Fremont (Other Keyword)

1-25 (39 Records)

The Alluvial Geochronology of Pharo Village and Implications for Cycles of Site Occupation and Abandonment (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrea Maniery.

The results of geoarchaeological investigations at Pharo Village, a Fremont hamlet situated on an alluvial fan in central Utah, are reported in order to reveal how changes in alluvial dynamics contributed to the rise of Fremont farming there as well as the site’s eventual abandonment. Cutbanks along Pharo Creek, the meandering stream adjacent to Pharo Village, were mapped and sampled during fieldwork. Field and subsequent laboratory analysis allowed reconstruction of the alluvial geochronology...


Blind Dates and Nervous Anticipation: Adding Temporal Context to Perishable Artifacts in Legacy Collections from eastern Utah (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tim Riley.

This is an abstract from the "How to Conduct Museum Research and Recent Research Findings in Museum Collections: Posters in Honor of Terry Childs" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Ephraim P. and Dorothy Hickman Pectol Collection, probably the largest single collection of Fremont-associated perishable artifacts, was donated to the Utah State University Eastern Prehistoric Museum in the Spring of 2017. Most of this collection was amassed from...


Caught Between Two Regions: A Historical Perspective on How Archaeologists Understand the Fremont Regional System (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Johansson. Katie Richards.

Like every archaeological region, current views concerning Fremont are influenced as much by the history of archaeologists as it is by the archaeology itself. This paper presents a (very brief) history of Fremont archaeology and archaeological thought, focusing on how particular developments and individuals influenced how Fremont was understood. Our aim is not to be comprehensive, and we will undoubtedly omit important events and information, including contributions of many in attendance. Our...


Chemical and Standardization Analysis Results on Fremont Snake Valley Black-on-gray Pottery (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Abo.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologists widely argue that Fremont potters from the Parowan Valley, in southwestern Utah, manufactured Snake Valley pottery. For my research, I examined various properties of Snake Valley Black-on-gray (SVBG) ceramics using metric data, statistical methods, and newly obtained neutron activation analysis data. I compared my data results on SVBG sherds...


Dynamics of Adaption and Diversity: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Material Culture from Fremont Archaeological Sites. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lorena Craig.

This study is uses phylogenetic analysis to examine the dynamics of cultural evolution on material culture. The hypotheses assert that variation in material culture is significantly influenced from nearness and interactions with neighbors, impacts of local environments, and adaptation through distance in time and geographic space. However, cultural transmission processes occur differently for various types of cultural material and/or traditions. By using phylogenetic analysis of several types of...


The Edible and Incredible Hare (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Lupo. David Schmitt.

This is an abstract from the "Do Good Things Come in Small Packages? Human Behavioral Ecology and Small Game Exploitation" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Zooarchaeological applications of the Prey Choice Model (PCM) are often based on the assumption that prey body-size is a robust proxy for prey rank and post-encounter return rate. In zooarchaeological assemblages, co-variation in the abundances of large and small-sized prey are often viewed as...


Examining Fremont Snake Valley Black-on-gray Pottery through Neutron Activation Analysis (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Abo.

Archaeologists widely argue that Fremont potters from the Parowan Valley, in southwestern Utah, manufactured Snake Valley pottery. I explore the distribution of Fremont Snake Valley Black-on-gray pottery using chemical analyses, metric data, and statistical methods. In my research, I compare neutron activation analysis data from Snake Valley Black-on-gray (SVBG) sherds found at archaeological sites within the Parowan Valley to SVBG sherds found at Fremont sites over 200 kilometers to the north....


Examining Large Game Animal Trade at Two Fremont Sites in Utah (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Spencer Lambert.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Strontium isotope analysis has been used by archaeologists to track prehistoric human and animal migrations. Strontium isotope analysis can suggest which large game individuals were obtained locally by prehistoric hunters and which were brought to habitation sites through long-distance hunting or trade. This study explores the potential of using strontium...


Experimental Maize Farming in Range Creek Canyon, Utah (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shannon Boomgarden.

