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A Few Visits in Prehistory: Data Recovery Excavations at 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia

Author(s): Christopher T. Espenshade ; Linda Kennedy ; Eric C. Poplin

Year: 1992

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Summary

Data recovery investigations were conducted at the multicomponent prehistoric site, 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia. The May 1992 excavations were conducted by Brockington and Associates, Inc., for the Georgia Department of Transportation in anticipation of site impact through construction of the Cuthbert bypass. The investigations included: full site coverage through 50 by 50 cm units excavated on a 10 m interval; the computer assisted plotting of the 50 by 50 cm unit results; the excavation of ten 2 by 2m units; the machine-assisted removal of the plow zone overburden from a portion of the site; and a detailed analysis of the recovered lithic artifacts and pottery.

The results indicate that the site was utilized sporadically and repeatedly for over 9,000 years from the Early Archaic Period through the Late Woodland Period. The most intensive use of the site was during the Early Archaic, Gulf Formational, and Late Woodland Periods. Although the severe post-depositional mixing of components prevented detailed analysis of the debitage associated with each component, it is evident that the site was repeatedly utilized as a short-term, near-quarry locus where lithic manufacture occurred.

The presence at 9RH18 of Stallings Island fiber tempered pottery, and the lack of Norwood semi-fiber tempered pottery, may be related to settlement shift in the Gulf Formational span. Stallings Island components are rare and Norwood components are frequent in the floodplains of the Chattahoochee River.

The Late Woodland component at the site falls into either the Kolomoki or Quartermaster phase. The presence of this component at 9RH18, and the lack of earlier Woodland or subsequent Mississippian components fits Schnell's model of a shift to the inter-riverine uplands during the Kolomoki phase.


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Cite this Record

A Few Visits in Prehistory: Data Recovery Excavations at 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia. Christopher T. Espenshade, Linda Kennedy, Eric C. Poplin. Brockington and Associates, Inc. 1992 ( tDAR id: 391055) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88053GT


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -84.897; min lat: 31.615 ; max long: -84.622; max lat: 31.895 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Linda Kennedy ; Eric C. Poplin

Principal Investigator(s): Christopher T. Espenshade

Submitted To(s): Georgia Department of Transportation (Atlanta, GA)


Record Identifiers

Brockington and Associates, Inc., report number(s): 0288

Notes

General Note: Curation facility: West Georgia College Archaeological Laboratory


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
randolph-9rh18-dr.pdf 14.65mb May 8, 2013 1:03:24 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America