Ancestral O’odham/Hohokam Canal-Side Workspaces

Author(s): Steve Swanson; Ryan Arp

Year: 2021


This is a presentation from the 2021 Arizona Archaeological Council (AAC) Fall symposium on "The Archaeology of Canals in the Arizona Desert".

EPG conducted Phase I data recovery at ancestral O’odham/Hohokam site AZ T:12:91(ASM) south of the Salt River in Laveen, Arizona. Excavation revealed a prehistoric distribution or branch canal and two laterals. Although Phase II data recovery was not warranted, we did perform stripping of overburden above the junction of the distribution canal and one of the laterals. This revealed a canal-side work area with several small features and cached tools. We compare the tool assemblage with other irrigation-related tool assemblages and contrast it with nearby dry-farming tool assemblages. We discuss implications for irrigation maintenance, cultivation and crop harvesting during the Hohokam Classic Period, and recommend that additional work at such canal-side locations is warranted and may provide insights into the social organization of land and labor

Cite this Record

Ancestral O’odham/Hohokam Canal-Side Workspaces. Steve Swanson, Ryan Arp. Presented at 2021 Arizona Archaeological Council (AAC) Fall symposium, Pueblo Grande Museum, Phoenix, AZ. 2021 ( tDAR id: 468718) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8468718

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Contact(s): Arizona Archaeological Council; Steve Swanson; Ryan Arp

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Contact(s): Steve Swanson; Ryan Arp; Arizona Archaeological Council