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Posey (18CH281) (Site Name Keyword)

1-25 (58 Records)

An Analysis of Marked and Decorated White Clay Tobacco Pipes from the Lower Patuxent Drainage (2004)

DOCUMENT Katherine D. Cavallo.

This paper examines the types, quantities, and distributions of marked and decorated white clay tobacco pipes from four 17th century archaeological sites located along the lower Patuxent River in southern Maryland. Although marked pipes often account for a relatively small percentage of total pipe assemblages, important patterns in both their temporal and spatial distribution are clearly evident. For example, even though records indicate that Bristol pipemaker Llewellin Evans was working from...


Archaeological Indicators of Native American Influences on English Life in the Colonial Chesapeake (2005)

DOCUMENT Edward E. Chaney.

All too often, archaeological studies of the Contact Period, as it occurred in the Chesapeake Bay region, have focused on the European impact on Native American life. The opposite side of this interaction—the effects Indians had on colonial life—has been downplayed. Indian-made artifacts found on colonial sites are often seen as little more than indicators of “trade.” However, a closer examination of the evidence suggests that the Native impact on English settlers was more profound. Using data...


An Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture

PROJECT Julia King.

Using detailed comparisons of the archaeological assemblages from 18 early sites in the Chesapeake, this project explores the material conditions of culture contact, plantation development and organization, the rise of slavery, and consumer behavior. Comparable artifact databases have been created for the 18 sites, and analysis of artifact distributions has provided great insight into differences and similarities.


Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, Coding Conventions for Comprehensive Artifact Catalog (2004)

DATASET Gregory Brown.

Coding Conventions for the use of the comprehensive artifact catalog associated with the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project. Also linked to the Manual for the comprehensive artifact catalog.


Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, Comprehensive Artifact Catalog (2004)

DATASET Gregory Brown.

Comprehensive artifact catalog for the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project, an NEH-funded comparative analysis of 18 early seventeenth-century archaeological sites in the Chesapeake region. The artifact catalog, composed of about 186,000 records, was created from the individual artifact catalogs for the 18 sites, combined and standardized into a single MS Access database. The associated manual and coding conventions documents (below) explain in detail how to use the...


Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, Manual for Comprehensive Artifact Catalog (2004)

DOCUMENT Gregory Brown.

Manual for the use of the comprehensive artifact catalog associated with the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project. Also linked to the Coding Conventions for the comprehensive artifact catalog.


Artifact Distribution Maps from Posey (2004)

DOCUMENT Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution maps produced for the Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project


Artifact Images from Posey (2004)

DOCUMENT Catherine Alston.

Artifact images produced for the Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project


A Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture: Project Update (2004)

DOCUMENT Catherine Alston.

In 2003, a consortium of researchers at various institutions undertook the project, ‘A Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture,’ funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Virginia Department of Historic Resources. This project is designed to document and interpret the interactions between the multiple groups that made up the Chesapeake society by comparing material culture recovered from various colonial sites in Maryland and Virginia. The...


Digital Technology in Comparative Studies (2005)

DOCUMENT Catherine Alston.

Conducting comparative archaeological studies is a trend that has developed over the past few decades, and with each project the concept and methodologies become more and more robust. In doing such comparative projects, digital technologies are essential for a successful study. Due to a comprehensive database set and the ability to spatially map the material culture recovered at the sites, the project “A Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture” is proving to be a powerful...


An Enigmatic Monarch: The Biography of a Headless, Mold-made, White Pipe Clay Pipe King Recovered in 17th Century Maryland (2007)

DOCUMENT Anne Dowling Grulich.

This article follows a diminutive, headless, seventeenth century pipe clay figurine of a king from its conception in post-medieval Europe through its use, interment, and rebirth three centuries later in southern Maryland, USA. It is not so much the monarch it represents or the historical figure who owned it, but the meanings embodied by the artifact and our role in that process that this biography develops. This battered 300 year old figurine beckons us with its props and its demeanor. ...


The Importance of Plow Zone Archaeology (2004)

DOCUMENT Julia King.

In the last 25 years, a number of studies have emerged demonstrating that, while vertical stratigraphy is indeed destroyed by plowing, the horizontal or spatial distribution of materials is affected only minimally. Artifacts recovered from plow zone contexts are usually found close to where they were both used and discarded, with important implications for examining the spatial layout of archaeological sites. Distributions of plow zone artifacts and soil chemicals have been used to identify room...


Locally-Made Tobacco Pipes in the Colonial Chesapeake (2005)

DOCUMENT C. Jane Cox. Al Luckenbach. Dave Gadsby. Shawn Sharpe.

Tobacco pipes made in the colonial Chesapeake are often referred to as “terra-cotta” pipes. Made of local clays, they often exhibit a brown, reddish, earthen color, though they also come in a fascinating array of colors from orange to pink to almost pure white. These New World products have been fascinating Tidewater archaeologists for decades. Who in colonial society most likely produced and used terra-cotta pipes has been an ongoing discussion for over three decades. Theories have...


Measuring the Advent of Gentility (2005)

DOCUMENT Dennis J. Pogue.

My own long-term interest has been to trace the process by which English cultural norms were adapted to New World conditions, to provide insight into why that adaptation occurred, and to assess the role of material culture in effecting that change. As such these are the kinds of questions that have been in the air at least since the 1970s, but which require a rich corpus of comparative and regionally representative evidence in order for archaeologists to have any hope of success in answering...


Notions of Comfort in the Early Colonial Chesapeake (2005)

DOCUMENT Philip Levy. John Coombs. David Muraca.

In previous papers we have sought to use archaeological data to rethink some of the reigning assumptions about life in colonial Chesapeake, and move toward a new vision of an early colonial Virginia “frontier.” Our work has focused principally on a few sites in the Virginia tidewater and along the upper reaches of the Rappahannock spanning the years between 1640 and 1760. Last year, for example, we used the artifactual and architectural data from a circa 1690 Rappahannock plantation to argue...


On Living and Dying in the Colonial Chesapeake (2005)

DOCUMENT Catherine Alston.

A group of scholars interested in the daily lives and social and cultural relationships of the inhabitants of the Colonial Chesapeake developed the project A Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Beginning in the fall of 2003 we began collecting information from 18 rural 17th to 18th century archaeological sites in Maryland and Virginia into digital form....


Posey (18CH281)

PROJECT Julia King.

The Posey Site (18CH281) is located near Mattawoman Creek in Charles County, Maryland, aboard what is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center–Indian Head Division. The site was initially identified in 1963 by Navy chemist Calvert Posey, in an area that had been damaged by an earlier explosion at Indian Head’s Biazzi Nitration Plant, where nitroglycerin was manufactured. In 1985, the site was tested by William Barse as part of a much larger archaeological survey of the Indian Head facility. The site...


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Bottle Glass (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, bottle glass


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Camden Pottery (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, Camden pottery


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, European Ceramics (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, European ceramics


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Fire-cracked Rock (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, fire-cracked rock


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Lithic Debitage (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, lithic debitage


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Metal Triangles (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, metal triangles


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Native American Pottery (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, Native American pottery


Posey (18CH281): Artifact Distributions, Potomac Creek Pottery (2004)

IMAGE Catherine Alston.

Artifact distribution map, Potomac Creek pottery

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America