Community (Other Keyword)

1-25 (94 Records)

Archaeology, Memory and Community: Widening Engagement with Historical Archaeology (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Belford.

Telford was created as a 'new town' in the 1960s in a former industrial area, partly to regenerate what was perceived to be a derelict landscape. The new town initially had a divisive effect on long-established local communities. This paper describes an ongoing project which seeks to heal some of these divisions by working with local communities and other stakeholders to explore some of the area's neglected archaeology and heritage. The project has evolved from a 'top down' approach to a more...


"Archaeology? How Does That Work?" Incorporating Archaeology into the National Park Service LGBTQ Heritage Initiative as Community Engagement (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan E. Springate.

The National Park Service (NPS) Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Heritage Initiative was established to address the under-representation of LGBTQ sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and as National Historic Landmarks (NHL), as well as to encourage interpretation of LGBTQ history at sites managed by the NPS. An archaeological context was included to facilitate the consideration of properties’ archaeological significance. In practice, the...


Archeology and Public Education: Uncovering the Stories of the Virgin Islands National Park (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ken Wild.

The Virgin Islands National Park encompasses over half of the island of St. John hundreds of acres of submerged lands, and most of Hassel Island located in the harbor of St. Thomas. Within the park's boundaries are prehistoric sites along every beach, and hundreds of historic structures that make up a complex landscape of archaeological sites that date from the 840 BCE through the 19th century. Sites include over a hundred plantations, fortifications, epidemic hospitals, battlefields, and...


Assembly sites: arenas of interplay between the elite and wider community in Late Iron Age Scandinavia (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandra Sanmark.

This paper investigates the interrelationship between the elite and the wider community at Scandinavian assembly (thing) sites in the late Iron Age. Monuments suggest that these sites were designed by the elite for the performance of elite rituals, such as legitimising power and kingship. At the assembly, laws involving ethnic identity and group belonging were publicised and enforced and the sites themselves must therefore have had a role to play in the creation and upholding of collective...


The "Better sort" and the "Poorer Sort": Wealth Inequalities, Family Formation and the Economy of Energy on British Caribbean Sugar Plantations, 1750-1807 (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin L Roberts.

The occupations held by the enslaved on sugar plantations shaped the formation of enslaved families and communities. There was a hierarchy within slave communities on sugar plantations which drew on the occupations slaves held in the working world. Elite slave family groups emerged on plantations and they tended to hold the most privileged work positions and to pass them down to the next generation. Slaves who held the most privileged occupations had more opportunity to earn money, acquire food...


Blood, Sweat and Queers: Roller Derby and Queer Heritage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Angela A. McComb. Nathan Klembara.

Queer theory is a new and developing realm of heritage management; with the listing of historic places Stonewall National Monument and the Bayard Rustin Residence, queer heritage is attaining broader recognition. Investigations into the broader patterns of queer history will expose additional spaces and places with important associations to queer communities on multiple levels. Roller derby’s queer-normative environment has become a center of community-building in the last twenty years,...


The Bluff –Twin Rocks community: Community formation, persistence and evolution in the northwestern San Juan region (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Till. Winston Hurst.

The valley of Bluff, Utah, is one of many localities in southeast Utah where the archaeological record may show evidence of a succession of Puebloan community centers from the AD 500s through the 1200s (Basketmaker III – Pueblo III periods). These remains can be (1) the formation and dissolution of successive, independent, econocentric communities that came and went in a location with economically advantageous qualities (water and arable land); or (2) a single, persistent, sociocentric community...


Breaking the untold rule: community archaeology a bond of people and information (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cristina Franco.

The relationship between the academia and non-academic individuals is often challenging, as there are tensions between who owns the power to produce knowledge. Citizen science is breaking this untold rule by incorporating the communities, fostering interactions that help transform segregated relationships. Recovery of knowledge from traditional and local perspectives has shown that individuals and communities hold very valuable, deep knowledge regarding their specific surroundings and daily...


The Business of 'Becoming': Community Formation and Greek Colonization in the Northwestern Mediterranean (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Catherine Steidl.

