LiDAR (Other Keyword)

1-25 (84 Records)

A 3D Landscape Analysis of Stelae Visibility at Copan, Honduras (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Richards-Rissetto. Michael Auer. Jennifer von Schwerin. Nicolas Billen.

From the early 5th to early 9th centuries, a dynasty of sixteen kings ruled at the ancient Maya site of Copan, Honduras. In the mid-7thth century, Chan Imix K'awiil or Ruler 12, is believed to be the first of Copan’s rulers to erect stelae outside the city’s main civic-ceremonial group. Why did he do this? Did these stelae exist as solar markers? Did they serve as territorial markers? Or, were they part of a communication system? Scholars have set forth these and other hypotheses, to explain the...


Aerial Remote Sensing For Documenting Fur Trade ‘Cultural Landscapes’ (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only J. Scott Hamilton.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Remote Sensing in Historical Archaeology (General Sessions)" , at the 2021 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Fur trade posts have long been a focus for Canadian historical archaeology, specifically the compounds that were central to European occupation and commerce.  This has constrained interpretation of surrounding hinterlands, and archaeological recognition of Indigenous presence and role. While these shortcomings have...


An agricultural risk mitigation strategy using multiple water sources, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Carr. Vernon Scarborough. Nicholas Dunning. Elizabeth Haussner.

From approximately 850 to 1250 A.D., despite an extremely arid environment, the ancient people of Chaco Canyon were able to marshal the food production and engineering skills to build a string of "Great Houses", several containing hundreds of rooms. This poster describes a system of multiple water sources supplying the agricultural area below the Great House at Peñasco Blanco. High-resolution aerial lidar was key to identifying the multiple water sources. Rainfall and snow are the source of...


Anthropogenic Landscapes in Southern New England: An Archaeological Investigation of Farming Practices on an Eighteenth Century Colonial Farmstead in Southeastern Connecticut (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Moriah McKenna. Anthony Graesch.

The now-forested New England landscape has been shaped substantially by long-term human activities. Partitioned by thousands of miles of stone walls, the young and dense woodlands visible today are a consequence of intensive clear-cutting and farming activities in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In this study, we apply the theory and method of landscape archaeology to the study of farming practices at an eighteenth century, 49-acre colonial farmstead in southeastern Connecticut. We...


Application of LIDAR in New Site Discoveries, Susitna Valley, Alaska (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Martin. Kathryn E. Krasinski. Brian T. Wygal. Fran Seager-Boss.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have long been a standard tool for mapping or depicting archaeological features and sites in the circumpolar north. Recently, remote sensing techniques including Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) have provided extremely high resolution datasets for landscape level survey and site detection from the GIS platform. Initial applications have proven useful for identifying temple complexes and other large scale archaeological sites in the Central American...


Architectural Variation in the Tres Zapotes Region (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Pool. Michael Loughlin. Manuel Melgarejo Pérez. Gabriela Montero Mejía. Kyle Mullen.

A combined program of aerial LiDAR mapping and pedestrian survey is documenting significant intra-regional variation in pre-Hispanic architectural plans in the Eastern Lower Papaloapan Basin of southern Veracruz, Mexico, reflecting the interplay of ecological adaptation, political integration, factionalism, and extra-regional influences. Consistent association of domestic mounds with small bajos in low-lying areas suggests intentional (as opposed to accretional) mounding and landscape...


Archival and Geophysical Investigations to Locate a Civil War Cemetery and Railroad Station, Fort Lee (FL2010.012)
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In September, 2008, the Cultural Resources Management Program (CRMP) at Fort Lee, Virginia requested assistance from the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) in identifying a Civil War cemetery believed to have been located on what is now Fort Lee. One of the few clues about the cemetery’s location was that it was near Meade (or Meade’s) Station, a United States Military Rail Road (USMRR) station constructed during the Civil...


Archival and Geophysical Investigations to Locate a Civil War Cemetery and Railroad Station, Fort Lee, Virginia (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Carey, L. Baxter. Michael L. Hargrave. Carl G. Carlson-Drexler.

In September, 2008, the Cultural Resources Management Program (CRMP) at Fort Lee, Virginia requested assistance from the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) in identifying a Civil War cemetery believed to have been located on what is now Fort Lee. One of the few clues about the cemetery’s location was that it was near Meade (or Meade’s) Station, a United States Military Rail Road (USMRR) station constructed during the Civil...


Baseline Remote Sensing Survey of the Mayan Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in Petén Guatemala (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juan Fernandez Diaz. Ramesh Shrestha.

