Dating Techniques: Dendrochronology (Other Keyword)

1-12 (12 Records)

Analysis of Prehistoric Flagstaff Cultural Developments (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Galen McCloskey.

The chronology of prehistoric cultural developments within the American Southwest has been a subject of interest and debate since the archaeologists began to study the region. Although archaeologists have recognized patterns of aggregation throughout the Southwest, the degree to which the patterns are synchronous through prehistory remains uncertain. This research focuses on the development of a cultural chronology of the prehistoric Flagstaff area ranging from A.D. 600 through A.D. 1300,...


Climate Change, Population Migration, and Ritual Continuity in the Lower Mississippi Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dorian Burnette. David Dye. Arleen Hill.

This is an abstract from the "Migration and Climate Change: The Spread of Mississippian Culture" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Tree-ring reconstructions of cool- and warm-season moisture reveal several multi-decadal droughts that impacted the northern Lower Mississippi Valley between AD 1250 and 1450. These chronic droughts contributed to the regional abandonments and population migrations southward out of the Cairo Lowland and adjacent areas...


The Contribution of Tree-Ring Studies to Archaeological Research in Northwestern Mesoamerica (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paula Turkon. Sturt Manning. Carol Griggs. Andrea Torvinen. Ben Nelson.

This is an abstract from the "Journeying to the South, from Mimbres (New Mexico) to Malpaso (Zacatecas) and Beyond: Papers in Honor of Ben A. Nelson" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Despite more than fifty years of excellent archaeological research in Northwestern Mesoamerica, progress has been impeded by a lack of precise chronological controls to understand site developments and pinpoint the direction of political influence and cultural change....


Dendrochronology of Historic Structures Associated with the Acequia de San Jose de la Cienega in San Fidel, NM (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Harding Polk.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A grant was secured from the New Mexico Archaeological Council to conduct dendrochronological studies of a number of structures near the village of San Fidel, New Mexico. Dendrochronological samples were obtained from a breeched and abandoned reservoir dam, a partially standing abandoned adobe residence, and an occupied adobe residence. Cut dates were...


Environmental and Cultural Changes at the Late Archaic – Early Woodland Transition on the Georgia Coast, USA: A Dendrochronological and 14C-Based Approach (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Napora. Victor Thompson. Robert Speakman. Alexander Cherkinsky. Robert Horan.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. We present a new multimillennial tree-ring chronology derived from subfossil bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) buried at the mouth of the Altamaha River on the Georgia Coast, USA, and discuss environmental and climatic changes indicated by tree-ring proxies, including ringwidth and chemical analyses. Finally, we examine modeled new and existing radiocarbon...


Establishing a Multimillennial Dendrochronological Sequence in the Atlantic Southeast, USA (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Napora. Victor Thompson. Jeff Speakman. Alexander Cherkinsky.

This paper discusses advances in the development of a multi-millennial ring-width chronology based on bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) from the mouth of the Altamaha River in Georgia. New insights into the environmental history of coastal Georgia are discussed, including the archaeological implications of major climatic and ecological events visible in the ancient cypress rings. Finally, we focus on environmental conditions before, during, and after the transition from the Late Archaic (ca....


Forest, Frost, and Agriculture: Measuring Three Centuries of Environmental Change at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Proebsting. Daniel Druckenbrod.

This paper highlights ecological discoveries made during a survey of natural and cultural resources along a new 2.2 mile parkway at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest. Poplar Forest is Thomas Jefferson’s former retreat home and plantation located in Bedford County, Virginia. In addition to locating archaeological sites and mapping aboveground features, 10 forest plots were established within stands of increasing age adjacent to the proposed path of the parkway. By measuring tree diameter,...


The Forests and the Trees: Soucing Construction Timbers at Aztec Ruins, NM (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ronald Towner. Christopher Guiterman.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Obtaining materials from distant landscapes is a hallmark of the Chacoan world. The movement of nonlocal materials into Chacon Canyon, and around the Chacoan sphere, has fascinated archaeologists for decades. Large construction timbers, in particular, have been subject to intense research because so few trees grow in or near the canyon. At Aztec Ruins,...


Obsession with an Icon: Sandals, Sandal Imagery, and Social Identity Across Thirteenth Century Cultural Landscapes in Southeastern Utah (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Bellorado.

This is an abstract from the "Transcending Modern Boundaries: Recent Investigations of Cultural Landscapes in Southeastern Utah" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Ancestral Pueblo people in southeastern Utah seem to have been obsessed with sandals and their depictions during the thirteenth century. Recent research has documented hundreds of sandal depictions on plaster and rock surfaces in the area dating to this period, but how should archaeologists...


Partnerships for Heritage Stewardship (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Peresolak.

The objective of my Master’s thesis was to formulate a history of the Carroll Cabin and farm, a historic log house located in Fayette County, Pennsylvania on Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (DCNR) land. My research focused on how archaeological and historical records could be used to answer questions about the farm's extant home and the property's history. In Pennsylvania and other states (and at the federal level) multi-use public land managers are responsible for similar...


Stephen Williams and The Vacant Quarter Phenomenon (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dorian Burnette. David Dye. Arleen Hill.

Stephen Williams proposed the idea of a Vacant Quarter based on the abandonment of numerous Mississippian polities throughout much of the Midsouth and Midwest. The unprecedented, large-scale depopulation of an approximately 130,000 square kilometer area has been linked with population movements as well as interpolity conflict. By taking a dendroclimatological approach we evaluate the role of climate change in this process, while also being cognizant of social processes. We postulate a staggered...


Tree-Rings Tales from Tijeras Pueblo (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carla Van West.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and Public Education at Tijeras Pueblo, New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This paper describes how Linda Cordell, working with colleagues, including me, used building timbers to (1) date room construction and village occupation at Tijeras Pueblo, (2) understand villager’s choices about wood use, (3) describe changing climate conditions associated with the village’s occupation,...