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19th and 20th centuries (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (31 Records)

Answering the Question, "Where Did We Come From?" Through the Collaborative Efforts of the Fort Ward/Seminary African American Descendant Society and Archaeologists in Alexandria, Virginia (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Furlong. Adrienne T. Washington.

"We’re still here" has been the theme of the efforts of the Fort Ward/Seminary African American Descendant Society to incorporate the history of their community into the public interpretation of Fort Ward Park and Museum. However, "where did we come from?" remains an important question that has yet to be answered through archaeological and historical research. In this paper, Descendant Society leader Adrienne Washington will discuss the efforts of descendants to answer this question and why it...


An Archeology of Labor in Practice (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Paul Shackel.

Labor studies in the twenty first century are at a crucial turning point. As labor has steadily lost influence in the United States, labor organizations have been increasingly memorializing crucial moments in labor history. These moments are often clashes between labor and capital in which any victory, and sometimes losses, were hard fought. The new National Historic Landmark study of labor archaeology provides guidelines to help us identify significant sites and provide a new way to contribute...


Burying the Sons of Israel in America: Jewish Cemeteries as the Focal Point of Diasporic Community Development (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Simon Goldstone. David M Markus.

Cemeteries are a means of tethering a community to a geographic location. Often this process of placemaking results in the development of a community comprised of a meshwork of individuals from throughout a diaspora. In the case of Jewish populations the establishment of burial grounds are often the first in creating a community that comes together as a result of outside force or lack of a homeland. The commonalities of their religion and shared experiences, both real and imagined, make the...


Charles K. Landis: the Archaeology of the Macro- and Micro-Aspects of Creativity (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert Schuyler.

Charles K. Landis (1833-1900), a Victorian Period lawyer and realator, was an important factor in transforming the landscape of southern New Jersey. Over a quarter of a century he founded (with Richard J. Byrnes) Hammonton (1857) and Vineland (1861), two successful new agricutltural communities, and in 1881, Sea Isle City, a Jersey shore resort. He attempted during this period to also set up his own county and county seat, Landisville, but that political goal failed. The impact of Landis and his...


The Circle of Trees: a Component of the Greensky Hill Methodist Mission Church Landscape (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Misty M. Jackson.

In 2016 the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians’ (LTBB) THPO initiated archaeological investigations at the circle of trees, a traditional cultural property north of the Greensky Hill Methodist Mission Church near Charlevoix, Michigan. The research is part of a larger study of the surrounding cultural landscape including the church and 19th century Odawa farmsteads. Peter Greensky, the Chippewa Methodist minister who along with his Anishinabe followers founded the mission, is recorded as...


Consumerism on the Margins: Shop Ledgers and Materialized Social Status in Coastal Co. Galway, Ireland. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Meredith S Chesson. Sara Morrow. Erin Gibbons.

In contrast to the marginality ascribed to Western Ireland during the 19th and 20th centuries, islanders’ and coastal mainlanders’ participated in transnational trade networks expressed through everyday material decision-making, seasonal and intermittent international interactions, and ideologies of social status. Historically, coastal communities in Western Ireland have been characterized as marginalized and geographically isolated from participation in mainstream consumerism and national and...


Deepwater Shipwrecks and Oil Spill Impacts: A Multidisciplinary Investigation of Shipwreck Impacts from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert Westrick. Daniel Warren. Robert Church. Leila Hamdan. Lisa A. Fitzgerald. Melanie Damour. Christopher Horrell. James D. Moore III. Roy Cullimore. Lori Johnston.

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico caused substantial perturbations within the coastal and marine environments.  In 2013, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and other partners initiated a multidisciplinary study to examine the effects of the spill on deepwater shipwrecks.  This poster presents an overview of the ongoing research into the microbial biodiversity and corrosion processes at wooden and metal-hulled shipwrecks within and outside the spill area.  This...


Deepwater Shipwrecks and Oil Spill Impacts: An Innovative Multiscalar Approach from Microbial Ecology to 3D Scanning Systems (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Melanie Damour. Leila Hamdan. Jennifer Salerno. Robert Church. Daniel Warren. Christopher Horrell.

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management and partners implemented a multidisciplinary study in 2013 to examine impacts from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill on deepwater shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf of Mexico Shipwreck Corrosion, Hydrocarbon Exposure, Microbiology, and Archaeology Project, or GOM-SCHEMA, conducted a comparative analysis to assess micro- to macroscale impacts from the spill by examining microbial community biodiversity, their role in artificial reef formation, and...


