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A New Type of Atlatl from a Cave Shelter on the Rio Grande near Shumla, Valverde County, Texas

Author(s): Fletcher Gardner ; George C Martin

Year: 1933

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J. Whittaker: Previous finds of notched arrows in atlatl-age deposits could be contemporaneity, or now explained by find of atlatl to cast them.

Ash wood fragment with distal groove and "wedge-shaped" hook to engage arrow nock, narrow, rigid, proximal end missing, decorative notches on bottom.

Cane arrow shaft 3/8" diam, end narrowed by sinew wrap, flared for nock, 3 feather traces.

Experimental atlatl with commercial arrows got similar range but less accuracy than bow.

[Hard to swallow - arrow engaged with hook with nock vertical - would the hook really hold for a throw? Can you actually throw something as short as an arrow with an atlatl? – I haven’t tried. Unscientific excavation - does the arrow really belong with the atlatl?]

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Cite this Record

A New Type of Atlatl from a Cave Shelter on the Rio Grande near Shumla, Valverde County, Texas. Fletcher Gardner, George C Martin. Big Bend Basket Maker Papers. San Antonio, Texas: Witte Memorial Museum. 1933 ( tDAR id: 423360)


Atlatl bow & arrow Hunting Weapon

Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): EXARC Experimental Archaeology Collection Manager

Record Identifiers

ExArc Id(s): 10171


Rights & Attribution: The information in this record was originally compiled by Dr. Roeland Paardekooper, EXARC Director.

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America