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Phytolith Analysis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (267 Records)

93-85: Letter Report (1993)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380772] Linda Scott Cummings.

A formal report was not written for this project.


99-05: Letter Report (1999)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380805] Linda Scott Cummings.

A formal report was not completed for this project.


AMS RADIOCARBON DATING AND PHYTOLITH AND STARCH GRAIN ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUE FROM A BESANT PHASE POTSHERD, MAINARD RANCH, 24LT505, MONTANA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380246] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

A Besant phase potsherd with visible residue from site 24LT505 was submitted for AMS radiocarbon dating and phytolith and starch grain analysis. Radiocarbon dating the charred residue provides information on when the vessel represented by this sherd was primarily in use. Phytolith and starch grain analysis provides information on some of the foods prepared or stored within the vessel.


ANALYSIS OF BISON TOOTH CALCULUS AND IMPACTA, TRINOMIAL SITE (41CR30), TEXAS (2007)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379452] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

A bison mandible containing teeth from the Trinomial 41CR30 site in West Texas was submitted for analysis of calculus and tooth impacta (Table 1) to identify the environment in which this bison had been grazing. The site is a late prehistoric bison kill site located in the Monahans Sand Dunes, Crane County, TX. This area is currently classified as a transitional zone between the Southern High Plains and the Chihuahuan Biotic Provenience. Phytolith analysis should provide some information as...


ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR A PIPE STEM FROM THE HURDY GURDY BRIDGE SITE (CA-DNO-1028), DEL NORTE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2012)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380333] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

A stone pipe stem recovered from the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge Site (CA-DNO-1028) in Del Norte County, northwestern California, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and starch evidence of use. In addition, the organic residue signature was examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An AMS radiocarbon date was obtained on organic compounds (humates) that had penetrated the ceramic matrix of the pipe.


ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM KHOR KHARFOT, DHOFAR, OMAN (2016)

DOCUMENT [ID: 408413] Linda Scott Cummings.

During field excavations in February 2016, numerous stratigraphic sediment samples were collected. Three of these were selected for AMS radiocarbon analysis to include dates on both shell and organics in the form of humates (soil organic matter or SOM) or charcoal, if any could be recovered. Sufficient quantities of sediments were collected from each location to allow pollen and/or phytolith analysis, either as part of the first batch of samples examined or for examination at a later date. In...


ANALYSIS OF STRATIGRAPHIC POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH SAMPLES FROM RIO DEL OSO, NEW MEXICO (2000)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380540] Linda Scott Cummings. Thomas E. Moutoux.

Several stratigraphic columns were sampled in the cut bank at Rio del Oso to recover pollen and phytoliths that will provide a signal of regional and local vegetation through time. This vegetation is expected to be a reflection of both natural and cultural events. Radiocarbon ages are available for many levels, providing tight dating for the stratigraphic columns. The pollen record was examined to provide evidence of changes in both regional and local vegetation, while the phytolith record was...


Archaeological Investigations in the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Mississippi: Phase I, Volume IV (1983)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 117451] Judith A. Bense.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


The Archaeology of the Emmett O'Neal Site (22Ts954) in the Bay Springs Lake Segment of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, Tishomingo County, Mississippi (1983)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 117154] Lawrence S. Alexander.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Archaic and Late Prehistoric Human Ecology in the Middle Onion Creek Valley, Hays County Texas, Volume 2: Topical Studies (1994)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 210563] Robert A. Ricklis. Michael B. Collins.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


AVENUE OF THE SAINTS, MISSOURI: SUMMARY OF CLIMATE MODELS AND PALEOENVIRONMENT USING STRATIGRAPHIC POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH RECORDS (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379989] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. R.A. Varney. Akos Peto.

Sediment samples, collected from stratigraphic columns from three sites (23Ck57, 23Ck302, and 23Le174), were examined for pollen and phytoliths to provide information concerning the paleoenvironment along the Avenue of the Saints corridor in northeastern Missouri. The time periods represented by these stratigraphic samples include the Late Pleistocene at the base of 23Ck57, the Middle Holocene (6300-5500 BP) at 23Le174, and approximately 3510-2550 BP at 23Ck302. The samples 23Ck57 and 23Le174...


