Chalkley (18AN711) (Site Name Keyword)
1-25 (43 Records)
An Analysis of Marked and Decorated White Clay Tobacco Pipes from the Lower Patuxent Drainage (2004)
This paper examines the types, quantities, and distributions of marked and decorated white clay tobacco pipes from four 17th century archaeological sites located along the lower Patuxent River in southern Maryland. Although marked pipes often account for a relatively small percentage of total pipe assemblages, important patterns in both their temporal and spatial distribution are clearly evident. For example, even though records indicate that Bristol pipemaker Llewellin Evans was working from...
Archaeological Indicators of Native American Influences on English Life in the Colonial Chesapeake (2005)
All too often, archaeological studies of the Contact Period, as it occurred in the Chesapeake Bay region, have focused on the European impact on Native American life. The opposite side of this interaction—the effects Indians had on colonial life—has been downplayed. Indian-made artifacts found on colonial sites are often seen as little more than indicators of “trade.” However, a closer examination of the evidence suggests that the Native impact on English settlers was more profound. Using data...
Using detailed comparisons of the archaeological assemblages from 18 early sites in the Chesapeake, this project explores the material conditions of culture contact, plantation development and organization, the rise of slavery, and consumer behavior. Comparable artifact databases have been created for the 18 sites, and analysis of artifact distributions has provided great insight into differences and similarities.
Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, Coding Conventions for Comprehensive Artifact Catalog (2004)
Coding Conventions for the use of the comprehensive artifact catalog associated with the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project. Also linked to the Manual for the comprehensive artifact catalog.
Comprehensive artifact catalog for the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project, an NEH-funded comparative analysis of 18 early seventeenth-century archaeological sites in the Chesapeake region. The artifact catalog, composed of about 186,000 records, was created from the individual artifact catalogs for the 18 sites, combined and standardized into a single MS Access database. The associated manual and coding conventions documents (below) explain in detail how to use the...
Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture, Manual for Comprehensive Artifact Catalog (2004)
Manual for the use of the comprehensive artifact catalog associated with the Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project. Also linked to the Coding Conventions for the comprehensive artifact catalog.
Artifact distribution maps produced for the Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project
Artifact images produced for the Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture project
The Chalkley site (18AN711) represents the remains of a small planter’s earthfast dwelling and is located in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Occupied for less than a decade by tobacco planter Thomas Jeffe, Jr. and his family, the site revealed evidence of a simple 16 ½-x-20 foot earthfast dwelling. Artifacts, along with archaeological and documentary evidence, suggest Jeffe Jr. built and occupied this earthfast dwelling with his wife Mary between 1677 and 1685. Observation of the surrounding area...
Artifact distribution map, bottle glass
Artifact distribution map, brick
Artifact distribution map, buttons and buckles
Artifact distribution map, domestic material
Artifact distribution map, flint flakes
Artifact distribution map, metal slag
Artifact distribution map, North Devon gravel-tempered earthenware
Artifact distribution map, North Devon sgraffito
Artifact distribution map, tin-glazed earthenware
Artifact distribution map, white clay tobacco pipes
Representative artifacts: Buck shot from surface collection
General site map
General site map
Representative artifacts: IF-marked tobacco pipe stem
Representative artifacts: Marked pipe
Midden analysis chart: Artifact classes