Jamestown (Other Keyword)

1-25 (30 Records)

1607 to 1619: An Examination of Change over Time at James Fort (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny W. Schmidt. Lisa E. Fischer.

Within the first few weeks of landing on Jamestown Island in the spring of 1607 the colonists set about constructing a triangular palisaded fort. At first tents served to house the colonists, and to shelter their place of worship. Slowly but surely with the first public buildings, the storehouse and the church, more permanent structures began to rise. The interior of the fort would see many changes during these years, both reflected in the documentary record as well as the archaeological record....


A 1611 Blockhouse and Earthworks for the Protection of Cattle: Virginia’s Earliest Bovine Husbandry, near Jamestown (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alain C. Outlaw.

From the earliest years of the English colonization of Virginia, Bos taurus played a significant role in settlement as a source of meat, dairy products, and draft power. Following the "Starving Time" winter of 1609/1610, when everything wild and domestic that could be eaten was consumed, including human flesh, on-the-hoof animals, as opposed to barreled beef, entered the colony.  These animals soon were being taken by Native Americans.  Thus, upon his arrival in May 1611, Sir Thomas Dale ordered...


An analysis of the Jamestown diet (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle Carpenter.

Our current knowledge of the historic fort of Jamestown in Virginia has developed through interpretation of the archaeological record and historical documents. The success of all colonies in the New World depended on the integral ability to produce food. Prior to developing a stable food source, the colonists at Jamestown relied heavily on those provisions they brought with them from England. We can learn about these provisions from ship manifests, colonists’ diaries, and inventory lists....


The Angela Site (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Givens.

2019 marks the 400th anniversary of the first representative government in the New World and the arrival of first Africans to the emerging colony. To mark this poignant moment in history, the Jamestown Rediscovery team in partnership with the National Park Service began excavations at the site of one of the first Africans in English North America.  Arriving on the Treasurer in 1619, one of these first Africans, "Angela" is listed as living with prominent planter and merchant Captain William...


The Angela Site: Exploring Race, Diversity, and Community in EarlyJamestown (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lee McBee. L. Chardé Reid.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Northeast Region National Park Service Archeological Landscapes and the Stories They Tell" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation in cooperation with the National Park Service, Colonial National Historical Park is investigating the life of one of the first African women forcibly brought to English North America in 1619. The current archaeology project builds on nearly a century...


The Archaeological Context of the 1617 Church Excavations (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Givens.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Excavating the Foundations of Representative Government: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Historical Archaeology." , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In 2016, the Jamestown Rediscovery team began excavations inside the 1907 Memorial Church with the intentions of locating and contextualizing the location of the oldest continuous law-making body in the Western Hemisphere. In anticipation of the construction of...


Charting Intention: Place and Power on Virginia’s Earliest Maps (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jamie E. May.

Nothing makes the intentions and aspirations of a colonizing enterprise more apparent than the maps and charts of the spaces they seek to control, particularly their choices of which geographic and cultural features to represent or assign the power of a name. Because of the obvious value as primary documents, a small handful of maps relating to Virginia in the early contact period are used by historians, anthropologists and archaeologists to place and interpret sites and features on the...


Conservation of the Knights Tomb (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dan Gamble.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Excavating the Foundations of Representative Government: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Historical Archaeology." , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology.                 In 1627, a gravestone was laid over the remains of Sir George Yeardley, who served as Governor of Virginia during the meeting of the first legislative assembly in 1619. Called the Knight’s Tomb, this stone was unique, being one of the first of...


Democracy, Diversity, and Race: Interpreting humanities to the public through context of place at Jamestown (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jamie E. May. Michael Lavin. Bill Haley.

Jamestown Rediscovery’s museum and exhibits center on archaeological discoveries in and around 1607 James Fort, the first permanent English settlement in the new world. In addition, Jamestown is notable as the meeting place of the first representative government, the arrival of enslaved Africans, and for Virginia Indians. While the locations where these historic events took place do not change, the landscape often does, thus providing challenges to the communication of cultural concepts on the...


