mariculture (Other Keyword)

1-4 (4 Records)

Ancient Clam Gardens and Ecological Enhancement on Northern Quadra Island, BC (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ginevra Toniello. Dana Lepofsky. Kirsten Rowell.

Clam gardens, anthropogenic rock-walled terraces built at the lowest intertidal, are part of an ancient system of mariculture of the Indigenous people of the Northwest Coast of North America. The construction of clam gardens increased shellfish production by increasing ideal clam habitat and creating substrate preferred for clam growth. On Northern Quadra Island, where there is a dense concentration of clam gardens, we assess bivalve productivity of clam gardens by 1) calculating how much clam...

Ancient Clam Gardens: Exploring Cultural and Ecological Mechanisms that Enhanced Clam Production (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Natasha Salter. Amy Groesbeck. Kirsten Rowell. Anne Salomon.

Emerging evidence suggests that Northwest Coast First Nations sustained and enhanced shellfish production through features known as clam gardens, intertidal rock-walled terraces, built in the late Holocene. Experiments and surveys have revealed that clam gardens are 2-4 times more productive than non-modified clam beaches, supporting greater densities, biomass, and higher growth rates of important clam species. While heightened productivity within clam gardens is partly attributable to the...

Caught Between a Rock and a Soft Place: Using Optical Dating to Date Ancient Clam gardens on the Pacific Northwest (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina Neudorf. Nicole Smith. Dana Lepofsky. Ginevra Toniello. Olav Lian.

Rock-walled archaeological features are notoriously hard to date, largely because of the absence of organic material for radiocarbon dating. This study demonstrates the efficacy of dating clam garden walls using optical dating, and uses optical ages to determine how sedimentation rates in the intertidal zone are affected by their construction. Clam gardens are rock-walled, intertidal terraces that were constructed and maintained by coastal First Nation peoples to increase bivalve habitat and...

Oyster Mariculture on Florida’s Northern Gulf Coast: The Intensification of a Ritual Economy (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Jenkins.

Subsistence intensification among small-scale societies results from myriad circumstances, some of which involve demands that go beyond the scale of household production and consumption. The creation and use of ritual facilities, for instance, often entail large gatherings of persons that require provisioning. On the northern Gulf Coast of Florida, civic-ceremonial centers with elaborate mortuary facilities were established at about A.D. 200. A well-established subsistence economy of fish,...