network analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (38 Records)

‘All things being equal’? Multiplex Material Networks of the Early Neolithic in the Near East (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fiona Coward.

Archaeological network research typically relies on material culture similarities over space and time as a proxy for past social networks. In many cases, a range of different types of material culture are subsumed into reconstructed connections between nodes. However, not all forms of material culture are equal. Different types of objects may be caught up in rather different forms of social relationship – crudely put, ‘personal’ items such as jewellery may perhaps have more social and cultural...


Ancestral Pathways of Fiji: Using GIS to Analyze Landscapes of Movement and Lineages within the Sigatoka River Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Riordan. Julie Field.

This is an abstract from the "Geospatial Studies in the Archaeology of Oceania" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The concept of landscapes of movement establishes the theoretical basis for understanding meaning behind the creation and use of roads, trails, and pathways. This meaning can be categorized by "prioritized relationships" (i.e., social, political, religious, economic) which ultimately stimulate the existence of landscapes of movement. This...


Archaeological Actor-Network Theory: Case Study at Cerro Maya (Cerros, Belize) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey Vadala.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This study uses a modified actor-network approach to examine and characterize the human and nonhuman relationships that produced and shaped ancient Maya caches and the corresponding ritual events wherein they were buried. This contrasts with archaeological approaches that have generally focused on defining essential properties of artifacts to define or clarify...


cyberSW: A Data Synthesis and Knowledge Discovery System for Long-Term Interdisciplinary Research on Southwest Social Change (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Mills. Sudha Ram. Jeffery Clark. Scott Ortman. Matthew Peeples.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A major challenge in using archaeological data at large, regional scales is that information is not digitally curated or synthesized beyond individual projects. A number of recent synthesis projects in the U.S. Southwest show the great potential of these data for addressing important social science questions such as: What promotes the success or failure of...


A Dagger to the Heart? Testing Assumptions of Archaeological Network Analysis with New Guinean Ethnographic Collections (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Golitko. James Zimmer-Dauphinee. John Edward Terrell.

Progressive cultural and biological diversification and divergence over space and time is one of the grand meta-narratives of archaeological thought. Much of the method and theory employed in support of this narrative is arguably at odds with what Emirbayer and Goodwin label the "anti-categorical imperative" at the heart of social network relational thinking. Here we utilize spatial network models within the broader family of Exponential Random Graph Models (ERGMs) to examine the relationship...


Demarcating Spheres of Interaction in the Uplands of Central Arizona with Electron Microprobe Analyses of Phyllite-Tempered Pottery (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Abbott. Caitlin Wichlacz. J. Scott Wood.

Various conflicting ideas pervade debate about how 13th century occupation was organized in the upland zone of central Arizona, which overlooks the Phoenix Basin to the south. Some researchers characterize the upland settlements as subservient and peripheral to the densely packed irrigation-based Hohokam communities along the Salt River. Others, instead, describe the upland populations as independent communities with rich histories of their own. Still others speculate about the extent to which...


The Dynamics of Māori Socio-political Interaction: Social Network Analyses of Obsidian Circulation in Northland Aotearoa (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thegn Ladefoged. Dion O'Neale. Alex Jorgensen. Christopher Stevenson. Mark McCoy.

The Polynesian colonists who settled New Zealand touched off the creation of a type of society not found in remote Oceania. Over the span of several centuries relatively autonomous village-based groups transformed into larger territorial hapū lineages, which later formed even larger geo-political iwi associations. A social network analysis of the spatial and temporal distribution of obsidian artefacts, an important stone resource that was used for a variety of tools, evaluates where and when new...


Early Holocene socio-ecological dynamics in the Iberian Peninsula: a network approach (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sergi Lozano. Luce Prignano. Magdalena Gómez-Puche. Javier Fernández-López de Pablo.

Late Glacial and Early Holocene environmental changes affected different domains of human demography, settlement and subsistence patterns. The variable spatial patterning produced by the prehistoric hunter-gatherers archaeological record, from local bands to larger regional groups, demands new approaches for analysing the multi-scalar nature of human-environmental interactions. In this paper, we present the preliminary results of a long-term research program aimed to decipher the relationship...


Edges of Teamwork in Archaeology:Network Approaches to Excavation Histories (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allison Mickel.

