Mobility (Other Keyword)

1-25 (138 Records)

Adding Navigating Capabilities to a Deterministic Computer Model of Ocean Voyaging (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alvaro Montenegro.

This is an abstract from the "Modeling Mobility across Waterbodies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Since pioneering efforts in the 1970’s, computer models that simulate vessel displacement have contributed useful information to the debate around several historical and archaeological problems. Existing models can be separated into two categories. In stochastic models, wind and current values are based on a probabilistic description of these...


Application of Multi-Isotopic Analysis (δ13C, δ15N, and δ34S) to Examine Mobility and Movement of People and Animals within an Iron Age British Society (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Derek Hamilton. Kerry Sayle. Colin Haselgrove. Gordon Cook.

The middle of the Iron Age in southern central Britain (c. 400–200 cal BC) is a period that is often seen as becoming regionally inward-looking. A primary focus of the mixed agriculturalists is on building and maintaining massive hillforts. There is very little long-distance exchange or trade noted in the archaeological record, and the metalwork at the time takes on insular forms (e.g. involuted brooches) that separate it from the Continental connections observable in both the Early and Late...


The Archaeology of Travel in Greater Nicoya (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adam Benfer.

Sometime before AD 1, a dynamic interaction and exchange network developed among the villages and hamlets of Greater Nicoya. The range and frequency of trade within this region is demonstrated by geochemically sourced ceramic and stone artifacts. The travel routes along which these artifacts were traded remain poorly understood. Geographic information systems (GIS) offer a means to predictively model the optimal terrestrial and aquatic travel routes that interconnected the settlements of Greater...


Archaic Period Settlement Systems On Northeastern Mississippi (1982)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jay K. Johnson.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Assessing hunter-gatherer mobility in Australia's Western Desert using historic aerial imagery from the 1950s (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael Price. Rebecca Bliege Bird. Douglas Bird.

Access to water, food, and other resources is a critical factor structuring hunter-gatherer mobility, but few landscape-level studies have examined how resource availability influences where foragers go and how long they remain at one place before moving on. Using a newly available set of aerial images from the Western Desert of Australia taken in 1953, we utilize a simple ideal-free distribution model to reconstruct forager mobility by the fire footprints they leave behind. We examine three...


Assessing Mobility and Social Interactions through Integrated Analyses of Complicated Stamped Pottery in the American Southeast (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Neill Wallis. Thomas Pluckhahn.

In the Deep South of the American Southeast, regional scale social interactions burgeoned alongside the growth of nucleated villages, widespread mound-building projects, and conspicuous mortuary ceremonialism during the Middle and Late Woodland period (ca. AD 100 to 800). A premier material for understanding the significance of social interactions across the southern landscape comes from Swift Creek Complicated Stamped pottery, a ubiquitous class of material culture that provides direct evidence...


Behavior from Spatial Structure in Archaeological Sites: A Working Model Based on Dukha Ethnography (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Randy Haas. Todd Surovell. Matthew O'Brien.

Archaeologists commonly observe clear qualitative structure in the spatial distribution of artifacts deposited in archaeological sites. Quantification and interpretation of such structure remains a major challenge. Drawing on multiple field seasons of observation among the Dukha—residentially mobile reindeer herders of the Mongolian Taiga—we present a likelihood based method for quantifying site-level structure in the use of space. This ideal ethnographic case in which behavior-structure...


Beyond the Marañon: A Consideration of Cajamarca's Changing Relationships with Chachapoyas societies (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Warren Church.

This paper offers observations regarding the distribution of Cajamarca fine, painted kaolin-ware pottery recovered to the east, across the Marañon canyon in the Chachapoyas region cloud forests. Cajamarca’s complex societies lay at the center of expansive interaction networks during pre-Hispanic times. The clearest evidence of Cajamarca's long-distance communication networks consists of its signature fine, painted kaolin-ware bowls discovered in sacred and mortuary contexts across the Central...


A Bioarchaeological Approach to Ychsma Regional Interactions: Stable Oxygen and Radiogenic Strontium Isotopes and Late Intermediate Period Mobility on the Central Peruvian Coast (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Marsteller. Kelly Knudson. Gwyneth Gordon. Ariel Anbar.