The Fundación Patrimonio Cultural y Natural Maya (PACUNAM), a non-governmental-organization (NGO) from Guatemala, works for the promotion and preservation of cultural and natural patrimony contained within the Mayan Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in the department of Petén in Guatemala. To aid with their preservation and promotion goals, PACUNAM, has developed a plan to perform an airborne lidar and hyperspectral survey of nearly 14,000 km² of the MBR and neighboring regions over a three year period....


Beneath the Blue-Green Trees: Understanding the Built Environment of Yaxox through Lidar Analysis (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shane Montgomery. Jaime Awe.

The Upper Belize River Valley hosted a high density of ancient Maya settlement from the Early Preclassic Period onward, supported by abundant fertile alluvial floodplains. In addition to the handful of major civic-ceremonial centers spread along the valley, the region also sustained numerous middle-tier administrative, ceremonial, and residential loci. The site of Yaxox, strategically situated at the confluence of the Macal and Mopan rivers, provides an intriguing example of a minor...


Boundaries of the Past as Viewed through the Fences of Today: Shifting Methods of Archaeological Inquiry in the Southern Maya Lowlands (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Mongelluzzo. Jose Garrido. Jean-Baptiste Le Moine.

This is an abstract from the "Making and Breaking Boundaries in the Maya Lowlands: Alliance and Conflict across the Guatemala–Belize Border" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. An exploration of how modern borders of different kinds have influenced, and sometimes impeded, our understanding of ancient borders and territories. The Guatemala-Belize border has ramifications in terms of the ways in which scholars interact and how the archaeology is...


Challenges and opportunities to the lidar mapping of the Tres Zapotes region (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ramesh Shrestha. Juan Carlos Fernandez Diaz.

The Olmec polity of Tres Zapotes, which developed on the southern gulf lowlands of the present day state of Veracruz in Mexico, is nestled between the Papaloapan river delta and the Tuxla Mountains. Topographic, geological, ecological and cultural context of the region presents unique challenges and opportunities to archeological prospecting using airborne lidar mapping due to extensive cultivation of sugar cane which can hinder the capability of the lidar to map the ground beneath it; cultural...


Characterizing Purépecha Urbanism (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher T. Fisher.

At the time of European contact the Lake Pátzcuaro Basin (LPB) was the geopolitical core of the Purépecha (Tarascan) Empire (A.D. 1350-1520), and has long been recognized as a Mesoamerican core region . Cities were an important component of Purépecha statecraft but comparatively little is known about their general characteristics, organization, and evolution. Here I explore the use and division of space within the ancient city of Angamuco to document the development of social complexity, complex...


Chimney Rock: an Analysis of Landscape using Terrestrial LiDAR (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tessa Branyan. Israel Hinojosa-Balino. Mariana Lujan. Megan Murphy. Gerardo Gutierrez.

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), widely known because of its aerial survey applications, is a multifaceted technology that can be used in terrestrial platforms. Here we present a new interpretation on the internal organization of Chimney Rock Great House and its landscape based on the use of terrestrial LiDAR. We will address methodological and technical approaches to the use of terrestrial LiDAR in the recording and study of this historical and archaeological monument.


Clear Views from the Ground: 3D Modeling of Architecture and Rock Art from Chaco to Anguilla (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Wetherbee Dorshow. Patricia Crown. John Crock.

Airborne LiDAR and orthophotography are increasingly ubiquitous in modern archaeological research, particularly at the regional scale. For detailed intrasite analyses of architectural sites, rockshelters, and caves, however, these airborne technologies offer limited utility. This paper highlights the significant research potential and conservation value of very high-resolution terrestrial LiDAR and gigapan HDR photogrammetry for architectural and "built" cultural dwelling places. Drawing on two...


Comparisons and Contrasts of Digital Imaging Technologies in Subterranean Mesoamerica (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron Griffith. Adam Spring. Brent Woodfill.

Over a period of just a few short years there have been dramatic advancements in digital imaging and scanning technologies. Increasingly, cave archaeologists around the world are utilizing many of these new platforms and techniques to document subterranean artwork. This paper outlines two different approaches to digital imaging of ancient Maya cave art. In Guatemala, a Z+F IMAGER 5010C 3D Laser scanner, mounted on a tripod, was employed in Cueva San Juan and Hun Nal Ye to document both...


The Critical Zone Revolution from 2016 LiDAR and Two Decades of Multiproxy Geoarchaeology around the Programme for Belize (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy Beach. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach. Colin Doyle. Nicholas Dunning. Nick Brokaw.

