tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Teotihuacan (Other Keyword)

1-25 (35 Records)

The Afterlife in Exile: Butterfly Imagery on Teotihuacan-style Censers from the Pacific Coast of Guatemala (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Annabeth Headrick. Dorie Reents-Budet.

The Teotihuacan-style censers from Guatemala have received relatively little attention since the 1980s. Following upon earlier suggestions for a merchant-warrior presence in the Escuintla region, this study examines the butterfly imagery on a group of Teotihuacan-style censers in the national collections of Guatemala. This group of unprovenanced artifacts has research value because (1) its original imagery is intact, and (2) all have been sampled for paste analysis (instrumental neutron...


Archaeological Reconnaissance at Fracción Mujular: A Small Site with Big Connections (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Mikael Fauvelle.

Located on the Pacific Coast of Chiapas, the site of Fracción Mujular is best known for three carved stela bearing Teotihuacan associated stylistic elements, first identified by Carlos Navarrete in the 1960s. The relatively modest architecture of the site, combined with evidence for long-distance connections, makes Fracción Mujular an interesting place to investigate the impact that inter-regional political and trade relationships during the Early Classic had on the lives of common people. ...


The Art of Noise at Teotihuacan: The Conch Shell Motif in the Classic Period (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Megan Leight.

Teotihuacan was a major cosmopolitan city located in the Basin of Mexico during the Classic Period (100-700 CE). The artwork has long fascinated but bewildered scholars, and despite the emulation of Teotihuacan’s recognizable artistic styles across Mesoamerica, we still understand relatively little about their artistic styles today. This paper aims to examine the conch shell motif from artwork at Teotihuacan, particularly visible in extant mural paintings. It will focus on investigating the...


A City in Decline: Insights on the Collapse of Teotihuacan from the Southern Basin of Mexico (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Clayton.

In this paper I discuss the urban decline and political breakdown of Teotihuacan from the vantage of Chicoloapan Viejo, an agrarian settlement situated in the Basin of Mexico hinterland, 40 km south of the capital city. Fieldwork in the southeastern Basin, including settlement survey led by Jeffrey Parsons in the 1960s and excavations at Chicoloapan in 2013 and 2014, shows that population numbers in this area grew dramatically in the years surrounding the state’s dissolution. As a settlement...


Diet and in-migration in the Tlajinga District of Teotihuacan: New insights from stable isotope analysis and AMS radiocarbon dating. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Gina Buckley. Rebecca Storey. Scott Hynek. Kenneth G. Hirth. Douglas J. Kennett.

Thirty years ago, the apartment compound known as Tlajinga 33 (33:S3W1) in the southern district of Teotihuacan was extensively excavated, resulting in the recovery of over 100 individuals. A paleodemographic study of these individuals indicated that chronic morbidity was a serious health issue among residents. Additionally, previous geochemical analysis from 25 of these individuals suggested that at least 29% of residents grew up outside of Teotihuacan. Due to chronic health issues, the...


Distribución temporal de la cerámica teotihuacana en el valle intermontano de Maltrata, Veracruz (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Yamile Lira-Lopez.

Entre Teotihuacán y la Costa del Golfo, bajando el Altiplano Central y el valle Puebla-Tlaxcala, existe un pequeño valle enclavado en la Sierra Madre Oriental, habitado desde el 800 aC hasta la actualidad. Su ubicación geográfica permitió formar parte de una ruta de tránsito, comunicación e intercambio, entrelazando la Costa del Golfo de México y el Altiplano Central, permitiendo la interacción entre grupos olmecas, zapotecos, teotihuacanos, mixteco-poblanos, aztecas y habitantes locales,...


Employing micromorphology at the Tlajinga district in Teotihuacan to investigate site formation processes and household activities (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Mareike Stahlschmidt. David M Carballo.

Recent excavations of the PATT (Proyecto Arqueológico Tlajinga, Teotihuacan) have explored two residential zones and the southern extension of the Street of the Dead in the Tlajinga district, located in the southern periphery of Teotihuacan. Excavations at the residential zones are directed at investigating neighborhood dynamics including social organization, craft specialization and domestic ritual. Excavation at the Street of the Dead are directed at evaluating the processes of urbanization at...


Entangled Ideologies on the Pacific Coast: the Teotihuacan-style Maya censers from the Department of Escuintla, Guatemala (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Dorie Reents-Budet. Annabeth Headdrick. Ronald Bishop.

Teotihuacan-style censers from the Pacific Coast of Guatemala are seminal markers of "international" interaction and ideology during the Early Classic Period (250-550 CE). But the paucity of archaeological data for this artifact class and the lack of recent in-depth analysis of their iconographic narratives leave unexplored a potential body of material concerning interaction, identity, and ideological shifts in this gateway region of southern Mesoamerica. Data from archaeological investigations,...


