Archaeoclimate Model (Other Keyword)

1-16 (16 Records)

AN ARCHAEOCLIMATE MODEL FOR CODY, WYOMING (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Development of macrophysical climate models was instrumental in creating archaeoclimatic models of past climates for specific locations (Bryson 1998). Modeled mean temperature and precipitation "by month for each two centuries back to 14,000 years BP" (Bryson and Bryson n.d.:1) can be created. In addition, these parameters may be used to generate a "water budget", comparing precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, wind speed and direction, storm intensity and frequency, snowfall, and...


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 23LE327, AVENUE OF THE SAINTS, MISSOURI (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney. Sanjay Eksambekar.

Five combination pollen and phytolith samples were examined from depths between 97 and 149 cmbud at site 23LE327, situated on an alluvial/colluvial fan along the Mississippi River. Samples were collected from a cultural zone at the site that probably represents occupation no older than approximately 4,500 BP. This preliminary analysis was undertaken to assess whether or not pollen and phytoliths were preserved in sufficient quantity and quality to recommend full stratigraphic analysis for the...


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND POLLEN, PARASITE, PHYTOLlTH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES 3CT340 AND 3CT341, NORTHEASTERN ARKANSAS (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Jaime Dexter.

Sites 3CT340 and 3CT341 are part of a large site complex located in eastern Arkansas' Crittenden County. The Late Woodland/Emergent Mississippian prehistoric village sites are located in the southern portion of the project area. Although neither of the sites had large lithic assemblages, several cultural features were identified, including burials at both sites and a cremation pit at site 3CT341. Thirteen pollen samples, ten of which also were examined for parasites, were examined to...


ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL FOR MOAB, UTAH (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Specific, pertinent information can be generated through a combination of archaeoclimatic modeling and examination of close-interval stratigraphic pollen samples. Although large trends, such as increased warmth and potential evapotranspiration, can be postulated for large areas during the middle Holocene and fluctuating conditions can be postulated for the past four thousand years, paleoenvironmental information for a specific location is more appropriately available through a combination...


ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL FOR SAFFORD, ARIZONA (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Development of macrophysical climate models was instrumental in creating archaeoclimatic models of past climates for specific locations (Bryson, 1998). Modeled mean temperature and precipitation "by month for each two centuries back to 14,000 years BP" (Bryson, n.d.:1) can be created. In addition, these parameters may be used to generate a "water budget", comparing precipitation and potential evapotranspiration, storm intensity and frequency, snowfall, and other climatic factors....


ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL FOR THE ARGOSY PROJECT, SOUTHEAST INDIANA (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

The Argosy Project is located in Dearborn County, southeastern Indiana. It is situated within the Dearborn Upland physiographic unit, which is part of the Muscatatuck Plateau. The Argosy Project lies approximately 2 km downstream from the confluence of the Ohio and Great Miami Rivers.


AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL OF JACKSON, WYOMING (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Specific, pertinent information can be generated through a combination of archaeoclimatic modeling and examination of close-interval stratigraphic pollen samples. Although large trends, such as increased warmth and potential evapotranspiration, can be postulated for large areas during the middle Holocene and fluctuating conditions can be postulated for the past four thousand years, paleoenvironmental information for a specific location is more appropriately available through a combination...


AVENUE OF THE SAINTS, MISSOURI: SUMMARY OF CLIMATE MODELS AND PALEOENVIRONMENT USING STRATIGRAPHIC POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH RECORDS (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. R.A. Varney. Akos Peto.

Sediment samples, collected from stratigraphic columns from three sites (23Ck57, 23Ck302, and 23Le174), were examined for pollen and phytoliths to provide information concerning the paleoenvironment along the Avenue of the Saints corridor in northeastern Missouri. The time periods represented by these stratigraphic samples include the Late Pleistocene at the base of 23Ck57, the Middle Holocene (6300-5500 BP) at 23Le174, and approximately 3510-2550 BP at 23Ck302. The samples 23Ck57 and 23Le174...


Harpers Ferry
PROJECT Uploaded by: Linda Scott Cummings

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park


PHYTOLITH, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSES AND ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODELING FOR SITES FROM NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman.

