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Mogollon (Other Keyword)

1-25 (38 Records)

Ancient DNA Investigations of Possible Casas Grandes – Chalchihuites Interactions (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kyle Waller. José Luis Punzo Díaz. Ana Morales-Arce. Meradeth Snow. Miguel Vallebueno.

Paquimé, the political and religious center of the Casas Grandes culture, demonstrates extensive evidence of Mesoamerican influence, including macaws, architectural characteristics such as ballcourts and platform mounds, and mortuary practices in the form of modified trophy skulls and human sacrifice. The role of Mesoamerican influence on the development and florescence of the Casas Grandes culture remains an important but contentious research question for the late prehistoric...

Archaeological Adhesives in the American Southwest (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Marilen Pool. Christina Bisulca.

The ancient cultures of the American Southwest used various plant and insect exudates as adhesives in a range of artifacts, including mosaic plaques, arrows, wooden tools, and in pottery as a repair and sealant. The conservation department at the Arizona State Museum surveyed the adhesives used in the Pottery and Archaeological Perishable Collections, analyzing over 100 objects that included every major cultural group in the Southwest sourced to 35 different archaeological sites. Identification...

Archaeological Survey in Southeastern Arizona: Partnering with Landowners and Local Informants (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Whisenhunt. Kristin Corl. John Whisenhunt. Robert Hard. John Roney.

Southeastern Arizona’s upper Gila River Valley is an understudied area once heavily occupied by prehistoric people from the Early Agriculture to Salado periods. Over time, many important archaeological sites in the Duncan-York Valley, particularly those of large, aggregated communities, were extensively looted or destroyed due to agricultural and construction leveling. To document and, ideally, preserve the remains of these vulnerable sites, we have emphasized establishing relationships of trust...

Ash Matters: The Ritual Closing of Domestic Structures in the Mimbres Mogollon Region (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Barbara Roth.

Throughout much of the Southwestern U.S., ash was an important component of ritual deposition and has ethnographically been closely associated with processes of cleansing and renewal. The presence of ash in ritual contexts is well documented, but it also appears to have played an important role in the closing of domestic structures. In this paper, I present cases of ritual closure of domestic structures and examine the role that ash played in these closures using data from pithouse sites in the...

Blending Architectural Traditions at the Edge of Cibola, New Mexico (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Paul Reed.

The archaeological zone south of Grants, New Mexico and north of Quemado, New Mexico has long represented an enigma for southwestern archaeologists. Straddling the so-called Mogollon-Pueblo boundary and lying south of the boundary between the Pueblos of Acoma and Zuni, its archaeology combines traits of multiple cultural traditions. Detailed recording at sites in the area reveals a mix of architectural approaches including use of adobe, sandstone, and igneous rock—often at the same site. This...

Burning as Ritual in the Jornada Mogollon (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Todd Scarbrough. Kristin Corl. Dylan Clark. Sunnie Sartin.

What is the significance of multiple burning events at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175) an El Paso Phase (A.D. 1300-1450) Mogollon village in Southwest New Mexico? What do these burning events tell us about the life history of the pueblo? When did they occur? How do they compare to burning events at contemporary sites in the American Southwest? Contextual evidence suggests they are separate ritual events. What purposes did these events serve? How do they differ from other purposeful pueblo...

Challenges of Archaeology in the Wilderness at South Diamond Creek Pueblo (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher Stanton. Jennifer Byrd. Vanessa Carrillo.

Archaeological excavation in the wilderness is a new frontier in archaeological data collection. With most of the documented and excavated sites being outside the wilderness, usually within driving distance of a town or city, this offers an untouched and uncorrupted view of past cultures and their material remains. Most archaeology conducted in the wilderness takes the form of surveying, with little to no excavation being done. The South Diamond Creek Pueblo Project offered us one of the first...

Classic Mimbres Phase Archaeology: A Contrastive Study of Two Sites at the Headwaters of the Upper Gila River (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Andrea Crawley. Fumiyasu Arakawa. Jared Cicchetti. Garrett Leitermann.

Classic Mimbres sites can be seen across the Mimbres Valley and Upper Gila areas. For one tributary of the Gila River, Diamond Creek, there are several of these sites that lay alongside it. As a part of the "Northern Mimbres Project," two sites–Twin Pines Village (a large Classic Mimbres village) and South Diamond Creek Pueblo (a small four room site)–have been excavated by New Mexico State University field schools over the course of three years. Our excavations and research of these sites have...

