Power Relations and Inequality (Other Keyword)

1-25 (44 Records)

Access to Information: The Case of Birch Island (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia Brenan.

This is an abstract from the "Capacity Building or Community Making? Training and Transitions in Digital Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The recent archaeological project on Birch Island, Labrador, highlights questions of how digital data are used to gather and convey information to stakeholder communities, in particular, Indigenous groups with limited internet access in some remote locations. This paper questions if representing the...


Archaeology, History, and Ancient Political Dynamics of the Mopan River Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason Yaeger. M. Kathryn Brown.

One hallmark of Joseph Ball’s research has been integration of archaeological data and ethnohistorical and historical data, put to the service of addressing larger anthropological questions. In this paper, we present new data to examine one research question studied by Joseph Ball and Jennifer Taschek: Classic Maya political dynamics in the Mopan Valley of western Belize. This valley was home to five large centers, spaced 1 to 5 km apart: Las Ruinas de Arenal, Early Xunantunich, Classic...


Assemblages and Power in the Casas Grandes Region. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jerimy Cunningham.

This is an abstract from the "25 Years in the Casas Grandes Region: Celebrating Mexico–U.S. Collaboration in the Gran Chichimeca" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologists working in the Casas Grandes region generally acknowledge that sites such as Paquimé reflect a social system defined by systemic inequality. Yet, to date little work has been done to document exactly what "inequality" likely meant for people living in the region during the...


Assessing Inequality At Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Anatolia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katheryn Twiss. James Taylor. Justine Issavi. Scott Haddow. Camilla Mazzucato.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. We use a wide variety of data sets in order to explore inequality at Neolithic Çatalhöyük in central Anatolia. Our goal is to shed light not just on variations in wealth but also on other forms of potential social differentiation in this immense early farming settlement. We assess architectural, mortuary, artifactual, and ecofactual data with an eye to both...


The Axis Connecting Classic Maya Economy and Ritual at Xunantunich, Belize (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bernadette Cap. M. Kathryn Brown. Whitney Lytle.

The ancient Maya formalized avenues of movement between and within urban centers through the construction of sacbeob that both defined space and connected places on the landscape. In this paper, we discuss the ways in which a formally constructed sacbe at Xunantunich functioned as an axis connecting economic and ritual activities. The architectural arrangement of Classic Xunantunich emphasizes a north/south directionality. The site’s sacbe, however, was constructed on an east/west alignment....


Bioarchaeological and Mortuary Indicators of Social Order in Mimbres Society: Seated Burials, Occupational Stress, Health, and Trauma (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Baustian.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Mimbres culture of the American Southwest is most recognized for its beautiful black-on-white ceramics but recent research is revealing greater understanding of social organization, community interactions, and the response to social and cultural change. Bioarchaeological and mortuary data are contributing important evidence...


Bodies Apart: Dissection and Embodied Structural Violence in a Historic Skeletal Assemblage from San Francisco (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Hall.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Historic-era skeletal samples from the United States routinely reflect marginalized and vulnerable populations, many of which were also subject to dissection, a partible practice widely considered a form of desecration in the nineteenth century. Using historic and osteological data from a skeletal assemblage (MNI=25) at Point San Jose in San Francisco, CA (AD...


Bodies of Power: The Bioarchaeology of Cooperation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara L. Juengst.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Power differences and status are most commonly associated with hierarchy; however, heterarchy, or horizontal power differentiation, is another common way of organizing complex communities. Rather than the vertical ranking commonly associated with hierarchy, heterarchy may include differential or shared access to power at...


Bricks and Mortar: The Concealed Politicization of Fired Clay Adobe at Comalcalco, Tabasco (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Catherine Popovici.

Comalcalco displays a radical departure from traditional Maya building materials in its brick and seashell mortar construction instead of the paradigmatic Maya limestone. Incised animal, architecture, hieroglyph, and human forms adorn the brick slabs of principal buildings of Comalcalco’s ceremonial core. However, their inward-facing, or concealed, orientation rendered these markings invisible. Because monumental architecture benefited from the labor of non-elites, the purposeful placement of...


