The Geologic and Archaeological Contexts for Lithic Resource Acquisition in Southeastern New Mexico


Between December 2012 and January 2013, archaeologists from Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI), conducted geologic and archaeological studies at 14 previously identified archaeological sites, 2 small survey parcels inspected for archaeological remains, and 3 locales visited solely for the geologic study, all located in Eddy, Lea, and Chaves Counties in southeastern New Mexico. The sites and survey areas occupy a range of geologic settings. All 19 areas were utilized prehistorically.

SRI conducted archaeological survey and site recording at 14 previously recorded sites and 2 survey areas. The survey and site recording were conducted using 15-by-15-m grid cells to allow for the implementation of National Register of Historic Places– (NRHP-) evaluation procedures and the development of eligibility recommendations for each archaeological resource in the project area. The grid-cells methodology required the creation of a custom program application that was used for collecting digital data each time a positive grid cell was encountered. Two primary aspects composed this data-collection method: the provenience designation system and the Field Information Digital Organizer system. A total of 4,717 grid cells were surveyed at the 14 sites and 2 survey areas, and 824 (17.4 percent) contained artifacts or features.

Of the 14 sites and 2 survey areas, 4 sites (LA 43423, LA 122842, LA 146857, and LA 155867) are recommended eligible for listing in the NRHP; the remaining 10 sites and 2 survey areas are recommended not eligible for listing in the NRHP. All sites dated to the prehistoric period. The prehistoric sites were primarily quarries and procurement sites; 1 campsite was also present.

Cite this Record

The Geologic and Archaeological Contexts for Lithic Resource Acquisition in Southeastern New Mexico. Michael J. Dilley, Phillip O. Leckman, Gregory Peacock, Christine G. Ward, Scott H. Kremkau, Kate E. Zeigler, Bradley J. Vierra. Technical Report ,13-39. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Statistical Research, Inc. 2013 ( tDAR id: 391880) ; doi:10.6067/XCV87P909G

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -105.23; min lat: 32.008 ; max long: -103.285; max lat: 33.004 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Martin Stein

Prepared By(s): Statistical Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Bureau of Land Management Carlsbad Field Office

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order(s): L12PD02007

Contract Number(s): L08PC90395

Statistical Research, Inc., Project No.(s): 12PB01

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Permian_Basin_Lithic_Study.pdf 14.49mb Jan 8, 2014 12:29:09 PM Confidential
Permian_Basin_Lithic_Study_Redacted_Final.pdf 88.27mb Jun 19, 2015 2:36:40 PM Public

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Contact(s): Martin Stein