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Jamestown (Other Keyword)

1-20 (20 Records)

1607 to 1619: An Examination of Change over Time at James Fort (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Danny W. Schmidt. Lisa E. Fischer.

Within the first few weeks of landing on Jamestown Island in the spring of 1607 the colonists set about constructing a triangular palisaded fort. At first tents served to house the colonists, and to shelter their place of worship. Slowly but surely with the first public buildings, the storehouse and the church, more permanent structures began to rise. The interior of the fort would see many changes during these years, both reflected in the documentary record as well as the archaeological record....


A 1611 Blockhouse and Earthworks for the Protection of Cattle: Virginia’s Earliest Bovine Husbandry, near Jamestown (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Alain C. Outlaw.

From the earliest years of the English colonization of Virginia, Bos taurus played a significant role in settlement as a source of meat, dairy products, and draft power. Following the "Starving Time" winter of 1609/1610, when everything wild and domestic that could be eaten was consumed, including human flesh, on-the-hoof animals, as opposed to barreled beef, entered the colony.  These animals soon were being taken by Native Americans.  Thus, upon his arrival in May 1611, Sir Thomas Dale ordered...


An analysis of the Jamestown diet (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Michelle Carpenter.

Our current knowledge of the historic fort of Jamestown in Virginia has developed through interpretation of the archaeological record and historical documents. The success of all colonies in the New World depended on the integral ability to produce food. Prior to developing a stable food source, the colonists at Jamestown relied heavily on those provisions they brought with them from England. We can learn about these provisions from ship manifests, colonists’ diaries, and inventory lists....


The Angela Site (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT David Givens.

2019 marks the 400th anniversary of the first representative government in the New World and the arrival of first Africans to the emerging colony. To mark this poignant moment in history, the Jamestown Rediscovery team in partnership with the National Park Service began excavations at the site of one of the first Africans in English North America.  Arriving on the Treasurer in 1619, one of these first Africans, "Angela" is listed as living with prominent planter and merchant Captain William...


Charting Intention: Place and Power on Virginia’s Earliest Maps (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Jamie E. May.

Nothing makes the intentions and aspirations of a colonizing enterprise more apparent than the maps and charts of the spaces they seek to control, particularly their choices of which geographic and cultural features to represent or assign the power of a name. Because of the obvious value as primary documents, a small handful of maps relating to Virginia in the early contact period are used by historians, anthropologists and archaeologists to place and interpret sites and features on the...


Democracy, Diversity, and Race: Interpreting humanities to the public through context of place at Jamestown (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jamie E. May. Michael Lavin. Bill Haley.

Jamestown Rediscovery’s museum and exhibits center on archaeological discoveries in and around 1607 James Fort, the first permanent English settlement in the new world. In addition, Jamestown is notable as the meeting place of the first representative government, the arrival of enslaved Africans, and for Virginia Indians. While the locations where these historic events took place do not change, the landscape often does, thus providing challenges to the communication of cultural concepts on the...


A Detailed Analysis of the Dentition of Jamestown’s First Settlers (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Martin Levin. D. Joshua Cohen. Barry Pass. David Givens. Michael Lavin.

Archaeologists and an interdisciplinary team of researchers are studying the skull and dentition of a 15-year-old boy (1225B) who appears to have been the victim of a battle with Native Americans during the initial settlement at Jamestown in 1607. Specimens recovered from the boy’s teeth and jaws yield clues about diet and other aspects of daily life in the 17th century.Detailed study of the remains began with the morphological and temporal study of the skull and teeth using Cone-Beam computed...


Hidden Meaning: A Catholic Reliquary in an Anglican World (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Merry Outlaw.

More than one hundred human burials have been excavated at Jamestown over the past 20 years, and thus far, few have contained grave goods.  The discovery of a small box on top of Captain Gabriel Archer’s coffin was, therefore, surprising to archaeologists.  Extensive scientific testing determined the box is silver and contains human bone and a lead ampulla.  It is a Catholic reliquary, a container to store holy relics—the bones of a saint, and a vial of holy water or blood of a saint.  This...


Holy Ground: The 1608 Church and Chancel Excavations at James Fort (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT David Givens.

During the 2010 and 2013 field seasons, Jamestown Rediscovery archaeologists excavated the remains of the sites first substantial church (1608 – 1617) and the remains of four individuals buried within the chancel. The dimensions and location of this "pretty chapel" as noted by secretary of the colony William Strachey matched the post-in-ground structure found by Rediscovery archaeologists in 2010. Additionally, the location of the building closely aligns with a cross-like symbol drawn on a ca....


Jamestown 1619: Representation, Religion, and Race (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT James P Horn.

The sweeping reforms of 1618-1619 introduced by Sir Edwin Sandys and the Virginia Company of London transformed Virginia and subsequently had an enormous influence on the evolution of British America. Most historians have failed to comprehend the significance of the reforms and what they portended, either because they have adopted the dominant narrative that revolves around Edmund Morgan’s paradox of slavery in the midst of freedom or because they have written off Jamestown as a colossal failure...