Building Collapse: Hierarchy and an Anarchic Social Movement in the Hohokam Classic Period (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lewis Borck. Jeffery J. Clark.

This is an abstract from the "Why Platform Mounds? Part 2: Regional Comparisons and Tribal Histories" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologists have offered multiple explanations for the dramatic architectural, subsistence, and political shifts that happened at the end of the Hohokam Classic period. Many of these explanations are good at exploring potential factors leading to these changes in regional contexts, like the Phoenix Basin where it...


A Comparative Spatial Analysis of Ancient Palaces (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tia B. Watkins. John Walden.

Ancient palatial complexes offer opportunities to understand the actors at the apex of prehistoric polities. With careful and complex design, these structures were built to represent the affluence of those who resided within their confines. While the external façade of a palace represents the defining barrier between the elite and the public, the architectural layouts of ancient palaces reveal multiple levels of exclusivity. The varying levels of privacy in different palaces may relate to the...


Crafting, Ritual, and the Constitution of Rural Complexity: Household and Community Practices of Distinction and Affiliation at Chunhuayum, Yucatán (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Céline Lamb.

As Maya archaeology has shifted away from urban-centric perspectives, recent research demonstrates that hinterland populations, like urbanites, were involved in diverse and shifting practices enabling them to build and negotiate complex relationships. Using a community approach, this paper examines non-agrarian activities practiced during the late Early and Late Classic (ca. 500 – 850 AD) by residents of Chunhuayum, a small yet socioeconomically diverse farming settlement located in northwest...


Data Sovereignty in Archaeological and Anthropological Research (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rose Miron. Christine McCleave.

This is an abstract from the "Social Justice in Native North American Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. While collaboration has started to become an expected part of research with Native communities, prioritizing the needs and wants of Native communities has yet to be normalized within academic research. In this session, we will discuss how principles of "data sovereignty" might be applied to archaeological and anthropological research...


Diet, Migration and Social Changes: The Preclassic Burials of Ceibal (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juan Manuel Palomo Mijangos.

This is an abstract from the "Preclassic Maya Social Transformations along the Usumacinta: Views from Ceibal and Aguada Fénix" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Ceibal-Petexbatun Archaeological Project uncovered 43 burials with a minimum number of 58 individuals that date from the Middle Preclassic to the Protoclassic period (ca. 700 BC-AD 200). These remains have the potential to provide valuable insight into the processes of political...


Do Women Rule Differently? Lessons from the Ancient Egyptian Patriarchy (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathlyn Cooney.

This is an abstract from the "Women of Violence: Warriors, Aggressors, and Perpetrators of Violence" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Historians often make blanket assumptions that female kings of Egypt ruled differently from men. Hatshepsut is often said to have been a pacifist, not leading her country into invasions abroad. Cleopatra’s rule has been characterized as drama-seeking, manipulative, not to mention hormonally imbalanced in the writings...


Equity in the Academy and in Archeology (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gwen Lexow.

Recent national media attention on issues of discrimination and harassment in the academy have generated robust discussion and inquiry into how to develop and sustain an environment that celebrates equity and equality and creates a culture where all can thrive professionally and personally. This presentation will sketch the broad contours of these conversations placing them in a national context and providing a framework to understand both institutional responsibilities and ethical imperatives....


Health and Resource Distribution at Tijeras Pueblo (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jana Meyer.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and Public Education at Tijeras Pueblo, New Mexico" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Tijeras Pueblo is a Pueblo IV site in Central New Mexico located on a natural travel route between the Western Great Plains and the Rio Grande Valley, which likely facilitated frequent contact between different cultural groups. This study addresses two interconnected research goals: first, to examine...


The Human Experience of Social Transformations in the North Atlantic and US Southwest (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michelle Hegmon. Matthew Peeples.

