battlefield archaeology (Other Keyword)

1-22 (22 Records)

Archaeological Research at Revolutionary War Battle of Peckuwe (1780) (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Thompson. Kevin Nolan. Mary Swartz. Lance Greene.

This is a poster submission presented at the 2021 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Ball State University and Wright State University are conducting archaeological research at the site of the Revolutionary War Battle of Peckuwe (1780) located in Springfield, Ohio. The largest American Revolution conflict west of the Alleghenies, the ~1200 residents of the Shawnee town of Peckuwe struggled to thwart the attack of a large Kentucky militia force of 1,050 troops led by...


Archaeological Research in the Recovery of WWII MIA's on a Pacific atoll: Tarawa (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Agamemnon Pantel. Mark Noah. Kristen Baker. Chester Walker. Jay Silverstein.

Archaeological research on 538 MIA’s from WWII has been ongoing on the Pacific atoll of Tarawa over the past two years under the auspices of History Flight, an NGO. Tarawa, one of the bloodiest WWII battles in the Pacific, still has hundreds of MIA’s unaccounted for in one of the most densely populated locations on earth. History Flight, with the collaboration of professionals, para-professionals, military volunteers, DOD and the local community have been successful in locating and recovering...


"At this point there was terrible firing, and half of the Englishmen...were slain": The Rearguard Action at the Battle of Brandywine, 11 September 1777 - A comparative dialogic of Captain Ewald's battlefield experience as a function of terrain analysis in battlefield study bridging the semantic and the semiotic of a battlespace. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only kevin michael donaghy.

DRAFT    "At this point there was terrible firing, and half of the Englishmen...were slain": The Rearguard Action at the Battle of Brandywine, 11 September 1777     kevin m. donaghy Temple University Department of Anthropology   ABSTRACT   Battlefield Archaeology has gained new energy in part due to: advances in remote sensing and data management, improved access to primary documents and GIS technologies.  A question arises of whether we can improve our battlefield modeling based on military...


The Battle of the Wabash and The Battle of Fort Recovery: GIS Data Modeling and Landscape Analysis (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Thompson.

Ball State University’s Department of Anthropology has completed five years of archaeological and historical research at the battlefield of the Battle of the Wabash (1791) and the Battle of Fort Recovery (1794), two significant Northwest Indian War battles that took place in present day Fort Recovery, Ohio.  This research was funded by multiple National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program grants and additional university funding. This poster will present the results of this...


The Battle of the Wabash and The Battle of Fort Recovery: Public Interpretation and Education (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Thompson. Kevin Nolan.

Ball State University’s Department of Anthropology has completed six years of archaeological and historical research at the battlefield of the Battle of the Wabash (1791) and the Battle of Fort Recovery (1794), two significant Northwest Indian War battles that took place in present day Fort Recovery, Ohio. Research was funded by multiple National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program grants. We present the public interpretation results of this research, specifically the use of: 1)...


The Battle of Turners Falls: Historical Trauma and the Legacy of King Philip’s War (1675-1677) (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley A. Bissonnette. Kevin A. McBride.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Historical Memory, Archaeology, And The Social Experience Of Conflict and Battlefields" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. King Philip’s War was the most devastating conflict in American history proportional to the population. Thousands of Native people died from disease, starvation, and battlefield deaths, and the survivors abandoned the region or were placed on reservations that were a fraction of their...


The Battlefield Archaeology of Domestic Sites: Wartime Production during the Pequot War (1636- 1637) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gina Dezi. Kevin McBride.

The Calluna Hill Site (59-73) is a small Pequot Village burned down by the English allied forces during their withdrawal from the Battle of Mystic Fort. Recent excavations and metal detector surveys indicate the site was occupied for only a few weeks prior to its destruction on May 26, 1637. The site’s setting and faunal assemblage suggests the site was re-located away from the coast in anticipation of an English attack on Pequot territory. The artifact assemblage of re-processed brass and iron...


Battlefields of the Pequot War (1636-1637) (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kevin McBride. David Naumec.

Conflict archaeology can offer a unique perspective into the nature and evolution of warfare in Native American and Euro-American societies in colonial contexts and how these societies shaped warfare and were in turn shaped by them. The Battlefields of the Pequot War Project, funded by the National Park Service American Battlefield Protection Program, seeks to move beyond documentation of battle-related objects associated with Pequot War battlefields and place the conflict in a broader cultural...


Black Pioneers, Indigenous Turncoats, and Confederate Officers: A Microhistory of the Oregon Territory’s Rogue River War, 1855-56 (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark A. Tveskov.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Historical Memory, Archaeology, And The Social Experience Of Conflict and Battlefields" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The historical memory of the Oregon Territory was crafted in memoirs published in newspapers around the turn of the 20th century. These narratives minimized the complexity of the events, smoothed over the contradictions and genocidal violence of settler colonialism, and erased the...


Camp of the 6th New York Volunteer Infantry and the Battle of Santa Rosa Island, Florida (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William B. Lees.

In October of 1861 the camp of the 6th New York Volunteer Infantry was surprised and routed and the Battle of Santa Rosa Island ensued. Confederates destroyed the camp before being pushed off the island by regulars from nearby Fort Pickens. Research at the site was kicked off by an RPA-certified Advanced Metal Detecting for the Archaeologist training hosted by the University of West Florida, Florida Public Archaeology Network. Results expanded on the understanding of the site developed after the...


Closing the Loop: The Civil War Battle of Honey Springs, Creek Nation, 1863 (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William B. Lees.

