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POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF A SOIL COLUMN FROM KELVIN'S CAVE (SITE 10LN93), SOUTH-CENTRAL IDAHO, COMPARED TO A LOCAL ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL

Author(s): Linda Scott Cummings ; Kathryn Puseman

Year: 2004

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Summary

Companion pollen and macrofloral samples were collected stratigraphically from Unit 4

inside Kelvin's Cave (10LN93), a lava tube, to provide information concerning local vegetation

and environment in the vicinity of the cave during the time it was used and sediment

accumulated. Bone recovered from the deepest sediments in Kelvin's Cave, just above the

cave floor in units immediately adjacent to Unit 10, have yielded radiocarbon ages ranging

between 12,160 ± 60 BP to 16,260 ± 80 BP, suggesting that the stratigraphic record should

represent the Late Pleistocene through the Holocene. Of particular interest is the terminal

Pleistocene to early Holocene transition. In addition to examining the stratigraphic record for

pollen and macrofloral remains, an archaeoclimatic model was built to examine modeled

climatic conditions in the area for the past 14,000 years. The information gained from

examining the pollen and macrofloral samples is then compared with the model to provide a

more complete picture of the past environment.


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POLLEN AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF A SOIL COLUMN FROM KELVIN'S CAVE (SITE 10LN93), SOUTH-CENTRAL IDAHO, COMPARED TO A LOCAL ARCHAEOCLIMATIC MODEL. Linda Scott Cummings, Kathryn Puseman. 2004 ( tDAR id: 379226) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8KP81NG


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04-97.pdf 2.04mb Dec 13, 2012 9:06:57 AM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America