Urbanism (Other Keyword)

1-25 (147 Records)

Altering the Walls of Domesticity: Late 19th Century Modifications to Households in San Juan, Puerto Rico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gelenia Trinidad-Rivera.

Urban archaeology can help us understand the evolution of specific habitational spaces and shed light to investigations related to domestic life and issues related to daily life necessities. This paper will trace the modifications completed to buildings within the walled city of San Juan in the late 19th century. A selection of structures was made based primarily on the permit requests and blueprints submitted to the local government which can be consulted at the Archivo General de Puerto Rico....


Ancient Impacts on a Modern Environment: Soil Management and Intensive Agriculture in a Pre-Columbium Urban Context (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Caroline Antonelli.

This paper investigates the relationship between soil enrichment and ancient urban environments. I will measure the degree to which ancient settlement density and modern agricultural potential correlate. At the Postclassic Maya center of Mayapan, a spatial concentration of black, midden-like soils have been identified by local farmers. Results of systematic soil transect samples tested for physical and chemical properties reveal agricultural potential. Soils from the urban center were compared...


Ancient Maya Sustainability at Caracol, Belize: Implications for Past and Future (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Arlen Chase. Diane Chase. Adrian Chase.

This is an abstract from the "Advancing Public Perceptions of Sustainability through Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Long-term archaeological research at Caracol, Belize has revealed a sizeable city with over 100,000 inhabitants at A.D. 650 that practiced intensive agriculture within its urban boundaries. Over 160 square kilometers of the landscape within Caracol was anthropogenic, having been rebuilt to both provide agricultural...


Animals and urbanization in northern Mesopotamia:Late Chalcolithic faunal remains from Hamoukar, Syria (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn Grossman.

This paper presents the results of a five year zooarchaeological study at the site of Hamoukar, a major Late Chalcolithic (fourth millennium BC) site in northeastern Syria. The Late Chalcolithic occupation at Hamoukar presents an excellent opportunity to study the social impact of foodways at an early urban site in northern Mesopotamia. When the site was destroyed by fire during the late fourth millennium BC, the occupants fled, leaving their goods and garbage behind in a well-preserved building...


Archaeological Applications of Airborne LiDAR at the Maya Archaeological Site of El Palmar, Mexico (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kenichiro Tsukamoto. Javier López Camacho. Luz Evelia Campaña Valenzuela. Xanti Ceballos Pesina.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Airborne Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) survey has changed our perspectives on ancient Maya urbanism. In 2017, we conducted airborne lidar mapping at the Classic Maya city of El Palmar, located in southeastern Campeche, Mexico, covering a total area of 94 km2. Results show monumental architecture, possible marketplaces, causeways, vast intensive...


Archaeological Investigation of the 175 Water Street Block, New York City (1983)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joan H. Geismar.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaeological Rat Diets Reflect Settlement Density: An Isotopic Investigation of Historical Rat Bones from Urban and Rural Sites in Upper Canada (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Guiry.

Over the past 1000 years, rats have spread out globally to become among the most ubiquitous and prolific pests in the world. While the global success of rats is largely owed to their ability to exploit human societies for food, shelter, and transportation, there has been relatively little research exploring rat behavior in urban contexts, where rat populations have been most successful. In this study, I use stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses of archaeological rat (Rattus sp., n=87) bone...


Archaeology as our Urban Futures (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vernon Scarborough.

This is an abstract from the "Advancing Public Perceptions of Sustainability through Archaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeology is at a crossroads with a new generation of scholars more mindful of our disciplinary role within the social milieu we occupy. For years, the word "applied" in several corridors of our discipline implied something other than rigor and certainly of less significance than the real work of reconstructing past...


Around the Watering Hole: An In-Depth Analysis of Pompeii’s Fountains (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kate Trusler. Gwendolyn Martin-Apostolatos. Wayne Lorenz.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Drinkable water and the strategies used to get it are at the heart of every sustainable society, and Roman Pompeii is no exception. Pompeii’s remarkable water distribution system shapes the very character of the city from its network of water towers to its overflowing fountains. By the 1st century CE the Aqua Augusta, or Serino Aqueduct as it is known today,...


Assessing Our Impact: An Examination of the Role of Historic Preservation in the Gentrification of Urban Centers in the Midwestern United States (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Huntley.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Over the past few decades urban centers, especially in the Midwestern United States, have experienced "revitalizations" that have completely altered the socio-political and ethnic make-ups of these cities. While historic preservation does not always play a role in the gentrification of cities—especially in urban locations were the emphasis has been placed on...


Baibalyk: An Early Fortified Town and Trading Center in a Nomadic Pastoral Landscape on the Mongolian Steppe (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Ciolek-Torello. Jeffrey Altschul. B. Gunchinsuren. T. Amgalantugs. John Olsen.

Mongolia is well known for its history of nomadic pastoralism and Bronze and Early Iron Age burials and monuments. It wasn’t until later in the Iron Age that the first large fortified towns and urban centers were built by the Uygher and Khitan Khanates. One of these, Baibalyk is believed to have been established in 758 CE by the Uyghur khagan, Bayanchur Khan, as a ceremonial and trading center in the fertile and strategically located Selenge Valley. Later in the 17th Century, Baibalyk is known...


Ballcourts, Towers, and Urbanism in the Chenes region, Campeche (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lorraine Williams-Beck.

In the geographic heartlands of the Yucatan Peninsula, academic literature describes the Chenes region as an "archaeological province" with a particular regional cultural character, in which sculpted monuments with glyphs or ballcourts are scarce components in urban systems, and even less frequent in most monumental cores. To date only three ballcourts had been recorded. After field seasons in 2016 and 2017 I confirm another example in Tabasqueño, the only site also to exhibit a free-standing...


