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Communities of Practice (Other Keyword)

1-25 (47 Records)

"Across the Agua to Managua" and Beyond: Getting Past Migration in Nicaraguan Prehistory (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Larry Steinbrenner.

Despite being the largest country in Central America, Nicaragua’s archaeological record remains the least explored and most ignored. One consequence of this is that reconstructions of Nicaragua’s prehistory have tended to rely overmuch on rather sparse (and not necessarily reliable) ethnohistoric accounts in which migration from Mesoamerican homelands is heavily emphasized, generally to the detriment of other kinds of cultural phenomena, including indigenous developments that are not explicitly...


Assessing the Suitability of Southern Africa for Archaeological Provenance Studies with Lead Isotopes (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jay Stephens. David Killick.

Evidence for trade between southern Africa and the Muslim world dates back to the 8th century CE. However, it is not until the 12th and 13th centuries, with the discovery of alluvial gold in southern Africa, that entanglement between the two regions intensified. As a result, state-level societies emerged and began incorporating aspects of the Muslim identity into their own culture. With the intensification of these trade relations, craftsmen began expanding their repertoire of iron and copper...


Authority via Mobility: Interpreting Yamasee Ceramics (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Patrick Johnson.

Yamasees worked as non-missionized laborers in Spanish Florida, raided for Charleston traders, fought to expand Georgia, lived with Creek Indians, and worked as diplomats and traders in Pensacola. Letters, speeches, and testimony demonstrate that this mobility— often leading them to outnumber local occupants— allowed Yamasees to dictate terms to and take vengeance against other Native Americans as well as Europeans. Despite such authority, pottery assemblages demonstrate the frequent adoption of...


Blue Birds and Black Glass: Traditions and Communities of Practice during the Coalition to Classic Period Transition on the Pajarito Plateau, New Mexico (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sean Dolan.

Multiple lines of anthropological evidence demonstrate people moved from the northern San Juan region into the Pajarito Plateau in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries A.D. This Coalition to Classic period transition was a time of immense demographic and social reorganization that shaped the historical and cultural trajectories for future of Ancestral Pueblo people. As a consequence of the influx of diasporic households, how did this transformation affect traditions of obsidian...


Chupadero Black-on-white: Communities of Practice, Identity, and Memory (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Leon Natker.

Since the beginning of archeological research, style has been used to characterize and define numerous aspects of social interaction and complexity, including communities of practice which structure ways in which elements of material culture are transmitted. The persistent transmission of knowledge through time and space implies a long lived community of practice. Chupadero Black-on-white, produced in central and southeast New Mexico, was possibly the longest lived of all the Black-on-white...


Communities of Engaged Performance: Investigating Soundscapes and the Sonorous Past (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Katrina Kosyk.

The relationship between individuals and urban soundscapes can tell us about the personhood and sonic practices of people in the past. To reconstruct the interaction between a musician and audience in archaeological contexts, I introduce a novel theoretical framework called ‘communities of engaged performance’ (CEP). CEP is defined as the transmission of knowledge through performance resulting in variable group-specific sound practices. CEP is derived and builds upon theories of ‘communities of...


Communities of Practice and Corrugated Pottery at Chevelon Ruin (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Claire Barker.

During the A.D. 1200s and 1300s, the Colorado Plateau experienced widespread, large-scale migration and the subsequent aggregation of groups into large Pueblo communities. During this period, people migrated to the Homol'ovi area, aggregating into seven large pueblo settlements. The demographic upheaval resulting from this large-scale population movement brought diverse individual and group identities into contact and, potentially, conflict. Chevelon Ruin, one of the aggregated settlements that...


Communities of Practice and Sequencing from Older Caribbean Collections in the NMAI and NMNH (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Vernon Knight.

The Caribbean holdings of the National Museum of the American Indian and the Anthropology Department of the National Museum of Natural History contain material from historically important early excavations like those of M. R. Harrington in eastern Cuba in 1915 and Herbert W. Krieger in the Dominican Republic in 1928. Moreover, they include the results of early collection efforts by such luminaries as Jesse W. Fewkes and Theodor de Booy, which means that they contain some of the key specimens...


Communities of practice and variability/standardization of the ceramic assemblages: the indigenous people Asurini do Xingu (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Fabiola Silva.