A Detailed Analysis of the Dentition of Jamestown’s First Settlers (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin Levin. D. Joshua Cohen. Barry Pass. David Givens. Michael Lavin.

Archaeologists and an interdisciplinary team of researchers are studying the skull and dentition of a 15-year-old boy (1225B) who appears to have been the victim of a battle with Native Americans during the initial settlement at Jamestown in 1607. Specimens recovered from the boy’s teeth and jaws yield clues about diet and other aspects of daily life in the 17th century.Detailed study of the remains began with the morphological and temporal study of the skull and teeth using Cone-Beam computed...


Hidden Meaning: A Catholic Reliquary in an Anglican World (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Merry Outlaw.

More than one hundred human burials have been excavated at Jamestown over the past 20 years, and thus far, few have contained grave goods.  The discovery of a small box on top of Captain Gabriel Archer’s coffin was, therefore, surprising to archaeologists.  Extensive scientific testing determined the box is silver and contains human bone and a lead ampulla.  It is a Catholic reliquary, a container to store holy relics—the bones of a saint, and a vial of holy water or blood of a saint.  This...


High Frequency Ground-Penetrating Radar Survey in the Jamestown Church: Mapping Structural Elements and Human Burial Orientation (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Leach.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Excavating the Foundations of Representative Government: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Historical Archaeology." , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Ongoing investigations at the Jamestown Church include novel implementation of high-frequency (2.3GHz to 2.7GHz) GPR antennas to generate high-resolution and non-invasive subsurface data. The main targets were: 1) a potentially high-status Euro-American burial...


Holy Ground: The 1608 Church and Chancel Excavations at James Fort (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Givens.

During the 2010 and 2013 field seasons, Jamestown Rediscovery archaeologists excavated the remains of the sites first substantial church (1608 – 1617) and the remains of four individuals buried within the chancel. The dimensions and location of this "pretty chapel" as noted by secretary of the colony William Strachey matched the post-in-ground structure found by Rediscovery archaeologists in 2010. Additionally, the location of the building closely aligns with a cross-like symbol drawn on a ca....


"It’s not about us": Exploring Race, Community, and Commemoration at the "Angela Site" on Jamestown Island, Virginia. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only L. Chardé Reid.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Community Archaeology in 2020: Conventional or Revolutionary?" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. This paper explores the complex relationship between making African Diaspora history and culture visible at Historic Jamestowne, a setting that has historically been seen as “white”. The four hundredth anniversary of the forced arrival of Africans in Virginia has created a fraught space to examine African American...


Jamestown 1619: Representation, Religion, and Race (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James P Horn.

The sweeping reforms of 1618-1619 introduced by Sir Edwin Sandys and the Virginia Company of London transformed Virginia and subsequently had an enormous influence on the evolution of British America. Most historians have failed to comprehend the significance of the reforms and what they portended, either because they have adopted the dominant narrative that revolves around Edmund Morgan’s paradox of slavery in the midst of freedom or because they have written off Jamestown as a colossal failure...


Jamestown and New Orleans: Landscapes, Entrepots and Global Currents (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Kelso.

This presentation compares early English Jamestown and early French New Orleans, apparent historical apples and oranges, but in reality founded and developed in parallel ways. Established a century apart and by two European cultures, Jamestown and New Orleans went through similar rites of passage to establish a social and economic outpost at a safe distance from Spanish settlements. More specifically, the paper first reviews the Jamestown texts and artifacts that have revealed the townscape of...


Jamestown at Home: Enhanced Digital Outreach amidst the Pandemic (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa E. Fischer. Cynthia J. Deuell. Caroline E. Gardiner. Erica G. Moses.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Adaptation and Alteration: The New Realities of Archaeology during a Pandemic" , at the 2021 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant changes to daily life, forcing many cultural organizations that rely on public visitation to reorient their engagement efforts amidst site closures. Suddenly, communicating with audiences through the web and social media became even more vital. At the same...


