Material Culture and Technology (Other Keyword)

1-25 (351 Records)

Accidental Innovation? Using Isotopic Analysis to Test Possible Iron Production as a By-Product of Advanced Copper Smelting (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brady Liss. Thomas Levy. James Day.

This is an abstract from the "The Movement of Technical Knowledge: Cross-Craft Perspectives on Mobility and Knowledge in Production Technologies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Faynan region of Southern Jordan is one of the largest copper ore deposits in the Levant. These ores were exploited throughout history, and during the Iron Age (ca. 1200-800 BCE), copper production in Faynan reached an industrial scale. However, excavations at Khirbat...


Advances in Mineral Characterization of the Late Horizon Pottery from Incahuasi, Cañete (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alejandro Chu.

This is an abstract from the "Alfareros deste Inga: Pottery Production, Distribution and Exchange in the Tawantinsuyu" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper I will present preliminary results from the materials excavated of the Incahuasi site located at the middle Cañete valley. Research suggests that this portion of the valley, an area stretching from Caltopa at the low-mid valley to Pacaran at the upper-mid valley, was an Inca province...


Advances in the Study Archaeological Ceramics of the Epiclassic-Early Postclassic Basin of Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Destiny Crider.

This is an abstract from the "The Legacies of The Basin of Mexico: The Ecological Processes in the Evolution of a Civilization, Part 2" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Basin of Mexico survey and related archaeological projects in the region provided not only a ceramic chronology, but also a legacy of archaeological materials available for continued research. Two key goals of the Basin of Mexico survey focused on relations among settlement...


Agave Bloom Stalk Ovens in the Southern Chihuahuan Desert (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Stark.

This is an abstract from the "Hot Rocks in Hot Places: Investigating the 10,000-Year Record of Plant Baking across the US-Mexico Borderlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Fire cracked rock (FCR) and hearth features represent one of the most commonly observed cooking features encountered by archaeologists. This research presents an ethno-archaeological context in which FCR utilization and discard is observed, providing a Middle Range theoretical...


Agave Roasting Pits of the Mescalero Apache (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Holly Houghten.

This is an abstract from the "Hot Rocks in Hot Places: Investigating the 10,000-Year Record of Plant Baking across the US-Mexico Borderlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. One of the main staple foods of the Mescalero Apache was Mescal or Agave. The heart of the plant is cooked in an earth oven for four days. The plant is then eaten straight out of the oven or dried for storage and supply. Today the roasting of Mescal is still done every year in...


An Alternative Explanation for a Modified Rabbit Innominate Spatulate Tool (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert DeBry. Kristin Corl.

This is an abstract from the "Local Development and Cross-Cultural Interaction in Pre-Hispanic Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. ​Bone tools are not always recognized in a zooarchaeological analysis, and often once identified, the function or use is even more difficult to define. A modified rabbit innominate found by the authors in two Jornada-Mogollon sites presented here is one such example. The...


Analysis of Late Rio Grande Glaze Wares from a Post-Revolt Jemez Pueblo (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danielle Huerta.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. For 400 years Rio Grande Glaze Ware played an important role in Pueblo life, from feasting and ritual acts to everyday life as serving vessels. What is interesting though, is that regardless of its said importance and the specialized nature of technical knowledge required to produce glaze ware, it appears that Pueblo potters stopped making glaze ware sometime...


Analysis of Obsidian Procurement from the Wurlitzer Site, Butte County, California (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Nowakowski.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This presentation will show the results of XRF testing of obsidian artifacts from the Wurlitzer site in Butte County, California. The purpose of this testing is to create a better context from which to understand the site. Previous research has focused primarily on creating a chronology of the site using radiocarbon dating, point typologies, and comparison to...


An Analysis of the Polvorón Phase Lithic Assemblage from the Mesa Grande Platform Mound in the Phoenix Basin (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Derek Miltimore. Christopher R. Caseldine. Sean G. Dolan.