Archaeological and ethnohistoric evidence indicates that, for the Inca Empire and the Spanish Viceroyalty, the Rimac and Lurin Valleys on central Peruvian coast served as a key regional hub for religious and administrative activities. The nature of regional interactions prior to Inca imperial influence in this area, however, remains unclear. Well-known historical narratives claim populations from the adjacent Huarochirí highlands defeated coastal Ychsma populations for agricultural land, but...


Biomechanical Analysis of Northern and Southern Plains Femora: Behavioral Implications (1994)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Ruff.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Caminos del Horizonte Medio en Arequipa:Paisaje como un espacio socialmente constituido (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Willy Yepez Alvarez.

This is an abstract from the "Wari and the Far Peruvian South Coast: Final Results of Excavations in Quilcapampa" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Presentamos los caminos que durante el Horizonte Medio integraron al valle de Siguas, Vitor, Majes y Ocoña dentro de una dinámica de estudio de la visibilidad y ritualidad espacial. Para ello tomamos con ejemplo de discusión el sitio de Quilcapampa La Antigua, valle de Siguas, Arequipa, Perú. La...


Camping and Hot-Rock Cooking: Hunter-Gatherer Land Use across the Southwest Pecos Slopes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Monica Murrell. Phillip Leckman. Michael Heilen.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Understanding changes in mobility and subsistence practices among Jornada Mogollon hunter-gatherer groups remains a substantial research issue. Residents across the Permian Basin largely maintained a hunting-and-gathering cultural adaption throughout prehistoric times, although some segment of the local population practiced cultivation during the Late...


Capturing People on the Move: Spatial Analysis and Remote Sensing in the Bantu Mobility Project, Basanga, Zambia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Pawlowicz.

From its inception in 2014, the Bantu Mobility Project has sought to recover the various mobilities that made up peoples’ experience of the Bantu Expansions, the spread of over 500 related languages across nearly half the African continent. We have sought to refocus research on the Bantu Expansions away from the macro-scale and onto the specific movements of people, animals, and material goods at various spatial and temporal scales. From an archaeological standpoint this effort necessitates...


Childhood and Adulthood Mobility at Medieval (1240s AD) Solt-Tételhegy, Hungary Reconstructed from Stable Oxygen Isotope Analysis (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ariana Gugora. Tosha Dupras. Erzsébet Fóthi.

Between 2005 and 2009, archaeologists excavated more than 100 skeletons from the medieval (1240s AD) Hungarian site of Solt-Tételhegy. Little has been published about this archaeological settlement, and although previous stable isotopic research has described the migration patterns of medieval European peoples, here we present the first such study performed on a medieval Hungarian population. Stable oxygen isotope analysis was conducted on dental enamel from 23 individuals and on bone apatite...


Clarifying Perceptions of Rock: Prehistoric Use of Common Toolstone in Tangle Lakes, Alaska (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brooks Lawler.

Archaeologists have had difficulty agreeing upon uniform designations of certain kinds of toolstone that are not easily distinguishable visually. There are occasions when the archaeological definition of toolstone material and the geological definition of the same toolstone material do not match. A situation where this discrepancy might arise is when archaeologists give a more specific name to a cryptocrystalline silicate that is difficult to identify based on visual analysis. An understanding...


Coming to the Islands: Strontium and Oxygen Isotope Investigation of Human Mobility in the Bahamian Archipelago (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christophe Snoeck. Rick Schulting. Michael Pateman. William F. Keegan. Joanna Ostapkowicz.

This is an abstract from the "Advances in the Archaeology of the Bahama Archipelago" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Initial settlement of the Bahamian archipelago is currently thought to have derived from Cuba and/or Hispaniola. The first forays may have been seasonal, with permanent settlement not in evidence until ca. AD 1000. As well as initial settlement, we might expect a continued movement of individuals between the Greater Antilles and the...


Comparing Isotopic Data for Diet and Mobility of Males and Females in the Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacklyn Rumberger. Arthur Joyce. Sarah Barber. Stacie King. Guy David Hepp.

This poster presents a comparison of the isotopic data from male and female individuals interred in the lower Río Verde Valley of coastal Oaxaca, Mexico from the Early Formative period, beginning in 2000 BC, to the Early Postclassic period, ending in AD 1100. Our previous work in this region has focused primarily on broad dietary changes through time, focusing little attention on comparisons by sex. Our sample for the present study includes 54 individuals: 31 males and 23 females. These...


