Hohokam (Other Keyword)

1-25 (140 Records)

Ak-Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Data Recovery Project
PROJECT Cory Dale Breternitz. Robert E. Gasser. W. Bruce Masse. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

This project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands prior to intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The project's research design assumed that Ak Chin had been used as a floodwater farming location for many centuries. The problem domains and research questions focused on the physical {geomorphological), biological, and cultural subsystems within the Ak Chin ecosystem. The investigation also considered the...


Akimel O’Odham Traditional Knowledge Regarding Platform Mounds (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Morgan. Chris Loendorf. Barnaby Lewis.

This is an abstract from the "Why Platform Mounds? Part 2: Regional Comparisons and Tribal Histories" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Platform mounds play a prominent role in the Akimel O’Odham creation story, but few archaeologists have considered the implications of this knowledge. The story names each of the mound leaders along the middle Gila River, and provides specific descriptions of the special abilities they possessed. The story also...


American Periphery, Sonoran Heartland: Recent Archaeological Explorations of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Veech.

This is an abstract from the "Transcending Boundaries and Exploring Pasts: Current Archaeological Investigations of the Arizona-Sonora Borderlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (ORPI) is a vast, rugged, and remote unit of the U.S. National Park System situated in the heart of Arizona’s Sonoran Desert. Measuring 1,338.25 km² (517.7 mi²), the park encompasses an area half the size of the state of Rhode Island....


An Analysis of the Polvorón Phase Lithic Assemblage from the Mesa Grande Platform Mound in the Phoenix Basin (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Derek Miltimore. Christopher R. Caseldine. Sean G. Dolan.

This is an abstract from the "WHY PLATFORM MOUNDS? PART 1: MOUND DEVELOPMENT AND CASE STUDIES" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Polvorón phase (ca. A.D. 1350–1500), which occurred after the Hohokam Classic Period, was a time of cultural paradigm shifts. There are cultural continuities with the preceding Civano phase, like the use of Salado Polychromes, but people during the Polvorón practiced different cultural traditions, most notably the...


Ancestral Ties During a Period of Social Upheaval, An Example from the Early Classic Period in the Tucson Basin (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Lindeman. Henry Wallace.

The transition to the early Classic Period (ca. A.D. 1100-1300) in the Tucson Basin has its roots in the disintegration of long-lived pre-Classic Period (ca. A.D. 500-1100) villages in the 11th century. The break-up of these villages engendered a variety of responses among the constituent social groups including the use of ancestral ties to place, real or constructed, to stake claims to land. Early Classic period settlement at the site of AA:12:46 begins during the fluid period immediately...


Archaeological Adhesives in the American Southwest (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marilen Pool. Christina Bisulca.

The ancient cultures of the American Southwest used various plant and insect exudates as adhesives in a range of artifacts, including mosaic plaques, arrows, wooden tools, and in pottery as a repair and sealant. The conservation department at the Arizona State Museum surveyed the adhesives used in the Pottery and Archaeological Perishable Collections, analyzing over 100 objects that included every major cultural group in the Southwest sourced to 35 different archaeological sites. Identification...


Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Western Papaguería: Let's Not Forget the People (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maren Hopkins.

The O’odham and other tribes of southern Arizona and northern Sonora have occupied the Western Papaguería since time immemorial. This dry and desolate corner of the Sonoran Desert is home to rich histories and living traditions that have left their subtle marks on the land, and that archaeologists have continuously tried to identify, describe, and interpret. For too long, ethnographic and ethnohistoric records from this region have run in parallel to the archaeology; however several recent...


Archaeology at the Head of Canal System 2, Phoenix, Arizona (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only T Kathleen Henderson.

Recently, Desert Archaeology, Inc. has had opportunity to conduct several archaeological projects for the City of Phoenix west and northwest of the Park of Four Waters, near where the main trunk canals that fed prehistoric Canal System 2 originate and diverge from the Salt River. Seven of these trunk canals have been encountered, along with numerous distribution and lateral canals, water control and catchment structures, seasonal and semi-permanent habitations, and the first irrigated Hohokam...


Archaeology of Death across the International Border: Research among the Hohokam and Trincheras Archaeological Groups (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Cerezo-Román.

