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Labor (Other Keyword)

1-25 (66 Records)

All the Yards a Market: Bones of Dissent and the Seed of Reproduction (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Justin E. Uehlein.

Subsistence gardening and animal rearing were as integral to the expansion of U.S. capitalism as the coal that fueled its development. Labor performed at the home provided an effective means of workforce reproduction without significant capital investment by elites while also providing an outlet for laborer resistance to company control. In particular, these skills aided the working-class during labor strikes and periods of unemployment. Working-class communities were paradoxically situated...


American Made: The Development of Ethnic Identities, Racism, and Economic Growth of the Young American Republic (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Jordon Loucks.

Ethnic identification in the archaeological record is fraught with pitfalls. The application of ethnic divisions on populations that helped construct the industrial arteries of New York State are a popular lens to view history through. The immigrant populations that gave life and limb to construct the Erie Canal and the New York Railroad system paved the way for the development of the industrial Northeast. This study hopes to evaluate the efficacy of ethnic identification of the archaeological...


The Archaeology of Irish Railroad Laborers in Mid-Nineteenth Century Virginia: Findings from the First Field Season (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Amanda B. Johnson. Stephen A. Brighton.

In 1850 the landscape 15 miles west of Charlottesville was dramatically altered as thousands of Irish immigrants were brought to the area to construct the Blue Ridge Railroad. The dangerous work consisted of several cuts and tunnels. One of the more difficult projects was the Blue Ridge or Afton tunnel. At its completion it stretched just under a mile and at the time was one of the longest tunnels in American history. During the summer of 2012, the excavations focused on standing dry-laid stone...


Assessing the Value and Potential of Labor Archaeology: A Description of the Labor Archaeology of the Industrial Era National Historic Landmark Theme Study (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Adam Fracchia.

Work and labor relations have been under attack over the last several decades.  Many of the same issues and problems confronting workers today were faced by workers in the past.  Historical archaeology has the ability to use archaeology to highlight these connections and thus, contribute to the study of labor and the current labor dialogue and struggles.  This paper details the latest draft of the Labor Archaeology of the Industrial Era National Historic Landmark Theme Study and its usefulness...


Biographies of Things, People, and Space at Jesuit Missions: The St. Inigoes Manor Weaver’s House (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Steve Lenik.

A biographical framework for archaeological studies of Jesuit missions in the Americas guides enquiry toward histories of specific artifacts, especially religious objects that were implicated in efforts to gain converts, as well as mission space including manor houses and churches. Additionally, narrative accounts of Jesuit missions lend themselves to biographies, either for the lives of influential missionaries or the missions, that were disseminated through texts such as the Relations. This...


Blue Willow Vessels and Life’s Other Mysteries: Understanding high value ceramics and their role in identity formation within contexts of company town economic deprivation (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT V. Camille Westmont.

Historical archaeologists have long recognized the connection between material culture and identity. Ceramics, in particular, have the opportunity to inform researchers about economic choices, consumer decisions, and societal trends. However, when looking at communities that experience social and economic deprivation, the presence of (oftentimes more expensive) decorated vessels can cause confusion. Excavations conducted in 2016 focusing on the poorest workers’ housing in a coal company town in...


‘Carmelo’s Cabinet’: The Material Culture of Collections in the Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Judith P Joklik. Michael P Roller.

Personal collections of objects reflect individual orderings of the material world, particularly when they encompass the realms of work, domestic life, health, aesthetics and religion. As complete sets, they are like an idealized version of an archaeological assemblage: intact, curated, annotated, and often traceable to an individual life trajectory and historical period. Carmelo Fierro was an Italian immigrant who came to American in 1902, carrying with him a small cabinet packed with small...


Coal Heritage Archaeology Project 2015 – Preliminary Results & Student Experiences (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Tyler Allen. Heather Alvey-Scott. S. Ryan Jones. Nicholas Starvakis. Paul Simmons. Jason Carnes. Michael Workman. Robert DeMuth.

