Cemetery (Other Keyword)

1-25 (50 Records)

The 1912 Grave Desecration of the Milwaukee County Institution Grounds Poor Farm's Cemetery (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexander Anthony.

This research looks at the institutional desecration of graves at the Milwaukee County Institution Grounds as overseen by Superintendent Ferdinand Bark, the reaction of the surrounding community to that disturbance, and the ensuing investigation. The paper also explores the relationship of this historical event to the evidence from the 1990s and 2013 archaeological excavations conducted at the location of the cemetery. The event will be viewed within the historical context in which it happened...

The African American Cemetery at Catoctin Furnace: Bridging the Past and the Future (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jane I. Seiter.

The Catoctin African American Cemetery is the resting place of at least 50 individuals who labored at Catoctin Furnace and its surrounding community from the 1770s to the 1840s. Many of these men and women were enslaved workers, while others were possibly part of the free black population that also lived and worked at the furnace. In 2014, an ambitious project to preserve, protect, and interpret the cemetery was launched. Documentary research, forensic analysis, and geophysical investigations...

African Americans in a Dominican Cemetery: Social Boundaries of an Enclave Community (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristen R. Fellows.

This paper presents preliminary findings from an aboveground study of a cemetery in Samaná, Dominican Republic. In 1824 approximately 200 African Americans left the United States for what was then Haiti, and established an enclave in a relatively isolated area of the island. Their Anglo surnames, Protestantism, and primary use of English have defined this community in relation to the neighboring Dominican and Haitian populations for over 150 years. Using spatial data from the town’s cemetery, I...

Archaeological Investigation and Relocation of a Slave Cemetery at the Nashville Zoo, Davidson County, Tennessee (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah Guidry.

Excavations on Nashville Zoo property, once part of the Grassmere Plantation established ca. 1810, identified and removed 20 individuals from an unmarked cemetery. Evidence from coffin and clothing remains indicates the cemetery dates from the early to mid-nineteenth century. The absence of elaborate coffin hardware common of the time, the cemetery location, and the known slave-holding history of the farm indicate this was a slave cemetery. Most of the wooden coffins were hexagonal with few...

The Bioarchaeology of the Columbian Harmony Cemetery Collection (51NE049), Washington, D.C. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dana D. Kollmann.

The Bioarchaeology of the Columbian Harmony Cemetery Series (51NE049), Washington, D.C. Archaeological investigations on a portion of the Columbian Harmony Cemetery in Washington, D.C. resulted in the identification of 231 grave features, many of which had been disturbed by a cemetery relocation project that took place in 1960. Information obtained from skeletal and dental analyses have provided information on 19th and early 20th century patterns of burial, postmortem treatment (i.e., embalming...

Bone Material and Burial Pattern Analysis of the Mississippian Culture of South Central Kentucky (1980)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Danny Childers. William Raleigh Hammond.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.

Bones Wearing Bow Ties: Differential Preservation in Funerary Taphonomy (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joanna K. Suckling.

The skeletal remains excavated from Scott Cemetery were well preserved while, in contrast, coffin and textile remains were generally poorly preserved. A soil pH test was conducted, with the sandy soil being an alkaline 7.8. The well preserved bone, adipocere formation, and poor textile preservation reflect established literature on the effects of alkaline soils. Burials with a high degree of roots, likely from remains of a tree that had grown through the grave shafts, were less preserved than...

Cemetery study at Emanu-El Jewish Cemetery in Victoria B.C.: A look at the potential benefits of simple, shrouded burials and the use of concrete fills (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maya Cowan. Vanessa Tallarico.

The goal of our research was to analyze the correlation between decomposition, and damage to memorial structures around the Emanu-el Jewish Cemetery in Victoria B.C. We hypothesized that some concrete fill damage was due to casket decay after the fill was placed, causing it to sink or crack. We used damaged double plots with a single fill as evidence, because the side of the older burial had time to settle before the fill was poured over both plots. We found that damage was almost always on the...

Changes in Bone Density During the Post-Mortem Interval for the Individuals of the Milwaukee County Poor Farm Cemetery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Helen Werner.