This is an abstract from the "WHY PLATFORM MOUNDS? PART 1: MOUND DEVELOPMENT AND CASE STUDIES" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Polvorón phase (ca. A.D. 1350–1500), which occurred after the Hohokam Classic Period, was a time of cultural paradigm shifts. There are cultural continuities with the preceding Civano phase, like the use of Salado Polychromes, but people during the Polvorón practiced different cultural traditions, most notably the...


Analyzing Late Woodland Pipe Fragments from the Topper Site (38AL23): Exploring the Botanical, Social, and Ritual Intersections of Smoking (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cayla Colclasure. Megan Belcher. Jon Russ. Stephen Carmody. Martin Walker.

Three pipe fragments uncovered during a 2017 University of Tennessee excavation at the Topper Site (38AL23) in Allendale County, South Carolina have opened a window into the social and ceremonial practices of the site’s Late Woodland inhabitants. Morphometric, paleoethnobotanical, and residue analyses have enabled us to explore the societal role smoking played within this community. We compare the form, design, and contents of these fragments to similar artifacts from across the region and an...


Analyzing the Utilization of Shell in Chickasaw Pottery Using Petrographic and Chemical Composition Techniques (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Domenique Sorresso.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeological and ethnographic records indicate that a change in ceramic technology from recent shell to fossil shell temper took place as the contact period Chickasaw of Mississippi migrated north and adjusted to upland settlements of the Blackland Prairie. While this shift is widely accepted within the archaeology of the region, it can be difficult to apply...


Ancestral Ohiyo Haudenosaunee Ceramic Styles and Technology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven Howard.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ongoing investigations at the Bockmier One Site in southwestern New York State are providing new insights into the lives of the Ancestral Ohiyo Haudenosaunee, who lived in the upper Allegheny Valley from around AD 800 to around AD 1350. This paper will focus on ceramics thus far recovered from the site, which indicate at least two temporally distinct...


Ancient DNA Analysis from Micro-fractures in Bridge River Stone Tools (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Clare Super. Meradeth Snow. Anna Prentiss. Ethan Ryan. Nathan Goodale.

There has been little research specifically designed to examine variability in how the porosity of lithic raw materials and micro-fractures from use-wear create environments that trap and preserve residues containing DNA on lithic tools. This study examines lithic tools made from a variety of raw materials to assess the effects of variability of raw material type, use-wear, and damage on preservation of ancient DNA (aDNA). aDNA analysis of stone tools can begin to address if the tools were used...


Anomalous Floor 2 Features in the Point Pueblo Great Kiva (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carol Lorenz. David Preston.

This is an abstract from the "Social Interaction and Networks at the Intersection of Central Mesa Verde and Chaco/Cibola Culture Areas in the Middle San Juan River Valley" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the 2016 and 2018 seasons, excavators found more than 150 features in Floor 2 of the eastern half of the Great Kiva at Point Pueblo. Of these, 99 were east of the eastern vault complex. Features were lined with clay or adobe, demonstrated...


Aprovechamiento de la obsidiana por la población prehispánica del valle de Maltrata, Veracruz (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Yamile Lira-Lopez.

El valle de Maltrata se ubica en un punto intermedio de una importante ruta de comunicación, comercio e intercambio entre la Costa del Golfo y el Altiplano Central. Esto permitió que los asentamientos prehispánicos asentados en el valle contaran con la posibilidad de disponer de algunos tipos de artefactos y materiales que no se encontraban en la región cercana. En cuanto a la obsidiana se refiere, la cercanía con los yacimientos del Pico de Orizaba permiten suponer que durante todo el...


Archaeological GIS Approaches to a Regional Analysis in São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Letícia Correa. Glauco Constantino Correa. Astolfo Araujo.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Being a science that intends to understand the past through artifacts, Archaeology tends to make inferences about human behavior assessing historical events with reference with time and space. Considering that the results of archaeological studies are rich in spatial information, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) seems to be an excellent...


Archaeologies of the Norman Conquest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Naomi Sykes. Elizabeth Craig-Atkins. Ben Jervis. Aleksandra McClain.