Beyond Iron Age ‘towns’: Examining oppida as examples of mega-sites and low-density urbanism (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tom Moore.

The question of whether Late Iron Age oppida in Europe were truly ‘urban’ has dominated debate over these sites since the 19th century. Oppida, however, have been surprisingly absent from comparative urban studies, despite increasingly nuanced perspectives on the nature and diversity of the urban phenomenon. In particular, Roland Fletcher’s suggestion that oppida might be examples of a range of alternative urban-like centres has been largely ignored by scholars of the European Iron Age. The...


Cahokia After Dark: Affect, Water, and the Moon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan M. Alt.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cahokia may not be the first place to come to mind when thinking about urbanism, but given new thinking and discoveries from a series of major excavations at and around this novel kind of city, views about the causes and consequences of American Indian urbanism are substantially changing. In part this is because...


Cerro Jazmin and its changing regional context: building upon regional survey data (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Stiver-Walsh. Veronica Perez Rodriguez. Antonio Martínez Tuñón.

Current work at the Mixtec urban site of Cerro Jazmín stems from a regional survey of the Central Mixteca Alta led by Stephen Kowalewski. As we refine Cerro Jazmin’s chronology and know more about its history of occupation, we are building upon and sometimes correcting initial understandings of the site gained from that regional survey. We are able to contextualize the new information in relation to the entire Nochixtlan Valley and nearby areas thanks to the work and perspective offered by...


Cerro Jazmín and its urbanism in context (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Veronica Perez Rodriguez.

In this presentation I provide context for the papers that follow in this session devoted to the Cerro Jazmín Archaeological Project (CJAP). In the last eight years CJAP members have investigated the urban societies that developed at this Formative and Postclassic hilltop city in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca, México. Investigations have so far focused on the layout and regional function of the city, the timing of its abandonment and later reoccupation, the details of domestic life in the...


The Challenge of the Grid: A Conceptual Frontier in Angkor? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christophe Pottier.

For a quarter of a century, the concepts of an open city and a low density urban megalopolis have largely broadened our understanding of Angkor (Cambodia), which was based on the morpho-chronological vision of a succession of perfectly geometric walled cities. As the researches progressed, the identification of the elements that make up the archaeological landscape of the Great Angkor has been developed, mixing temples, palaces, settlements, reservoirs, road networks, hydraulic systems and...


Changing Urban Networks in Formative Central Mexico: A View from Tlalancaleca, Puebla (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tatsuya Murakami. Shigeru Kabata. Julieta López.

It is likely that Formative urban centers and their interactions with one another provided cultural and historical settings for the creation of Central Mexican urban traditions during later periods. Yet their urbanization process remains poorly understood. Our research over the last six field seasons indicates that some residential groups were settled at Tlalancaleca towards 800 BC and the settlement was urbanized with a significant population growth during the later Middle Formative period (ca....


Chicano Prisoners: the Key To San Quentin. In: Urban Anthropology in the United Stated (1978)
DOCUMENT Citation Only R. Theodore Davidson.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Cities in the Heartland of the Mongol Empire (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jan Bemmann.

This is an abstract from the "From Campsite to Capital – Mobility Patterns and Urbanism in Inner Asia" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. From 2016 to 2018 the two largest cities of the Mongol Empire, 13/14th century, in nowadays Mongolia were mapped using a SQUID-(Superconducting Quantum Interference Device)-magnetometer coupled with a DGPS. Thanks to this pioneering technique it was possible to create a high precision topographic and magnetic map in...


City Nights: Archaeology of Night, Darkness, and Luminosity in Urban Environments (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nan Gonlin. Meghan Strong.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In the modern world, we are constantly surrounded by natural and artificial light that blends day into night. As a result, the contrasts between day and night, and their associated activities, have been deadened in our contemporary urban environments. This blurring has also bled over into our examination of cities...


City of the Centipede, Part 1: Context, Boundaries, Community Organization, and Land-Use at El Peru-Waka', Peten, Guatemala (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Damien Marken. Keith Eppich. Olivia Navarro-Farr. Juan Carlos Perez.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Part I of II. The Waka’ Archaeological Project (PAW) has conducted over a decade of archaeological investigations documenting the modification, layout, use, and chronology of monumental and residential landscapes of the Classic lowland city of El Perú-Waka’. These papers will evaluate current theoretical and methodological perspectives of ancient Classic Maya...


City of the Centipede, Part 2: Urban Development and Construction Chronologies at El Perú-Waka’, Petén Guatemala (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Keith Eppich. Damien Marken. Olivia Navarro-Farr. Juan Carlos Pérez.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Part II of II. The Waka’ Archaeological Project (PAW) has conducted over a decade of archaeological investigations documenting the modification, layout, use, and chronology of monumental and residential landscapes of the Classic lowland city of El Perú-Waka’. These papers will evaluate current theoretical and methodological perspectives of ancient Classic Maya...


City-State in the Basin of Mexico: Late Prehispanic Period. In: Urbanization In the Americas from Its Beginnings To the Present (1978)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward E. Calnek.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Classic Maya Urban Settlement Dynamics: Planning and Mobility Introduced (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Damien Marken. Charlotte Arnauld.

Following decades of debate, most scholars accept Classic Maya cities as the hearts of spatially expansive, low-density urban settlements. This introductory paper will summarize past and current perceptions of Maya urbanism, emphasizing potentially overshadowed considerations of urban planning, mobility, and community dynamics – fundamental cross-cultural features of urbanization – and their detection in lowland settlement patterns. The recent florescence of research deriving insight from urban...