A Comparison of Miniature Pottery Vessels from the Reserve and Mimbres Branches of the Mogollon of Southwestern New Mexico (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Lydia Pittman.

This study will compare the attributes of Miniature Pottery Vessels in the Mimbres and Reserve Branches of the Mogollon Cultural Area. I will focus on their types, forms, decorative elements, traces of use, and depositional context. The vessels will be no more than 10 cm (4") or less in any dimension. This long-term comparison compares the similarities and differences of the vessel’s characteristics in the two regions in the years between A.D. 450 and 1450. This study may yield important data...

Contexts of Ash Deposits in Jornada Mogollon Pithouse and Pueblo Settlements and Reflections on Their Meanings (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Myles Miller.

The archaeological identification of intentionally deposited layers of ash at Jornada pueblo and pithouse settlements is complicated by several factors and intentional ash deposits are seldom identified unless preserved in a sealed context or buried by a layer of impermeable natural sediment or cultural deposits. When clear evidence of intentional ash deposition is observed, it may be assumed that there was a significant meaning underlying the inclusion of ash in a special context or deposit. ...

Creating 3D Models of Artifacts and Features using Photogrammetry (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert Gardner. Robert Hard.

During the 2015 and 2016 University of Texas at San Antonio Field Schools we made use of new low-cost photogrammetry techniques to document metates and rock ring features at Early Agricultural period sites along the Upper Gila River in southeastern Arizona. We systematically photographed a number of ground stone tools and rock ring features using point-and-shoot cameras. These photos were then processed using Agisoft’s Photoscan software to produce colored 3D computer renders of the artifacts...

Faunal Evidence for Subsistence Strategies at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kristin Corl.

The zooarchaeological assemblage from Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175), an El Paso Phase (A.D. 1275-1450) horticultural village in southern New Mexico is dominated by small game. What explains this pattern? The high relative percentage of rabbit to deer follows a general trend associated with aggregated populations, growing agriculture dependence, and less seasonal mobility. Additional variables possibly contributing to this trend include shifts to small game in response to droughts, over...

Formative Settlements on the Pinaleno Mountains Bajada: Results of Phased Archaeological Treatment of Sites AZ CC:6:40 and AZ CC:6:43 (ASM) within the U.S. Highway 191 Right-of-Way between Mileposts 110.40 and 117.60 south of Safford, Graham County, Arizona (2004)

DOCUMENT David E. Purcell.

Data recovery at two prehistoric archaeological sites along U.S. Highway 191 south of Safford in Graham County, southeastern Arizona.

Gaming Pieces in the US Southwest (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Susannah Johnson. Karen Schollmeyer.

Tabular pieces of worked bone, commonly referred to as gaming pieces, have been found in archaeological sites throughout North America and the US Southwest. This project focuses on gaming pieces in Southwestern archaeological sites, with an emphasis on the Gila River basin. Data on gaming pieces in this area are compared to the Great Basin and surrounding regions, where much of the current research on these items has been focused. The analysis and comparison of context and other characteristics...

A Geochemical Look at Obsidian Procurement and Exchange in the Medio period World: A Case Study 76 Draw (LA 156980) (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Heidi Noneman. Todd VanPool. Christine VanPool.

Geochemical provenance analysis of obsidian is a productive avenue for studying social interaction and lithic raw material procurement strategies in the U.S. Southwest. Here the results of the analysis of 180 obsidian artifacts recovered from 76 Draw, a Medio period (A.D.1200 to 1450) settlement in New Mexico are presented. The combined assemblage reflects local geochemical sources, as well as obsidian from more distant geochemical sources often seen in assemblages associated with the Ancestral...

A GIS Approach to Settlement Patterns and Predictive Modeling in Chihuahua, Mexico (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Haylie Ferguson.

In this study I analyzed the pattern of settlement for known Medio period (A.D. 1200–1450) sites in the Casas Grandes region of Chihuahua, Mexico. Locational data acquired from survey projects in the Casas Grandes region were evaluated within a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) framework to reveal patterns in settlement and site distribution. Environmental and cultural variables such as elevation, topographic aspect, slope, soil, distance to nearest water, and distance to nearest known...

Insights into the Salado Phenomenon from the Gila River Farm Site (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Stephen Uzzle. Karen Schollmeyer.

During the 2016-2017 Upper Gila Preservation Archaeology Field School, test excavations focused on the Gila River Farm Site [LA39315], located near Cliff, New Mexico. These excavations allow us to gain new insights into the Cliff phase (AD 1300-1450) in the upper Gila region. Despite evidence of looting and other disturbance, artifacts and data recovered here allow us to better understand several aspects of the Salado occupation of the site, including architectural styles, room function,...