Network science has begun to transform how we view systems of people and objects in the archaeological past, but also provides new insight into how archaeologists collaborate to create the archaeological record. Using two longterm excavations as case studies-- Catalhoyuk in Turkey and the Temple of the Winged Lions in Petra, Jordan-- I demonstrate how network approaches help to visualize and measure teamwork on these archaeological sites. I identify how a person's position in formal site...


An Examination of the Role of San Juan Red Ware Vessels in Social Interaction (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Bischoff.

This paper evaluates the role that San Juan Red Ware played in social interaction. San Juan Red Ware was widely distributed throughout the Four Corners region between ca. A.D. 750 and 1100. Prior research has identified this ware as a marker of identity and established an association with communal feasting. A study of the distribution of this ware indicates that it was traded through specific social networks, which changed through time. While ceramics may profitably be used as stand-ins for...


Generalized Additive Mixed Models for Archaeological Networks (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicolas Gauthier.

This is an abstract from the "Novel Statistical Techniques in Archaeology I (QUANTARCH I)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Distance is a fundamental constraint on human social interaction. This basic principle motivates the use of spatial interaction models for estimating flows of people, information, and resources on spatial and social networks. These models have both valid dynamical​ and​ statistical interpretations, a key strength well supported...


Going Deeper: Can We Use Network Approaches to Reconstruct Memory, Meaning and Emotion? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Collar.

Understanding our past needs more than the long lens of nodes, links, and centrality measures: archaeology is bound to people’s things and people’s places. Although network analysis is concerned with relationships, it has not yet been harnessed to approach the meaning, memory and emotion encoded in our relationships with things and places. We must address this by ensuring that our network analyses incorporate these aspects of lived experience and make meaningful contributions to advancing the...


Human-Material Interactions during the Aurignacian of Europe, 35,000–27,000 BP: An Analysis of Marine Shell Ornament Distribution (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa Rogers.

This research explores dynamic relationships between people and materials during the Aurignacian period of Europe, 35,000-27,000 BP. More specifically, a network analysis is used to determine whether there are discernible patterns in the geographic distribution of marine shells used for the creation of beads and pendants. As early inhabitants of Europe moved across the landscape they came into contact with others and left behind material traces of these interactions. Whether these artifacts came...


Investigating Social Boundaries in Southwestern New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kendall Baller.

Social network analyses provide insight into the strength and weakness of social connections across geographic areas. Discussions in the literature of the Mimbres region in New Mexico have stated that during the Classic period, the Mimbres ceramic tradition is confined to southwestern New Mexico, though this has not been tested with statistical assessments of data. Using ceramic style data from sites within and surrounding the Mimbres region, I investigate the levels of social ‘boundedness’ in...


Ixtepeque Obsidian and the Polity: a Network and Boundary Approach in Southeastern Mesoamerica (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erlend Johnson.

This is an abstract from the "I Love Sherds and Parasites: A Festschrift in Honor of Pat Urban and Ed Schortman" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Edward Schortman and Patricia Urban (2012) borrow theoretical approaches from Bruno Latour (1996), Giddens (1984), and Bourdieu (1977) to highlight networks of shared inter-elite interaction in southeastern Mesoamerica that interpenetrate ethnic and political boundaries. The following paper builds upon...


Mapping Archaeological Research 2004-2013: a network of sources, authors and concepts (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony Sinclair.

Citations data provide an important but under-utilised resource through which to appreciate the structure and relationships of archaeology as a discipline. This data can be visually mapped to present the key structures of scientific disciplines. This poster will present three network maps of archaeological research based on an analysis of citations index data from more than 20,000 archaeological research outputs published between 2004 and 2013 inclusive. Each map contains information on more...


Market Exchange Seen Through the Mist: Network Visualization for Variable Data (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Johnston.

In analyzing micro and mesoscale distribution systems, it is necessary to identify the economic structures and elucidate the socio-economic conditions governing the interaction of agents. Of particular interest in assessing economies of the Late Bronze Age Mediterranean is the potential incorporation of extra-palatial actors in privatized production and non-centralized exchange. Central to this issue is the question of whether marketing activity was extant outside royal jurisdiction, providing...


Meaning, Networks, and Commodity Exchange: A Geographic Information System (GIS) Inter-site Distribution and Network Analysis of Wampum Beads (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meghan Weaver.