This is an abstract from the "Celebrating Anna Kerttula's Contributions to Northern Research" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeologists and other scholars have long studied the causes of collapse and other major social transformations and debated how they can be understood. This paper instead focuses on the human experience of living through those transformations, analyzing 18 transformation cases from the North Atlantic and the US Southwest....


Inequality among Ancestral Pueblo Households and Its Impact on Animal Subsistence (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Ellyson.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Recent studies of household inequality in the central Mesa Verde region (CMV) and Chaco Canyon indicate that the degree of wealth inequality among ancestral Pueblo households remained relatively low in the CMV, even as it increased dramatically in Chaco from the mid-800s through the early 1000s, based on Gini coefficients calculated on household floor area as...


Inka and Local Elite Interaction as Reflected at the Inka Site of Incahuasi, Cañete, South Central Coast of Peru (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alejandro Chu.

Incahuasi, located at the mid-valley of the Cañete river, is the largest Inca administrative center reported from Peru's Central Coast. Although first built as a military base by the Inca Tupac Yupanqui in his war against the Guarcos, the site was completely transformed into an administrative center with an extense and prominent storage facility. Recent research at the site has focused in Sector B, described as an elite residential complex. Excavations have found a significant number of finished...


Interaction and Resistance against the Inka on the Land of the Cañaris, Southern Ecuador (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Florencio Delgado Espinoza.

According to the early Spanish chronicles, the Cañaris were a constellation of chiefdoms which fiercely challenged the Inka expansion to the north. Early Texts show that war and conflict was the way they interacted in the region. As a conquest strategy during Wayna Qhapac's rule, the Inkas built important infrastructure in their heartland, such as Tomebamba in Cuenca and Ingapirka in Hatún Cañar, in addition to other smaller sites along the Qhapac Ñan. However, the archaeological evidence for...


The Lengyel Interaction Sphere in East-Central Europe during the Fifth Millennium BC (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peter Bogucki.

This is an abstract from the "Wheels, Horses, Babies and Bathwaters: Celebrating the Impact of David W. Anthony on the Study of Prehistory" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Sites of the Lengyel Culture are found from the Drava River in Croatia to the lowlands of northern Poland during the fifth millennium BC. While the Lengyel Culture is clearly in the great "Danubian" tradition as a successor to the first farmers of this area several centuries...


Libations and Meat: A View of the Construction of Social Capital in Tiwanaku Residential Spaces through Ceramics and Faunal Material (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katharine Davis.

In the latter part of the Middle Horizon (A.D. 800-1000) previously unoccupied areas around the megalithic ceremonial core of Tiwanaku came under settlement. A reorganization of space within the core coupled with the influx of new urban residents drawn to the site of Tiwanaku from the surrounding areas by the variety of social, economic, and ritual interactional opportunities meant that newly built households and neighborhoods further away from the monuments became the loci of quotidian...


Life in a Colonial Mining Camp: Reconstructing Power and Identity in a Colonial Context (Puno, Peru) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Kennedy.

Mineral mining was a critical driver of the Peruvian economy during the early colonial period (AD 1550 – 1700). Peru's mineral wealth was used to fund the Spanish empire's geopolitical domination, often at the expense of indigenous Peruvians. Many were forced to labor in distant mines and work camps, decimating local communities. The south-central highlands of Peru were an especially rich area for mineral exploitation and mines, work camps, and processing mills have been identified throughout...


Money and Inequality in Roman Mediterranean Gaul, ca. 125 B.C.–A.D. 100 (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Luley.

The Roman conquest of Mediterranean Gaul between 125-121 B.C. significantly altered the Celtic societies living in the region. Two of these dramatic transformations were the increasing use of coins in economic transactions, and a marked rise in socio-economic inequality within the conquered province. This paper examines the connections in Roman Mediterranean Gaul of the first century B.C. through the first century A.D. between the emergence of a monetized economy, debt, and increased...