Ethnic Markers and Comparative Approaches to the Asian Diaspora (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Douglas Ross.

Direct comparisons between Chinese and non-Chinese sites go back decades. However, most current Asian diaspora archaeology focuses on single-household or single-community case studies, with comparative work limited to using ethnically-linked artifacts to explore patterns of cultural persistence and change or present evidence for interethnic interaction with neighboring communities. Here, I argue that we need to spend more time conducting direct and detailed comparisons between households and...


Foodways at the Intersections of Gender, Race, and Class at Hollywood Plantation (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jodi Barnes.

Archaeological research uncovered the remains of an ell kitchen, a smokehouse, and a cellar at Hollywood Plantation in southeast Arkansas. These spaces provide intimate information about foodways or the shared ways that people thought about, procured, distributed, preserved, and consumed foods in the 19th and 20th century. In this paper, I will discuss the ways the archaeology of foodways is used as a tool for public engagement and a lens into the intersectionality of gender, race, class at a...


Gender Differentiation in Jewish Memorials: An Ethnoarchaeological Examination of the Headstones in the B'nai Israel Cemetery (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Simon H Goldstone.

An ethnoarchaeological approach to the study of historic cemeteries and associated gravemarkers offers a tested and non-invasive methodology which can garner insight into the collective and personal identity of individuals within and between specific cultural groups. For the investigation of the Jewish diaspora, such enthoarchaeological studies have proven to be one of the richest sources of data on religious and cultural practices related to death and burial. Past studies have examined...


Germs Never Sleep! The Polluted Nature of Womanhood as Expressed Through Vaginal Douching (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Ashley M Morton.

In the last 15 years, an increasing number of scholarly articles and cultural resource technical reports have recognized douching paraphernalia in archaeological contexts. While these analyses contribute to a greater understanding of this behavior douching among women in the past for contraceptive purposes from brothel contexts has been heavily emphasized. Between the mid 19th and 20th centuries vaginal douching gained  popularity as a general increase in health and sanitation reforms were...


GIS-Based Predictive Modeling and Urban Industrial Archaeology: A Case Study In London, Ontario (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Daniel J Trepal. Eric Pomber. Don Lafrenier.

We present a case study demonstrating a novel GIS-based archaeological predictive model (APM) adapted for use in postindustrial cities.  In common use among prehistoric archaeologists APMs are also a useful way to analyze historical sources on a landscape scale. This project harnesses massive amounts of historical and modern spatial data to:  determine urban industrial archaeological potential; to determine the potential for the persistence of related historical environmental hazards; and to...


Hidden Histories of an Island Village: an Ethnoarchaeological Exploration of Westquarter Village, Inishbofin (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Katherine E Shakour. Tommy Burke. Ian Kuijt.

While historians have a broad understanding that residential practices changed through time within 19-20th century Irish coastal villages, little research has explored the extent migration and residential continuity shape village history, let alone the underlying reasons for changes.  Focusing on the small village of Westquarter, Inishbofin, Co. Galway, Ireland, this paper explores the social and residential history from around 1800 through present day.  Centered on the dynamic intergenerational...


Inexorably Contemporary: Archaeology as Performance Art at Italian Hall Memorial Site, Calumet, Michigan (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Timothy Scarlett.

In the Fall of 2012, students from Michigan Technological University undertook a Phase I site assessment of the three city lots of the Italian Hall Memorial in Calumet, Michigan, in anticipation of the 100th anniversary of the disaster/massacre.  The Keweenaw National Historical Park, which alternately owns or manages the three contiguous lots on behalf of the Village of Calumet, sought help with clearance of cultural resources before they could improve the quality of the memorial’s landscaping...


It is Christmas and the House is on Fire: Understanding Labor Relations in Late Nineteenth-Century Baltimore (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Adam Fracchia.

On Christmas Day 1877, a fire spread through a block of homes in the small quarry town of Texas in Baltimore County, Maryland.  Although the fire destroyed the large stone rowhouse building, the flames also sealed the material record of the lives of a group of laborers and their families at that moment in time.  Examining labor relations within the town of Texas and the wider Baltimore area in the latter half of the nineteenth century places these artifacts in context and helps to explain the...


The Legal Language of Sex: Interpreting a Hierarchy of Prostitution Using the Terminology of Criminal Charges (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Anna M. Munns.

