New Mexico (Other Keyword)

1-24 (24 Records)

Archaeological Investigations at the Double Flute Folsom site (LA178142), New Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anne Parfitt. Kathryn Cross.

This is an abstract from the "The Paleoindian Southwest" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In May 2017, the QUEST Archaeological Research Program (SMU) investigated the Double Flute Folsom site (LA178142) in Socorro County, New Mexico. Intensive surface survey and excavations were performed to determine the nature and extent of Folsom activities, the stratigraphic integrity of archaeological deposits, and their paleoenvironmental context. The site...


Caves of the Badlands: A Geospatial Analysis of Cave Archaeology at El Malpais National Monument (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer McCrackan. Eric Weaver.

The El Malpais National Monument located roughly 100 miles west of Albuquerque, New Mexico, borders the southern part of the San Juan Basin and the southeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau. The extensive geologic history of volcanic activity has created a seemingly hellish volcanic field rightfully named "the badlands" by Spanish explorers. However, the region is in fact home to a rich cultural history that heavily utilizes the natural environment, including its many cave systems. The...


A Comparison of Miniature Pottery Vessels from the Reserve and Mimbres Branches of the Mogollon of Southwestern New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lydia Pittman.

This study will compare the attributes of Miniature Pottery Vessels in the Mimbres and Reserve Branches of the Mogollon Cultural Area. I will focus on their types, forms, decorative elements, traces of use, and depositional context. The vessels will be no more than 10 cm (4") or less in any dimension. This long-term comparison compares the similarities and differences of the vessel’s characteristics in the two regions in the years between A.D. 450 and 1450. This study may yield important data...


Context and Collaboration: The Maxwell's Repatriation to Jemez Pueblo (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Edgar. Christopher Toya.

The Pueblo of Jemez and the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology have been working together since 2007 to document human skeletal remains in preparation for repatriation. Challenges presented in preparing for repatriation included a paucity of field notes and other records, as much of the material came to the Museum from 1930’s field schools, and a loss of information about which burial objects were originally with which burials. Despite these challenges, over 700 individual skeletons have been...


Discovering the Archaeologists of the Americas: Pilot Project (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenneth Aitchison.

SAA has developed a plan to investigate the demographics of the archaeological profession in the Americas, looking to bring together knowledge and advice on how the profession of archaeology (in Cultural Resource Management, academic, government, museum, self-employed, and other contexts) is structured throughout North, South, Central America, and the Caribbean. This proposed Discovering the Archaeologists of the Americas Initiative intends to conduct a series of linked surveys that will gather,...


Exploring the Social and Physical Landscapes of Colonial New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Heather Trigg. Kyle W. Edwards.

Reshaping the settlement landscape is a significant aspect of the colonial encounter in that it provided the ecological context for social interactions. In the American Southwest, the Spaniards’ introduction of Eurasian plants and animals as well as new land use practices had a profound effect on the physical and cultural environment. We use palynological data from a 500-year period that illustrates both the impact of indigenous Pueblo peoples’ engagement with the pre-colonial landscape as well...


Folsom on the Edge of the Plains: Occupation of the Estancia Basin, Central New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Reitze.

At the end of the Pleistocene, during Folsom occupation, the Estancia Basin contained the eastern-most pluvial lake in the American Southwest. The basin has a long history of archaeological research and the story of changing lake levels has played an important part in understand the Paleoindian occupation of the New World. Within the basin, geoarchaeological assessment at the Martin site can be used as a baseline for understanding environmental change during the late Pleistocene. The large well...


From the Global to the Local: Changing Foodways in Colonial New Mexico (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Dawson.

This is a poster submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Previous research on colonial-era foodways in New Mexico has often focused on the arrival and use of Old World foods as a way to maintain a distinct Spanish identity. Early accounts by Spanish colonists indicate that they brought wheat, lentils, melons, and other Old World cultivars with them. While these accounts suggest the colonists were growing these cultivars, previous archaeological...


God's Empire: Ritual, Repression, and Resistance on the Rio Grande, 1300-1848 (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patrick Depret-Guillaume.