This paper examines the economic trade-offs between dry farming maize vs. maize farming using simple surface irrigation for Fremont farmers occupying Range Creek Canyon, Utah, from AD 900 to 1200. A maize farming experiment was conducted focusing on changes in edible grain yield as irrigation water was varied between farm plots. The benefits of irrigation were clear; higher yields. Experiments designed to construct irrigation ditches and dams, using only technology available to the Fremont,...


Feathered Fauna: A Look at Bird Usage Among the Fremont (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Spencer Lambert. Robert Bischoff. Joseph Bryce.

Bird use among the Fremont is a topic that has been under studied in recent times by archaeologists. We seek to address this lack of current information regarding how birds were used by the Fremont. Although birds likely only played a secondary role in the subsistence economy when compared to large mammals, birds were clearly a supplemental food source. In addition to being a food source, wing and leg elements of large birds were sometimes modified and used as a bone resource for constructing...


Food and Family: Comparing Residential Structures at Two Fremont Sites in Utah Valley (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Bryce. Spencer Lambert.

Excavations conducted by Brigham Young University’s Field Schools from 2010-2015 have uncovered several examples of Fremont residential architecture at two sites around Utah Lake. At least five residential structures have been excavated at Wolf Village (42UT273), a site dating to A.D. 900-1208, while one residential pithouse was uncovered at the Hinckley Mounds site (42UT111). Recent research at these sites has focused on architecture and the use of space, particularly in regards to communal...


Formative Period Changes in Regional Interaction and Influence in Nine Mile Canyon, Utah (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jody Patterson.

Fundamental issues regarding the interaction of the formative inhabitants of Nine Mile Canyon with their neighbors in Castle Valley and the Uinta Basin relate to temporally distinct changes identified in the canyon’s archaeological record. Arguments pertaining to changes in land use patterns, artifact assemblages, and the development of seemingly defensive structures hinge on connecting distinct material cultural characteristics with chronometric data to develop a first approximation of shifting...


Fremont abandonment practices: a case study of ventilation tunnels at Wolf Village (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Lambert. Elizabeth Whisenhunt. Spencer Lambert.

Ventilation tunnels were commonly used by the Fremont to circulate air within their subsurface buildings. However, there is evidence that ventilation tunnels at Wolf Village, a Fremont site south of Utah Lake, were used for more than circulating air. Our research will explore possible ritual abandonment practices of the Fremont by analyzing the six ventilation tunnels and their associated artifacts uncovered at Wolf Village. Evidence of ritual abandonment practices can include finding...


The Fremont Canyonlands: Granary Architecture in Northwestern Colorado (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Holland.

With the introduction of horticultural practices in northwestern Colorado during the Formative era, the ruins of prehistoric masonry granaries represent a storage strategy utilized by the Fremont people to store equipment and maize near their communities. In northwestern Colorado, storage features such as granaries are primarily found in three geographic locations: Dinosaur National Monument, Skull Creek Basin, and the Canyon Pintado Historic District, all of which are located within a...


Fremont Farming at the Margins: Assessing Horticultural Potential in Jones Hole Canyon, Utah (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Hora-Cook. Judson Finley.

Jones Hole Canyon, east of the Uinta Basin, experienced a population increase during the late Formative Period (between A.D. 1000 – 1300), roughly coincident with reductions in farming populations in the Uinta Basin. The subsistence economy of these Fremont-era occupants of Jones Hole remains unresolved: did they acquire food primarily through foraging like the canyon’s Archaic Period predecessors, or did they supplement foraged foods with horticultural products in a manner reminiscent of...


Fremont Fishing: New Data from Recent Excavations in Utah Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Bryce. Spencer Lambert.

The Utah Valley, with easy access to montane, lacustrine, and riverine resources, is the location of some of the largest known Fremont habitation sites. Two of these sites have recently been excavated resulting in a wealth of new data. While many aspects of Fremont diet have been explored in depth, the role of fishing is often understudied due to poor preservation of fish remains and fishing tools. In this poster we report the analysis of the fish bones and the recovery and analysis of bone and...


Fremont Maize Cultivation and Latest Holocene Climate Variability in the Cub Creek Archaeological District, Dinosaur National Monument (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Judson Finley. Erick Robinson. R. Justin Derose. Elizabeth Hora-Cook.

