Ethnohistory/History (Other Keyword)

1-25 (322 Records)

18th to 20th Century Architectural Changes of Embudo’s Torreon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Saskia Ghosh.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster will analyze the architectural changes of an 18th-century defensive tower called a Torreon, located in Dixon, New Mexico—previously known as the buffer community Embudo. Acting as community protection against Plains Indians during Hispanic settlement in Northern New Mexico, the Torreon’s initial use as a defensive structure may be identified...


The 1973 Seminar on The Lacustrine Kingdoms in the Titicaca Basin (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mario Rivera.

Co-organized by John V. Murra and Luis G. Lumbreras, this seminar was planned as an international and interdisciplinary study on the Lacustrine Kingdoms around the Titicaca basin (Lupaqa and Paqajes), and their interaction towards the western lowlands. Murra and Lumbreras were able to gather a group of leading Andeanists and students from Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Canada, and the U.S. who worked in the field for almost three months in Southern Peru, Northern Chile, and Bolivia. The Seminar,...


An Accounting of the Dead: Historical Epidemiology and Big Data in the Arch Street Project (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Bonneau.

As of the beginning of September 2017, the remains of over 250 individuals were recovered from the building site at 218 Arch Street. While the presence of bodies in what was once the First Baptist Church of Philadelphia burial ground should not surprise us, contemporary documents and written histories of the congregation state that all burials had been moved to the Mount Mariah Cemetery in the mid-nineteenth century. The abundance of human remains left on the original site raises questions for...


Algonquian Landscapes and Multispecies Archaeology in the Chesapeake (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Martin Gallivan.

This is an abstract from the "Silenced Rituals in Indigenous North American Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological and ethnohistorical studies have begun to trace the ritualized practices of Native groups as they returned to places with deep histories throughout the Southeast during the colonial era. In the seventeenth-century Chesapeake, Algonquian groups traveled across contested territories to bury ancestors, animals, and...


All in a Day’s Work: The Health and Welfare of Children Living in 19th Century Staffordshire, UK (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kirsty Squires.

This is an abstract from the "The Health and Welfare of Children in the Past" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Children played a key role in coal mining and the pottery industry in 19th century Staffordshire (UK). The number of children that worked in this region during the study period fluctuated between 13% and 33%, and one fifth of the workforce comprised of 5-14 year olds. Long working hours and hazardous conditions had a detrimental effect on...


All in the Family: Using Archeology and Genealogy to Construct a Historical Narrative (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rebekah Mills.

Excavations during 2017 for Ballintober Castle in Roscommon, Ireland have uncovered the base of a wall structure and curtain wall for the early fourteenth century castle. As excavations continue to deepen, the structure of the castle reveals a complicated occupational history with cobbled floor occupation levels along with what may be a wall structure appearing underneath this area. The castle excavations can show the Anglo-Norman and Irish ownership of the castle with each owner using different...


Alligators, Serpents, Pirates, and a Wedding: Ritualized Political Landscapes of the Oaxacan Pacific Coast, Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny Zborover. Veronica Pacheco. John M. D. Pohl. Darren Longman.

Straddling maritime, lowlands, and highland environments, the neighboring Chontal and Huave ethnic groups occupy one of the most diverse landscapes in southern Mexico. For over five centuries this resource-rich territory served as a junction for Indigenous and European colonial encounters, where interethnic and intercontinental political alliances and conflicts came forcefully into play. In addition to leaving material remains scattered throughout the landscape, this political history was...


Amazonia as a Perpetual Elsewhere: The Possible and the Permissible in "Natural" Landscapes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna Browne Ribeiro.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Amazonia is the consummate, perpetual, wild jungle. Despite a century of archaeological research pointing to rich, complex, and culturally diverse ancient societies, and twenty years of mounting geoarchaeological evidence for densely settled Precolumbian towns, many people still imagine Amazonia as a pristine, primordial forest. In this paper, I dig deep into...


American Spaces, Irish Places: Assessing Three Urban Communities in 19th Century Irish-America (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicholas Ames.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. American industry drew millions of Irish immigrants during the 19th and early 20th century, profoundly shaping the face of modern America. This research investigates how Irish communities in the U.S. responded to local conditions within different types of urban spaces, influencing the way communities and subsequent identities within Irish-America were formed....


An Analysis of the Industrialization of the Bourbon Industry in Kentucky: 1870s-Prohibition (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Gamblin.

Bourbon has been distilled in Kentucky throughout the state’s history and has influenced how cities in Kentucky have grown over time. Throughout the 1870s, a major rise in the number of distilleries in the state grew as wealthy patrons began buying up small, family-run distilleries and expanding them into a large-scale, booming industry that aimed to answer the demand for bourbon throughout the US. In order to fit the demand, bourbon barons began crafting ways to make more gallons per day, allow...


Animal Masters, Guardian Animals, and Masters of Animals in Eastern North American (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Dye.

This is an abstract from the "Supernatural Gamekeepers and Animal Masters: A Cross-Cultural Perspective" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this presentation I discuss beliefs that focus on "supernatural" animals and associated charter myths, regalia, and ceramic effigies. Three forms of transcendental animals are evident in eastern North America: animal masters, guardian animals, and masters of animals. Animal masters control the availability and...


Anti-Colonialism, State Development, and Araucanian Resilience in the South-Central Andes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tom Dillehay.

This is an abstract from the "Disentanglement: Reimagining Early Colonial Trajectories in the Americas" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This presentation centers on indigenous proto-state or polity formation in the early Spanish period in the south-central Andes and the sociocultural conditions that shaped a specific type of archaeological record, an unostentatious material culture for a polity-level of society. The historical focus is on the...


An Archaeological Approach to the Tobacco Industry in Puerto Rico. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zoè Vélez Álvarez.