In the early 1st millennium BCE, Greek communities sprang up around the Mediterranean, and the West was no exception. As the story goes, Ionian Greeks arrived in southern France and a legendary marriage to the local chieftan’s daughter ensured their acceptance as settlers. From their base at Massalia, they expanded their trading foothold to Emporion on the Catalonian coast, cementing a relationship that was long-attested by the presence of Greek goods on western shores. Whereas rapid...


The Changing Scale of Integrative Pueblo Communities in the Northern San Juan Region: Basketmaker III through Pueblo III. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Grant Coffey. Susan Ryan.

Most studies of ancestral Pueblo communities in the northern San Juan region of southwestern Colorado use clusters of roughly contemporary habitations, often associated with public architecture, to define the spatial extent of residential communities. The term "community" has also been used to define important social groupings at both larger and smaller spatial scales depending on the focus of study and the type of social connection suggested. This study uses the locations of great kivas, one of...


Checking In: An Examination of the Pend d'Oreille Hotel (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Molly E Swords.

In 1910, people traveling eastward or westward on the Northern Pacific Railroad, would have had an opportunity to get off the train at Sandpoint, Idaho.  These travelers may have been lured in by the promise of jobs in lumber, the picturesque lake with mountains surrounding the town, or the "stories" told about this "party" town.  Whatever their reason for choosing Sandpoint, one of the first businesses to greet them was the Pend d’Oreille Hotel.  Situated adjacent to the railroad tracks it was...


City of the Centipede, Part 2: Urban Development and Construction Chronologies at El Perú-Waka’, Petén Guatemala (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Keith Eppich. Damien Marken. Olivia Navarro-Farr. Juan Carlos Pérez.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Part II of II. The Waka’ Archaeological Project (PAW) has conducted over a decade of archaeological investigations documenting the modification, layout, use, and chronology of monumental and residential landscapes of the Classic lowland city of El Perú-Waka’. These papers will evaluate current theoretical and methodological perspectives of ancient Classic Maya...


Coalescence and conformity at the Ayawiri hillfort, Peru: A social experiment under duress (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Arkush.

Defensive settlements are often places of relatively rapid, dense nucleation by people with few viable alternatives, resulting in the imperative need to establish new consensual rules for living together. In the Titicaca Basin of Peru, after the collapse of the Tiwanaku state, old political relationships were abandoned and defensive security became essential. In the post-collapse period, large hillfort towns formed by the aggregation of multiple families. What behaviors and attitudes were...


Collaborative and Community-based Archaeology (Heritage) – Introduction to the Session and Some Views on Successfully Partnering with Indigenous and Local Communities. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Charles Bello.

The concept of conducting research & historic preservation endeavors in effective partnerships with indigenous and local communities just makes sense and is only fair. Clearly, archaeology – heritage management impacts indigenous, local, and descendant communities. It is also clear that these groups often have relatively little input to what others are trying to accomplish. This paper addresses a few key concepts and recurring purposes and goals: The tangible and intangible aspects of...


Communal Ritual, Communal Feasting, and the Creation of Community in Colonial-Era Los Angeles (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathleen Hull. John Douglass. Seetha Reddy.

This paper examines archaeological and ethnohistoric data that speak to the role of communal events and practices in the creation and maintenance of real and imagined communities during the colonial era for native people in the Los Angeles Basin. Communal ritual and associated feasting had a long tradition in this region, and persisted into the colonial era despite the incorporation of many native people into Mission San Gabriel and the Pueblo of Los Angeles. Archaeological data suggest such...


Community and Ancestors in the Titicaca Basin during the Formative Period (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sara Juengst.

The Formative Period (1500 BC-AD 200) in the Titicaca Basin was a time of important social and economic changes, such as the establishment of sedentary settlements and long distance trade routes, increasing horticultural investment, and an emerging regional ritual tradition, Yaya-Mama. However, while archaeologists have documented and described these changes, less is understood about how they impacted local communities. In particular, Yaya-Mama has been interpreted in a variety of ways: as a...


Community and the Contours of Empire: The Hacienda System in the Northern Highlands of Ecuador (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zev Cossin.