Beyond Subsistence: Food consumption in the military garrison of San Juan de Puerto Rico from the 18th to 19th centuries (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428822] Natasha Fernandez-Perez. Isabel Rivera-Collazo.

This case study explores how food consumption in the military garrison of San Juan de Puerto Rico played a role in the negotiation of status and identities during the Spanish colonial period. Since defense of the territories was the primary task, the military tended to have priority to the access of exotic foodstuffs, such as wheat products. Nevertheless, Puerto Rico was quickly relegated to the margins of the Spanish Empire and legal ships ceased to arrive in a constant mode. Thus, we want to...


BLOOD RESIDUE, PHYTOLITH, AND POLLEN ANALYSIS AT SITE 41CS151, CASS COUNTY, TEXAS (1994)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375533] Kathryn Puseman. Linda Scott Cummings.

Twenty-eight artifacts from Site 41CS151 in northeastern Texas were analyzed for possible blood residues. Immunological studies have shown that protein residues from a tool's surface can be identified using modified forensic procedures. In addition, a soil sample from a culturally darkened area (an apparent anthrosol) and a control sample from the modern A horizon of a column were examined for the presence of phytoliths. A groundstone fragment was washed to recover pollen from the grinding...


CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE J.W. WILLIAMS II SITE (34LF25), LEFLORE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (2011)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380184] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost.

Three ceramic sherds from a Woodland period “black midden” mound at the J.W. Williams II site (34Lf25) in LeFlore County, Oklahoma were submitted for ceramic (pollen, phytolith, starch) and organic residue analysis. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue analyses provide information regarding diet, specifically plants and/or animals processed using ceramic vessels at this site.


CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE LEVEE (12D363) AND KELLER (12D509) SITES, DEARBORN COUNTY, INDIANA (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379885] Linda Scott Cummings. Chad Yost. Melissa K. Logan.

Six ceramic sherds from the Levee (12D363) and Keller (12D509) sites in Dearborn County, Indiana were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. Organic residues will be examined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Ceramic and organic residue (FTIR) analysis will be used to provide information regarding foods and other materials processed and/or contained in the vessels represented by these sherds.


CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC SHERDS FROM SITE 10Oa275, ONEIDA COUNTY, IDAHO (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380087] Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings. R.A. Varney.

Three ceramic sherds, 29-88-5, 29-88-6, and 29-92-1, were submitted for ceramic analysis. The Promontory Gray sherds, samples 29-88-5 and 29-88-6, were fragments of a Promontory gray globular-shaped jar that would have measured roughly 18 to 20 cm in diameter and roughly 15 cm in height when intact. This vessel was presumed to have been used as a bone grease rendering vessel and dated between A.D. 1450 and 1650. Both sherds (29-88-5 and 29-88-6) were treated as a single sherd sample. The third...


CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC RESIDUE FROM SITE 8BY1347, FLORIDA (2012)

DOCUMENT [ID: 380401] Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings.

Three ceramic sherds with visible charred residue were submitted for phytolith, starch, and AMS radiocarbon dating analyses. These items were recovered from site 8BY1347, a shell midden site located on the Tyndall Air Force Base near Panama City, Florida. These analyses are used to determine the age of the artifacts and to identify some of the foods that might have been cooked or stored using the vessels represented by these sherds.


CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS FOR A CERAMIC SHERD FROM THE HAYES SITE (15CL67) (2004)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379125] Linda Scott Cummings.

A late Middle Woodland ceramic sherd, recovered from a midden, was submitted for phytolith and starch analysis of the residue to identify any remnants of food adhering to the vessel. The cultural level from which this sherd was removed yielded a conventional radiocarbon age of 1810 ± 60 BP.


CERAMIC RESIDUE STUDY FOR SITE 8PB6, FLORIDA: POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, FTIR, AND RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS (2007)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379464] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman. R.A. Varney.