This is an abstract from the "The Future of Bioarchaeology in Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper, I will explore similarities and differences between mortuary practices and concepts of embodiment of the dead from Hohokam Classic Period (AD 1150 to 1450/1500) sites in the Tucson Basin and from the Cerro de Trincheras, Sonora (ca. AD 1300 to 1450). I will discuss challenges and opportunities for conducting bioarchaeology...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Material Cultural and Human Remains (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume presents the artifactual and osteological remains recovered from the project area. This volume comprises five chapters, including analyses of shell artifacts, prehistoric and protohistoric ceramic artifacts, worked ceramic artifacts, chipped and ground stone, and an examination and interpretation of the human osteological material and mortuary practices.


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis and Interpretation (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume contains subsistence information derived from the Ak.-Chin Archaeological Project sites, and a synthesis and interpretation of the various data. It is divided into two sections: Subsistence Studies and Synthesis. Four chapters provide the results of macrobotanical studies, pollen analysis, faunal analysis, and a synthesis of the subsistence studies. The Synthesis section includes two chapters. The first is an examination of the protohistoric Ak-Chin people; the second chapter places...


Archaeology of the Ak Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Project: The Archaeological Data Recovery Program (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This volume contains descriptive data for the major Hohokam, protohistoric, and historic sites investigated during the Ak Chin Farms Data Recovery project. It contains six chapters. It includes a chronological review of settlement patterns for the Ak-Chin area, in-depth reports on sites Va-Pak (AZ T:16:85 [ASM]), Beeth Ha-ha-a (AZ T:16:83n5 [ASM]), Watch Frog (AZ T:16:16 [ASM]), and Whimsy Flat (AZ T:16:71 [ASM]), as well as an examination of the historic period sites in the projket area. The...


Archaeomagnetism and Hohokam Platform Mounds: Reframing the Classic Period Chronology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Deaver. Mark Chenault.

This is an abstract from the "WHY PLATFORM MOUNDS? PART 1: MOUND DEVELOPMENT AND CASE STUDIES" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper, we present an overview of changes during the Hohokam Classic period relative to the platform mound developmental sequence as documented during the 1968 and 1984 excavations at Las Colinas Mound 8 and the 1973 excavations at Escalante Ruin Group. Using the archaeomagnetic data collected from Las Colinas Mound...


Are the Tohono O'odham Descendent from the Hohokam and Their Predecessors? A Rock Art Test of Occupation Continuity in Southern Arizona (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Janine Hernbrode.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper reports data supporting continuity of Hohokam and O'odham occupation and use at the Cocoraque Butte Rock Art Complex by the Archaic, Hohokam, and O'odham people. Data analyzed are from a comprehensive recording of over 11,000 rock art elements completed in March 2018. Surface artifacts indicate the site was in use from 4000 to 5000 years before...


Assessing Evidence of Hunting as Subsistence Specialization at an Early Classic Period Hohokam Farmstead (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacqueline Fox. William Bryce. Andrea Gregory. Travis Cureton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Logan Simpson recently mitigated multiple prehistoric sites along the Middle Gila River in Arizona for the Natural Resources Conservation Service’s Florence Flood Retarding Structure Rehabilitation project. One site, AZ U:15:836(ASM), is a small Hohokam farmstead within the Grewe-Casa Grande canal system. Recent investigations at the site identified evidence...


Beyond Ethical, Legal and Practical Considerations: Unprovenienced Archaeological Items at Descendant Tribal Heritage Centers and Museums (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Holly Metz.

This is an abstract from the "To Curate or Not to Curate: Surprises, Remorse, and Archaeological Grey Area" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The mission of the Huhugam Heritage Center, which is both a tribal and federal repository, is to "ensure our Akimel O’otham and Pee Posh cultures flourish for future generations." This includes not just the physical remains of ancestral culture, but the cultural practices themselves. While we care for the...


BODIES AMONG FRAGMENTS: NON-NORMATIVE INHUMATIONS AMONG THE PRECLASSIC AND CLASSIC PERIOD HOHOKAM IN THE TUCSON BASIN (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Cerezo-Román.