The Oklahoma Historical Society conducted metal detector survey of the Civil War Battle of Honey Springs, Creek Nation (Oklahoma) in the 1990s. A variety of papers between 1995 and 2002 reported on different aspects of this research, but I present a comprehensive archaeological treatment of the battle here for the first time. Results show the battle to have been a series of three engagements over several miles, with a distinctly different signature at each of the three conflict locations. This...


Collecting Ancient Fields: Adapting conflict archaeology to a Roman context. (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joanne E Ball.

In the last three decades, the methodologies developed within conflict archaeology have contributed to the exploration of sites far beyond the temporal boundaries of the C19th as imagined in its initial phases. However, methodological difficulties begin to emerge in extending the discipline to conflict pre-dating the introduction of blackpowder weapons. However, existing methodologies can be adapted around the archaeological characteristics of conflict in much earlier periods. This paper...


Finding the Right Spot: Utilizing Historic Maps, Period Imagery, and Archaeological Data to Identify Aircraft Crash Sites within the Larger Battlefield Landscape (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dane Magoon.

Identifying aircraft crash sites is a critical component of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency. This paper uses several examples of aircraft crash incidents and illustrates the contextual use of multiple lines of data, such as historic imagery, GPS, period maps, and GIS for the effective location of individual crash sites across the greater battlefield landscape. This effort is undertaken to help address the goals associated with DPAA's greater mission: the return of missing...


I Tell My Heart to Go Ahead: The 369th Infantry Regiment as a Model for Black First World War Archaeology (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joel A Cook.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Reckoning with Violence" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. To be an African American soldier during the First World War was to be a walking contradiction. Jim Crow laws and white supremacist terrorism tormented black families on the homefront while black men, one generation removed from legal slavery, fought and died for the American cause on the battlefields of France. The African American community prayed...


Landscapes of Battle and the Search for the Missing (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kimberly A {PhD} Maeyama. Megan E {PhD} Ingvoldstad.

The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) is the governmental entity tasked with the investigation, recovery, identification, and accounting for U.S. military members that have gone missing during conflict, while in service. This effort follows stringent scientific archaeologically-based protocols and practices, proving some degree of success especially for the resolution of incidents involving single-event site types such as aircraft crashes or burials. The archaeologist faces a challenging,...


Penetrating the Old Woman's Gun: A GPR and artifact analysis of a Mexican American War battlefield site (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jennifer Stuck. Claudio Carini. Beatrice Villagomez. Jerry Moore.

This paper will address the validity of the claim that the Battle of Rancho Dominguez (Battle of Old Woman’s Gun) took place on the lower terrace of the Rancho Dominguez. In the summer of 1846, the US military took control of Los Angeles. Soon after, the Mexican Army was able to regain the city. Captain Mervine, of the US military, landed his troops in San Pedro hoping to regain Los Angeles. Folk history tells of Captain Mervine’s troops being besieged in the early hours by Californios, wielding...


Prediction of Human Remains Distribution within WWII Bombardment Aircraft Crash Sites (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Owen L O'Leary.

Examination of eight WWII bombardment aircraft loss incidents previously resolved by the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) has allowed for the creation of a model that predicts where human remains can be expected to be recovered from within a crash scene based upon each crew member’s duty station. This paper details where each individual was found in relation to the aircraft wreckage at the crash sites, including those criteria for a case to be included in the model and how hypotheses...


A Proposed Methodology for Elemental Analysis using portable X-Ray Fluorescence on Lead (Pb) Projectiles (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael A Seibert. Daniel Elliott. Philip Ashlock.

As the field of battlefield archaeology continues to evolve, adopting new techniques and technologies, it is important that we as a community strive to collaborate, share, and develop standards for which to compare research. The introduction of pXRF technology to source lead projectiles, differentiating their country of origin by trace elements, was presented in 2014 and created a wave of interest in the technology. Unfortunately, this recent fervor has resulted in projects with varied...


Reconstructing the French Assault on Fort Necessity using Metal Detection (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike Whitehead. Ben L. Ford.

This paper presents the results of recent metal detection surveys conducted by Indiana University of Pennsylvania at Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Fayette County, Pennsylvania.  Fort Necessity was a hastily fortified storehouse located within a historically significant landscape known as Great Meadows.  On July 3 1754, British Colonial forces led by George Washington defended Fort Necessity against a small army of French soldiers and French-allied Native Americans.  The Battle of Fort...


Reinterpreting the Battle of Cowpens, 1781 (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Seibert.

In August 2015, the Southeast Archeological Center undertook a large-scale systematic survey of the core battlefield and surrounding environs of Cowpens National Battlefield. The survey covered over 50 acres using Federal and State archaeologists in conjunction with volunteers from throughout the southeastern United States. The project nearly doubled the footprint of the battle, in addition to uncovering several artifacts that are key to interpreting troop movements and actions across the...


A Report on Recent Archaeology Projects at Fort Necessity National Battlefield (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike Whitehead. Ben L. Ford.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield commemorates the July 3, 1754 confrontation between British Colonial forces led by Lt. Col. George Washington, and an army of French soldiers and allied Native Americans in present day Fayette County, Pennsylvania.  Although Fort Necessity was little more than a hastily fortified storehouse, the resulting engagement was a significant event in the life of Washington and was a prelude to the French and Indian War.  This paper presents a summary of ongoing...


WWII Battlefield Archaeology of Tarawa (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristen Baker.

A central tenant of military philosophy is "adapt, improvise, and overcome". Navigating battlefields requires constant adaptation to dynamic surroundings due to the interplay of several variables such as 1) pre-existing landscape and terrain, 2) enemy defenses, 3) enemy opposing forces, and 4) friendly and enemy fire. To successfully navigate the archaeology of a historic or prehistoric battlefield, archaeologists must attempt to understand the variables (such as those listed) that contributed...