tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity


Author(s): Linda Scott Cummings ; Kathryn Puseman ; Barbara Winsborough

Year: 2001

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


Pollen, phytolith, macrofloral, and diatom analyses were undertaken on samples collected

from a backhoe trench and an excavation unit at CA-SIS-240 on the California/Oregon border in

the Lower Klamath Lake National Wildlife Refuge. These analyses examine various aspects of

wetland development over the more than 7000 years represented. The stratigraphic column in the

backhoe trench extends below the Mazama eruption. Although the past approximately 2000 years

appear to be well represented in this record, the time period between approximately 7200-7660 BP

and 1800 BP is represented by only six samples in the backhoe trench. In contrast, the interval

between approximately 1800 BP and 1350-1170 BP is represented by six samples. This sampling

location is near test pits examined by Cressman, Antevs, Hansen et al. in 1940. Hansen

(1942:103-114) examined four peat profiles. He notes a discontinuous sequence as a result of lake

drying in the lower deposits and again at the top of the record when Lake Klamath was drained,

resulting in erosion of an unknown amount of the record. The stratigraphic pollen samples provide

information concerning vegetation in the region and growing close to the lake. The stratigraphic

phytolith samples provide information concerning local grasses growing next to the lake. The

macrofloral record provides evidence of seeds from plants growing in the vegetation communities

next to the lake, as well as charcoal that might have been transported on the wind from regional

forest fires. Diatom analysis concentrated on identifying water conditions within the lake. All of the

samples were diatomaceous and about 500 cells were recorded for each sample. During this

study, a total of 133 diatom species and varieties were encountered. There were 119 species in

the backhoe trench and 109 taxa in Test Unit 1. Individual samples from test unit one were

generally more diverse than those in the backhoe trench. The main challenge for the diatom

analysis is to differentiate the general conditions associated with a given hydrologic phase - wetter

or drier conditions, as represented by shallow or deep-water diatom assemblages.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

POLLEN, PHYTOLlTH, DIATOM, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM CA-SIS-240,CALIFORNIA. Linda Scott Cummings, Kathryn Puseman, Barbara Winsborough. 2001 ( tDAR id: 378625) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8PC31SQ


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
01-27.pdf 3.57mb Nov 23, 2012 5:08:24 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America