It is generally acknowledged that there was a hierarchical structure to turn-of-the-century sex trade, with madams at the top and streetwalkers at the bottom. But what did this structure mean for the women who inhabited these roles? And how can we access all levels of the hierarchy? Police magistrate court dockets provide a valuable lens through which to analyze prostitution in Fargo, North Dakota during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Additionally, these documents speak to...


Marking Presence, Passage and Place at the North Head Quarantine Station, Sydney (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Anne F Clarke. Ursula K Frederick.

A slowly fading inscription, scored into a sandstone boulder at the North Head Quarantine Station, Sydney, records the names of three, or possibly four, people—John, Alice Oliver and George. Dated to July 1893 the inscription prompts immediate questions: who were John, Alice Oliver and George? Were they a family? Under what circumstances did they find themselves in quarantine? Where did they come from and how? Did they survive their time in quarantine, or is this a memorial to loved ones lost?...


The Mills of the Cortez Mining District (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Shaun Richey.

Organized in 1863, the Cortez Mining District is located in central Nevada and was an early silver producer.  The mining technology employed at Cortez included the Washoe and Reese River pan amalgamation processes, the Russell leaching process, cyanide leaching, and oil flotation.  Cortez was also the proving grounds for the cyanide heap leaching that began in the late 1960’s and has since spread throughout the world.  New milling technology, once brought into the district, was subject to...


Oral History and the Archaeology of a Black Texas Farmstead, c. 1871-1905 (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Maria Franklin.

Starting in 2009, the Texas Department of Transportation funded research, community outreach, and public education that focused on the history and archaeology of formerly enslaved African Americans and their descendants. Excavation of the Ransom and Sarah Williams farmstead (41TV1051) by Prewitt and Associates (Austin, TX) yielded 26,000 artifacts that represent rural life in central Texas for freedmen and their children. The equally significant oral history component of the project has allowed...


Providing Outreach that Empowers Teachers and Students to Create Integrated STEM Learning (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Sheli O. Smith.

Utilizing the whole experience of a multi-disciplinary expedition to reach teachers and students empowers the recipients.  The Deepwater Shipwrecks and Oil Spill Impact study provided an array of information to teachers and students covering diverse topics from how do folks in the southern tip of Louisiana build homes that survive flooding to what do microorganisms tell us about the impact of the oil spill and shipwrecks they thrive upon.  Getting the information out through multiple channels...


The Red Light Life Of The Bandemer’s Hotel In Detroit, Michigan (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Bridget A Bennane.

Orleans Landing is a multi-block urban archaeological site in Detroit with remains dating to the 19th and early 20th centuries; this neighborhood reflects the fast-paced growth of the city during the period. In 2014-15 Orleans Landing was excavated by a CRM company and in 2017 the artifacts were turned over to Wayne State University for cataloguing, analysis, and storage. The collection contains about 30,000 artifacts and covers multiple building lots. This poster presents artifact analysis...


"A Refuge of Cure or of Care": The Sensory Dimensions of Confinement at the Worcester State Hospital for the Insane (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Madeline Bourque Kearin.

American asylum medicine, the precursor to psychiatry, was predicated on an environmental approach to the treatment of mental illness: specifically, upon the creation of a curative environment that would rigorously organize patients’ exposure to sensory stimuli. This paper combines documentary records, evidence from surviving architecture, and geospatial renderings of the landscape in order to access those stimuli – consisting of the sights, sounds, smells, and tactile qualities of the natural...


Research and Ethics in Cemetery Delineations (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Stephen A. Hammack.

This paper will address historical research and the delineation of several 19th and 20th century historic cemeteries in the State of Georgia in the Southeastern United States. It will also address the ethical aspects of these kinds of projects, and suggest avenues for working together with clients, employers, government agencies, and concerned families in order to successfully complete potentially problematic cemetery and graveyard projects.


"Sad And Dismal Is The Story": Great Lakes Shipwrecks And The Folk Music Tradition (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Misty M. Jackson. Kenneth J. Vrana.

Music has often taken maritime disasters for its theme, and Great Lakes wrecks claim no shortage of songs. Some were written at the time of the disaster, and others appeared years later, reviving the memory of the event.  In an effort to understand the relationship between shipwrecks, folk traditions, memory, and preservation of the wrecks themselves, this paper will focus on four famous Great Lakes shipwrecks: the Lady Elgin, the Eastland, the Rouse Simmons (a.k.a. the Christmas Ship), and the...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America