I intend to present some results of my ethnoarchaeological research (1996-2016) on the ceramic technology of the Asurini do Xingu, an Amazonian indigenous people (Tupi-Guarani linguistic family) who lives on the banks of the Xingu River - Pará, Brazil. Based on collected data, I will demonstrate the relationship between the social organization of ceramic production and the standardization/variability of these artifacts over time. I will show how in Asurini context, teaching-learning framework,...


The Complex Community of Cerén, El Salvador: a Classic Maya Example of Heterogeneity (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Christine C. Dixon. Payson Sheets.

The Loma Caldera eruption of c. AD 660 dramatically buried a sophisticated community built by craftspeople, architects, religious specialists, political leaders, and agriculturalists. As people fled for their lives, they left behind belongings and buildings. Results from decades of archaeological research at Cerén, El Salvador and in the surrounding Zapotitán Valley challenges an ethnocentric, over-simplified reconstruction of ancient socio-political organization. Cerén was not in the middle of...


Constructing Communities: A New Magnetometry Survey at the John Chapman Site (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Leslie Drane.

The John Chapman site is a mounded village that lies along the Apple River in northwestern Illinois. At approximately A.D. 1050, it appears that Mississippian migrants traveled to the area and interacted with the Late Woodland people already occupying the land. Previous excavations in the northern portion of the site revealed John Chapman people changing their ceramics to emulate Mississippian styles, while keeping their houses Late Woodland-like. Recent magnetometry surveys targeted central and...


Consumerism on the Margins: Shop Ledgers and Materialized Social Status in Coastal Co. Galway, Ireland. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Meredith S Chesson. Sara Morrow. Erin Gibbons.

In contrast to the marginality ascribed to Western Ireland during the 19th and 20th centuries, islanders’ and coastal mainlanders’ participated in transnational trade networks expressed through everyday material decision-making, seasonal and intermittent international interactions, and ideologies of social status. Historically, coastal communities in Western Ireland have been characterized as marginalized and geographically isolated from participation in mainstream consumerism and national and...


Convergence of Tears at Momonga: Spiritual, Social and Personal Interactions of the Multiethnic Mourning Ceremony (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kevin Ripley. Laura Dzvonick. Tina Nupuf. Noble Eisenlauer. Ronald Faulseit.

The village of Momonga (Ca-LAn-357) is located in the San Fernando Valley of Southern California, along the pre-Columbian boundaries of multiple ethnic groups. Rock art in the area indicates ritual activities involving people from various cultural traditions, including ancestral Chumash, Tongva, Yokuts, and Tataviam peoples. Excavations in a portion of the site have produced exchange and utilitarian items, such as shell beads, stone beads, amulets, stone bowls, hammer stones, pressure flakes,...


Cultivation and Herding Practices, Fiber Colors and Textile Styles in the Paracas-Nasca Transition (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Ann Peters.

Improving documentation of artifact assemblages in the funerary contexts of the Necropolis of Wari Kayan (Paracas site, south coast of the Central Andes) leads to identification of multiple contemporary textile styles as well as their transformation over the period of cemetery use (c. 250 BCE to 250 CE). While artifact variability in the region has largely been organized in hypothetical phases, expanded data on garment design and production details, as well as imagery, is most usefully organized...


Depositional Practice and Ancestral Presence at Edye Point (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Darcy Mathews.

On the southernmost tip of Vancouver Island, between 400–1500 calA.D., the Straits Salish peoples built distinctive funerary petroforms for their ancestral dead. These above ground features, constructed in a patterned array of sizes and shapes, were the material and spatial outcome of ritualized depositional practices. The Edye Point Cemetery, the largest funerary petroform cemetery in the region, has more than 300 of these features concentrated in a three hectare area. There is a recursive and...


A Dynamic Past: The Prehistoric Interactions on the Plain Project (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Danielle Riebe. János Dani.

The collaborative, American-Hungarian Prehistoric Interactions on the Plain Project explores the past through the reconstruction of interactions. Investigations on interactions as an active mode of social investment and social construction challenges normative concepts of "culture" by modeling socio-cultural boundaries as a dynamic and negotiated process, as opposed to a static categorically assigned social unit. Moreover, our research contextualizes regional developments as the result of...


Examining Small-scale Variations within Late Mississippian Complicated Stamped Pottery from St. Catherines Island, GA (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Anna Semon.