Formal Open Space at Teotihuacan (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Alexandra Norwood.

The lack of large plazas at Teotihuacan has led archaeologists to claim that Teotihuacan was a city with very little public open space. There are, however, many smaller assembly areas distributed around the city. The Teotihuacan Mapping Project identified a large number of "plazas" in the city but the criteria were subjective and the data were never analyzed. I have filtered these data by applying a more formal definition of plaza than the initial field criteria used by the Mapping Project....


The Function of Candeleros and the Enigmatic Relationship between Teotihuacan and Honduras (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Kate Richey. Geoffrey McCafferty.

The ceramic vessel known as Candeleros, which is commonly associated with Teotihuacan, is problematic for several reasons. Candeleros are generally small ovoid vessels with one or more chambers, often associated with domestic use and believed to be a type of incense burner. However, residue analysis that has been conducted to date does not always find materials associated with burning. Candeleros are most often associated with Teotihuacan, but are also found in Northern Honduras at sights such...


Geographical isotopes, migration and the Tlajinga District of Teotihuacan (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Gina Buckley. Rebecca Storey. Kenneth G. Hirth. Douglas J. Kennett. Brendan J. Culleton.

The Tlajinga district was a possible southern entrance for visitors to the city of Teotihuacan. It was also a locus of craft specialization, especially of San Martin Orange ceramics in the later periods, yet was a cluster of common status neighborhoods. The Tlajinga 33 compound (33:S3W1) was extensively excavated 30 years ago, and recent excavations in two other compounds located along the southern Street of the Dead by the Tlajinga Teotihuacan Archaeological Project (PATT), have added to our...


Handmade or mass-produced: ritual objects and the making of identity in the Teotihuacan region (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Clayton.

A hallmark of the material culture of Teotihuacan, the largest city of its time in Mesoamerica (ca. 1-600 CE), is the wide circulation of a variety of mass-produced goods, including objects used in household ritual. Items made from molds included masks, figurines, ceramic vessels, and decorative attachments to large incense burners, which are often found in domestic refuse and in ritual contexts such as burials. Although such artifacts appear alike, they were not uniformly distributed across the...


Interaction as Movement, Movement as Interaction: The Tripod Vessel in the Maya Region (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Bryan Schaeffer.

Interaction between the central Mexican city of Teotihuacan and the Maya region, and the subsequent influence of Teotihuacan on Maya material culture, has been much discussed. Although many scholars have noted the tripod cylindrical vessel as a diagnostic trait of Teotihuacan and as evidence of interaction and/or influence in other areas of Mesoamerica, further examinations of the tripod ceramic vessels and their imagery found in the Maya area have not been fully developed. The tripod vessel...


Lapidary Crafting in the Tlajinga Barrio at Sites 17:S3E1 and 18:S3E1, Teotihuacan (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Randolph Widmer.

Fine screened (1 mm mesh) samples obtained from the heavy fractions of flotation samples at the recent excavations in the Tlajinga barrio of Teotihuacan have revealed evidence of extensive lapidary crafting of slate and greenstone. Sorting of the sediments from these samples results in the recovery of minute fragments of lapidary debitage as well as more typical domestic refuse. Evidence will be presented on the types of artifacts being produced, the materials being crafted, and the intensity of...


Life on Floors: The Archaeometry of Teotihuacan´s Living Surfaces (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Hilda Lozano Bravo.

Archaeometric studies promote interdisciplinarity. Therefore, through this framework we can analyze other materials which facilitate the understanding of the society which created, modified, and used them. To sum up, with this methodology we seek to comprehend the characteristics of the materials used to build the city of Teotihuacan. Currently, there are archaeomagnetic studies underway which intend to discover the Sun Pyramid Square’s chronology of occupation. Furthermore, we are also...


Maya-Teotihuacan Relations Viewed from Front D at the Plaza of the Columns (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT William Fash. Nawa Sugiyama. Barbara Fash. Mariela Pérez Antonio. Alexis Hartford.

Two distinct excavation contexts from Front D in the Plaza of the Columns Complex yielded pictorial representations in different artistic media that strongly suggest the presence of Maya artists in Plaza 50, decades prior to the famous Teotihuacan "Entrada" of 378 C.E. in the Petén. Excavations at this civic-administrative structure at the heart of the ceremonial core of Teotihuacan have revealed a sequence of numerous plaster floors in Plaza 50 associated with Structure 44, whose form is...


New research on ceramics and chronology from the Tlajinga district (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Daniela Hernandez Sarinana. Gina Buckley. Doug Kennett. Brendan Culleton. David Carballo.