This is an abstract from the "Mind the Gap: Exploring Uncharted Territories in Medieval European Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Despite the long-standing truism in archaeology that the Norman Conquest of England is largely invisible in ‘the stuff of everyday life’, an abundance of material remains dating to the 11th and 12th centuries has been recovered through excavation and still survives above ground. It is now becoming clear that...


Archaeology as Anthropology: Chaîne Operatoire and the Analysis of Contemporary Technologies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lauren Herckis.

The application of archaeological methods to modern contexts is an emergent trend in cultural anthropology. This paper presents a case study of chaîne opératoire methodologies in the analysis of modern technologies. New materialist ontologies and digital archaeologies offer powerful tools for understand the past. Behavioral archaeologists apply method and theory to relationships between people and things in all times. Dawdy, McGuire and others address the current archaeological turn in...


The Archaeology of Color in the Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle I. Turner.

This is an abstract from the "Coloring the World: People and Colors in Southwestern Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Color plays a central role in the work of many archaeologists. We use it to establish cultural affiliation and seriation, to analyze artifacts, and to interpret sites. We type pottery, source glass, and identify lithic materials based largely on their colors. Yet the use and meaning of color have not been widely and...


Archaeometric Analysis of Mural Paintings at Pachacamac, Peru (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Eeckhout. Kusi Colonna-Preti.

This is an abstract from the "From Materials to Materiality: Analysis and Interpretation of Archaeological and Historical Artifacts Using Non-destructive and Micro/Nano-sampling Scientific Methods" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. From 2014 to 2018, we excavated Building B15, a small temple decorated with mural paintings at the archaeological site of Pachacamac. These are the first paintings discovered on the site since 1938. On the walls, as on...


Archaeomtric Analysis of Ceramics from Iron Age Thrace, Bulgaria (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashlee Hart.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In American archaeology the use of archaeometric testing such as neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry have become increasingly utilized since the 1960s. These techniques, adopted from parallel disciplines including geology, continue to be relatively underrepresented approaches out of Western European and American...


Archaic Tattooing and Bundle Keeping in Tennessee, ca. 1600 BC (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Aaron Deter-Wolf. Tanya Peres.

The Fernvale archaeological site in Williamson County, Tennessee, is a multi-component site that includes a significant Late Archaic cemetery and occupation dated ca. 1600 BC. Although the site was excavated in 1985, it was not fully analyzed or published for nearly three decades. Formal analysis of zooarchaeological materials from Fernvale took place from 2007-2012 as part of an overall effort to reassess the site assemblage. In this paper we describe findings generated by combining traditional...


Archeology, Disability, Healthcare, and the Weimar Joint Sanatorium for Tuberculosis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alyssa Scott.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Health, Wellness, and Ability" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Social expectations regarding normative abilities, behavior, and bodies have changed through time. Archaeology lends itself well to the study of disability because social expectations about normative ability and behavior are embedded into the built environment, landscape, artifacts, material culture and daily practices. Archaeologists are...


Are You a Tool? A Zooarchaeological Analysis of Worked Bone from Wupatki National Monument (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Laurich. Wyatt Benson. Natalie Patton. Chrissina Burke.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Zooarchaeological analysis provides details on the processes used to create and modify bone artifacts and the potential use of these materials by past peoples. This poster provides the results of faunal analysis, usewear analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and experimental archaeology to examine bone artifacts from Wupatki National Monument. The data...


Artisanal Lineages, Communities of Practice and Learning Traditions in Muisca otive goldwork (Colombia): An Initial Exploration (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marcos Martinón-Torres. Maria Alicia Uribe Villegas.

This is an abstract from the "The Movement of Technical Knowledge: Cross-Craft Perspectives on Mobility and Knowledge in Production Technologies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Technological and stylistic regularities in material culture are often used to define archaeological ‘cultures’, and variously interpreted as resulting from communities of practice, learning traditions and/and imitation, together with consumer or patron demands....