Is There an Early Agricultural Period in the Uplands Mogollon?: Implications of the Chronology at the HO-Bar Site (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Michael Pool.

Obsidian Hydration and conventional radiocarbon dates at the HO-Bar Site range from 900 B.C. to A.D. 750, partially overlapping dates from nearby Mogollon Village. Perhaps more importantly, these dates are comparable to the Early Agricultural and Early Pithouse Period sites from Southwestern New Mexico. An Early Agricultural occupation has not been established in the Upland Mogollon area in the middle Mimbres River and San Francisco Rivers. The HO-Bar Site dates suggest that there is a Early...

Isotopic Approaches to Marine Shell Exchange in the Southwest (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Andrew Krug. Kyle Waller. Christine VanPool.

Excavations have uncovered millions of marine shells throughout the Southwest. However, it was not an easily obtainable resource. The nearest possible location was the expansive shorelines of Sonora, Mexico. Archaeological literature is full of hypotheses regarding shell procurement and exchange—models of down-the-line trading, least cost, prestige, and group membership. Each of these hypotheses agrees that where and whom the people of the Southwest interacted with to acquire marine shell are...

Laser Removal of Graffiti from Pictographs at Hueco Tanks State Park and Historic Site, El Paso County, Texas: A Five-Year Review (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Tim Roberts.

In 2009, a three phase project was initiated at Hueco Tanks State Park and Historic Site to remove graffiti that was painted over Native American pictographs, using portable lasers. The first phase of this project tested the ability of a laser to remove graffiti from an area of rock that did not contain pictographs; this test showed that a laser could be used to remove layers of graffiti from the igneous formations at the site. In 2010, samples of graffiti paint that was not directly on the...

Macrobotanical and Pollen Analysis of the Canada Alamosa Project (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Richard Holloway. Karl Laumbach.

Analysis of macrobotanical materials from the Cañada Alamosa Project began with materials from the 1999 field season and continued to materials from the 2011 season. The samples were retrieved from four sites (LA 1125, LA 2292, LA 88891, and LA 88889). A total of 1,359 samples were analyzed for this project. In total, 223 individual specimens of corn cob fragments were examined via digital electronic photography (Table 2). A total of 3,052 individual cupules provided measurements for our...

The Northern Periphery of the Casas Grandes World: An Assessment and Update of the Animas Phase (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Thatcher Rogers.

In the 1930s through 1960s, several sites in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico were excavated to assess their role in a regional system that spanned across the international border. Many of these sites were characterized by their shared, mixed composition of architectural, ceramic, and iconography traits that did not neatly fit into established archaeological cultures. Subsequently, they became the basis of understanding for the northern Casas Grandes frontier, oftentimes termed...

Offerings in the Mogollon Underworld: Big-Eyed Beings and Birds (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Scott Nicolay.

Three Classic Mimbres vessels depict similar ceremonial processions in which individuals carry effigies of animals and/or goggle-eyed beings. The goggle-eyed effigies are versions of a figure common in both Mimbres and Jornada Mogollon rock art that may represent the Mesoamerican rain deity Tlaloc. Similar effigies have been recovered from five cave shrines in southern New Mexico and Arizona: two wooden goggle-eyed figures and one of stone, and two wooden birds. However, modern Pueblo informants...

The Pine Lawn-Reserve Area Archaeological Project: Results and Prospects (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Stephen Nash. Michele Koons.

Between 1939 and 1955, Paul Sidney Martin and John Rinaldo of the Field Museum excavated or tested more than 30 archaeological sites in the Pine Lawn/Reserve region of New Mexico. Researchers from the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, the United States Forest Service, and elsewhere have since 2010 been working to re-locate and record those sites, many of which were never properly registered with state and federal authorities. This paper shares results of that research as well as exploratory...

Preliminary Results from Excavations of a Communal Pit Structure in the Gila National Forest (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Dustin Wagner. Trevor Lea.

As part of the recent salvage recovery effort at the South Diamond Creek Pueblo (LA 181765), a small Classic Mimbres pueblo (1000-1150 CE) in the Aldo Leopold Wilderness of the Gila National Forest, excavation was performed on a large pit structure that appears to be associated with an earlier occupation of the area. Sample excavation was performed as part of a field school directed by Dr. Fumiyasu Arakawa of New Mexico State University under. Very few archaeological investigations have been...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America