Recent archaeological studies of Spanish colonialism have redirected scholarly attention both to the workings of imperialism and the multitude of ways in which marginalized populations navigated and remade the grids of power that constitute empire. A focus on the household and the materiality of everyday life has generated a rich body of evidence by which to tack between multiple scales of social life and foreground the material culture of daily life as constitutive elements in the making of...


Community archaeology on the south west coast of Alaska:TAPP (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristen Barnett. Anna Prentiss. Sarah Nowell. Ethan Ryan.

The Togiak archaeology and Paleo archaeology project is a combined effort between the Togiak community and the University of Montana to renegotiate the pre-colonial and historic understanding of the Old Togiak site in Southwest Alaska. Preliminary results from the first field season challenge our current understanding of the site incorporating community driven research and knowledge. This paper serves to expand our knowledge and understanding of the region in propose a new baseline in...


Community Formation and Integration in Colonial Alta California (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John Douglass. Kathleen Hull.

Community formation and integration in colonial settings has traditionally been viewed from the binary perspective of colonists and native people. This session views the concept of community in colonial Alta California (1769-1834) from more holistic and alternative viewpoints. To set the stage for this discussion, this introductory paper offers an overview of the sociopolitical landscape in colonial Alta California and presents a broad discussion of the concept of "community" as it may pertain...


Community Formation, Consumption, and Gender at Camp Nelson’s ‘Home for Colored Refugees’ (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only W. Stephen McBride. Kim A. McBride.

Following the tragic expulsion of four hundred African-American women and children from Camp Nelson, KY in November 1864, of which 102 died, these refugees were allowed to return and the ‘Home for Colored Refugees’ was constructed.  This expulsion also led to the emancipation of these refugees by the Congressional Act of March 3, 1865.  By the summer of 1865 this ‘Home’ housed over 3000 former slaves who lived in a variety of housing, including duplex cottages, tents, dormitories, and home-made...


Community Involvement in Kyrgyzstan The Value of Heritages (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anne Pyburn.

A decade of collaboration with Kyrgyz citizens from many walks of life has resulted in several new heritage initiatives including local museums, teaching materials for school children, a college textbook, a national avocational organization, and a new government ministry. Kyrgyz people have always placed great value on their heritage, but as these programs have developed people have become more interested in protecting the material signifiers of heritage. Counter to expectations, public and...


Community Spaces at Pueblo III Pithouse Villages in Northeastern Arizona (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lisa Young.

Southwestern archaeologists identify the pithouse-to-pueblo transition as a fundamental change in the social and economic organization of small-scale farming communities. This interpretation implies that pithouse villages were organized differently than pueblos. In northeastern Arizona, pithouses were used after this transition and were the preferred form of housing in certain areas, such as Homol’ovi during the A.D. 1100s. However, systematic research on these "out of phase" pithouse villages...


Community, Territory, and Polity in Postclassic Highland Oaxaca (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Kowalewski.

In late prehispanic Oaxaca, Mexico, the community was a territorial polity cross-culturally comparable to the city-state. Sixteenth-century native and Spanish sources describe aspects of these communities. Full-coverage archaeological surveys have mapped dozens of cases, providing information on size and internal structure not available in the documents. This study compiled evidence regarding population, territory size, boundary marking, internal complexity, political status, languages,...


Community-Based Explorations of "Schooling" at the Grand Ronde Reservation (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eve H Dewan. Sara L Gonzalez. Briece R Edwards.

In 1856, members of twenty-seven Bands and Tribes were removed to what today is known as the Grand Ronde Reservation in northwestern Oregon. Like other Indigenous adolescents, children at Grand Ronde were sent to schools driven by assimilationist policies as part of a broader project of Euro-American colonialism. However, unlike many others, they attended school on the reservation, closer to their homes. From the mid-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century, five different schools are...


Cooperation and Order among Communal Bison Hunters (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Nieves Zedeño.

This paper discusses the trajectories and intersections of cooperative practices and ordering strategies among prehistoric communal bison hunters. Utilizing the vast and ancient record of bison hunting in the region and particularly in Montana, the paper specifically focuses on the rise of large-scale bison harvests in the northwestern Plains of North America, and the effect of hunting technology on social cooperation at various scales (kin, band, supra-band). As well, the paper delves on the...