This interdisciplinary project evaluates the relationship between Spanish and indigenous religious practices and their respective political objectives in proto-historic and colonial New Mexico. Beginning with a discussion of the emergence of a new religious idiom in the Pueblo world during the fourteenth century CE, I investigate the entanglement of political and economic forces with religion up to the conquest of the region by Anglo-Americans in the mid-1840s. In doing so, I highlight the...


Hard Choices Along the Rio Grande: Piro Trade Networks and Decision-Making During the 1680 Pueblo Revolt (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Evan Giomi.

The Piro Pueblos along the southern Rio Grande did not join with the rebelling Pueblos in the 1680 Pueblo Revolt and instead left New Mexico with the retreating Spanish or migrated to other Pueblos. The events of the Revolt and the circumstances of Spanish colonialism required that the Piro make political decisions such as these. The same was true for the northern Pueblos organizing the Revolt, who decided not to include the Piros as part of the rebellion. For both groups, these decisions were...


Homestead-Era (ca. 1887-1942) Subsistence on the Pajarito Plateau, New Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cyler N. Conrad. Jeremy C Brunette.

Beginning in the 1880s, Hispanic- and Euro-American homesteaders expanded onto the Pajarito Plateau in northern New Mexico. While journals and documentary accounts from visitors and descendants provide insight into the everyday livelihood of these farmers and ranchers, few studies have investigated their shared experience based on examination of physical remains. In this zooarchaeological analysis we identify and quantify the animal remains from several homesteader cabin sites at Los Alamos...


Making Ends Meet in Frontier New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin Hegberg.

In 19th century frontier New Mexico consumer relationships reflected important social networks that were essential to the survival of Hispanic settlements. These relationships played a vital role in the formation and maintenance of modern Hispanic identity during the Mexican and American Territorial Periods. Visually and functionally similar plainware ceramics were produced and used by many different cultural groups on the landscape in New Mexico in the 19th century. Hispanic residents were able...


A Petrographic Analysis of Jemez Black-on-white Pottery from Five Classic Period Sites in the Jemez Province, New Mexico (c. 1350-1700 AD) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Wade Campbell.

Unlike many other ceramic types in the American Southwest, Jemez Black-on-white is commonly regarded as a distinctive locally-made type that remained both stylistically and compositionally unchanged for three centuries. This generally accepted status of Jemez Black-on-white, however, has meant that until recently, little additional work has been done to better understand its origins and development. Here, I present the results of a petrographic analysis of 15 Jemez Black-on-white sherds taken...


Prehistoric Plant Utilization in Southeastern New Mexico: A unique publication merging academic and public interests (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Whitehead.

The investigation of plant use, in southeastern New Mexico, in prehistory has been widely covered, this project continues this tradition by synthesizing and compiling all of the information to date in the region. The Carlsbad Field Office of the Bureau of Land Management, administrators of the Permian Basin Mitigation Program, is sponsoring the publication of a reference book on prehistoric plant use in Southeastern New Mexico. This free text will bring together recent work in radiocarbon...


Reassessing Taos Area Archaeology: What We Still Don’t Understand in 2015 (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kit Nelson. Paul Reed.

Like many areas of the American Southwest, the Greater Taos region has a long history of research, spanning over 100 years. The majority of investigations have focused on either end of the research spectrum. Some being very narrowly centered on specific issues or sites usually resulting from the particular interests of a researcher, while others are very generally focused on data collection resulting from CRM research. This dichotomy of data collection/research has resulted in a highly variable...


Recent Work in Southeast New Mexico by SWCA: The impact of TRU analysis on how we define site boundaries (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Whitehead.

SWCA has performed seven data recovery projects in southeast New Mexico between 2015 and 2016 with TRU (Transect Recording Unit) surface survey, collections and analysis. Notable sites have included an archaic pit house structure, a bedrock mortar site and several coppice and parabolic dune sites. A summary of the excavation work will be presented, focusing on highlights from three of these sites. The results of TRU surface collection and analysis will be presented in conjunction with...


Reconciling Responsibilities: A Case Study from the Galisteo Basin, New Mexico (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Spears. Berenika Byszewski.

