tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Ceramic: Escavada Black-on-white, frog effigy seed jar (fragment), AMNH 29.0/7528

Creator(s): Lori Reed

Year: 2004

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

Escavada Black-on-white, frog effigy seed jar, AMNH Accession 29.0, Catalog #7528, Morris FS 1121. Analyzed by Lori Reed 2004. Temper is sand in a silty paste and slip is washy but silty suggesting manufacture at Aztec or elsewhere in the Middle San Juan region. Effigy is only about 25% complete. Image AMNH 29/7528 A: side view showing rim. Image AMNH 29/7528 B: base view showing sculpted legs. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 48, West Ruin, Aztec Ruins.

Room 48 is in the east wing of West Ruin. Earl Morris’ description of the room at the time of excavation is as follows. “The floor of Room 48 was covered with refuse to a depth of from 4 1/2 feet to 7 feet, deepest in front of the door in the east wall. The greater proportion of this deposit was of vegetable substance; cornstalks, husks, tassels, and cobs, cedarbark, splinters of the same wood, as well as human excrement. This deposit of Chaco age had been completely protected from moisture and constituted, aside from some found in the caves of Del Muerto canyon, the richest repository for perishable artifacts (29.0- 7521-7839) that has come within the experience of the writer. Among other objects this deposit contained: two black-on-white bowls, fragments of mended vessels, pottery effigy of a skunk, three pottery feet belonging to animal effigies, black-on-white potsherds, two jar stoppers of unburned clay, four pieces of moulded unburned clay, [and a long list of other items]….From 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 feet of sand had worked down through the second floor before the timbers supporting the latter had failed. These had fallen in recent times, after the mound had reached its final form, as evidenced by the ragged crater left by the settling of the debris above them subsequent to their collapse” (Morris 1928:307-308).

Reference: Earl Morris, 1928, Notes on Excavations in the Aztec Ruin, Volume XXVI, Part V, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, New York.


Cite this Record

Ceramic: Escavada Black-on-white, frog effigy seed jar (fragment), AMNH 29.0/7528. Lori Reed. 2004. NPS Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM ( tDAR id: 365200) ; doi:10.6067/XCV85X26Z6





Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1110 to 1140 (Late Chacoan)

Calendar Date: 1140 to 1280 (Post-Chacoan)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.038; min lat: 36.803 ; max long: -107.955; max lat: 36.861 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Lori Reed ; Gary Brown

Contributor(s): Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM

Repository(s): American Museum of Natural History


Record Identifiers

American Museum of Natural History(s): Accession 29.0

Notes

Rights & Attribution: Artifact was collected from Aztec West Ruin excavations by Earl Morris between 1916 and 1922. Morris' excavations were sponsored and funded by the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Rights & Attribution: High resolution images of the item are archived and available to researchers through the National Park Service, Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Rights & Attribution: Publication or use of the image is restricted; permission may be obtained through consultation with American Museum of Natural History and Aztec Ruins National Monument.


Source Collections

Original Item: American Museum of Natural History, New York
Image: NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

Related Comparative Collections

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Hibben Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at American Museum of Natural History, New York
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
amnh29-7528-a.jpg 190.78kb Dec 14, 2011 4:02:30 PM Public
amnh29-7528-b.jpg 183.08kb Dec 14, 2011 4:02:32 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America