Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Sapillo Creek Valley, Gila National Forest, New Mexico

Part of the Sapillo Valley Survey project

Author(s): Robert Stokes

Year: 1995


The Sapillo Valley Survey Project was undertaken in 1993 by Robert Stokes as a M.A. thesis project. The valley was 20 percent sample surveyed using 320 m wide transects that crossed the valley from high landform to high landform, thus ensuring that a variety of landforms would be sampled. The survey resulted in recording 62 sites ranging from Late Archaic/Early Pithouse sites to Late Pithouse villages to Classic Mimbres pueblos and fieldhouses. The sites included many large ceremonial structures (kivas) and one small cliff dwelling in the lower canyon. The results demonstrate that the Sapillo Valley was lightly used until ca. the Three Circle phase (A.D. 750-800) and Classic period (A.D. 1000-1150) when the size of villages and frequency increased dramatically. The valley was largely abandoned at the end of the Classic period.

Cite this Record

Prehistoric Settlement Patterns in the Sapillo Creek Valley, Gila National Forest, New Mexico. Robert Stokes. Masters Thesis. Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, Anthropology. 1995 ( tDAR id: 380651) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8CZ36SR

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 200 to 1150 (Mimbres Mogollon sequence)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -109.248; min lat: 32.176 ; max long: -107.666; max lat: 33.358 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Robert Stokes

Landowner(s): Gila National Forest

Submitted To(s): Eastern New Mexico University


General Note: The thesis document contained in this project has had its site specific location and map data redacted. Please contact the project owner if this information is required.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
rstokes_thesis_title_pages_and_toc.pdf 90.92kb Dec 29, 2012 8:17:11 PM Public
rstokes_thesis_reformatted_and_redacted.pdf 5.15mb Dec 29, 2012 8:17:13 PM Public