Phase I Cultural Resources Survey of 8,450 Acres, Thurmond Lake, Lincoln County, Georgia and McCormick County, South Carolina, Volume 1, Survey of 8450 Acres of Strom Thurmond Lake 1999


Panamerican Consultants, Inc., performed a Phase I cultural resources survey of 3,419.7 hectares (ha) (8,450 acres [ac.]) at Thurmond Lake, Georgia and South Carolina. The Operations Project Manager for Thurmond Lake, Georgia and South Carolina, requested that this survey of selected areas in Lincoln County, Georgia, and McCormick County, South Carolina be performed. This contract effort was designed to locate and assess the significance of cultural resources within the project area by means of an intensive cultural resources survey to aid in decision making concerning timber management and lake level issues. The requested survey was intended to comply with the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended. Executive Order 11593 (Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment), and the Archaeological and Historical Preservation Act of 1974, as described in the project Scope of Work and ER 1130-2-438.

Fieldwork for the project was conducted between January and July, 1997. The boundaries of the sites determined to be potentially eligible for inclusion in the NRHP were painted in October. At the same time, the boundaries and the center point of these sites were recorded using DGPS technology for land management purposes.

The study area is located in the middle Thurmond Lake region of South Carolina and Georgia. The South Carolina area consisted of two large tracts in McCormick County. The first began at Parksville and extended to the north, and the second was centered around Benningsfield and Hawe creeks. The Georgia survey area was situated in Lincoln County. The area began just above Bussey Point Recreation Area in the south and followed the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' property north, including Wells, Soap, and Dry Fork creeks, and ended at the Highway 43/378 bridge.

The Scope of Work called for an intensive (i.e., 100 percent) survey augmented by the excavation of shovel tests in order to locate all cultural resources, determine their horizontal and vertical distribution, stratigraphy, integrity, and cultural association in order to evaluate their NRHP status. A total of 31,958 shovel tests were attempted. A total of 1,716 of the shovel tests yielded positive results, 21,725 contained no cultural materials, and 8,517 were not excavated due to steep slope, severe erosion, exposed bedrock, or standing water. This amounts to an average of approximately four shovel tests every acre being excavated (including tests excavated during site delineations).

This survey resulted in the recording of 340 sites in Georgia and 95 sites in South Carolina. In addition, 17 isolated finds were recorded in South Carolina. Of these, 61 percent were prehistoric in nature, 22 percent were historic, and 16.1 percent had both historic and prehistoric components. A total of 62 sites were recommended as potentially eligible for inclusion in the NRHP. Additionally, a total of eight cemeteries and two possible cemeteries were recorded in the study area. None of the cemeteries were recommended as potentially eligible for NRHP inclusion, but they are protected by state laws. The remaining sites and all of the isolated finds are considered to be not eligible for NRHP inclusion. No further work on any of these sites is recommended.

The sites recommended as potentially eligible for NRHP inclusion should be protected or otherwise treated in accordance with applicable preservation laws and regulations. Until the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers further evaluates these potentially eligible sites, the site status is equivalent to being clearly eligible for, or listed in, the NRHP. The sites recommended as not eligible, and all of the isolated finds, warrant no further consideration regarding the presence of cultural resources at their respective locations.

Cite this Record

Phase I Cultural Resources Survey of 8,450 Acres, Thurmond Lake, Lincoln County, Georgia and McCormick County, South Carolina, Volume 1, Survey of 8450 Acres of Strom Thurmond Lake 1999. Jennifer E. Grover, Meghan LaGraff Ambrosino, Kristen M. Zschomler, Greg S. Hendryx, James N. Ambrosino. 1999 ( tDAR id: 437445) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8DJ5J9N


Site Name
38MC1271 38MC1272 38MC1273 38MC1274 38MC1275 38MC1276 38MC1277 38MC1278 38MC1279 38MC1280 38MC1281 38MC1282 38MC1283 38MC1284 38MC1285 38MC1286 38MC1287 38MC1288 38MC1289 38MC1290 38MC1291 38MC1292 38MC1293 38MC1294 38MC1295 38MC1296 38MC1297 38MC1298 38MC1299 38MC1300 38MC1301 38MC1302 38MC1303 38MC1304 38MC1305 38MC1306 38MC1307 38MC1308 38MC1309 38MC1310 38MC1311 38MC1312 38MC1313 38MC1314 38MC1315 38MC1316 38MC1317 38MC1318 38MC1319 38MC1320 38MC1321 38MC1322 38MC1323 38MC1324 38MC1325 38MC1326 38MC1327 38MC1328 38MC1329 38MC1330 38MC1331 38MC1332 38MC1333 38MC1334 38MC1335 38MC1336 38MC1337 38MC1338 38MC1339 38MC1340 38MC1341 38MC1342 38MC1343 38MC1344 38MC1345 38MC1346 38MC1347 38MC1348 38MC1349 38MC1350 38MC1351 38MC1352 38MC1353 38MC1354 38MC1355 38MC1356 38MC1357 38MC1358 38MC1359 38MC1360 38MC1361 38MC1362 38MC1363 38MC1364 38MC1366 38MC1373 9LC39 9LC40 9LC644 9LC645 9LC646 9LC647 9LC648 9LC649 9LC650 9LC651 9LC652 9LC653 9LC654 9LC655 9LC656 9LC657 9LC658 9LC659 9LC660 9LC661 9LC662 9LC663 9LC664 9LC665 9LC666 9LC667 9LC668 9LC669 9LC670 9LC671 9LC672 9LC673 9LC675 9LC676 9LC677 9LC678 9LC679 9LC680 9LC681 9LC682 9LC683 9LC684 9LC685 9LC686 9LC687 9LC688 9LC689 9LC690 9LC691 9LC692 9LC693 9LC694 9LC695 9LC696 9LC697 9LC698 9LC699 9LC700 9LC701 9LC702 9LC703 9LC704 9LC705 9LC706 9LC707 9LC708 9LC709 9LC710 9LC711 9LC712 9LC713 9LC714 9LC715 9LC716 9LC717 9LC718 9LC719 9LC720 9LC721 9LC722 9LC723 9LC724 9LC725 9LC726 9LC727 9LC728 9LC729 9LC730 9LC731 9LC732 9LC733 9LC734 9LC735 9LC736 9LC737 9LC738 9LC739 9LC740 9LC741 9LC742 9LC743 9LC744 9LC745 9LC746 9LC747 9LC748 9LC749 9LC750 9LC751 9LC752 9LC753 9LC754 9LC755 9LC756 9LC757 9LC758 9LC759 9LC760 9LC761 9LC762 9LC763 9LC764 9LC765 9LC766 9LC767 9LC768 9LC769 9LC770 9LC771 9LC772 9LC773 9LC774 9LC775 9LC776 9LC777 9LC778 9LC779 9LC780 9LC781 9LC782 9LC783 9LC784 9LC785 9LC786 9LC787 9LC788 9LC789 9LC790 9LC791 9LC792 9LC793 9LC794 9LC795 9LC796 9LC797 9LC798 9LC799 9LC800 9LC801 Show More

Investigation Types
Heritage Management

Spatial Coverage

min long: -82.419; min lat: 32.067 ; max long: -81.233; max lat: 33.471 ;

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order Number(s): 0030

Contract Number(s): DACW21-93-D-0040


General Note: The digital materials in this collection were processed by the Veterans Curation Program (VCP), and include the finding aid, original investigation reports, and scanned asset key. Additional digital materials held by the VCP include the archives database, document folder listing, initial data collection, memorandum, and notes. For additional information on these materials, refer to the finding aid.

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Contact(s): US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District