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Race (Other Keyword)

1-25 (50 Records)

"Africa" in Connecticut (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Croucher.

In this paper I discuss how archaeological interpretations of nineteenth century free black communities can be strengthened when Africa as a discursive concept is included alongside our analyses of race. In the southern U.S. historical archaeologists have long been attuned to the tangible material presence of enslaved Africans and their descendants. I address the question of "Africa" in relation to nineteenth century free communities of color in Connecticut, arguing that the discursive nature of...


Archeology and Race In the American Indian (1952)

Citation DOCUMENT Georg K. Neumann.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


At the Crossroads: Intersections of Colonization (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Dawn M. Rutecki.

Intersectionality arose as a strategy for understanding the ways oppression operates simultaneously on multiple aspects of a person’s identity.  As such, it provides a key framework for understanding how gender, race, and religion affected interactions between Europeans and indigenous communities from contact through today.  The missionaries of New Spain, as well as later explorers of the Louisiana Territory, proscribed gendered expectations on indigenous peoples that fundamentally altered their...


Beyond the Mansion: How the Archaeology Program at a Plantation Museum Changed so Many Lives (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Whitney Battle-Baptiste.

Between 1988 and 2009, the Hermitage Archaeology Program trained students of archaeology, anthropology, history, and education. Summer after summer, as the excavation units were laid, the wheelbarrows lined up, the shovels and trowels counted and distributed, we were always excited about what was to come. I learned about who I was as an archaeologist, as a scholar of slavery and the African Diaspora, and a Black Feminist Archaeologist. This short reflection paper is to share some thoughts and...


Black Toys, White Children: The Socialization of Children into Race and Racism, 1865-1940. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher P. Barton.

Race and racism are learned. While there has existed a myriad of social practices that have been used to socialize individuals into ideologies of race, this paper details the use of material culture directed at children, that is automata, costumes, games and toys. This paper focuses on material culture from the 1860s-1940s depicting Africans/African Americans. These objects produced, advertised and purchased by adults from children’s play served three purposes; 1) to cultivate ideologies of race...


Boston Latin School: A Look At Ethnic And Engendered Spaces (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kathleen von Jena.

Boston Latin School: A Look at Ethnic and Engendered Spaces Kathleen von Jena, Boston Landmarks Commission   During the summer of 2015 the Boston City Archaeology Program conducted excavations on the site of the original Boston Latin School and neighboring Schoolmasters house dating to 1635-1748. Boston Latin was the first purpose-built free school in America where Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Adams and John Hancock attended. Public Archaeology conducted at this site provided an...


Caring Forthe Future With Archaeology (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher Matthews.

Historical archaeology is a useful method for discovering silenced and hidden pasts that force reconsideration of how the present came to be and at what and who’s expense. This impulse regularly generates deeper appreciations for the power of the past in and over the present. Yet, archaeologists less often move their results forward to engage with the futures that contemporary people, such as descendant and local communities, can make with new archaeological knowledge. This is surprising since a...


Communities in Conflict: Racialized Violence During Gradual Emancipation on Long Island (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Meg Gorsline.

From New Amsterdam to Seneca Village, Diana diZerega Wall has examined the often-conflicting interactions of communities living in close relation.  In the early nineteenth century, the nearly 30-year process of Gradual Emancipation slowly dismantled the system of slavery in New York State, but it also created the conditions for the perpetuation of inequality among closely intertwined peoples: the black and white inhabitants of eastern Long Island. Inspired by Wall’s ability to uncover the...


Community Archaeology, Essentializing Identity, and Racializing the Past (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Bradley D Phillippi. Eiryn Sheades.

As anthropologically guided archaeologists, we like to think we are beyond searching for romanticized images of "Natives," "Africans," or any essentialized "other," but despite our best efforts, we still fall victim to its simplicity. Collaborating with descendent communities broadens our perspective, but their perceptions of the past and their ancestors can further complicate the dilemma. This paper explores two mixed-heritage communities in Setauket and Amityville, both on Long Island, New...


Constructing A Community Of Color: A Spatial Analysis Of New Guinea On Nantucket (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jared P Muehlbauer.

In 1827, the community of New Guinea on Nantucket, MA opened the doors of the African Meeting House.  The African Meeting House’s construction was a milestone event in the establishment of this thriving community of color.  People of African and Native ancestry on Nantucket coupled this with buying property, building homes, starting businesses, and founding institutions to create a space that allowed them refuge from daily experiences of racism, and facilitated community resistance. By examining...


A Creole Synthesis: An Archaeology of the Mixed Heritage Silas Tobias Site in Setauket, New York (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher N. Matthews.

Research on the Silas Tobias site in Setauket, New York has identified a small 19th century homestead with a well-preserved and stratified archaeological context. Documentation of the site establishes that the site was occupied from at least 1823 until about 1900. Based on documentary evidence, the Tobias family is considered African American, though the mixed Native American and African American heritage of the descendant community is also well-known. Excavations in 2015 exposed both...


The Embodiment of Identity: an Archaeological Perspective on Race and Self-Representation in18th -century Virginia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT J. Hope Smith.

Institutionalized slavery helped to create the concept of race in the American mind and forced people into new social categories based on superficial bodily characteristics. These new social categories resulted in the formation of identities that were continuously negotiated, reinforced or challenged through daily bodily practices of self-presentation that included ways of dress, adornment and physical action. Because slavery was defined on the body, an embodiment approach to plantation...