Four sites located in Pennfield Ridge near Cripps Stream in Charlotte County, along the coast in southwest New Brunswick, Canada yielded samples submitted for a variety of analyses. Sites BgDq-38 and BgDp-4 reflect Paleoindian occupations (10,600-11,200 BP), site BgDq-39 reflects the Terminal Archaic and Early Woodland Period (3800-2800 BP), and site BgDq-40 represents a Late Maritime Woodland Period occupation (500-800 BP). The washes from three stone axes at site BgDq-39 were submitted for...


POLLEN ANALYSIS COMPARED TO AN ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS FOR SITES AZ CC:1:89 AND AZ CC:2:299, AZNG-SAFFORD, ARIZONA (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Jaime Dexter.

Sites AZ CC:1:89 and AZ CC:2:299 belong to a large cultural complex containing 29 sites located in Maricopa County, Arizona, near the Gila River approximately 160 miles east of Phoenix. Both sites are thought to have been prehistoric. Site AZ CC:1:89 consists of rock ring features associated with a low density sherd and lithic scatter, while site AZ CC:2:299 is probably a prehistoric horticultural site that also contains seven rock piles and a chipped-stone scatter. Four samples collected...


POLLEN ANALYSIS OF A GEOPROBE CORE FROM A KARST SINKHOLE AT FT. CAMPBELL, KENTUCKY (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Forty-eight pollen samples were examined from a stratigraphic core collected from the fill of a broad sink hole that appeared to be somewhat mature on the Ft. Campbell property in southwest Kentucky. This core was collected because fill in the sink hole was believed to represent the entire Holocene. The base of the core appears to be bedrock. Pollen samples were examined at varying intervals, depending on stratigraphy in the core, to provide a stratigraphic record of vegetation throughout...


POLLEN AND CHARCOAL ANALYSIS OF STRATIGRAPHIC SAMPLES FROM TAPIA ARROYO AND RIO PUERCO, NEW MEXICO (2002)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Twenty four stratigraphic samples were examined for pollen and charcoal from two arroyos in northern New Mexico. This study was designed as a pilot study to examine the possibility of sampling these locations at closer intervals to refine any paleoenvironmental interpretations deemed possible through this analysis. Pollen analysis provides a look at vegetation, while charcoal counts provide a means of assessing fire history. In addition, an archaeoclimatic model was examined to provide...


POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS, AND ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODELING FOR THE LOWER ARMORY STREET STUDY, HARPERS FERRY NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK, WEST VIRGINIA (2012)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

The archaeology program at Harpers Ferry National Historical Park has uncovered historic and prehistoric deposits at the Lower Armory Grounds. Soil samples, projectile points, and ceramic sherds from these deposits were submitted for pollen, starch, phytolith, and protein residue analyses. In addition, archaeoclimatic models were developed to provide insight into the climatic conditions of both the prehistoric and historic periods. The goal of this research is to better understand the...


POLLEN, STARCH, PHYTOLlTH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF ARTIFACTS AND SOIL SAMPLES FROM MIDDEN DEPOSITS AT SITES CA-ORA-263 AND CA-ORA-264; POLLEN, PHYTOLlTH, AND DIATOM ANALYSIS OF CORE SAMPLES FROM AN OFF-SITE LOCATION; AND ARCHAEOCLATIC MODELING FOR THE HELLMAN RANCH PROJECT, CALIFORNIA (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. R.A. Varney.

Pollen, phytolith, starch, and protein residue analyses were conducted on artifacts recovered in association with burials at site CA-ORA-263 in southern California, as well as on the soil control samples associated with these artifacts collected from midden sediments. An isolated basin metate at site CA-ORA-264 and a soil control from the basin fill also were examined for pollen, starches, phytoliths, and possible protein residues. These analyses were undertaken to be able to more fully...


STRATIGRAPHIC POLLEN ANALYSIS AND MACROPHYSICAL CLIMATE MODELING FOR SITE 33AD56, AND POLLEN ANALYSIS OF FEATURES FROM SITES 33AD121 AND 33AD124, OHIO (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Linda Scott Cummings.

Stratigraphic pollen analysis and macrophysical modeling were undertaken for site 33AD56 to provide a record of potential climate and actual vegetation during the Early, Middle, and Late Archaic time periods represented. In addition, single pollen samples were examined from occupational contexts at 33AD121 and 33AD124 in an effort to find evidence of food processing.