Mogollon (Other Keyword)

1-25 (80 Records)

An Alternative Explanation for a Modified Rabbit Innominate Spatulate Tool (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert DeBry. Kristin Corl.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. ​Bone tools are not always recognized in a zooarchaeological analysis, and often once identified, the function or use is even more difficult to define. A modified rabbit innominate found by the authors in two Jornada-Mogollon sites presented here is one such example. The...


An Analysis of Projectile Point Agency from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo Site (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Stanton.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper presents an analysis of the projectile points recovered from the South Diamond Creek Pueblo (SDCP) site. This project took place over two summers in 2016 and 2017 and involved a salvage excavation of a Classic Mimbres pueblo. The excavation of the site yielded numerous intact projectile points in various contexts. By integrating a Behavioral...


Ancient DNA Investigations of Possible Casas Grandes – Chalchihuites Interactions (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Waller. José Luis Punzo Díaz. Ana Morales-Arce. Meradeth Snow. Miguel Vallebueno.

Paquimé, the political and religious center of the Casas Grandes culture, demonstrates extensive evidence of Mesoamerican influence, including macaws, architectural characteristics such as ballcourts and platform mounds, and mortuary practices in the form of modified trophy skulls and human sacrifice. The role of Mesoamerican influence on the development and florescence of the Casas Grandes culture remains an important but contentious research question for the late prehistoric...


An Annotated Bibliography of Southwestern and Native American Religious Shrines, Trail Shrines, Rock Cairns, Stacked Rock Features and Rock Markers (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Brian W. Kenny.

This research paper was prepared to assist Southwestern archaeologists working with rock features (e.g., trail shrines,cairns, claim monuments, etc).


Archaeological Adhesives in the American Southwest (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marilen Pool. Christina Bisulca.

The ancient cultures of the American Southwest used various plant and insect exudates as adhesives in a range of artifacts, including mosaic plaques, arrows, wooden tools, and in pottery as a repair and sealant. The conservation department at the Arizona State Museum surveyed the adhesives used in the Pottery and Archaeological Perishable Collections, analyzing over 100 objects that included every major cultural group in the Southwest sourced to 35 different archaeological sites. Identification...


Archaeological Survey in Arizona’s Upper Gila River Valley: 2014 - 2018 (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Whisenhunt. John Roney. Robert Hard.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Southeastern Arizona’s upper Gila River Valley is an understudied area that includes both large, aggregated prehistoric sites and small rock ring, pithouse, and pueblo sites from the Early Agricultural to Salado periods. University of Texas at San Antonio Field School...


Archaeological Survey in Southeastern Arizona: Partnering with Landowners and Local Informants (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Whisenhunt. Kristin Corl. John Whisenhunt. Robert Hard. John Roney.

Southeastern Arizona’s upper Gila River Valley is an understudied area once heavily occupied by prehistoric people from the Early Agriculture to Salado periods. Over time, many important archaeological sites in the Duncan-York Valley, particularly those of large, aggregated communities, were extensively looted or destroyed due to agricultural and construction leveling. To document and, ideally, preserve the remains of these vulnerable sites, we have emphasized establishing relationships of trust...


Ash Matters: The Ritual Closing of Domestic Structures in the Mimbres Mogollon Region (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Roth.

Throughout much of the Southwestern U.S., ash was an important component of ritual deposition and has ethnographically been closely associated with processes of cleansing and renewal. The presence of ash in ritual contexts is well documented, but it also appears to have played an important role in the closing of domestic structures. In this paper, I present cases of ritual closure of domestic structures and examine the role that ash played in these closures using data from pithouse sites in the...


Bioarchaeological and Mortuary Indicators of Social Order in Mimbres Society: Seated Burials, Occupational Stress, Health, and Trauma (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Baustian.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Mimbres culture of the American Southwest is most recognized for its beautiful black-on-white ceramics but recent research is revealing greater understanding of social organization, community interactions, and the response to social and cultural change. Bioarchaeological and mortuary data are contributing important evidence...


