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FTIR Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (142 Records)

AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF BISON BONE AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES OF A SHERD FROM THE FRED BURR #1 SITE (24GN1095), MONTANA (2013)

DOCUMENT [ID: 391592] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Two bison bone fragments were recovered from the Fred Burr #1 site (24GN1095), located on the bank of Fred Burr Creek east of Philipsburg in western Montana. These bison bone fragments were submitted for AMS radiocarbon age determination. A refit sherd also recovered from the site was submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses.


AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 14OT5-H2, OTTAWA COUNTY, KANSAS (2013)

DOCUMENT [ID: 394013] Linda Scott Cummings. Peter Kováčik.

A possible bison bone fragment was recovered from House 2 of the Minneapolis site, 14OT5, situated in Ottawa County, Kansas. An AMS radiocarbon date of 1070 ± 15 RCYBP had been obtained on ceramic residue from this site, but was not a credible age for this context. Therefore, a fragment from the long bone shaft was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating to obtain a context date to corroborate or refute the residue date; however, no collagen was present. As a result, charred residue from a ceramic...


AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE PIGG SITE (5MT4802), COLORADO (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379956] Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Kathryn Puseman.

Five charred Zea mays (corn) cob fragments and one charred Phaseolus vulgaris (bean) fragment recovered from two room blocks and a kiva at the Pigg Site (5MT4802) in Montezuma County, Colorado, were submitted for identification verification and AMS radiocarbon dating. Also submitted for organic residue analysis were several painted ceramic mug fragments that were used to line a sipapu in the same kiva from which the corn and bean samples were recovered. Organic residue analysis on select sherds...


ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR A PIPE STEM FROM THE HURDY GURDY BRIDGE SITE (CA-DNO-1028), DEL NORTE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2012)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380333] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

A stone pipe stem recovered from the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge Site (CA-DNO-1028) in Del Norte County, northwestern California, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and starch evidence of use. In addition, the organic residue signature was examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An AMS radiocarbon date was obtained on organic compounds (humates) that had penetrated the ceramic matrix of the pipe.


Ancient Recipes Revealed: FTIR Analysis of Central Plains Tradition Pottery (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380774] Linda Scott Cummings. Donna Roper.

Our goals in this limited trial were several: 1) to evaluate the feasibility of using FTIR to identify Central Plains tradition food preparation practices 2) to determine if it is possible to differentiate uses of Central Plains tradition jars 3) to make a preliminary determination of what those uses were and what food items might have been combined as recipes for meals 4) to get a preliminary answer to the burning question of how the seed bowls were used Identifying individual ingredients...


CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM SITES PHC XZ11 AND PHC 0813, TULA VILLAGE, TUTUILA ISLAND, AMERICAN SAMOA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380289] Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost.

Ten ceramic sherds from sites PHC XZ11 and PHC 0813 in Tula Village at the east end of Tutuila Island, American Samoa, were submitted for organic residue analysis. One of these samples also was examined for pollen, phytoliths, and starch (ceramic residue analysis), and was AMS radiocarbon dated. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Ceramic and organic residue analyses provide information regarding diet, specifically foods contained and/or...


CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE J.W. WILLIAMS II SITE (34LF25), LEFLORE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380184] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Three ceramic sherds from a Woodland period “black midden” mound at the J.W. Williams II site (34Lf25) in LeFlore County, Oklahoma were submitted for ceramic (pollen, phytolith, starch) and organic residue analysis. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue analyses provide information regarding diet, specifically plants and/or animals processed using ceramic vessels at this site.


CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE LEVEE (12D363) AND KELLER (12D509) SITES, DEARBORN COUNTY, INDIANA (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379885] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Six ceramic sherds from the Levee (12D363) and Keller (12D509) sites in Dearborn County, Indiana were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. Organic residues will be examined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Ceramic and organic residue (FTIR) analysis will be used to provide information regarding foods and other materials processed and/or contained in the vessels represented by these sherds.


CHARCOAL AND BOTANIC IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION, AND CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE RI 935, PROVIDENCE COUNTY, RHODE ISLAND (2017)

DOCUMENT [ID: 439536] Peter Kováčik. Linda Scott Cummings.

Site RI 935 lies at the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers in Providence, Rhode Island. Two excavation areas, Carpenter’s Point and North Shore, revealed pre-contact deposits indicating occupation within the Middle Archaic Period and especially during the Late and Transitional Archaic Periods. Intensive use of this area also is noted around and after ~ AD 1000 (Late Woodland). Charcoal and charred botanic samples from 11 features were submitted for identification and AMS...


CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON DATING, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE 10EL1199, ELMORE COUNTY, IDAHO (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380210] Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

Four charcoal samples from site 10EL1199 in Elmore County, Idaho, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. Ceramic sherds from this site also were submitted for organic residue analysis. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Organic residue analysis provides information regarding diet, in this case specifically foods processed in ceramic vessels.


CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON DATING, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS (FTIR) OF SAMPLES FROM SITE CA-NEV-1482, NEVADA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379963] Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

Charcoal and charred botanic remains recovered from unit fill at site CA-NEV-1482 in Nevada County, California, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. A steatite bowl fragment from another unit at the site was tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). This site is a Nisenan occupation situated on the shoreline of Lake Combie. Identification of charred botanic remains and charcoal will provide information concerning plant resources...


CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL AND BONE FROM SITES 32ME1030 AND 32MZ411, NORTH DAKOTA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380261] Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

A small amount of sediment from a prehistoric burn feature at site 32ME1030, North Dakota, was examined for macrofloral remains and organic residues. Charcoal recovered from the sample was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Organic residues were identified using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). AMS radiocarbon dates also were obtained for two bison mandible fragments from site 32MZ411. These sites reflect prehistoric campsites found along the shores of Lake Sakakawea in western...


FTIR ANALYSIS OF AGAVE (2007)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379502] Linda Scott Cummings. David V. Hill.

Cooked and raw specimens of agave were submitted for FTIR analysis in an effort to determine whether or not the organic molecule signatures of various agave cultivars were sufficiently different to be able to group the agaves based on these signatures.


FTIR ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUES FROM THREE CERAMIC SHERDS FROM MONTE PALAZZIA, CALABRIA (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379975] Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan.

Three ceramic sherds from the site of Monte Palazzia, Calabria were submitted for analysis of organic residue contained within the sherds using FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry). These sherds represent bases of three different vessels.


FTIR ANALYSIS ON SAMPLES FROM SITE FlOp-48, ST. PAUL COUNTY, ALBERTA, CANADA (2013)

DOCUMENT [ID: 392851] Linda Scott Cummings. Cody Dalpra.

Site FlOp-48 is a prehistoric lithic scatter within the dry mixedwood subregion of the boreal forest natural region in Alberta. One fire broken rock (FBR), representing an FBR concentration and possible boiling pit, was submitted with a soil control sample (sample A) for organic residue analysis using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to better understand economic activities specific to thermal features at this site. Interpretations of this analysis provide information concerning...


INFRARED SPECTROMETRY (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF TWO BROWNWARE SHERDS FROM SITE FB 1579 (LA 116603) AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF A PROJECTILE POINT FROM SITE FB 1784 (LA 92756) ON THE FORT BLISS MCGREGOR RANGE, NEW MEXICO (2007)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380266] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Kim Kral.

Two sites located on Fort Bliss McGregor Range in Otero County of southern New Mexico yielded a single projecting point and two brownware sherds for protein and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR) testing. Site FB1784 (LA 92756), a Late Archaic/Early Formative site, yielded the projectile point along with two soil control samples for protein residue analysis. Residue from two brownware sherds from an Early Formative site, FB15759 (LA 116603), were examined using FTIR to determine if...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, AMS RADIOCARBON DATING, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE LA165923, EDDY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379953] Melissa K. Logan. Kathryn Puseman.

Fill recovered from an isolated roasting pit at site LA165923 in Eddy County, southeast New Mexico, was floated to recover macrofloral remains. Charcoal from the macrofloral sample was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. Three stones from the feature, as well as a control stone from the site surface, were examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Macrofloral and organic residue (FTIR) analyses will be used to provide information concerning food...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROMETRY (FTIR), AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SITES CA-SBR-5568/H, CA-SBR-10073, CA-SBR-10074, CA-SBR-10075, CA-SBR-10078, AND CA-SBR-12464, FOR THE BALDY MESA OHV SURVEY, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (2007)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379458] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Samples from features at sites CA-SBR-5568/H, CA-SBR-10073, CA-SBR-10074, CASBR-10075, CA-SBR-10078, and CA-SBR-12464 in southern California were processed for macrofloral remains and examined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR). In addition, charcoal from CA-SBR-5568/H was submitted for AMS radiocarbon analysis. Sites CA-SBR-10073, CA-SBR-10074, and CA-SBR-10075 represent prehistoric vegetation processing and lithic reduction activity areas that appear to have been seasonally...


MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS, ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS, POLLEN ANALYSIS, AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION AT SITE 48HO375, RED CANYON RANCH, WYOMING (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379986] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

Red Canyon Ranch, located in the foothills of the Owl Creek Mountains southwest of Thermopolis, Wyoming, contains evidence for multiple human occupations from Paleoindian to Historic times. Archaeological investigations and subsequent archaeobotanical analyses and radiocarbon age determinations span a period of several years and are currently ongoing. To facilitate these analyses, a single site designation of 48HO375 has been assigned. The earliest investigation centered on two hearths: one...


MACROFLORAL, AMS RADIOCARBON DATING, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES FOR SAMPLES FROM SITES CrNV-11-14170, CrNV-11-14197, AND CrNV-11-14923 FOR THE LONG CANYON DATA RECOVERY PROJECT, NEVADA (2012)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380139] Kathryn Puseman. Melissa K. Logan.

Hearth/fire pit fill samples from sites CrNV-11-14170, CrNV-11-14197, and CrNV-11-14923 in Elko County, Nevada, were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains. Firecracked rock recovered from the macrofloral samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Charcoal or charred botanic material from each of the three macrofloral samples was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating to provide temporal information about use of these features....


MACROFLORAL, PHYTOLITH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM SITE LA 17126 AT THE TURNER B SOUTH TANK BATTERY, EDDY COUNTY, NEW MEXICO (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380217] Melissa K. Logan. Chad Yost. Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Ten samples from site LA 171726 at the Turner B South Tank Battery in Eddy County, New Mexico, were submitted for macrofloral, phytolith, and organic residue analyses. Seven samples were collected from features in an area of the site contaminated with chlorides and some oil. The remaining samples consisted of fill from two small, basin-shaped thermal features believed to represent hearths in an area of the site not affected by the spill. The results of analyses from samples not affected by the...


MACROFLORAL, PHYTOLITH, POLLEN, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR), ANALYSES OF STRUCTURAL MATERIAL AND RESIDUE FROM A COATED INFANT BUNDLE BURIAL BASKET, VAL VERDE COUNTY, TEXAS (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380003] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Fiber and rib material from a coated basket recovered in a rockshelter site in Val Verde County, Texas, was submitted for identification to determine the construction material for the basket. Black residue removed from the inside surface of the basket was examined for pollen, phytoliths, and organic residues (using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) to obtain a better understanding of the residue. The basket was found covering an infant burial that had been wrapped in two layers of...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR SITE 45FS2075, WASHINGTON (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380019] Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Samples from units in three excavation blocks at site 45FS2075 in northeast Washington were examined for charcoal and other macrofloral remains. This site appears to represent pre-contact through contact period occupations. The excavation blocks contained several diffuse hearths consisting of concentrations of fire-cracked rock and bone. Charcoal or charred botanic remains from 34 samples were submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating. In addition, six lithic artifacts were sampled for protein...


MACROFLORAL, PROTEIN RESIDUE, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITES CA-SBR-9711, CA-SBR-9717, AND CA-SBR-11330, MCAGCC TWENTYNINE PALMS (PROJECT NO. 15471), SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379881] Kathryn Puseman. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Column samples from site CA-SBR-9711 and from a hearth at site CA-SBR-11330 were floated to recover charred macrofloral remains to provide subsistence information concerning plant resources utilized at these sites. Protein residue analysis was conducted on two lithic flakes from CA-SBR-9711 and on a mano fragment from CA-SBR-9717 to determine if these tools were used for processing plant and/or animal remains. The mano fragment also was examined for organic residues using Fourier Transform...


ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF SAMPLES FROM SITES 25FT54, 25FT56, 25FT354, AND 25RW1, RED WILLOW CREEK VALLEY, NEBRASKA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380285] Linda Scott Cummings. Melissa K. Logan. Kathryn Puseman.

Ceramic sherds (some with visible residue), charcoal, charred corn kernels, and a bone fragment from sites 25FT54, 25FT56, 25FT354, and 25RW1 in the Red Willow Creek Valley of southwestern Nebraska were submitted for organic residue analysis, identification, and/or AMS radiocarbon dating. The ceramics were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to identify probable contents of the residues. Charcoal identification reveals the types of wood burned as...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America