This paper will examine the role of wampum in the globally-connected western Great Lakes fur trade, with a focus on Fort St. Joseph, in Niles, Michigan, and the fort's position on the periphery of trade activities in New France. To explore wampum's spatial and temporal boundaries, I sampled data from the archaeological findings of historic sites throughout the Northeast and Midwest regions. GIS spatial analysis provided an alternate method of processing archaeologically-recovered and historic...


Modeling small world networks in the Cyclades (Greece) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Jarriel.

This paper explores how community interaction can be modeled on a local scale using the Early Bronze Age Cyclades (Greece) as a case study. Small worlds—the local, intensive networks of interaction among communities in the Aegean islands—sustained essential ties among small communities that had limited subsistence and few labor resources (Tartaron 2008: 109). By combining material evidence for exchange and ritual deposition, environmental data, and cost-surface analyses of travel time and...


Modelling the Connectivity of Socioeconomic Networks of Copper Production in Ancient Northern Oman (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ioana Dumitru. Joseph W. Lehner. Michael Harrower.

With over 5000 years of production history, Oman was a major ancient source of copper, participating in a trade network that supplied a large part of the ancient world, the extent of which has yet to be fully mapped. As part of the Archaeological Water Histories of Oman (ArWHO) Project, we have been working since 2012 in the Ad-Dhahirah Governorate of Oman to clarify the structure of ancient copper production networks. Methodologically, our investigations employ satellite imagery analysis to map...


Multilayer Networks and Relational Plurality: The Scales and Sources of Social Capital across Southern Appalachia, A.D. 1150–1350 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacob Lulewicz.

The scale and structure of the relationships through which social capital is generated, amassed, and controlled must be understood if we are to evaluate the emergence and evolution of organizationally complex social, political, and economic institutions. At any one point in time however, actors or entities are undoubtedly embedded and engaged in a number of distinct, yet overlapping, relational fields. In this paper I interrogate three networks, representing three separate sets of relationships,...


A Network Model of Co-Rulership and Community Ritual in Teotihuacan: From Neighborhoods to Districts (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tom Froese. Linda Manzanilla.

Experts remain divided about the nature of the sociopolitical system of ancient Teotihuacan, which was one of the earliest and largest urban civilizations of the Americas. Excavations hoping to find compelling evidence of a powerful dynasty of rulers, such as a royal tomb, keep coming away empty-handed. However, the alternative possibility of a corporate or collective government, perhaps headed by a small number of co-rulers, also remains poorly understood. A third option is that the city’s...


Network Models for the Emergence of Transportation Infrastructures in Central Italy (1175/1150─500 BC ca) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sergi Lozano. Luce Prignano. Francesca Fulminante. Ignacio Morer.

The period between the Late Bronze Age and the Archaic Age is a time of change and development in the Italian Peninsula, leading to the formation of the first city-states. In this study, we focused on the Tyrrhenian regions of Latium Vetus and Southern Etruria, by analyzing the emergence of the network of terrestrial routes as it has been inferred from archaeological evidences. Our goal was to explore the mechanisms that shaped the overall structure of these past transportation...


A Network-Based Approach to the Study of Neolithic Pottery Production in the Tavoliere (Apulia, Italy) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kyle Freund. Craig Alexander. Robert Tykot. Keri Brown. Italo Muntoni.

The Tavoliere has one of the densest concentrations of Neolithic settlement in Europe and is known for its wide repertoire of pottery styles. Using network analysis techniques, this study explores Neolithic pottery production in the region by integrating typological analysis with petrography and elemental characterization using portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometry. In doing so, we reveal sets of choices made at multiple stages of the production processes and in turn shed light on the...


Networks of the Dead: exploring patterns of homogeneity and diversity in the precolonial Caribbean using network analysis (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Angus Mol. Hayley Mickleburgh. Menno Hoogland.

The precolonial Caribbean shows great diversity in burial patterns across time and space, making the interpretation of funerary behavior very complex. While some broad trends in funerary practices have been noted, a simple assessment of the frequency of different burial practices in the region reveals a range of body positions and body treatment, as well as burial location, and grave goods. In this paper we use statistical and network explorative approaches to map these variable practices. A...