I will...


Heritage Values and Violent Pasts: A case study to evaluate resources to promote ethical treatment of the dead (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heidi Bauer-Clapp.

Increasing interest in a heritage of violence and dark tourism raises new questions about social, political, ethical, or economic dimensions of heritage values. In this poster I present a case study of St. Helena to examine diverse interests in violent heritage, in this case the island’s little-known use as a refuge for captive Africans liberated from illegal slave vessels. I evaluate the efficacy of existing resources such as codes of ethics and heritage policies in balancing potentially...


Indigenous Testimony to the Conquest of Mexico: An Osteological Analysis of Violence in Contact-period San Gregorio Atlapulco, Xochimilco (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bibiana Cadena. Meggan Bullock.

While ethnohistoric documents offer insights into the physical and structural violence that accompanied the Spanish conquest of Mexico, these accounts are typically written from the perspective of the conquerors. Few native testimonies exist that provide an indigenous perspective of this period of social, economic, and political upheaval; however, human skeletal remains offer a means of directly evaluating the violence of the Conquest and its impact on the native population. The...


Intersectional Violence and Documentary Archaeology in Rosewood, Florida (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Gonzalez-Tennant.

The former town of Rosewood was settled in the mid-1800s and by 1900 was a successful, majority African American community. On January 1st, 1923 a white woman in the neighboring community of Sumner fabricated a black assailant to hide her extramarital affair. In less than seven days, the entire community of Rosewood was burned to the ground and its black residents fled to other parts of Florida and the country. This paper discusses a new theoretical perspective on the relationship between...


Life and Death among the Late Fort Ancient: Injury Recidivism and Perimortem Trauma at Hardin Village, Kentucky (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amber Osterholt.

Hardin Village is a Fort Ancient site located less than half a kilometer from the south bank of the Ohio River. It was excavated under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration in the late 1930s. The skeletal remains from the Late Middle and Late Fort Ancient Periods (A.D. 1450–1675) represent more than 300 individuals, both male and female, aged neonate to 60+ years. Adult individuals presented a range of possible cranial and post-cranial trauma, including blunt force, sharp force, and...


Life in a Mississippian Warscape; Violence and Materiality at the Common Field Site (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meghan Buchanan.

Analyses and interpretations of Mississippian Period warfare have typically been couched in evolutionary theoretical frameworks that down play, dismiss, or ignore the impacts of endemic violence on the lived experiences of past peoples. Carolyn Nordstrom (1997) advocates the telling of "a different kind of war story," one that focuses on human experiences, tragedies, and creativity during periods of political and social upheaval and violence. In this presentation, I discuss a framework for...


Negotiating Migration and Violence in the Pre-Columbian Mid-Continent: A View from the Village (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jodie OGorman. Michael Conner. Nicole Silva.

Multiple lines of evidence from Morton Village presented in the poster symposium are brought together to consider the social context of marked violence evidenced at Norris Farms 36 cemetery. This current work sheds light on the complexity and context of social interactions whereby migrant and resident populations negotiated a level of cooperation and support by creating new mechanisms for social integration in the village. SAA 2015 abstracts made available in tDAR courtesy of the Society for...


New research on the Mesolithic ‘skull nests’ of Ofnet cave, SW Germany (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rick Schulting. Jörg Orschiedt. Dani Hofmann. Gisela Grupe.

Since their discovery in the early twentieth century, there has been controversy over the chronology of the two ‘skull nests’ found within Ofnet cave in southwest Germany. Initially the focus was on whether they dated to the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic or Neolithic. The first radiocarbon dates at least resolved this issue in favour of the Mesolithic, but the considerable range obtained fueled a second debate: were the skulls deposited in a single event, which, together with the peri-mortem injuries...


No Better Angels Here: Bioarchaeology of Non-Lethal Head Wounds in the Greater Southwest (AD 900-1350) (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Debra Martin. John Crandall. Ryan Harrod.

A survey of healed cranial depression fractures from Southwest collections revealed new information on the patterning of head wounds by age and sex. Head wounds demonstrate nuance and a non-linear trend over time. Thus suggests a much more complex picture than has been offered by recent scholarship that examined fracture rates based on published literature for select sites. This analysis is based on new data collected directly from Southwestern skeletal collections representing Ancestral Pueblo...


On the War Machine (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Severin Fowles.

This paper takes up the writings of Clastres, Deleuze and Guattari on the core premise that war is a driving sociological principle in societies that have successfully opposed the development of state organization. My first goal is an attempt at clarification: if predatory military exploits are involved in the consolidation of most, if not all, states, what did Clastres mean when, in contrast, he wrote about the centrifugal logic of the war machine in non-state societies? My second goal is to...


Peoples and Crafts in Period IVB at Hasanlu, Iran
PROJECT Uploaded by: Leigh Anne Ellison

The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology has had a long-standing interest in the archaeology of Iran. In 1956, Robert H. Dyson, Jr., began excavations south of Lake Urmia at the large mounded site of Hasanlu. Although the results of these excavations await final publication, the Hasanlu Special Studies series—of which this monograph is the fourth volume—describes and analyzes specific aspects of technology, style, and iconography. This volume describes a group of...


The Pistol in the Privy: Myths and Contexts of Southern Italian Violence in the Anthracite Coalfields of Northeast Pennsylvania (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael P Roller.

The discovery of a revolver in the privy deposits of a home in a coal company town in the anthracite region of Northeast Pennsylvania evokes a long history of Southern Italian racialization as violent and vindictive by dominating groups. These imagined characteristics mobilized the privileged to fear, and thereby act to contain or exclude Southern Italian laborers wherever they lived. At the same time a transnational context reveals complex historical continuities when considered through...


The Poetics of Corpse Fragmentation and Processing in the Ancient Southwest (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Debra Martin. Anna Ostenholtz.

The bioarchaeological record in the ancient Southwest has an abundance of evidence of disarticulated remains to suggest a long history of body (corpse) processing and fragmentation. From AD 800 to the 1500s, various assemblages of processed human remains have been recovered. Published studies of these have argued for a wide range of motivations that could account for such assemblages including anthropophagy/cannibalism, massacres, torture, witch executions, ritualized violence, warfare, raiding...


Relational Empire: The Non-modern Violence of the Inka State (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Darryl Wilkinson.

The use of “relational” approaches in archaeology seems much more prevalent in some contexts as compared to others. Particularly, it is most often invoked with respect to prehistoric hunter-foragers – that is, societies that are “politically non-complex” to use the classic archaeological terms. Perhaps as a result, violence is seldom discussed in the literature on relationality, unless to point out the contrasting violence of modernity itself. Yet for those of us who deal with indigenous...


Sites of Difficult Memory: The Haciendas of Chimborazo, Ecuador (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ross Jamieson.

From the 17th century until the land reforms of the last fifty years, hacienda agriculture dominated the highland region surrounding Chimborazo, Ecuador.  Many of the central building complexes of these operations now stand as ruins on the landscape.  Through interviews, historical research, and site survey, I explore the role that these ruins play as silent witnesses to a difficult past for rural indigenous communities today.


Specific Skeletal Injuries as a Proxy for Domestic Violence (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shevan Wilkin. Ignacio A Lazagabaster.

The prevalence of violence in past societies is generally assessed through observable skeletal trauma. Common contexts of violence vary from culture to culture, and differences in acceptable forms of violence can be evident after documenting the different shapes, locations, and stages of healing of injuries. Contemporary cross-cultural studies show the physical effects of household violence primarily display on the middle third of the face in female victims, can commonly cause concomitant...