What responsibility do archaeologists have in presenting Indigenous perspectives through their interpretations? What would this presentation look like, and what bridges must be built to accommodate differing knowledge sets and perspectives? Using Thornton Ranch Open Space as a case study, we consider the constraints and possibilities of working with/for the interests of descendant communities within the context of contemporary cultural resource management in order to respect various connections...


The Road to Wealth: How the EP & NE Railroad Changed New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel Feit.

The EP & NE rail system in New Mexico was built between1898 and 1903. This railroad system immediately became a critical economic force, opening an uninhabited frontier of deserts and mountain forests to exploitation. The EP & NE system also comprised an immense sociopolitical machine that controlled vast lands, timber and mineral resources, water rights, and towns. This talk discusses the historical context for the railroad, and its impact on the settlement of eastern New Mexico. Archeological...


A Saint Jude’s Box for Zooarchaeologists In the Making (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jun Sunseri.

Taking on graduate students and shepherding them through the harrowing process of becoming PhD’s is something few faculty take lightly. Within the rigorous methodological sub-discipline of Zooarchaeology, even fewer would commit to the requisite long and close apprenticeship with students whose backgrounds lay "outside of the box" of faunal-focused research. Yet, Diane populated her research cluster with a dynamic mixture of scholars from disparate backgrounds, just as she kept the famous...


Searching for the Plaza Vieja: historical archaeology, ground-penetrating radar, and community outreach in Belen, New Mexico (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emily Jones. Jennie O. Sturm. Stephanie Mack. Samuel Sisneros.

This poster describes a collaborative project between archaeologists, historians, and community members to identify the location of the original plaza and associated structures in Belen, New Mexico. Established in 1741, Belen's initial Spanish settlement was near the Rio Grande, but as the city grew, development shifted to the west. By the late 19th century, the original plaza, or Plaza Vieja,  and associated Catholic church were abandoned. Although the Plaza Vieja was occasionally referenced in...


Site analysis and excavation of the Gila River Farm Site in Cliff, New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Conner Awayda. Leslie Aragon.

Archaeology Southwest and the University of Arizona’s Upper Gila Preservation Archaeology (UGPA) field school excavations at the Gila River Farm Site (LA 39315) produced interesting results from the 2016 field season. The Gila River Farm Site is a Cliff Phase (A.D. 1300 – 1450) Salado site located on the first terrace of the Gila River, in southwestern New Mexico. It was recorded by archaeologists in the 1980s but had never been excavated. Although now protected on land owned by the New Mexico...


A Study of Miniature Pottery Vessels in the Mimbres Region (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lydia Pittman.

What role did miniature vessels play in the lives of pit house and pueblo peoples of the ancient American Southwest? Were they toys? were they ritual? what is the evidence of their uses?To begin answering these questions I have complied data to explore the contexts of miniature vessels. This poster explores a case study of Mogollon sites (A.D. 200-1450) from Southwestern New Mexico. In this poster I will discuss traces of the life histories of miniature vessels including where they are found...


To the Four Winds – Identities and Destinies on New Spain’s Far Northern Frontier: the Piro and Tiwa Provinces of New Mexico, c. 1540-1740. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Bletzer.

The roughly 200 years from the Coronado expedition to the reoccupation of the Tiwa pueblo of Sandia (Na-fiat, Tuf Shur Tia) in the 1740s brought unprecedented challenges on two of the largest Puebloan groups, the southern Tiwas and their neighbors, the Piros. Although impact from Spanish encounters and other stressors varied, Piro and Tiwa pueblos were dramatically reduced in number at the time of the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. Decades after the Revolt, the Tiwa pueblos of Isleta (Tue-I) and Sandia...


Weapons of a Spanish Colonial Road: An Analysis of Arms Found at Paraje San Diego, New Mexico (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Van Wandelen.

The Camino Real de Tierra Adentro served as the main conduit of transportation in New Mexico from 1598 until the 1880s, with continued regional use afterwards. Situated in strategic locations along this road were stopping points, called parajes, which travelers used to rest. Parajes are usually described as campsites in literature and less attention is given to the other activities that occurred at these sites. In recent reanalysis of collections from Paraje San Diego, a historical paraje near...