The Cub Creek Archaeological District in northern Utah’s Dinosaur National Monument was an early center of Fremont maize cultivation and village settlement AD 450-850. Cub Creek lies near the northern limit of maize cultivation in western North America in the foothills of the Uinta Mountain Range. We couple a Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon-dated pithouses and roasting features with a 2,115-year tree-ring reconstruction of August-July precipitation to explore relationships between Fremont...


Fremont Paleocuisine: Reconstructing Recipes from Rectal Remnants (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tim Riley.

The role of maize agriculture among the Fremont has been debated for decades. Archaeologists have organized dietary evidence from these widely dispersed communities, including faunal and floral debris, dental calculus studies,and experimental farming and foraging, to examine farming in the high desert. The Fremont farming/foraging frontier provides a framework to explore agriculture along the margins and the importance of diversified subsistence strategies across a network of rural communities....


Fremont Villages in Their Cultural Landscapes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katie Richards. James Allison. Lindsay Johansson.

This is an abstract from the "Sacred Southwestern Landscapes: Archaeologies of Religious Ecology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Physical and cultural landscapes are integral aspects of everyday life; however, traditionally Fremont archaeologists have focused on studying sites or even features as discrete units instead of attempting to understand them in the broader context of their natural and cultural landscapes. Many Native American groups...


Fremont worked bone gaming pieces: their life history using data from Wolf Village (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brady Robbins. Spencer Lambert.

We examine the life history of Fremont worked bone gaming pieces. Fremont gaming pieces have long been interpreted as instruments of gambling due to their similarity to items used historically in Native American gambling practices. During our research we analyzed all of the worked bone gaming pieces from Wolf Village and compared our results with ethnographic accounts of Native American gaming pieces. Our research focuses on two aspects of the Fremont gaming piece life histories which have been...


Identifying Fremont Large Game Hunting Practices through the Modified General Utility Index and Strontium Isotope Analysis (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Spencer Lambert.

The analysis of faunal bones from several Fremont sites have resulted in complications when compared to the Modified General Utility Index (MGUI). In this research, I explore the processing and transportation techniques of Fremont hunters at Wolf Village by comparing skeletal frequencies to the MGUI. Then, I compare these frequencies with results of strontium isotope analysis on small artiodactyl teeth from Wolf Village to determine which species were obtained locally. I also identify the...


Just How Depressed were the Fremont? (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Karen Lupo.

Some of David Madsen’s earliest work centered on understanding variation in Fremont lifeway’s, especially subsistence. Current models of Fremont subsistence continue to emphasize geographic and temporal variation in subsistence but also identify resource depression of large game resulting from over-hunting and increases in population. In this paper I present zooarchaeological data from 15 archeological sites on the eastern shore of Great Salt Lake spanning the Fremont interval. These data do not...


A Low Technology Approach to Understanding Fremont Ceramic Production (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katie Richards.

Unlike other regions of the American Southwest, many basic aspects of Fremont ceramic production have never been adequately explored, and many of the assumptions about the production process presented in the literature have never been rigorously tested. Low-technology analysis techniques such as re-firing can provide a simple and cost-effective way to begin exploring these processes and test assumptions made by past archaeologists. Re-firing Fremont ceramics has provided new information about...


Marriage Patterns and Material Culture: A Pueblo/Fremont Test Case Using Basketry (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maxine McBrinn. J.M. Adovasio.

At various times, archaeologists have proposed that the Great Basin Fremont, who lived in Utah and nearby areas between AD 500 and 1250, were Pueblo colonists, a purely indigenous Great Basin development, intrusive Athabaskans, or something in between. Fremont material culture is generally not very different from that of their neighbors, except in a few cases. Four artifact categories distinguish the Fremont: rock art and pottery depictions of trapezoidal figures; grey coiled-construction...


Mesoamerican contact on the Southwest Northern frontier (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Garth Norman.

Research by ARCON, Inc. over the past two decades, using multi-disciplinary archaeology research tools and inter-regional comparative research, is bridging regional boundaries to help construct histories of ancient people. The role of cultural exchange is becoming more apparent with intellectual data for exploring the rise of high civilizations in ancient cultures. A variety of research discoveries includes ancient turquoise trade between Mesoamerica and the Southwest (turquoise trace analysis...