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Aztec West Ruin: Perishable Artifacts and Pottery from Excavations by the American Museum of Natural History

PROJECT Lori Reed. Laurie Webster.

Digital images of pottery and perishable items recovered from Earl Morris' excavations of Aztec West Ruin between 1916 and 1922. Although Morris' excavations at Aztec were extensive, his analysis and descriptions of the artifact assemblage were cursory. In 2003, Laurie Webster and Lori Stephens Reed began systematic analysis, documentation, and digital imaging of pottery and perishables from Morris' Aztec West Ruin collections housed at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY and...


Basketmaker Caves in the Prayer Rock District, Northeastern Arizona (1980)

Citation DOCUMENT Elizabeth A. Morris.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Katak Antechamber and Interior Parts of the Main Tunnel (1990)

Citation DOCUMENT John N. Kilmarx.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Perishable: Cornhusk Package AMNH 29.0/8377 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cornhusk Package, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #8377. Morris FS 1872. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Cornhusk package, folded, wrapped yucca and cornhusk. Images: AMNH 29.0/8377A: cornhusk package. AMNH 29.0/8377B: cornhusk package, other face. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 80, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 80 at the time of excavation is as follows. “From 6 inches to 1 foot 3 inches of washed sand and adobe covered the floor of Room 80….The veneer of the...


Perishable: Cotton Cloth AMNH 29.0/9446 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cotton Cloth, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #9446. Morris FS 2930. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Fragment of 1/1 plain-weave red cotton cloth with end selvage. Images: AMNH 29.0/9446A: fragment of red plain-weave cotton cloth with end selvage. AMNH 29.0/9446B: close-up of end selvage. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 139, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 139 at the time of excavation is as follows: “When the writer broke through the veneer of masonry which sealed...


Perishable: Cotton Cloth with Buckskin AMNH 29.0/9672 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cotton Cloth with Buckskin, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #9672. Morris FS 3157. CULTURALLY SENSITIVE, NAGPRA ARTIFACT; ACCESS RESTRICTED. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Deteriorated 1/1 plain weave cotton cloth adhered to buckskin. Images: AMNH 29.0/9672A: deteriorated cotton plain-weave cloth adhered to buckskin. AMNH 29.0/9672B: other face. AMNH 29.0/9672C: close-up of two loops at edge of buckskin. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 141, Grave 29. Earl Morris’ description of...


Perishable: Cradle Band AMNH 29.0/8964 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Cradle Band, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #8964. Morris FS 2458. CULTURALLY SENSITIVE, NAGPRA ARTIFACT; ACCESS RESTRICTED. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Cradle band with yucca 2-strand twining (S), buckskin, and wood. Images: AMNH 29.0/8964A: cradle band, one face. AMNH 29.0/8964B: close-up of one end showing cordage wrapping beneath buckskin. AMNH 29.0/8964C: cradle band, other face. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 95, Grave 20, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of...


Perishable: Feather Ornament AMNH 29.0/7393 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Feather Ornament, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #7393. Morris FS 985. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Wrapped feather ornament with 3-strand braid, square knot. Possible miniature bow. Image: AMNH 29.0/7393A: feather ornament with braid, possible miniature bow. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 54, Aztec West Ruin. Morris (1928:309) indicates that “The first 1 ½ feet of fill in Room 54 consisted of fallen masonry and the uncharred wood of a ceiling which had been supported by two...


Perishable: Hide Bag AZRU8-2734 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Bag, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2734. Morris FS 3703. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Oval piece of hide, edges trimmed and perforated with holes. Still stitched in one area with 2S-Z yucca? cordage. Morris: "Bag of soft-tanned hide, edges perforated for drawstring." Measurements: L 17.0, W 16.0 CM approx. Images: AZRU8-2734 A view of hide bag or cover, partially opened out. AZRU8-2734 B: remains of distorted hide bag or cover. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 136-2,...


Perishable: Hide Bag AZRU8-2735 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Bag, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2735. Morris FS 5335. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Remains of hide bag with stitching holes at one end. No stitching observed. Measurements: L 17.5, W 9.5 CM. Image: AZRU8-2735 A: remains of hide bag. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room189, Lower Level, Aztec West Ruin. Morris noted that Room 189 “contained the largest quantity of perishable objects from the Chaco period that have to date been taken from any chamber in the western half...


Perishable: Hide Bracelet AMNH 29.0/7819 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Bracelet, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #7819. Morris FS 1413. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Hide bracelet with porcupine quills. Image: AMNH 29.0/7819A: hide bracelet with porcupine quills. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 48, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 48 at the time of excavation is as follows. “The floor was covered with refuse.. The greater proportion of this deposit was of vegetable substance; cornstalks, husks, tassels, and cobs, cedarbark,...


Perishable: Hide Fragment AZRU8-2737 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Fragment, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2737. Morris FS 3702. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Two pieces of stitched hide. One consists of two pieces sewn together with 3Z-S cotton yarn. The other four pieces are sewn together with 2(2S-Z)S and 2Z-S cotton yarn and rawhide. Measurements: Not measured. Images: AZRU8-2737 A: hide fragment consisting of two pieces stitched together with 3z-S yarn. AZRU8-2737 B: another fragment consisting of four pieces stitched together with 2z-S yarn....