Inhumation and cremation usually are studied in isolation regardless of the fact that they may be practiced in the same culture and time period. Among the Tucson Basin Hohokam in the Prehispanic American Southwest cremation was the main funeral custom and normative and non-normative inhumations were practiced with very low frequencies throughout the Preclassic (A.D. 700-1150) and Classic (A.D. 1150-1450/1500) periods. This paper explores changes through time in non-normative burial customs of...


Building Collapse: Hierarchy and an Anarchic Social Movement in the Hohokam Classic Period (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lewis Borck. Jeffery J. Clark.

This is an abstract from the "Why Platform Mounds? Part 2: Regional Comparisons and Tribal Histories" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologists have offered multiple explanations for the dramatic architectural, subsistence, and political shifts that happened at the end of the Hohokam Classic period. Many of these explanations are good at exploring potential factors leading to these changes in regional contexts, like the Phoenix Basin where it...


Carbon Legacies of Dryland Agricultural Features in the Ancient Southwest (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Kessler.

This paper presents the results of a meta-analysis of soil organic carbon measurements associated with pre-Columbian dryland agricultural fields in the southwestern U.S. and northwestern Mexico. In aggregate, rock alignments and terraces are associated with significantly higher organic carbon concentrations, and this effect is pronounced in sandy parent material. The results support a hypothesis that resource conserving features constructed by indigenous farmers continue to influence the ecology...


Cemeteries, Settlement Development, and Becoming Hohokam in the Northern Tucson Basin (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jerry Lyon. Jeffrey Jones.

The transition from hunting and gathering to increased reliance on farming and the subsequent development of distinct regional cultural traditions represent critical processes in the prehistory of southern Arizona. Previous research at the site of Valencia Vieja in the southern Tucson Basin suggests the development of a distinct Hohokam cultural identity began during the Tortolita phase (Red Ware horizon) when significant population aggregation could be maintained and supported with dependable...


The Central Arizona Project and Platform Mounds in Arizona (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Lincoln.

This is an abstract from the "Why Platform Mounds? Part 2: Regional Comparisons and Tribal Histories" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper will chronicle some of the history of the Federal investment in Big Archaeology for the Central Arizona Project. Specifically, the decisions to support a philosophy of Cultural Research Management, which facilitated a huge contribution to the archaeology of Arizona, and more broadly to the Southwest...


Changing Channels: Simulating Irrigation Management on Evolving Canal Systems for the Prehistoric Hohokam of Central Arizona (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Murphy. Louise Purdue. Maurits Ertsen.

Societies that rely on irrigation face challenges arising from the variability and unpredictability of water supply and the physics underlying the flow of water through open channels; they overcome these through structured social interactions and institutions ranging from simple to complex. To better understand these past interactions we combine geoarchaeological studies with flow simulations and Agent Based Modeling. Fieldwork conducted during CRM projects on Hohokam irrigation structures in...


Characterization of Minerals on Hohokam Palettes (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Bisulca. Brunella Santarelli. Nancy Odegaard.

Hohokam palettes are a unique artifact found at several important sites in southern Arizona. The Arizona State Museum (Tucson, AZ) has an extensive collection of Hohokam palettes from Gila Bend dating from the Santa Cruz and Sacaton periods (A.D. 850-1150). Most of these palettes have white lead-containing minerals on the surface. This project aimed at characterizing the composition and isotope signatures of these minerals using non-invasive and minimally destructive methods, including...


Chemical Data from Ceramics at Antler House Ruin (2010)
DATASET David Abbott.

Electron Microprobe Chemical Data from Plain ware ceramics from Antler House Ruin


Classic Period Occupation on the Santa Cruz Flats: The Santa Cruz Flats Archaeological Project, Part 1 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Lauren Jelinek

This report presents the results of archaeological investigations at 13 prehistoric sites located on the Santa Cruz Flats. The investigations were sponsored by the Bureau of Reclamation in order to mitigate the impact to prehistoric resources in the construction of the Central Arizona Irrigation and Drainage District, Central Unit II and III irrigation systems. These systems are located southwest of Interstate 10, south and west of Eloy, Arizona, south and east of Arizona City, Arizona, and...