Blending Architectural Traditions at the Edge of Cibola, New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Reed.

The archaeological zone south of Grants, New Mexico and north of Quemado, New Mexico has long represented an enigma for southwestern archaeologists. Straddling the so-called Mogollon-Pueblo boundary and lying south of the boundary between the Pueblos of Acoma and Zuni, its archaeology combines traits of multiple cultural traditions. Detailed recording at sites in the area reveals a mix of architectural approaches including use of adobe, sandstone, and igneous rock—often at the same site. This...


Bright Spots in a Drab Landscape: Color Use and Symbolism in the Jornada Region (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Ward.

This is an abstract from the "Coloring the World: People and Colors in Southwestern Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. "Color" often evokes thoughts of vibrancy, boldness, and distinctiveness. With no denigration or judgement of the area intended, a casual visitor to the Jornada region may not be left with such impressions. Miles of exposed sands, stark mountains, and sparse vegetation do not immediately bring images of bright and unique...


Bringing the Landscape Home: The Materiality of Placemaking and Pilgrimage in Jornada Mogollon Settlement (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Myles Miller.

This is an abstract from the "Sacred Southwestern Landscapes: Archaeologies of Religious Ecology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Among prehispanic and historic societies of the American Southwest and Mesoamerica, mountains and caves had multivalent metaphorical and symbolic meanings relating to underworld, ancestors, water, and emergence. Mountains and caves are featured among origin and emergence myths and many contemporary Pueblo societies...


Burning as Ritual in the Jornada Mogollon (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Todd Scarbrough. Kristin Corl. Dylan Clark. Sunnie Sartin.

What is the significance of multiple burning events at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175) an El Paso Phase (A.D. 1300-1450) Mogollon village in Southwest New Mexico? What do these burning events tell us about the life history of the pueblo? When did they occur? How do they compare to burning events at contemporary sites in the American Southwest? Contextual evidence suggests they are separate ritual events. What purposes did these events serve? How do they differ from other purposeful pueblo...


Cache Flow: An Analysis of Vessel Assemblages from the Elk Ridge Site (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Romero.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Designs on Mimbres pottery have long fascinated archaeologists. These complex geometric and figurative images can shed light on daily activities, household organization, and groups of potters. Excavations at the Elk Ridge Site, a large Classic Mimbres pueblo in the northern...


Calibration of Chronometric Assays from the WS Ranch Site (LA 3099) and Other Sites in the Middle San Francisco River Valley, West-Central New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Robinson. Marybeth Tomka.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The aggregation of existing radiocarbon assays and tree-ring and obsidian hydration assays, combined with new linear accelerator dates, allows the potential realignment of regional chronologies in West-Central New Mexico, the Middle San Francisco River valley in particular. The WS Ranch Site Project, sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin and supported...


Casas Grandes Culture in the Sierra Madre of Sonora (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Pailes. John Carpenter. Guadalupe Sánchez.

This is an abstract from the "25 Years in the Casas Grandes Region: Celebrating Mexico–U.S. Collaboration in the Gran Chichimeca" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This presentation will summarize results from ongoing research on the late prehistoric period of the Sonoran Sierra Madre. Thus far, investigations focused on the Sahuaripa and Fronteras valleys. These valleys are approximately equidistant from Paquimé at 185 and 165 km, respectively. In...


Challenges of Archaeology in the Wilderness at South Diamond Creek Pueblo (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Stanton. Jennifer Byrd. Vanessa Carrillo.

Archaeological excavation in the wilderness is a new frontier in archaeological data collection. With most of the documented and excavated sites being outside the wilderness, usually within driving distance of a town or city, this offers an untouched and uncorrupted view of past cultures and their material remains. Most archaeology conducted in the wilderness takes the form of surveying, with little to no excavation being done. The South Diamond Creek Pueblo Project offered us one of the first...