Leaving a Mark: An Analysis of Graphite at Jamestown (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Anna R. Hartley.

Excavations at the 1607 James Fort site have recovered several pieces of high-quality vein graphite not local to Virginia. Many examples were shaped for use as pencils, but the majority was brought to Jamestown as raw nodules.  Tight dating of the graphite found at Jamestown offers new insight into the form in which graphite was sold in London during the early 17th century and into early graphite pencil use. Drawing upon archaeological and documentary evidence, this paper examines the graphite’s...


Making The Jamestown Video (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Roni H. Polk.

In 1984, "Historical Archeology at Jamestown-A Legacy" was written, produced and directed by the presenter as part of a Masters thesis in Anthropology at the College of William and Mary in Virginia.  Preparation for the project included documentary research, correspondence with people who had worked at Jamestown in the past, preparation of interview questions, writing a grant application to the college for videotape, and arrangements to use the video equipment there to edit the interviews into a...


The Prospects Look Good: A View into 10 Ranching and Mining Sites on Nellis Air Force Range (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Vikki P. Allen. Christopher L. Harper. Michael S. Kelly. Robin E. McMullen. Suzan F. Rose.

The Nellis Air Force Range contains numerous historic und prehistoric archaeological resources, many in an excellent state of preservation due to protection offered by Federal ownership and limited access. Ten of these historic sites, consisting of historic ranching and mining complexes, were selected for recordanon and photography to provide the Air Force with detailed information on current condition, data potential, and conservation and management needs, as well as to provide information on...


Risk Assessment of Archaeological Sites Using Lidar: Sea level Rise Modeling at Jamestown Island, VA (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Chartrand.

Jamestown Island contains low-lying terrain with archaeological sites, known and unknown, threatened by sea level rise.  Using data acquired from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) was created using a Light Detection and Ranging Remote Sensing technique (LIDAR) to identify cultural sites and assist in planning for cultural remediation. Four scenarios of sea level rise modeling were created based on historic trends and projected environmental events...


Secrets Stashed in Dental Impacta: Best Practices (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Scott Cummings. R. A. Varney.

Material from the root canal of a teen male from Jamestown was removed for study including microscopic analysis.  Examination of the material, transported on sealed slides to PaleoResearch Institute, yielded starches, fungal hyphae, pollen, and fibers.  Options for safe transport and transfer of materials to working microscope slides are discussed.  Principals of microscopy, including having no air in the working light path between the microscope slide and the coverslip, are important to...


The state of the Jamestown Collection: Preparing for 2019 and the future (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leah Stricker.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Excavating the Foundations of Representative Government: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Historical Archaeology." , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Over the past four years, Jamestown Rediscovery staff has been working towards the anniversary year of 1619 by developing research initiatives to further understand the beginnings of democracy and slavery. While this work occurred, providing support for ongoing...


Telling Multiple Jamestown Stories: Using Technology to Engage Guests with James Fort, 1619, and Beyond (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa E. Fischer.

Technology opens up new opportunities for multi-layered interpretations of historical and archaeological sites. Applications, such as interactive websites maps, smartphone apps, 3D models, and virtual reality, can enable visitors to explore different narratives and see how sites changed over time in ways that are more challenging within a static museum landscape. Jamestown Rediscovery is exploring different technological approaches—both online and on-site—for engaging guests not only with the...


Thinking Inside the Box: The Use of Micro CT for Archaeological Analysis (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Lavin. David Givens.

Modern science is helping to solve mysteries from 400 year old contexts at Jamestown. Micro Computed Tomography allows conservators and archaeologists to analyze artifacts in 3D without disturbing the integrity of the object. A high tech investigation was performed on a silver box, recovered from atop a coffin, which revealed the objects held within. Another artifact, metallic fringe, was discovered inside an anthropomorphic coffin. This object had been placed on the individual’s upper torso,...