The Coal Heritage Archaeology Project’s inaugural excavations were carried out as part of a summer archaeological field school at West Virginia State University.  Working in collaboration with Indiana University and the Rahall Transportation Institute, excavations focused on the residential houses at the former coal company town of Tams, WV and sought to better understand issues of material consumption, labor, and class. This poster presents the results of these initial excavations and explores...


Comales and Colonialism - Identifying Colonial Inequality through a Spatial Analysis of Foodways on a Seventeenth Century New Mexican Spanish Estancia. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Adam C Brinkman.

During the late sixteenth and seventeenth century colonization of New Mexico by Spanish colonists and indigenous Mexican auxiliaries, rural ranches or estancias, were established in close proximity to autonomous Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande. These estancias were the setting for complex negotiations of colonial power structures which were based upon the exploitation of labor from indigenous peoples. At LA-20,000, an early colonial estancia located off a branch of El Camino Real near Santa...


Community Networks at the Stanford Arboretum Chinese Workers’ Quarters (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher Lowman.

The historical response and endurance of Chinese diaspora communities in California, living with legally reified racism, is a critical component of understanding the economic and social impacts of immigration restriction. Between 1876 and 1925, the Chinese employees at the Stanford Stock Farm and Stanford University impacted the development of agriculture and infrastructure through their labor and entrepreneurship as farm workers, in construction, as gardeners, and as domestic workers. Over that...


Copper and Bone: Craft Labor and Aesthetics in the Early Creole Faubourgs of New Orleans, 1790-1865 (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Christopher Grant.

The early residents of the Creole faubourgs have long been recognized as contributors to the development of New Orleans’s unique aesthetic traditions. Indeed many of the city’s most iconic architectural forms and cultural practices were forged in these neighborhoods—semi-peripheral spaces where people from a variety of local and trans-Atlantic backgrounds came together to re/define and embody the meaning of "Creole" in the nineteenth century. But much of the details about the labor that built...


Divergent Heritages: Two Case of Labor Conflict (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Maura A Bainbridge.

Ludlow, Colorado and the Pullman neighborhood of Chicago present two contrasting examples of a postindustrial environment.  Both were the sites of significant labor conflicts of the 20th century, but their preservations have taken opposite paths. Today Pullman stands as a National Monument and historic district, while Ludlow is a granite memorial in a so-called ghost town.  This paper compares both the material aspects of these postindustrial environments and the publics who interact with them....


Divided: Material Landscapes of Labor in Nineteenth-Century Baltimore City and County, Maryland (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Adam Fracchia.

Like the strikes of the late nineteenth century, especially the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, tensions arising from chronic inequality and marginalization once again led to protests and demonstrations in Baltimore in April 2015.  Areas of Baltimore remain alienated along racial and class lines that serve a capitalist process driven by the maximization of profit.  This paper examines how this same process resulted in the stratification of immigrant and African American communities in Baltimore...


Domestic Labor in Black and Green: Deciphering the Shared experiences of African American and Irish Domestics Working in the same Northern Virginia Households and Communities (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Furlong.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries wealthy American households relied on domestic labor for the running of the home. In the Northeast, this labor was provided by European immigrants, who often moved from job to job seeking better opportunities. While in the South, African Americans continued to perform the same work many had performed under slavery, often staying in the same geographical region as their family and former owners.  In Northern Virginia, these two forms of domestic labor...


Economic History of Catoctin Furnace (1936)

Citation DOCUMENT Norman E. Waesche.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


An Examination of Enslaved African Domestic and Labor Environments on St. Eustatius (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Deanna L Byrd.

The discovery of dry stone rock features in the northern hills on the Dutch island of St. Eustatius presented a unique opportunity to investigate an enslaved African environment during the time of enslavement. Abandoned after emancipation, the intact nature of the sites held potential to add significantly to our understanding of choices enslaved Africans made in slave village design, orientation, and the construction of their dwellings, as well as the labor activities of daily life. Research for...