Late Mississippian (AD 1300-1580) ceramic typologies on the Georgia coast broadly group pottery based on 1) temper (coarse grit) and 2) surface decoration (incising, stamping, and rim decoration). Recently, Late Archaic and Mission period pottery studies focused on small-scale ceramic variations, which reflect micro-styles, were successful in identifying patterns related to past pottery communities of practice. Using a similar approach, I present data on three Late Mississippian village ceramic...


Exploring the Interaction of Culture and Technology in the Acoma Culture Province (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT David Hill.

The Acoma Culture Province is the geographic expanse of the ancestral homeland of the Pueblo of Acoma documented for adjudication through the Indian Claims Commission and through archaeological research. Pottery made during both the prehistoric and historic periods found within the Acoma Culture Province was made using crushed potsherds as an addition to the pottery clay. The practice of adding crushed potsherds represents a cultural choice for Acoma potters, a choice that has considerable...


Fingerprints of Community: Decolonizing Archaeological Data Analysis through Networks (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Lewis Borck. Corinne L. Hofman. Manfred Schäfer. Angus A. A. Mol. Daniel Weidele.

This paper uses the Nexus 1492 database, built over approximately 30 years of fieldwork, to examine ceramic attribute variability throughout the Antillean Islands. Regional ceramic analyses often focus on the construction of ceramic typologies that are then used to compare typological proportions, differences, and similarities at various spatial resolutions across temporal periods. Long-standing critiques of the use of typologies and taxonomies in archaeology (sensu Brew 1946; Gnecco and...


Formative Communities of Practice and Disjunctures in Southern Gulf Lowland Interaction with Central Mexico (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher Pool.

Recently Stoner and Pool called for an "Archaeology of Disjuncture" to refocus attention on variation in intra- and interregional interaction, illustrating the approach with the case of the Classic period of the Tuxtla Mountains in southern Veracruz. In this paper I extend application of the disjunctive approach into the Formative Period of the southern Gulf lowlands, focusing primarily on interactions with Central Mexico, and incorporating a Communities of Practice perspective on the formation...


Homogeneity, Diversity, and Complexity between Hinterland Communities of NW Belize (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Fred Valdez.

The "hinterland" communities of northwest Belize are among the most diverse and complex across the Maya lowlands. The Rio Bravo Management and Conservation area of NW Belize serves as the region of interest with more than 25 seasons of Maya archaeological research. Utilizing survey and mapping strategies, material culture analyses, and theoretical concerns, the Programme for Belize Archaeological Project (PfBAP) defines new ways of looking at and interpreting ancient Maya interactions for the...


Iberian Mines and Imperial Matters: Re-conceptualizing Labor, Technologies, and Communities of Practice in Roman Iberia (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Linda Gosner.

The landscapes of the Iberian Peninsula were famous in antiquity for their richness in metals, and scholars have long claimed that these metals were a draw for colonial interest in the region from early on. This is especially true following the Roman conquest of Iberia in the late 3rd century BCE, when the scale of mining increased dramatically to accommodate the growing needs of the Roman empire. This was made possible through dramatic shifts in the organization of labor and the technological...


Investigating Feather Harvesting of Captive Macaws at Wupatki Pueblo, Arizona (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Randee Fladeboe.

Macaws were imported into the pre-Hispanic American Southwest from central Mexico for hundreds of years; it is generally projected that the purpose of this practice was to supply feathers for ritual purposes. Recent zooarchaeological research has demonstrated that the wing feathers of Southwestern turkeys were regularly plucked, as evidenced by significant scarring on the birds’ ulnae. The author observed the presence of this scarring on the wing elements of archaeological macaw specimens from...


Late Classic Ceramic Production and Communities of Practice at Uxbenka, Belize (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Jillian Jordan.

Archaeological approaches to ancient Maya communities often assume that spatially distinct architectural groups are tantamount to social groups, but proximity is likely not the only salient organizing principle. Members of prehistoric communities, like modern ones, defined the community in which they belong based on who they choose to interact with, which often lies at the intersection of kin, status, gender, ethic, economic, and spatial affiliations. Employing a communities of practice...


Legacies of Syncretism and Cognition: African and European Religious and Aesthetic Expressions in the Caribbean (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jay Haviser.

Incipient aspects of syncretic processes among Africans and Europeans had begun on the African continent from the fifteenth century, with a particular reference noted for religious practices. Considering the relatively isolated participation of the two groups within the early interactive sphere of West Africa, as well as the in-situ contexts of the African cultures, some syncretical expressions were evident, yet due to the disproportional ratio of populations, were more subtle on the continent....

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America