Perishable: Hide Fragments AZRU8-2738 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Fragments, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2738. Morris FS 3753. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Four pieces of hide. No evidence of stitching. Measurements: L 11.5, W 6.5 CM (Largest, curled up). Image: AZRU8-2738 A: four hide fragments. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 147, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 147 at the time of excavation is as follows: “the immediate floor covering was a foot of refuse, with Burials Nos. 60 and 61 on the surface of the...


Perishable: Hide Fragments AZRU8-2742 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Fragments, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2742. Morris FS 5030. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Three pieces of hide. Largest one has stitching holes along one edge. Measurements: Not measured. Images: AZRU8-2742 A: three hide fragments tied together. AZRU8-2742 B: detail of stitch holes.AZRU8-2742 C: detail of stitch holes on one fragment. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room180, Aztec West Ruin. Morris described Room 180 as “fallen into ruin [before the later occupation of...


Perishable: Hide Fragments AZRU8-2743 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Fragments, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2743. Morris FS 3754. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Collection of hide fragments. Approx six fragments wired together. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2743 A: collection of hide fragments. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room147, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 147 at the time of excavation is as follows: “the immediate floor covering was a foot of refuse, with Burials Nos. 60 and 61 on the surface of the...


Perishable: Hide Fragments AZRU8-2744 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Fragments, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2744. Morris FS 3701. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Three hide fragments, all shaped. Two have small stitching holes along edge. Probably remains of a moccasin or other garment. Measurements: L 12.0, W 4.0 CM (largest). Image: AZRU8-2744 A: three hide fragments. AZRU8-2744 B: detail of fragments with stitching holes. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room136-2, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 136-2 at the time of...


Perishable: Hide Moccasin AZRU8-1782 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Moccasin Fragment, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #1782. Morris FS 4898. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Large piece of hide, tapered at one end, with scalloped edges and remnants of sinew stitching. Thong tied through hole with overhand knot. Probable toe end of moccasin. Measurements: L 14.0, W 13.0 CM. Image: AZRU8-1782 A: probable toe fragment of moccasin. AZRU8-1782 B: detail of scalloped edges. AZRU8-1782 C: detail showing holes and remnants of sinew stitching. AZRU8-1782 D: detail...


Perishable: Hide Object AMNH 29.0/8638 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Object, Accession AMNH29.0, Catalog #8638. Morris FS 2129 . Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Cedar bark and 3-strand braid wrapped with hide. Image: AMNH 29.0/8638A: bark and braid wrapped with hide. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 78, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 78 at the time of excavation is as follows. “About three-fourths of a cord of cedar splints such as were used in the construction of ceilings had been left in Room 78, covering the entire...


Perishable: Hide Piece AZRU8-1780 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Piece, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #1780. Morris FS 4093. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Small piece of hide pierced with a hide strip, the latter tied in an overhand knot. Measurements: L 8.0, W 1.9 CM. Image: AZRU8-1780 A: piece of hide pierced with hide strip. AZRU8-1780 B: other face. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 153-2, Aztec West Ruin. Concerning Room 153-2 Morris reports that “The refuse deposit in Room 153 was in reality a continuation of that in Room 136,...


Perishable: Hide Piece AZRU8-2736 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Piece, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog # 2736. Morris FS 3699. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Small piece of hide with brown and tan hair. No stitching observed. Measurements: L 11.0, W 6.5 CM. Images: AZRU8-2736 A: small piece of hide with brown and tan hair. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 136-2, Aztec West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of Room 136-2 at the time of excavation is as follows: “A great quantity of Mesa Verde refuse had been cast into Room 136-2 and evenly...


Perishable: Hide Piece AZRU8-2927 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Piece, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2927. Morris FS 5503. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Thick piece of hide with red cutting lines. Hide strip inserted through edge and tied with an overhand knot. Measurements: Not measured. Images: AZRU8-2927 A: thick piece of hide with red cutting lines, thong tied through one edge. AZRU8-2927 B: close-up of red cutting lines. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural...


Perishable: Hide Scrap AZRU8-2740 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scrap, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2740. Morris FS 5501. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Scrap of hide. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2740 A: scrap of hide. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including fragments of a considerable number of very fine medium-sized water jars and mugs that were shattered, possibly...


Perishable: Hide Scrap AZRU8-2741 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scrap, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2741. Morris FS 5502. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Scrap of hide. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2741 A: scrap of hide. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 193, Aztec West Ruin. For Room 193 Morris described typical architectural features and “refuse that had been deposited on the second floor, including fragments of a considerable number of very fine medium-sized water jars and mugs that were shattered, possibly...


Perishable: Hide Scraps AZRU8-1781 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scraps, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #1781. Morris FS 4091. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Five small pieces of hide, three with remnants of stitch holes and sinew stitching. Measurements: L 11.5, W 4.0 CM (largest). Image: AZRU8-1781 A: five scraps of hide. Three at left have remnants of stitching. Cotton string probably modern. AZRU8-1781 B: three pieces of hide with stitch holes and sinew stitching. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room153-2, Aztec West Ruin. Concerning...


Perishable: Hide Scraps AZRU8-2905 (2006)

IMAGE Laurie Webster.

Hide Scraps, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #2905. Morris FS 5336. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006.18 fragments of hide scraps, one with red pigment on interior face. Measurements: Not measured. Image: AZRU8-2905 A: box of hide scraps, one with red pigment. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 189, Lower Level, Aztec West Ruin. Morris noted that Room 189 “contained the largest quantity of perishable objects from the Chaco period that have to date been taken from any chamber in the...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America