A Few Visits in Prehistory: Data Recovery Excavations at 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia
Data recovery investigations were conducted at the multicomponent prehistoric site, 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia. The May 1992 excavations were conducted by Brockington and Associates, Inc., for the Georgia Department of Transportation in anticipation of site impact through construction of the Cuthbert bypass. The investigations included: full site coverage through 50 by 50 cm units excavated on a 10 m interval; the computer assisted plotting of the 50 by 50 cm unit results; the excavation of ten 2 by 2m units; the machine-assisted removal of the plow zone overburden from a portion of the site; and a detailed analysis of the recovered lithic artifacts and pottery.
The results indicate that the site was utilized sporadically and repeatedly for over 9,000 years from the Early Archaic Period through the Late Woodland Period. The most intensive use of the site was during the Early Archaic, Gulf Formational, and Late Woodland Periods. Although the severe post-depositional mixing of components prevented detailed analysis of the debitage associated with each component, it is evident that the site was repeatedly utilized as a short-term, near-quarry locus where lithic manufacture occurred.
The presence at 9RH18 of Stallings Island fiber tempered pottery, and the lack of Norwood semi-fiber tempered pottery, may be related to settlement shift in the Gulf Formational span. Stallings Island components are rare and Norwood components are frequent in the floodplains of the Chattahoochee River.
The Late Woodland component at the site falls into either the Kolomoki or Quartermaster phase. The presence of this component at 9RH18, and the lack of earlier Woodland or subsequent Mississippian components fits Schnell's model of a shift to the inter-riverine uplands during the Kolomoki phase.
Cite this Record
A Few Visits in Prehistory: Data Recovery Excavations at 9RH18, Randolph County, Georgia. Christopher T. Espenshade, Linda Kennedy, Eric C. Poplin. Brockington and Associates, Inc. 1992 ( tDAR id: 391055) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88053GT
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -84.897; min lat: 31.615 ; max long: -84.622; max lat: 31.895 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Principal Investigator(s): Christopher T. Espenshade
Submitted To(s): Georgia Department of Transportation (Atlanta, GA)
Brockington and Associates, Inc., report number(s): 0288
General Note: Curation facility: West Georgia College Archaeological Laboratory
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