Quantitative techniques for estimating age and sex at death are becoming more popular with the increased use of computed tomography scans and radiographs on forensic human remains. A gap in the research makes practical applications of post mortem imaging limited to those individuals whose time since death is known, as there has yet to be a parallel study examining changes in bone density during the post-mortem interval. This study examines archaeological human remains from the Milwaukee County...

A Closer Look at Immigrant Life Expectancies from German Cemeteries in Southeastern Wisconsin (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jacquelyn Bluma.

This study describes statistics of life expectancies among the immigrant population and its sub-sets throughout the mid-nineteenth to early twentieth centuries in southeastern Wisconsin. At this time, German populations were becoming established as a major cultural and ethnic force in Milwaukee and the surrounding counties. Data from individuals disinterred from two unmarked cemeteries in Ozaukee county were analyzed to assess cultural and physical disparities in the mortuary record among these...

Cultural Resources Survey and Evaluative Testing of the Battery Gaillard Tract (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Charles F. Phillips Jr.. Inna Burns.

Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted an intensive cultural resources survey and evaluative testing of the 22 acre Battery Gaillard Tract (TMS 355-13-00-001), Lots 49 and 50 of the Magnolia Ranch subdivision (TMS 355-09-00-079 and 355-09-00-080, respectively), as well as a 1.4 acre marsh lot (TMS 355-09-00-092) in Charleston County, South Carolina in April and July 2004. These investigations involved background research, systematic shovel testing, ground penetrating radar survey, and...

DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael Trinkley. Nicole Southerland.

"This study reports on an intensive cultural resources survey of an approximately 12 mile corridor in Aiken County, South Carolina. The work was conducted to assist Central Electric Power Cooperative comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and the regulations codified in 36CFR800."

Determination of Burial Locations Using Soil Analyses at the Loyola Plantation in French Guiana, 1668-1763 (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Reginald Auger. Adelphine Bonneau. Zocha Houle-Wierzbicki. Geneviève Treyvaud.

Our paper discusses the approach used to determine the location of burials in an equatorial environment where organic preservation is nil. Before using the space of the plantation cemetery to preserve the memory of the enslaved who lived at the plantation we had to demonstrate the extant of the cemetery using soil analyses. Memory of that period is a fleeting souvenir among local residents and we want to use archaeology to address issues with which they are confronted in order for them to...

Early Medieval Landscapes of the Dead: the monumental Pictish barrows of North-East Scotland (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juliette Mitchell. Gordon Noble.

During the 5th and 6th centuries the dead become more visible in the landscapes of eastern Scotland. Elaborate square and circular burial mounds were constructed to commemorate certain members of society, possibly a newly emerging elite. These barrows are often sited along ridges and form grouped, sometimes linear distributions in the landscape. Few have been excavated and most are known through aerial photography alone.This paper presents some of the results from a project that consolidated and...

Examining Child Mortality in Late 19th and Early 20th Century Northern Idaho (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rachel H. Falzon. Stacey L. Camp. Allison Fashing. Darcy Wayman.

This poster documents infant and child mortality in northern Idaho during the late 19th and early 20th centuries using historic cemeteries as a starting point for data collection. This project involved locating and photographing the oldest headstones associated with children and infants interred in Idaho’s Moscow Cemetery. The sample was limited to children and infants under 11 years old who died prior to 1921. By examining Moscow Cemetery’s headstones, the project researchers were able to...

First a Burial Ground, then a Parade Ground, then a Park, then a Revelation (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joan H. Geismar.

Washington Square Park in New York City’s historic Greenwich Village is a prime example of a burying ground that is now a beloved urban park. In 2005, renovations to this historical park in a Landmark district required archaeology. That the park was a former Potter’s Field, by definition, the final resting place of the indigent and unknown, was recognized by the New York City Parks Department and local history buffs. The question was, did burials from the cemetery years (1797 to 1825) remain?...

Gainer Historical Cemetery: A Modern Reconnection to a "Lost" Cultural Landscape Not Actually Forgotten. (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melissa Timo.

The African American Gainer Historical Cemetery is located along the border of Washington and Bay Counties in Florida’s panhandle.  An African American community has utilized this liminal space since the arrival of settlers in 1825.  The cemetery contains evidence of the persistent use of old African-style customs, such as the utilization of traditional funerary material culture. Conflict and migration in the 19th and 20th centuries physically distanced the freedmen and their descendants from...