Jamestown and New Orleans: Landscapes, Entrepots and Global Currents (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT William Kelso.

This presentation compares early English Jamestown and early French New Orleans, apparent historical apples and oranges, but in reality founded and developed in parallel ways. Established a century apart and by two European cultures, Jamestown and New Orleans went through similar rites of passage to establish a social and economic outpost at a safe distance from Spanish settlements. More specifically, the paper first reviews the Jamestown texts and artifacts that have revealed the townscape of...


Leaving a Mark: An Analysis of Graphite at Jamestown (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Anna R. Hartley.

Excavations at the 1607 James Fort site have recovered several pieces of high-quality vein graphite not local to Virginia. Many examples were shaped for use as pencils, but the majority was brought to Jamestown as raw nodules.  Tight dating of the graphite found at Jamestown offers new insight into the form in which graphite was sold in London during the early 17th century and into early graphite pencil use. Drawing upon archaeological and documentary evidence, this paper examines the graphite’s...


Making The Jamestown Video (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Roni H. Polk.

In 1984, "Historical Archeology at Jamestown-A Legacy" was written, produced and directed by the presenter as part of a Masters thesis in Anthropology at the College of William and Mary in Virginia.  Preparation for the project included documentary research, correspondence with people who had worked at Jamestown in the past, preparation of interview questions, writing a grant application to the college for videotape, and arrangements to use the video equipment there to edit the interviews into a...


Risk Assessment of Archaeological Sites Using Lidar: Sea level Rise Modeling at Jamestown Island, VA (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert Chartrand.

Jamestown Island contains low-lying terrain with archaeological sites, known and unknown, threatened by sea level rise.  Using data acquired from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) was created using a Light Detection and Ranging Remote Sensing technique (LIDAR) to identify cultural sites and assist in planning for cultural remediation. Four scenarios of sea level rise modeling were created based on historic trends and projected environmental events...


Secrets Stashed in Dental Impacta: Best Practices (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Linda Scott Cummings. R. A. Varney.

Material from the root canal of a teen male from Jamestown was removed for study including microscopic analysis.  Examination of the material, transported on sealed slides to PaleoResearch Institute, yielded starches, fungal hyphae, pollen, and fibers.  Options for safe transport and transfer of materials to working microscope slides are discussed.  Principals of microscopy, including having no air in the working light path between the microscope slide and the coverslip, are important to...


Telling Multiple Jamestown Stories: Using Technology to Engage Guests with James Fort, 1619, and Beyond (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Lisa E. Fischer.

Technology opens up new opportunities for multi-layered interpretations of historical and archaeological sites. Applications, such as interactive websites maps, smartphone apps, 3D models, and virtual reality, can enable visitors to explore different narratives and see how sites changed over time in ways that are more challenging within a static museum landscape. Jamestown Rediscovery is exploring different technological approaches—both online and on-site—for engaging guests not only with the...


Thinking Inside the Box: The Use of Micro CT for Archaeological Analysis (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Michael Lavin. David Givens.

Modern science is helping to solve mysteries from 400 year old contexts at Jamestown. Micro Computed Tomography allows conservators and archaeologists to analyze artifacts in 3D without disturbing the integrity of the object. A high tech investigation was performed on a silver box, recovered from atop a coffin, which revealed the objects held within. Another artifact, metallic fringe, was discovered inside an anthropomorphic coffin. This object had been placed on the individual’s upper torso,...


Three In One: New Archaeological Investigations on the Site of Jamestown's Last Three Churches (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Anna R. Hartley. Robert Chartrand.

Shortly after acquiring part of Jamestown Island in the 1890s, founders of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities conducted excavations around the Jamestown church tower and churchyard. The 1901-1902 excavation records and drawings indicated that they uncovered foundations, tile and brick floors, tombstones, and burials associated with three churches. The earliest foundation was interpreted as the 1617 church, where the first General Assembly met in 1619. The second...


Toward a 3D James Fort: The Opportunities for Digital Heritage at Jamestown (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Lisa E. Fischer.

Digital technologies are creating new ways to record, interpret, and present archaeological data.  GIS and other technologies have long been part of the approach to field recording and data management for the Jamestown Rediscovery project, which has been ongoing since 1994. With approximately 80% of the original 3-sided fort excavated to date, the timing is opportune for exploring new approaches, like 3D modeling, for analyzing and interpreting James Fort. Creating 3D models of the site will...


You Can’t Tell a Book by its Hardware: An Examination of Book Hardware Recovered from James Fort (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Dan Gamble.

Book Hardware was utilized both to protect books and to keep them closed.  Books typically do not survive in an archaeological context but the hardware does. This is the case at James Fort.  After over twenty years of excavations, more than one hundred of these artifacts have been recovered.  Book hardware consists of many materials, numerous designs, and varying sizes. But what can be gleaned from this hardware?  First, where they were made can be determined using XRF (X-Ray Fluorescence) and...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America