Comparison of Circuit and Least Cost Path Modeling for Maritime Peopling of the Americas (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Gustas.

This is an abstract from the "Modeling Mobility across Waterbodies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Despite much recent scholarship there is still much to learn about the exact method, route, and timing of the Peopling of the New World. Geographic Information System (GIS) based analytical methods provide opportunities to model where and when coastal peopling events could have taken place. I will compare the results of traditional Least Cost Path...


Dalton Mobility in the Tennessee River Valley: An Assessment of Raw Material Use and Tool Curation (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Craib.

Previous research in the Southeast has demonstrated that Dalton groups underwent a process of settling in to the landscape. This has been demonstrated through the identification of raw materials used for the production of Dalton hafted bifaces. A preference for locally available raw materials has been noted in previous studies, a departure from Clovis groups who routinely made use of non-local cherts. This trend has been well established outside of the Tennessee River Valley; however, little...


Diet and Mobility in Roman and Byzantine Turkey (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan Wong. Martin Steskal. Elise Naumann. Johann Rasmus Brandt. Michael Richards.

Isotope analyses (C, N, Sr) have been conducted on human skeletal remains (n=150) from the Roman and Byzantine periods (ca. 133 BC – ca. 1453) from the sites of Hierapolis and Ephesos (Turkey) to characterize and compare their diet and mobility. In addition we undertook a large-scale strontium isotope-mapping project in the region, modern plant and snail samples are also used to characterize the local bioavailable strontium values in southwestern Turkey. Hierapolis and Ephesos were both major...


Discerning Paleoindian Mobility in the Eastern Great Basin: A Geochemical Analysis of Lithic Artifacts from Bonneville Estates Rockshelter and Smith Creek Cave (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caitlin Doherty. Ted Goebel.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Lithic technological organization studies and geochemical analyses provide a useful way for archaeologists to examine prehistoric forager mobility. In the Great Basin, these methods, when applied to assemblages from multi-component sites, have revealed diachronic changes in lithic raw material procurement patterns between the Paleoindian and Early Archaic...


An Early Archaic Melting Pot in the Southern Rocky Mountains: Early Holocene Mobility and Settlement Patterns in the Gunnison Basin, Colorado (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only William Ankele.

In comparison to the Late Paleoindian Period (10,000-8,000 rcybp), the Early Archaic (8,000-6,500 rcybp) in the Gunnison Basin, Colorado is a poorly understood time because of its relatively light archaeological signature. Not only is the archaeological record more ephemeral, but we also see a change in technologies, such as projectile points types, in this transitional period. Some archaeologists explain these observations as a result of changing environments and shifting settlement processes...


The Early Brown Ware Horizon in East-Central Arizona, AD 300-550: Preliminary Results from Recent Survey, Excavation, and Collections-Based Research (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only R. J. Sinensky.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Early Brown Ware Horizon, also known as the Basketmaker II-III transition, is one of the most pivotal yet poorly understood temporal intervals in the Prehispanic northern Southwest. This poster reports on recent site reconnaissance, small-scale excavations, and collections-based analyses focused on an area with a dense occupation at this time, East Central...


Early Pastoralists in Tanzania: Mobility and the Seasonal Round (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anneke Janzen. Mary Prendergast. Katherine Grillo.

First developing around 8,000 years ago, pastoralism in Africa has continued as a flexible and dynamic mode of subsistence. One key feature of this dynamism is mobility, which is crucial for many East African pastoralists today to access seasonally available pasture and water. In areas of unpredictable rainfall, mobile pastoralism permits more people to live in dry lands than do other subsistence strategies. How the earliest herders in Tanzania used the landscape is still relatively unknown....


Economies and Identities in Flux: Consequences of the Arrival of Specialized Fulani Pastoralists in Mali’s Inland Niger Delta (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Abigail Stone.

In the Sahel, the Fulani are considered the archetypal cattle herders. Although their spread across West Africa is poorly understood, their arrival had profound effects on local populations. In Mali’s Inland Niger Delta, historical sources and isotopic analysis of archaeological cattle, sheep, and goat teeth from the site of Jenné-jeno and the modern town of Djenné suggest that specialized Fulani pastoralists arrived in the Delta between the 13th and 15th centuries AD. This coincided with...