The Grave Diggers’ Lament: Early 20 th Century Solutions to a Loose Sediment Predicament (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Molly A. Hall. Brett Lang.

Early 20th century excavators had to contend with loose, sandy sediments when digging the graves at the Scott Family Cemetery in Dallas. More than a century later, archaeologists had to find solutions for the same problem while moving that cemetery. Even with advances in technology and methodology, the pitfalls and solutions were surprisingly similar. The archaeologists found evidence that the original excavators shored the walls with wood, stepped the shafts, and had to dig the holes larger...

Ground Penetrating Radar Survey of Portions of the Old White Meeting House Cemetery (2007)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Inna Burns. Emily Jateff.

"In June 2007, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey of portions of the Old White Meeting House Cemetery in an effort to mitigate any adverse effects on archaeological resources that may result from the proposed widening of SC Route 642 (Dorchester Road). This work was conducted through Davis & Floyd, Inc., for the Dorchester County Sales Tax Authority (DCTA) in advance of road improvement activities along this portion of SC Route 642. This...

Guidelines for Creating a Typology for Mass-Produced 19th and 20th Century Burial Container Hardware (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeremy Pye.

The analysis and historical study of burial container hardware and other mortuary artifacts is crucial in establishing a useful discourse between the multiple lines of evidence recorded and recovered in historical cemetery investigations. Exact identification of types and styles of burial container hardware is vital in defining the chronology of burial, which is necessary in situations where grave markers have been lost or moved from their original locations. In addition, variations in hardware...

Hebrew Inscription Preservation in a Jewish Cemetery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Taylor Peacock. Ally Poniedzielnik.

Inscription preservation and study is an important part of heritage and historical archaeology. Particular to Jewish cemeteries and their communities is the presence of Hebrew inscriptions such as blessings, or the deceased’s Hebrew name. Our project focused specifically on comparing rates of weathering between Hebrew and English, and we hypothesized that Hebrew inscriptions decayed faster than English ones. We estimated that Hebrew inscription would decay faster because of the curvature of the...

Historic Cultural Perspectives Through Cemetery Landscape (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paige Peterson. Elisa Moes.

The Jewish cemetery in Victoria, BC is home to approximately 300 interments and is one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in Canada and the second largest in western Canada. This study explores the Jewish community of Victoria during its earlier period of use from 1914 – 1918 using four individuals from a variety of economic, social, political, and gender specific backgrounds. The goal of this research was to investigate the biographies of four people buried at Emanu-El cemetery who died during the...

The Incidental Discovery Of An Abandoned Early 20th Century Cemetery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only S. Alan Skinner.

After the Civil War, Jack Scott and his family homesteaded in the Trinity River floodplain in West Dallas. He was a farmer who died in 1903 and was buried in a 30 foot square family cemetery that was dedicated at that time. The last interment was in 1931 and the cemetery was abandoned. Years later, four feet of the overlying alluvial sand was removed and a large borrow pit was created. The pit was subsequently filled with construction trash. The unmarked cemetery was included in an urban...

Medical Practices and Teaching Specimens: A Review of Skeletal Modifications Associated with Medical Intervention and the Educational Use of Human Remains, with Application to Subadult Individuals from the Milwaukee County Poor Farm Cemetery (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brianne E Charles.

From life to death and beyond the grave, the bodies of the individuals buried at the Milwaukee County Poor Farm Cemetery have been vulnerable to the actions and authority of medical professionals.  Medical procedures and the implementation of human remains for training purposes are two forms of culturally-sanctioned skeletal modifications detected among the juvenile remains recovered from the 1991-1992 Milwaukee County Poor Farm Cemetery excavations.  This paper presents the results of a...

Memory and Engagement with Sacred Ground: the many publics of Mount Vernon's African-American Cemetery (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jason Boroughs.

In 2013, Mount Vernon's archaeology department began a long term research project to locate the graves of enslaved and emancipated individuals interred within the African-American cemetery on the home quarter of George Washington's Mount Vernon estate.  Four years deep, dozens of graves have been reclaimed from new growth forest and the cemetery has taken on new life as a touchstone of memory and an interpretive vehicle for a diverse array of descendants, scholars, and visitors to the historic...