Slave trade (Other Keyword)

1-13 (13 Records)

The African Diaspora in West Africa: The Atlantic Slave Trade and Colonial Eras on the Gambia River (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Liza Gijanto.

The Gambia River was an active site of the Atlantic slave trade and British efforts to legitimize trade in the 19th century.  African peoples were brought from the Gold Coast and Sierra Leone as part of different commercial and colonial ventures while others were sent to the Americas as enslaved. Geographically part of the African Diaspora as both a site of departure and settlement, this paper explores African populations resettled along the river as slaves and liberated Africans in the 18th and...


BACK AND FORTH ALONG THE EASTERN SLAVE ROUTE. Archaeological traces of long-distance trafficking. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson. Torun Zachrisson.

With the expansion of the Eastern trade route during the 9th and 10th centuries a regular contact with the markets of the Muslim world was established. Long-distance trafficking of slaves became an important commodity. It was a high risk venture that required a new level of organisation, control and logistics. The full extent of the trafficking is not known but it included moving people and goods in both ways along a route that offered little infrastructure and difficult terrain. Trafficking of...


Blackbeard's Beads: An Analysis And Comparison of Glass Trade Beads From The Shipwreck 31CR314 (BUI0003) Queen Anne's Revenge Site Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kimberly Urban.

In 1717, the French slaver La Concorde de Nantes was captured by pirates and renamed the Queen Anne’s Revenge (QAR). It is believed that the pirates removed the enslaved Africans before taking the ship. However, some scholars believe the pirates sold the slaves in North Carolina. One marker of a ships involvement in the slave trade are beads. Physical examination of beads is used to determine the date and country of manufacture and used to correlate a ships involvement in the trade. Thus far,...


The Distribution of Cowrie Shells in Colonial Virginia (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barbara Heath.

Cowrie shells (Cypraea moneta and Cypraea annulus) have been found in historic contexts associated with African enslavement on New World sites in the Caribbean, the American South, the Middle Atlantic, and the Northeast. Historical archaeologists have come to see these tiny shells as generally indicative of African presence and as specific evidence of spirituality at the sites where they are recovered. In this paper, I examine the role of cowrie shells in the global economies of the 17th, 18th,...


The Influence of the Slave Trade on Atlantic Shipbuilding (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tiago M Fraga. George Schwarz. Stephen Lubkemann.

Although the history and archaeology of slavery has been well researched, relatively few studies have focused on the design, construction, and use of slave ships. The slave trade introduced new social elements and cultural exchange and created networks of global communication which, after the abolition of slavery, grew into complex international trade systems. The study of slave ships allows us to not only better understand the mechanisms behind this social phenomena, but also brings to light a...


Inhambane/Inhafoco and Mozambique Ilha/Mossuril: Maritime Archaeological Approaches toTwo Mozambican Slaving Landscapes (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ricardo Duarte. Yolanda P Duarte. Stephen Lubkemann.

This paper reports on the ongoing integrated maritime and terrestrial archaeological investigation of two prominent slaving landscapes that represent different experiences in Mozambique’s millennium- long experience of being shaped by Indian Ocean, intra-African, and Transatlantic slave trades. Mozambique Island developed in part around slaving (to the Levante) in the 9th century, and rose to become an epicenter of slaving across the Atlantic as well starting in the late 18th century. In...


Life after Retirement – Lending a Helping Hook to the QAR Project (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark U. Wilde-Ramsing.

Having directed the highly visible and dynamic Queen Anne’s Revenge Shipwreck Project for fifteen years, it seems that completely cutting ties when I retired wasn’t quite possible. First, came with on-going research and interpretation of the QAR bells with my son’s help. Second was an extension of my ties with marine geologists, who bring to bear ever-improving sonar, positioning, and computer technologies, to view how QAR wreckage is faring on the seabed. More recently, my work with a cultural...


The Maritime Archaeology of Slave Ships: Overview, Assessment and Prospectus (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Glickman. Dave Conlin.

In one of the most consequential historical processes in global history, over a period of approximately 300 years, more than 12 million enslaved persons were stolen from their homelands in Africa and forcibly placed in the new world.  The maritime technology utilized for this shameful trade developed rapidly driven by market forces, while the physical characteristics of ships designed to transport slaves changed over time due to economic, cultural and historical constraints. This presentation...


Port of Badagary, a Point of No Return: Investigation of Maritime Slave Trade in Nigeria (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adewale Oyediran.

Two Danish ships that wrecked at Cahuita Point in Costa Rica carried many slaves of Yoruba ethnicity from a geographic locale in the vicinity modern day Nigeria in Africa. Danish Company records reveal that in addition, to human cargoes of around 400 slaves each, one ship included 4,000 pounds and the other 7, 311 pounds of ivory.  Founded in 1425 A.D., the port city of Badagry played a strategic role in both the transatlantic slave and ivory trade. Maritime Cultural Landscape Theory is a useful...


Searching for Guerrero in Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew S. Lawrence. Brenda Altmeier. Kamau Sadiki.

Spurred by Guerrero’s tragic end and its cultural heritage value, researchers have searched for archaeological remains in Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) and John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park that bring the story to life. Magnetic and diver surveys by the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Society, RPM Nautical Foundation, FKNMS Submerged Resource Inventory Team and Diving With a Purpose (DWP) investigated shallow reefs surrounding Turtle Harbor and located numerous shipwrecks and...


The Slave Trade in the Gulf of Mexico: The Potential for Furthering Research through the Archaeology of Shipwrecked Slave Ships (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Moore.

For more than 300 years, the slave trade transported human cargo to slave markets along the American Atlantic and Gulf coasts, and throughout the Caribbean. In 1808, Congress banned the slave trade throughout the U.S., although smuggling, especially in the Gulf of Mexico, continued for another half-century. While thousands of slave ship voyages have been documented, only a few slave ships have ever been investigated archaeologically worldwide. In the Gulf of Mexico, an untold number of vessels...


The Slave Wrecks Project Digital Archive: Progress and Prospects (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael C Smith.

The Slave Wrecks Project (SWP) Digital Archive is a multi-level relational database designed to facilitate research on slaver shipwrecks and their context. Its toolset allows researchers to quickly access information on ships, people and places involved in the slave trade. Currently the dataset contains information on over 1,000 slaver wrecks and draws data from a wide variety of sources, including: the Transatlantic Slave Trade Database; Digital Newspaper Archives in Denmark, the Netherlands,...


To Give Chase Once Again. The Development of A National Park Service (NPS) Research Design In Search Of The Pirate-Slaver Guerrero In Biscayne National Park. (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua L. Marano.

While the location of the engagement between HMS Nimble and Guerrero is generally known as Carysfort Reef, the historic delineation of this particular reef is not well defined, leaving the precise location of the wrecking event a mystery. Historical evidence provides insight into a possible archaeological signature of the series of mishaps immediately following the wrecking of Guerrero that may provide clues to its exact location. While previous research has focused south of Biscayne National...