Prehistoric Houses Along the Middle Missouri River
Author(s): John J. Hoffman
This document presents a general survey of prehistoric houses found along the Middle Missouri River. Photographs and descriptions of location, construction and use of these structures is included. The Archaeological Salvage Program urges the excavation and documentation of these sites to add to what is already known concerning the history of the land and its prehistoric occupation.
Salvage archaeology has progressed rapidly in the great reservoir areas of the Missouri River during the last fifteen years. A wealth of information concerning the prehistoric peoples of the Northern Plains s known to us. Much work remains to be done, but certain aspects of the human prehistory can now be explained with some degree of confidence. Among these are the houses built and occupied by Indians who lived along the Middle Missouri River over 1,500 years before the coming of the White man.
The structures referred to are true houses, as opposed to temporary or portable shelters such as wickiups and pole shelters or the well- known tipi of the Northern Plains Indian. Houses represent a settled, occupation; a relatively long period of time spent in a certain locale. This may be only a few months or it may be several years. In any event, the evidence left by the structural remains leads the archeologist to infer that the house builders had a definite affinity for the land that they occupied. For the most part, house builders on the Northern Plains were part-time farmers. Their successful cultivation of corn, squash and beans demanded that they spend considerable periods in one place.
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Cite this Record
Prehistoric Houses Along the Middle Missouri River. John J. Hoffman. 1963 ( tDAR id: 73081) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8GX4DP8
Beans • Center Post • Circular House • Corn Squash • Domed Roof • Earthen Platform • Earth Lodge • Houses • Pitched Roof • Pit Floor • Pit Houses • Pole and Thatch Shelter • Porch • post holes • Prehistory • Ramp Crossing • Rectangular Structure • Smokehole • Square House • Thatch Shelter • Tipi • Wickiups • Wood
46041 (Fips Code) • Central Plains • Dewey (County) • Eurasia • Mississippi River • Nebraska (State / Territory) • North America (Continent) • North Dakota (State / Territory) • Northern Plains • Oahe Reservoir • Oklahoma (State / Territory) • Pacific Northwest • South Dakota (State / Territory) • United States of America (Country)
min long: -101.501; min lat: 44.724 ; max long: -100.257; max lat: 45.473 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Anne Vawser
NADB document id number(s): 925095
NADB citation id number(s): 000000116398
General Note: Multiple tDAR resources were created in the past by the National Archaeological Database. All useful and important information has been combined into this current resource.
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