Classic Mimbres Phase Archaeology: A Contrastive Study of Two Sites at the Headwaters of the Upper Gila River (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrea Crawley. Fumiyasu Arakawa. Jared Cicchetti. Garrett Leitermann.

Classic Mimbres sites can be seen across the Mimbres Valley and Upper Gila areas. For one tributary of the Gila River, Diamond Creek, there are several of these sites that lay alongside it. As a part of the "Northern Mimbres Project," two sites–Twin Pines Village (a large Classic Mimbres village) and South Diamond Creek Pueblo (a small four room site)–have been excavated by New Mexico State University field schools over the course of three years. Our excavations and research of these sites have...


Cold Cases and Forgotten Caves: Reconstructing the Provenience of Unique Artifacts from the Greater Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Scott Nicolay.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Museum collections contain many unique objects from the Greater Southwest that lack complete provenience, especially items from caves and other shrines. These sites often served the region’s inhabitants as both offertory locations and the terminal repositories for ceremonial objects, resulting in enormous and well-preserved assemblages, many composed primarily...


Community Identity in the Jornada: Untangling Patterns of Aggregation and Abandonment at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175), an El Paso Phase Village (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristin Corl.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Research at Jornada Mogollon Sites in South-Central New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ongoing excavations at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175) suggest population aggregation within the El Paso Phase (A.D. 1300-1450) Jornada Cultural Region may have consisted of distinct self-identified groups integrated into one multi-ethnic community. Comparing the excavations at Area A, a large plaza orientated...


A Comparison of Miniature Pottery Vessels from the Reserve and Mimbres Branches of the Mogollon of Southwestern New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lydia Pittman.

This study will compare the attributes of Miniature Pottery Vessels in the Mimbres and Reserve Branches of the Mogollon Cultural Area. I will focus on their types, forms, decorative elements, traces of use, and depositional context. The vessels will be no more than 10 cm (4") or less in any dimension. This long-term comparison compares the similarities and differences of the vessel’s characteristics in the two regions in the years between A.D. 450 and 1450. This study may yield important data...


Contexts of Ash Deposits in Jornada Mogollon Pithouse and Pueblo Settlements and Reflections on Their Meanings (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Myles Miller.

The archaeological identification of intentionally deposited layers of ash at Jornada pueblo and pithouse settlements is complicated by several factors and intentional ash deposits are seldom identified unless preserved in a sealed context or buried by a layer of impermeable natural sediment or cultural deposits. When clear evidence of intentional ash deposition is observed, it may be assumed that there was a significant meaning underlying the inclusion of ash in a special context or deposit. ...


Contextualizing the Differences Between Upper Gila and Mimbres River Valley Ceramic Design Elements (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia Gilman. Jakob Sedig. Darrell Creel.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster updates our previous research that examined similarities and differences between upper Gila Valley and Mimbres Valley painted ceramic designs. That work focused on the identification and quantification of stylistic elements and demonstrated that there are some...


Creating 3D Models of Artifacts and Features using Photogrammetry (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Gardner. Robert Hard.

During the 2015 and 2016 University of Texas at San Antonio Field Schools we made use of new low-cost photogrammetry techniques to document metates and rock ring features at Early Agricultural period sites along the Upper Gila River in southeastern Arizona. We systematically photographed a number of ground stone tools and rock ring features using point-and-shoot cameras. These photos were then processed using Agisoft’s Photoscan software to produce colored 3D computer renders of the artifacts...


The Distribution and Provenance of Turquoise from Southern New Mexico, USA and Northern Chihuahua, Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alyson Thibodeau. Amanda Kale. Alexander Kurota. Timothy Maxwell. Rafael Cruz Antillón.

This is an abstract from the "Recent Research at Jornada Mogollon Sites in South-Central New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Compared to other regions of the Southwest, little is known about prehispanic turquoise acquisition and exchange in southern New Mexico and adjacent parts of Texas or in Chihuahua, Mexico. Here, we explore the distribution of sites with turquoise in the Tularosa and Hueco Basins as well as in northern Chihuahua. In...