Over the last two decades we have studied agroecosystems in the Programme for Belize (PfB), a valuable and privileged reserve for an exceedingly wide array of research efforts. Aspects of the agroecosystems preserved in the PfB include terraces, wetland fields, aguadas, ecology, and curious wall features under the canopy of this tropical forest with some savannas. We based these studies on excavations along multiple transects across this karst region’s uplands, escarpments, bajos, floodplains,...


CRM And The Significance Of Identifying And Mapping Historic Extant Trail Remnants: A Study In Mapping The Santa Fe Trail Through The State Of Kansas Utilizing Available LiDAR Data And GIS Mapping. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only douglas shaver.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Roads, Rivers, Rails and Trails (and more): The Archaeology of Linear Historic Properties" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Douglas Shaver, MS, RPA (Burns & McDonnell) CRM and the Significance of Identifying and Mapping Historic Extant Trail Remnants: A Study in Mapping the Santa Fe Trail through the State of Kansas Utilizing Available LiDAR Data and GIS Mapping. A key early role in any CRM project is the...


Cruising Along the Coastline: Exploring the Possibilities of using LiDAR Data to predict Climate Change Affects Along the Southern Monterey Coast (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Annamarie Leon Guerrero. Whitney Kirkendall.

This paper presents the collaborative efforts of the Society for California Archaeology, the US Forest Service and the Cabrillo College Archaeological field school to document sites along the southern Monterey coastline. During the 2012 field season, a new generation of archaeologists documented sites along a 2-mile stretch of coastline in order to study how coastal erosion is affecting these sites. Part of the purpose of this presentation is to highlight the importance of these types of...


Defining the Urbanism of the Ancient Purépecha Site of Angamuco (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edwin Harris.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The ancient Purépecha site of Angamuco located in the Lake Patzcuaro Basin of Michoacán, Mexico provides an unrivaled opportunity to study the urban tradition of the Purépecha prior to the formation of the empire in the late postclassic (1350 – 1520 CE). Previously, the understanding of Purépecha urbanism relied upon analysis of the imperial capital...


Detecting Mounds Using Airborne LiDAR: Case Studies from Iowa and Minnesota (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joe Artz. William Whittaker. Emilia Bristow.

Between 2009 and 2012, researchers at the the University of Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist (OSA) conducted a number of pilot studies in the application of airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) to find and map prehistoric burial mounds. Studies were conducted in Iowa and Minnesota, two states that have invested in high quality, statewide LiDAR data. These studies began with the master's thesis research of OSA GIS specialist, Melanie Riley, and included the NCPTT-funded development...


Documenting Classic Maya Urban Landscapes: Comparing and Integrating the Results of LiDAR and Topographic Survey at El Perú-Waka’, Petén, Guatemala (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Damien Marken. David Freidel.

Hidden by the dense forest canopy of the Petén, the size, shape and form of Classic Maya cities have remained difficult for archaeologists to document in their entirety. In recent years, however, the application of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technologies have enabled the rapid acquisition of topographic data for large swaths of the Maya lowlands. These previous investigations, primarily in Belize, Mexico, and Honduras, demonstrate, however, that the quality and required steps in...


Down By the River Side: A LiDAR-Based Settlement Survey in the Belize River Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel Hemsley.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper focuses on the use of lidar technology, in combination with traditional pedestrian ground survey methods, to compare ancient settlement patterns and activity areas in contrasting environmental zones, alluvial floodplains and karstic hills, in the upper Belize River Valley. The paper also describes the capabilities and accuracy of LiDAR technology...


Exploring the use of LiDAR Remote Sensing Data to Illuminate Belle Glade Earthworks (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Donna Selch. Mark Rochelo. Chris Davenport.

Locating and mapping methodology of archaeological earthworks for the prehistoric Native American Belle Glade culture can be improved by applying airborne LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) employing FUSION software and the Ground Filter program to these remote areas. This study compares the standard utilization of vendor created classes for ground classification to FUSION's software ground filter program. The two case study locations contain Belle Glade type B circular–linear earthwork...


A Forest for the Trees: Remote sensing applications and historic production at Cunningham Falls State Park (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bryce A. Davenport. Robert W. Wanner.

This paper presents the results of surface analyses conducted at Cunningham Falls State Park in Frederick County, Maryland using Lidar-derived bare-earth models. During peak years (approximately 1859-1885) Catoctin Furnace employed over 300 woodcutters in 11,000 acres of company-owned land. Recent Lidar acquisitions for this area have allowed us to identify historic collier's pits in the hills and mountains surrounding modern Catoctin Furnace in Cunningham Fall State Park, opening direct...