The Proyecto Arqueológico Tlajinga Teotihuacan (PATT) undertook two excavation seasons in the southern district of the city known as Tlajinga. These have provided new information concerning the growth of the city southward and life in residential apartment complexes. Tlajinga comprises a group of residential neighborhoods where commoners lived and engaged in both local and city-wide interactions. Analysis of ceramics from the project provides an understanding of the temporality of household...


Obsidian craft production at Teotihuacan: A view from Tlajinga 17 (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Kenneth Hirth. Mark Dennison. Sean Carr. Sarah Imfeld. Casana Popp.

In 1986 John Clark published a seminal article that questioned the scale of obsidian craft production at Teotihuacan as reconstructed by the Teotihuacan Mapping Project (TMP). Clark argued that many of the areas identified as obsidian workshops from surface materials were concentrations of production refuse deposited as fill and eroding out of residential and public architecture. Excavations by the Projecto Arqueologico Teotihuacan-Tlajinga (PATT) in 2013 explored the stratigraphic relationships...


Of Mud and Magnets: Archaeometric Prospection at the Site of Altica (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Andrés Mejía Ramón. Luis Barba.

The Formative Period site of Altica in the Patlachique range poses many problems when designing an excavation strategy. Three millennia of erosion, and centuries of chisel plowing have eviscerated the site, removing any traces of architecture and in situ remains above the tepetate (local bedrock). As such, in the early stages of the Altica Project, the primary concern was the detection and identification of sub-surface remains inside intact bedrock-incised pits. In most archaeological sites, the...


Plaza of the Columns at Teotihuacan: Scope, Goals and Expectations of a New International Project (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Nawa Sugiyama. Saburo Sugiyama. Verónica Ortega Cabrera. William L. Fash.

Summer 2015, the Plaza of the Columns Project began a multi-year collaborative investigation of two large residential/ceremonial complexes that remained unexplored at Teotihuacan’s ceremonial core: Plaza of the Columns and its symmetric counterpart called Plaza North of the Sun Pyramid. The former comprises the largest three-temple complex with the fourth highest pyramid, a main plaza (11,408 m2) larger than the Sun Pyramid plaza, and deep occupational layers that could provide information about...


Prehispanic landscape and agriculture in the Teotihuacan Valley: the Tlaijnga área (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Emily McClung De Tapia.

Archaeological evidence indicates occupation in the Tlajinga área of the southern Teotihuacan Valley throughout the Classic and Postclassic (ca. 200-1500 DC) as well as the Colonial period. Excavations as well as soil profiles in this sector provide macro- and microbotanical remains that, together with stable carbón isotope values (δ13C) provide new insights with respect to agricultural activities, conforming evidence for maize (Zea mays) and opportunistic flora associated with food production....


Primacy of the Cave at the Sun Pyramid, Teotihuacan (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Rebecca Sload.

Multiple lines of evidence indicate that the cave determined the definition of the Sun Pyramid. As the earliest monumental construction at Teotihuacan, it is hypothesized that the Pyramid/cave was built within a pan-Mesoamerican worldview that valued the mountain cave, including acknowledging artificial caves as caves, pyramids as mountains, and sacred space as created via engineered spatial relationships. Ceramics and radiocarbon dates indicate contemporaneous construction of and modification...


Quimicho: a Classic Site in Northeast Tlaxcala, Mexico. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Ashuni Romero. Ramón Santacruz.

Through an archaeological salvage project, the Quimicho archaeological site was explored for the first time. During the Prehispanic period there was a system of circulation of natural, human, and ideological resources, which different groups in different moments took advantage of. For this system to work, different routes of distribution of wealth were established, generating a cultural exchange between diverse ethnic groups. The Quimicho archaeological site, situated in the Northeast region of...


Residue Analysis of Plastered Floors and Function of the Rooms at Teopancazco, Teotihuacan (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Luis Barba. Linda Manzanilla. Agustin Ortiz. Alessandra Pecci.

Teopancazco is a neighborhood center at Teotihuacan. It was excavated in the framework of the project Teopancazco "Teotihuacan. Elite y Gobierno" directed by Linda R. Manzanilla between 1997 and 2005). Samples from the plastered floors of the compound have been analysed at the Laboratorio de Prospección Arqueológica of the UNAM (Mexico) in order to understand the chemical enrichments of floors and the spatial distribution of activities. We show here the results of the analyses of the Xolalpan...


Reverential Termination of the Sun Pyramid Cave, Teotihuacan (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Rebecca Sload.

Reverential termination is hypothesized for the human-made cave beneath the Sun Pyramid. While the idea of a mid-third century A.D. termination is not new and is based on radiocarbon dating and construction of blockages in the rear section of the cave and use of concrete, qualifying the termination as reverential is a refinement. The most direct information comes from examination of blockage construction, which is supported by two other lines of evidence. One also lays within the cave and...

  • 1
  • 2
Next
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America