Excavating an Ephemeral Assemblage: An Archaeology of American Hoboes in the Gilded Age (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Justin E. Uehlein.

Hobos and other transient laborers were integral to the development of industrial capital in the United States. They traversed the country filling essential temporary positions at the behest of capital interests. Yet, they frequently utilized alternative market practices in their labor arrangements, relying partially on direct trade over monetary payment. They likewise maintained intricate social networks, the material remains of which lay extant in past hobo campsites. Despite fulfilling a...


Final Report, Nineteenth Century Farmstead Model Development and Testing Project (1984)

Citation DOCUMENT Denise L. Grantz.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


From Bank To Barge: a Cultural Resource Study of the Washburn Brothers Company Brick Yard, Hamlet of Glasco, Town of Saugerties, Ulster County, New York. Volume II, Appendices V, VI, VII, VIII (1985)

Citation DOCUMENT Jay W. Bouchard.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The Fruits of their Labor: Spatial Patterns of Agricultural Production and Labor Strategies in the Town of Hector, Schuyler County, New York (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Dustin W Conklin.

In the early 20th century, agricultural professionals classified the farmland located along the Hector Backbone as submarginal. They cited poor soil conditions and unfavorable topography, which resulted in substandard production, as primary culprits. Subsequently, New Deal legislation provided the framework to remove submarginal farms from production. Archaeological research has shown that these environmental conditions do not adhere to the classification scheme.  Additionally, the spatial...


Growing up at Coalwood: An Analysis of Children's Material Culture at Coalwood Lumber Camp (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Maria Smith.

Coalwood was a cordwood lumber camp operated by Cleveland Cliffs Iron Company in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula at the turn of the twentieth century. Workers were encouraged to live there with their families to blunt labor tension and save the costs of boarding houses and dining facilities. Many children lived in the camp; in 1910 there were at least 43 children at Coalwood. Most workers were Finnish immigrants and all but five children were either Finnish immigrants or the children of Finnish...


Heritage Across Time and Space: A Transatlantic Conversation between Catoctin Furnace and Ironbridge Gorge (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Polly Keeler. Margaret A Comer.

It seems obvious to say that an industrial heritage site should have strong ties to all of its communities, past and present alike, but how can each best be represented and included in all aspects of site planning and interpretation? The village of Catoctin Furnace enjoys a strong level of community support; current residents actively participate in a wide variety of archaeological and living history events. The planned museum, however, with its added emphasis on past worker communities,...


Household Ceramics across communities of Labor, a study from central Appalachia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Tyler Dean Allen. Robert DeMuth. Heather Alvey-Scott. Kelly MacCluen.

Excavations during the summers of 2015 and 2016 by the Coal Heritage Archaeology Project focused on the residential communities that once lived in Tams, WV and Wyco, WV.  These communities originated as coal company towns, in which all residents worked for and rented their houses from the coal company.  Because these communities were somewhat isolated, many of the residents could only shop at the company store.  This study examines the ceramic materials recovered from different racial, and...


The Humachis of Huancavelica during the Late Colonial Period (AD 1780-1840) (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Douglas K Smit.

This paper will present preliminary results from excavations at Santa Barbara, the central labor encampment for the mercury mines of Huancavelica. Located in the Central Peruvian Andes, Huancavelica was the largest source of mercury in the Western Hemisphere and a critical source of wealth for Spain’s colonial empire. The Spanish administration mobilized labor through the infamous mita, a rotational labor tax that required colonial provinces to send one-seventh of their population to work in the...


Immigration and Transformation in Central California: A Case Study from the Samuel Adams Limekiln Complex, Santa Cruz County, California (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT David G. Hyde.

The mid- to late-nineteenth century in California was marked by rapid and dramatic technological, economic, and social change. These transformations were spurred largely by the substantial influx of multiple diasporic communities from across the globe, being both pushed and pulled to the state by various factors. As a result, from their origin, many industries, places, and communities were multi-ethnic, with internal social and labor divisions being based on complex, fluid, and historically...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America