This is an abstract from the "Primary Sources and the Design of Research Projects" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the early 20th century, agriculture was one of the most important industries in the economy of Puerto Rico. The production of crops such as sugar cane, coffee, tobacco and minor fruits (mostly plants like plantain, tubers, rice and corn). Traditionally, archaeological research in the Caribbean, especially in Puerto Rico has...


Archaeologist-Collector Collaborations in the San Luis Valley: A Case Study (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nikki Mills.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This research project explores the ways in which the professional world of archaeology clashes with collectors, and how understanding both domains is vital to furthering knowledge of the past. By combining methods of collaboration as well as ethnohistory and field methodologies, professionals and other stewards of the past can retro-actively document sites...


Archaeology and Ethnohistory in the Sahuaripa Region of Eastern Sonora (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Carpenter. Guadalupe Sanchez Miranda.

There is little doubt that there exists cultural continuity linking the Río Sonora tradition and the Ópata (a term referring to an amalgamation of several groups, generally including Eudeve, Teguima and Jova-cf. Yetman 2010; Spicer 1962). The socio-political organization of the late prehispanic Rio Sonora archaeological tradition remains controversial though little studied. Carroll Riley (1982, 1987, 1999, 2005; see also Doolittle 1984, 1988, 2008) proposed that they constitute "statelets",...


Archaeology and Ethnohistory of the Western Papaguería: Let's Not Forget the People (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maren Hopkins.

The O’odham and other tribes of southern Arizona and northern Sonora have occupied the Western Papaguería since time immemorial. This dry and desolate corner of the Sonoran Desert is home to rich histories and living traditions that have left their subtle marks on the land, and that archaeologists have continuously tried to identify, describe, and interpret. For too long, ethnographic and ethnohistoric records from this region have run in parallel to the archaeology; however several recent...


Archaeology and the End of Empire in Nigeria: Learning from the History of Late Colonial Archaeology at Ile-Ife (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tomos Evans.

This is an abstract from the "African Archaeology throughout the Holocene" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. At the city of Ile-Ife (Nigeria) in 1953, three foreign archaeologists (Bernard Fagg, AJH Goodwin, and William Fagg), with the permission of the Oni of Ife, conducted several months of fieldwork in the old city. With the aim of uncovering evidence relating to Ile-Ife’s early industries (including exquisite brass and terracotta artworks), they...


Archaeology and the Historical Construction of Community at Feltville / Glenside Park (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Tomaso.

This is an abstract from the "Collaborative and Community-Based Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper examines how concepts of community are constructed retrospectively and also in the present mainly through processes of argumentation and consensus-building and very often in lieu of many substantive facts. The "Deserted Village"'s 250+ year history is well-complemented by its landscape archaeology, but has, at times, been...


Archaeology in the Plaza: Public Display of the Past in Banamichi, Sonora (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Eklund.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Just off the main highway, the Ruta del Río Sonora, in Banámichi, Mexico, is the Plaza de la Piedra Histórica (Plaza of the Historic Rock). Raised upon the shoulders of Ópata / Teguïma inspired stone figures is a petroglyph originally found in the floodplain below. The imagery on the rock was interpreted by archaeologist William Doolittle in 1984 as "the first...


Archaeology of Colonialism and Ethnogenesis in Guam and the Mariana Islands (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Natalia Moragas. Sandra Montón-Subías. James Bayman.

This paper presents a new archaeological project that we are co-directing in Umatac, Guam. Combining historical written sources and archaeological information, we seek to contribute a better understanding of the historical-archaeological legacy connected to colonial processes related to the Hispanic Monarchy in the western Pacific, and their role in resulting ethnogenesis.


The Archaeology of Gossip: Delineating the Space of Interpersonal Performance (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Brown.

Much of the literature on performance in cultural and political spheres in archaeology over the last 4 decades has focused on social memory. This paper shifts that discussion from the arena of public commemoration and cultural rites to the de facto performances of the domestic sphere. Private, interpersonal interactions are important in the transmission and creation of social memory as well- they place an individual’s social world in the context of shared social memory, and vice versa. Gossip is...


The Archaeology of Indigo Production in Morazán, El Salvador (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian McKee.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The production of indigo dye dominated the economy of El Salvador for over 250 years, from the late sixteenth century decline of the cacao and balsam industries to the mid-nineteenth-century rise of coffee production. The Proyecto del Inventario de los Sitios Arqueológicos del Departamento de Morazán documented five indigo works (obrajes de añil) in 2015 and...


The Archaeology of Late-19th and Early-20th Century Freedman's Towns in Dallas, Texas (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Cross.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In Texas, emancipation of slaves was formally announced in Galveston on June 19, 1865. In the decades that followed "Juneteenth," freed men and women established hundreds of communities across the state in search of land, loved ones, opportunity, and freedom. Such rural settlements have been the focus of both historical and archaeological research. Yet some...


The Archaeology of the Southern Belize Region in Context (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mario Borrero.

The region of Southern Belize is part of the Maya lowlands, an area that is geographically circumscribed, and located in-between several larger regional centers such as Tikal to the west, Caracol to the north, and the sites of Copán and Quiriguá to the southeast. The general history of archaeological investigations for this area are presented, along with site-specific studies from the Southern Belize Region. The current archaeological data of four major ancient polities of this region are...


Archaeology of the Wetherill Trading Post in Chaco Canyon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chip Wills.

This is an abstract from the "Historical Archaeologies of the American Southwest, 1800 to Today" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Wetherill Trading Post and homestead at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, was at the intersection of a nascent professional archaeology in the American Southwest, the emergent trading post economy in the Four Corners region, the establishment of national monuments through the Antiquities Act, and the creation of a culture...