Empowering Social Justice And Equality By Making Minority Sites And Intersecting Power Dynamics Visible (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Suzanne Spencer-Wood.

Feminist critical intersectional theory emancipates constructions of the past from the symbolic violence of minority group exclusion perpetrated by historical narratives and archaeologies focused on the dominant social group of elite white men. Social justice and equality are empowered by historical markers, districts, heritage trails, statues, conferences, and K-college lesson plans that bring to light historic sites, experiences, and voices of minorities and women who were lost to history....


An Ethno-Atlas (1956)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert F. Spencer.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Everyone Was Black in the Mines: Exploring the Reasons for Relaxed Racial Tensions in Early West Virginia Coal Company Towns. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert DeMuth.

While racial inequality was frequently the norm in many early 20th century communities, several historians have noted that many central Appalachian coal mining ‘company towns’ tended toward more equitable white/black race relations.  The progressive nature of these histories is opposed to our modern stereotypes of the region, and may provide and important outlet for positive narratives of Appalachia.  This paper draws largely on oral histories and documentary evidence to understand the processes...


Exploring Processes of Racialization in Nineteenth Century Nantucket, Massachusetts (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Nedra K. Lee.

As Nantucket, Massachusetts became the center of a global whaling industry in the nineteenth century, the island’s Native American and Black populations formed the mixed-race community of New Guinea.  The Nantucket African Meeting House played a critical role in New Guinea’s adoption of a shared African identity as it became the center of the community’s social and political activities.  Using archaeological materials from the African Meeting House and the neighboring Seneca Boston-Florence...


From Field to Faubourg: Race, Labor, and Craft Economies in Nineteenth-Century Creole New Orleans (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher M. Grant.

The effects of the Haitian Revolution on the city of New Orleans have been the subject of historical inquiry for several decades. Scholars have detailed the political and cultural transformations that were set into motion when some 10,000 refugees arrived in the port city from the Saint-Domingue. While it is acknowledged that they contributed heavily to everyday practices in New Orleans, the extent to which the refugees - and free people of color in particular - actively sought to preserve the...


Geographically and Socially on the Periphery: People of Color and their Role in Social Life in Nantucket, Massachusetts (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Hannah C Desmarais.

The Boston-Higginbotham House, located on the island of Nantucket, Massachusetts, was constructed by Seneca Boston, an African-American former slave, and his native Wampanoag wife Thankful Micah in the 18th century.  The couple's descendants continued to own and inhabit the home for more than a century until it passed to the Boston Museum of African American History.  Archaeological excavations conducted by the University of Massachusetts Boston at the home in 2008 shed light on the ways...


Human Variation: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology (1969)

Citation DOCUMENT James F. Downs. Hermann K. Bleibtreu.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


"…in a few years by death and removes they were all gone…": Forced Relocation as Racial Violence (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Mark S. Tweedie. Allison J.M. McGovern.

Indigenous dispossession and forced relocation remain central features of historical narratives, as they are used to explain the seemingly "natural" cultural loss and subsequent disappearance of Native peoples. However, these occurrences are less frequently remembered as acts of violence that supported privilege and cultural hegemony. In this paper, documentary and archaeological evidence are used to highlight instances of indigenous removals on eastern Long Island in the post-contact era, and...


In Sickness And In Health: Well-being Of Enslaved Laborers At The Hermitage Plantation (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Lori Lee.

Prior to the nineteenth century, the practice of medicine was as much an art as it was a science in the Western world. By the antebellum period, European, African, African American, and Native American medical theory and practices intermingled on Southern plantations because of centuries of interaction. This study of the material culture of health and well-being at the Hermitage highlights the extent to which consumption, cultural beliefs, and incipient scientific discourse intersected to shape...


Indian Villages in Pennsylvania

Citation DOCUMENT Anonymous.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Intersecting Histories: The Beman Triangle and Wesleyan University (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Croucher.

This paper discusses preliminary archaeological investigation of the Beman Triangle, CT. From the mid- to late-19th century, the Beman Triangle was a community of property owning African Americans, closely allied with one of the first AME Zion Churches in the US. As a community archaeology project, partnering between the AME Zion Church and Wesleyan University, the archaeological investigations of the site have been driven by multiple intersections. Questions from the working group have...


An Intersectional Study of Authorship and Citation in American Antiquity, Latin American Antiquity, and Advances in Archaeological Practice (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Laura Heath-Stout.

Over the last thirty years, archaeologists studying identity in the past have also examined archaeologists in the present. Feminist archaeologists of the 1990s examined gender inequities among archaeologists using a wide variety of metrics. Since NAGPRA passed in 1991, many have written about the roles of Native Americans and other people of color in archaeological research. Yet there are no studies of how sexism, racism, and heterosexism work together in our field. I will examine patterns of...


Intersectionality and Health Consumerism in Antebellum Virginia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Lori Lee.

This presentation explores intersectionality in the context of health consumerism in antebellum central Virginia. Health consumerism incorporates the modern sense of patients’ involvement in their own health care decisions and the degree of access enslaved African Americans had to resources that shaped their health and well-being experiences. To emphasize the multilayered nature of health and illness, this analysis engages Margaret Lock and Nancy Scheper-Hughes "three bodies model." The three...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America