Western Stemmed Tradition (Other Keyword)

1-11 (11 Records)

3D Geometric Morphometry of Western Stemmed Projectile Points from the Columbia River Plateau (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Loren Davis. Alex Nyers. Daniel Bean.

We describe a digital 3D geometric morphometry approach that employs GIS-based routines to extract information about the form of Western Stemmed Tradition projectile points from sites located in the Columbia River Plateau of the Pacific Northwest. These data are used to describe a number of novel morphometric measures and to compare the design characteristics of regional early stemmed projectile points. We explore issues of artifact use, rejuvenation and repair and how these aspects can be...


Bear Creek (45KI839) Data Recovery Investigation and the Paleoarchaic Settlement of the South Salish Sea during the Late Pleistocene-Holocene Transition (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Kopperl. Kenneth M. Ames. Christian Miss.

The Bear Creek site (45KI839) in Washington State’s central Puget lowland is among the earliest lithic artifact-bearing, professionally excavated archaeological sites on the Pacific coast between Haida Gwaii and the Santa Barbara Channel. Data recovery excavations in 2013 provided an unprecedented view of Native American settlement in a rapidly changing coastal lowland setting during the Late Pleistocene-Holocene (LPH) transition. We summarize the results of these excavations and attendant...


Bear Creek and the Pacific Northwest Western Stemmed Tradition (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charlotte Beck. Amanda Taylor.

The lithic assemblage from Bear Creek (45KI839), a late Pleistocene-early Holocene site in King County, Washington, is representative of the Western Stemmed Tradition (WST), likely the oldest lithic tradition in most areas west of the Rocky Mountains. It is followed in the Pacific Northwest by the Olcott Tradition. Although some argue that Olcott represents an intrusion from Alaska, archaeological evidence supports in situ development from the WST. In the Great Basin the WST is biface oriented,...


Dating the Western Stemmed Tradition in the Northern Great Basin (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dennis Jenkins.

This is an abstract from the "Current Perspectives on the Western Stemmed Tradition-Clovis Debate in the Far West" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recent University of Oregon investigations at the Paisley and Connley Caves have resulted in 300+ radiocarbon ages including coprolites with human DNA. Earliest human occupations have been established at the Paisley Caves by stone tool cut marks on bone dated to 12,380 ± 70 14C yr B.P. Western Stemmed...


The Emerging Picture of Human Occupation at the Cooper's Ferry Site During the Bølling-Allerød Interstadial (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Loren Davis.

This is an abstract from the "Current Perspectives on the Western Stemmed Tradition-Clovis Debate in the Far West" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological excavations conducted from 2009-2018 at the Cooper's Ferry site in west-central Idaho revealed a long record of repeated human occupation encompassing the late Pleistocene to early Holocene periods. Lithostratigraphic unit 3 (LU3) is a loess deposit found near the bottom of the site that...


Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Occupations on the Sierra Army Depot in Honey Lake Valley, California (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Lenzi. William Bloomer. Zygmunt Osiecki.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2021: General Sessions" session, at the 86th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recent archaeological testing at three sites on the Sierra Army Depot in Honey Lake Valley recovered several Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene artifacts. Obsidian hydration rim measurements on tools and debitage display remarkably thick hydration rinds (~9.0-11.0 microns) and confirm very early occupations. Results of X-ray fluorescence sourcing reveal a...


Microarchaeological Approaches to the Identification of the Younger Dryas in the Northern Great Basin (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin Holcomb. Lisa-Marie Shillito. Alicia Sawyer. Karl Wegmann. Panagiotis Karkanas.

This is an abstract from the "Far West Paleoindian Archaeology: Papers from the Next Generation" session, at the 86th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Younger Dryas Chronozone (YDC) is a cooling event occurring 12,900–11,600 years ago (cal BP) marked by rapid changes in plant and animal communities, subsequently affecting late Pleistocene human population organization and settlement dynamics across the globe. In North America’s Northern Great Basin, these changes...


New Excavations at an Old Site: Reevaluation of Chronology and Subsistence at the Connley Caves (35LK50), Lake County, Oregon (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katelyn McDonough. Dennis Jenkins.

The Connley Caves are composed of eight rockshelters eroded into a south-facing ridge of welded tuff, rhyolite and fine-grained basalt in the Fort Rock Basin of central Oregon. The caves contain deeply buried and well-stratified sediments dating to the late Pleistocene-early Holocene. Excavations directed by Stephen Bedwell in the late 1960s recovered many lithic artifacts and intriguing radiocarbon dates of 10,600±190 14C yr B.P. and 11,200±200 14C yr B.P. Bedwell’s interpretations of the...


Radiocarbon Chronology of the Western Stemmed Tradition on the Columbia Plateau (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny Gilmour. Thomas Brown. Paul Solimano. Kenneth Ames.

The Western Stemmed Tradition (WST) is an early cultural phase on the Columbia Plateau of Western North America. Much of the seminal work establishing the timeframe of WST is now decades old and suffers from imprecise dating. In this poster, we review previously compiled data, update stratigraphic interpretations, and model existing radiocarbon assays within a Bayesian framework. Preliminary results indicate that WST on the Columbia Plateau is at least coeval with Clovis and spanned at least...


Reevaluation of Site Chronology, Subsistence, and Unifacial Lithic Technology at the Connley Caves (35LK50), Lake County, Oregon (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dennis Jenkins. Joshua Ziegler.

The Connley Caves are a series of rockshelters and caves eroded into a south-facing ridge of Miocene welded tuff, rhyolite and fine-grained basalt in the Fort Rock Basin of Oregon. Initially excavated by Stephen Bedwell in 1967-68, their deeply stratified late Pleistocene-early Holocene deposits produced rich lithic and faunal assemblages potentially associated with earliest radiocarbon ages of 10,600±190 and 11,200±200. The Connley Caves data played a major role in the development of Bedwell’s...


Western Stemmed Occupations of the Northern Great Basin (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dennis Jenkins.

Recent research into the chronology and character of Western Stemmed Tradition occupations at the Paisley and Connley Caves provides new insight into the settlement-subsistence patterns and social organization of the period >13,000 to 9000 cal. BP. Human populations may have been larger, more social, and territorially constrained than previously envisioned. Long distance movement of obsidian artifacts across the landscape probably reflect brief population agglomerations (festivals) scheduled to...