Two ceramic sherds from pot busts at site 8PB6, the Boca Raton Inlet Midden 3 site, in southeast Florida were submitted for analysis of residue and radiocarbon dating. Analysis of the residue for pollen, starch, and phytoliths provides an opportunity to record visual, microscopic evidence of food processing. Examination of the residue with Fourier Transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) to obtain an infra-red spectrum provides information on the presence of lipids and di- and tri-glycerides,...


CHARCOAL AND BOTANIC IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION, AND CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE RI 935, PROVIDENCE COUNTY, RHODE ISLAND (2017)

DOCUMENT [ID: 439536] Peter Kováčik. Linda Scott Cummings.

Site RI 935 lies at the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers in Providence, Rhode Island. Two excavation areas, Carpenter’s Point and North Shore, revealed pre-contact deposits indicating occupation within the Middle Archaic Period and especially during the Late and Transitional Archaic Periods. Intensive use of this area also is noted around and after ~ AD 1000 (Late Woodland). Charcoal and charred botanic samples from 11 features were submitted for identification and AMS...


CLIMATE MODELING AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS OF FEATURE FILL AND SEDIMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH ROCKSHELTER SITE, 15BR247, KENTUCKY (2010)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379932] Chad Yost. Linda Scott Cummings.

Feature fill and stratigraphic soil samples were submitted for phytolith analysis from a rockshelter site, 15BR247, located in Breathitt County, Kentucky. Phytolith analysis was undertaken to better understand what the environment was like during the occupation of the site, and to identify any microbotanical remains from areas within and in front of the shelter. Macrophysical climate modeling was employed to generate a model of past climate for the area.


EXAMINATION OF FIVE PIECES OF GROUNDSTONE FROM LANDER CDUNTY, CENTRAL NEVADA, FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, STARCH GRANULES, AND BLOOD RESIDUE TO INTERPRET SUBSISTENCE ACTIVITIES (1993)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375394] Linda Scott Cummings. Kathryn Puseman.

Five pieces of groundstone were evaluated to assess the potential for further studies of this material to provide subsistence information. Ground stone was recovered from three sites in Lander County, central Nevada. Pollen, phytolith, starch granules, and blood residue were examined from these pieces of groundstone to assess the potential for further analysis of groundstone artifacts from sites in this vicinity. This study addresses specific recovery of these remains from the five pieces of...


EXAMINATION OF NESTED VESSEL CONTENTS, 42SA14237, SAN JUAN COUNTY, UTAH (2016)

DOCUMENT [ID: 405612] Peter Kováčik.

A complete grayware jar with banded neck was recovered from the sidewall of a looter’s pit at 42SA14237. The jar and its undisturbed contents were mailed to PaleoResearch Institute, Inc. for study. While carefully pouring out the sand from the jar, we noted another small vessel inside the grayware banded neck vessel (Figure 1:A). We continued to pour out the sand while holding that tiny vessel in place, then retrieved it using a pair of tweezers. Beneath the tiny vessel was a mass of charred...


EXAMINATION OF TWO CORN COBS FROM AZ A:15:56, ARIZONA (2004)

DOCUMENT [ID: 379183] Linda Scott Cummings.

Two maize cobs recovered from site AZ A:15:56(ASM) were digested to recover phytoliths that were measured to obtain a numeric signature for the race of maize, as well as environmental conditions under which the maize grew. This site is located on the Shivwitz Plateau north of Grand Canyon and includes a “C” shaped room block.


EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT 41RG13, BIG LAKE PLAYA, WEST TEXAS (1990)

DOCUMENT [ID: 375197] Linda Scott Cummings.

EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS AT 41RG13, BIG LAKE PLAYA, WEST TEXAS: A bison site (41RG13) buried in the lake bed of an intermittent playa (Big Lake) in Regan County, West Texas, contained bison tone, flakes, tools, and a dart point. A radiocarbon age of 7530 + 150 BP was obtained from a bison bone sample. Pollen and phytoliths were analyzed from this site to assess the utility of further analysis of pollen and/or phytoliths to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions in the...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America